A Predominantly Neolithic Origin for European Paternal Lineages
Publication Date
January 19, 2010
Journal
PLOS Biology
Authors
Patricia Balaresque, Georgina R. Bowden, Susan M. Adams, Ho Yee Leung, et al
Volume
8
Issue
1
Pages
e1000285
DOI
http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1000285
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosbiology/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pbio.1000285
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20087410
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2799514
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/20087410
Web of Science
000275256800003
Scopus
75749102229
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/predominantly-neolithic-origin-european-paternal-lineages
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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/430494", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/430618"], "description"=>"<div><p>The relative contributions to modern European populations of Paleolithic hunter-gatherers and Neolithic farmers from the Near East have been intensely debated. Haplogroup R1b1b2 (R-M269) is the commonest European Y-chromosomal lineage, increasing in frequency from east to west, and carried by 110 million European men. Previous studies suggested a Paleolithic origin, but here we show that the geographical distribution of its microsatellite diversity is best explained by spread from a single source in the Near East via Anatolia during the Neolithic. Taken with evidence on the origins of other haplogroups, this indicates that most European Y chromosomes originate in the Neolithic expansion. This reinterpretation makes Europe a prime example of how technological and cultural change is linked with the expansion of a Y-chromosomal lineage, and the contrast of this pattern with that shown by maternally inherited mitochondrial DNA suggests a unique role for males in the transition.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["predominantly", "neolithic", "european", "paternal", "lineages"], "article_id"=>144956, "categories"=>["Genetics"], "users"=>["Patricia Balaresque", "Georgina R. Bowden", "Susan M. Adams", "Ho-Yee Leung", "Turi E. King", "Zoë H. Rosser", "Jane Goodwin", "Jean-Paul Moisan", "Christelle Richard", "Ann Millward", "Andrew G. Demaine", "Guido Barbujani", "Carlo Previderè", "Ian J. Wilson", "Chris Tyler-Smith", "Mark A. Jobling"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1000285.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1000285.s002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/A_Predominantly_Neolithic_Origin_for_European_Paternal_Lineages/144956", "title"=>"A Predominantly Neolithic Origin for European Paternal Lineages", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2010-01-19 01:22:36"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/867408"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Isochron map representing dates of early Neolithic sites in Europe, based on data of Pinhasi et al. (2005) <a href=\"http://www.plosbiology.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pbio.1000285#pbio.1000285-Pinhasi1\" target=\"_blank\">[3]</a>. KYBP, thousand years before present. (B) Geographical distribution of haplogroup frequency of hgR1b1b2, shown as an interpolated spatial frequency surface. Filled circles indicate populations for which microsatellite data and TMRCA estimates are available. Unfilled circles indicate populations included to illustrate R1b1b2 frequency only. Population codes are defined in <a href=\"http://www.plosbiology.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pbio.1000285#pbio-1000285-t001\" target=\"_blank\">Table 1</a>. (C) Geographical distribution of mean microsatellite variance within hgR1b1b2, shown as an interpolated spatial frequency surface. Samples shown are those used for the calculation of variance only.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["dates", "farming", "microsatellite", "variance", "haplogroup"], "article_id"=>537845, "categories"=>["Genetics"], "users"=>["Patricia Balaresque", "Georgina R. Bowden", "Susan M. Adams", "Ho-Yee Leung", "Turi E. King", "Zoë H. Rosser", "Jane Goodwin", "Jean-Paul Moisan", "Christelle Richard", "Ann Millward", "Andrew G. Demaine", "Guido Barbujani", "Carlo Previderè", "Ian J. Wilson", "Chris Tyler-Smith", "Mark A. Jobling"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1000285.g001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Maps_showing_dates_of_the_spread_of_early_farming_in_Europe_and_the_frequency_and_microsatellite_variance_of_haplogroup_R1b1b2_/537845", "title"=>"Maps showing dates of the spread of early farming in Europe, and the frequency and microsatellite variance of haplogroup R1b1b2.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-01-19 02:10:45"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/867554"], "description"=>"<p>Population codes are defined in <a href=\"http://www.plosbiology.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pbio.1000285#pbio-1000285-t001\" target=\"_blank\">Table 1</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["840", "r1b1b2", "chromosomes", "longitude"], "article_id"=>537983, "categories"=>["Genetics"], "users"=>["Patricia Balaresque", "Georgina R. Bowden", "Susan M. Adams", "Ho-Yee Leung", "Turi E. King", "Zoë H. Rosser", "Jane Goodwin", "Jean-Paul Moisan", "Christelle Richard", "Ann Millward", "Andrew G. Demaine", "Guido Barbujani", "Carlo Previderè", "Ian J. Wilson", "Chris Tyler-Smith", "Mark A. Jobling"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1000285.g002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Relationship_of_diversity_among_840_R1b1b2_chromosomes_with_A_longitude_and_B_latitude_/537983", "title"=>"Relationship of diversity among 840 R1b1b2 chromosomes with (A) longitude and (B) latitude.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-01-19 02:13:03"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/867730"], "description"=>"<p>Molecular relationships between the nine-locus microsatellite haplotypes of 849 hgR1b1b2 chromosomes, including seven Serbian and two Greek haplotypes not included in the other analyses because population sample sizes were too small. Circles represent haplotypes, with area proportional to frequency and coloured according to population. Lines between circles represent microsatellite mutational steps.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["median", "microsatellite", "haplotypes", "haplogroup"], "article_id"=>538163, "categories"=>["Genetics"], "users"=>["Patricia Balaresque", "Georgina R. Bowden", "Susan M. Adams", "Ho-Yee Leung", "Turi E. King", "Zoë H. Rosser", "Jane Goodwin", "Jean-Paul Moisan", "Christelle Richard", "Ann Millward", "Andrew G. Demaine", "Guido Barbujani", "Carlo Previderè", "Ian J. Wilson", "Chris Tyler-Smith", "Mark A. Jobling"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1000285.g003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Reduced_median_network_of_microsatellite_haplotypes_within_haplogroup_R1b1b2_/538163", "title"=>"Reduced median network of microsatellite haplotypes within haplogroup R1b1b2.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-01-19 02:16:03"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/867856"], "description"=>"<p>Population codes are defined in <a href=\"http://www.plosbiology.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pbio.1000285#pbio-1000285-t001\" target=\"_blank\">Table 1</a>. YBP, years before present.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["dates", "neolithic", "sites", "hgr1b1b2"], "article_id"=>538298, "categories"=>["Genetics"], "users"=>["Patricia Balaresque", "Georgina R. Bowden", "Susan M. Adams", "Ho-Yee Leung", "Turi E. King", "Zoë H. Rosser", "Jane Goodwin", "Jean-Paul Moisan", "Christelle Richard", "Ann Millward", "Andrew G. Demaine", "Guido Barbujani", "Carlo Previderè", "Ian J. Wilson", "Chris Tyler-Smith", "Mark A. Jobling"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1000285.g004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Correlation_of_dates_of_Neolithic_sites_with_hgR1b1b2_A_frequency_and_B_variance_/538298", "title"=>"Correlation of dates of Neolithic sites with hgR1b1b2 (A) frequency and (B) variance.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-01-19 02:18:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/867989"], "description"=>"a<p>Figures in bold indicate samples typed for M269 in this study.</p>b<p>The number of men currently carrying hgR1b1b2 chromosomes (see <a href=\"http://www.plosbiology.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pbio.1000285#s1\" target=\"_blank\">Introduction</a>) was approximated from these proportions and population census sizes given at <a href=\"http://www.populationdata.net/europe.php\" target=\"_blank\">http://www.populationdata.net/europe.php</a>.</p>c<p>Chromosomes considered to belong to hgR1*(xR1a1).</p><p>Y, yes.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["haplogroup", "r1b1b2", "european", "geographical", "coordinates", "sampled"], "article_id"=>538425, "categories"=>["Genetics"], "users"=>["Patricia Balaresque", "Georgina R. Bowden", "Susan M. Adams", "Ho-Yee Leung", "Turi E. King", "Zoë H. Rosser", "Jane Goodwin", "Jean-Paul Moisan", "Christelle Richard", "Ann Millward", "Andrew G. Demaine", "Guido Barbujani", "Carlo Previderè", "Ian J. Wilson", "Chris Tyler-Smith", "Mark A. Jobling"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1000285.t001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Frequency_of_haplogroup_R1b1b2_in_European_populations_with_geographical_coordinates_for_sampled_populations_/538425", "title"=>"Frequency of haplogroup R1b1b2 in European populations, with geographical coordinates for sampled populations.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2010-01-19 02:20:25"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/868040"], "description"=>"<p>Estimates of TMRCA for individual populations, arranged from west to east.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["tmrca", "arranged"], "article_id"=>538479, "categories"=>["Genetics"], "users"=>["Patricia Balaresque", "Georgina R. Bowden", "Susan M. Adams", "Ho-Yee Leung", "Turi E. King", "Zoë H. Rosser", "Jane Goodwin", "Jean-Paul Moisan", "Christelle Richard", "Ann Millward", "Andrew G. Demaine", "Guido Barbujani", "Carlo Previderè", "Ian J. Wilson", "Chris Tyler-Smith", "Mark A. Jobling"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1000285.t002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Estimates_of_TMRCA_for_individual_populations_arranged_from_west_to_east_/538479", "title"=>"Estimates of TMRCA for individual populations, arranged from west to east.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2010-01-19 02:21:19"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

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