Parietal Cortex Signals Come Unstuck in Time
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{"title"=>"Parietal Cortex Signals Come Unstuck in Time", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Erik P.", "last_name"=>"Cook", "scopus_author_id"=>"7202259535"}, {"first_name"=>"Christopher C.", "last_name"=>"Pack", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004392391"}], "year"=>2012, "source"=>"PLoS Biology", "identifiers"=>{"isbn"=>"1545-7885 (Electronic)\\r1544-9173 (Linking)", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pbio.1001414", "pui"=>"365953463", "sgr"=>"84868150030", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84868150030", "pmid"=>"23118615", "issn"=>"15449173"}, "id"=>"a340d347-b220-3f73-9d74-eec2b7db4a33", "abstract"=>"Humans and other animals are surprisingly adept at estimating the duration of temporal intervals, even without the use of watches and clocks. This ability is typically studied in the lab by asking observers to indicate their estimate of the time between two external sensory events. The results of such studies confirm that humans can accurately estimate durations on a variety of time scales. Although many brain areas are thought to contribute to the representation of elapsed time, recent neurophysiological studies have linked the parietal cortex in particular to the perception of sub-second time intervals. In this Primer, we describe previous work on parietal cortex and time perception, and we highlight the findings of a study published in this issue of PLOS Biology, in which Schneider and Ghose characterize single-neuron responses during performance of a novel \"Temporal Production\" task. During temporal production, the observer must track the passage of time without anticipating any external sensory event, and it appears that the parietal cortex may use a unique strategy to support this type of measurement.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/parietal-cortex-signals-come-unstuck-time", "reader_count"=>33, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Researcher"=>10, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>11, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Researcher"=>10, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>11, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>13, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>2, "Neuroscience"=>2, "Psychology"=>9, "Social Sciences"=>2, "Computer Science"=>2, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>2}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>2}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>2}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>9}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>13}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>2}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>3, "Japan"=>1, "Brazil"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>1, "Portugal"=>2}, "group_count"=>3}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/551529"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Typical delayed saccade task. A monkey is trained to fixate (a) on a central target (black) while two peripheral targets are presented (red and green circles). Before the trial starts, the animal is cued to make a saccade (gray arrow) to the red target when the central target is extinguished (b). During the delay period (a) LIP neurons with response fields overlapping the saccade target (red trace) have sustained activity levels that are higher than LIP neurons with response fields located elsewhere (green trace). In addition, LIP neurons show an increased level of activity just before the saccade is made into their response field and a reward is received (b). (B) Temporal measurement task of Leon and Shadlen, 2003. Monkeys were trained to report the duration of a central target compared to a standard duration (dashed vertical line) by either a saccade to the green target to indicate a duration shorter than the standard or a saccade to the red target to indicate a longer duration. At the start of each trial, while the duration of the central target was still shorter than that of the standard, LIP responses preferentially reflected the location of the green target (c). As the trial progressed, however, the duration of the central target eventually exceeded the standard, and the monkeys' impending saccade was now directed to the red target (d). The activity of an LIP neuron with a response field corresponding to the short target (green trace) initially exhibited higher activity than a similar LIP neuron corresponding to the long target (red trace). As the trial progressed the activity levels of these two neurons reversed in a way that followed the monkey's judgment of the duration of the central target. An increase in LIP activity also occurred in this task just before the saccade (e).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["saccade", "temporal"], "article_id"=>222029, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Erik P. Cook", "Christopher C. Pack"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1001414.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_LIP_activity_during_saccade_and_temporal_measurement_tasks_/222029", "title"=>"LIP activity during saccade and temporal measurement tasks.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 21:05:00"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/551588"], "description"=>"<p>Monkeys were trained to repetitively saccade (gray arrows) between a central and peripheral target at 1-s intervals. The monkeys were rewarded at a random time only if all the proceeding saccade intervals were within 200 ms of the 1,000 ms goal, and no sensory cue was provided to indicate the true interval duration. When the monkey made a saccade to the central target (a), LIP activity increased because the peripheral target was brought into the response field (gray region). While the animal waited to make a saccade back to the peripheral target (b), LIP activity slowly declined, but was greater for shorter saccade intervals (red trace) compared to longer intervals (blue trace). After the saccade to the peripheral target (c), the correlation between LIP activity and saccade interval reversed (d) until the next saccade to the central target (e). Interestingly, there was no pre-saccadic increase in LIP activity before the saccade to the peripheral target (c).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["temporal", "schneider"], "article_id"=>222090, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Erik P. Cook", "Christopher C. Pack"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1001414.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_LIP_activity_during_the_temporal_production_task_of_Schneider_and_Ghose_2012_/222090", "title"=>"LIP activity during the temporal production task of Schneider and Ghose, 2012.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 21:05:19"}

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Relative Metric

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