Phylosymbiosis: Relationships and Functional Effects of Microbial Communities across Host Evolutionary History
Publication Date
November 18, 2016
Authors
Andrew W. Brooks, Kevin D. Kohl, Robert M. Brucker, Edward J. Van Opstal, et al
Volume
14
Issue
11
Pages
e2000225
DOI
http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.2000225
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosbiology/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pbio.2000225
Scopus
85007306418
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/phylosymbiosis-relationships-functional-effects-microbial-communities-across-host-evolutionary-histo
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{"title"=>"Phylosymbiosis: Relationships and Functional Effects of Microbial Communities across Host Evolutionary History", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Andrew W.", "last_name"=>"Brooks", "scopus_author_id"=>"57192679987"}, {"first_name"=>"Kevin D.", "last_name"=>"Kohl", "scopus_author_id"=>"26635408000"}, {"first_name"=>"Robert M.", "last_name"=>"Brucker", "scopus_author_id"=>"23017888200"}, {"first_name"=>"Edward J.", "last_name"=>"van Opstal", "scopus_author_id"=>"55323222200"}, {"first_name"=>"Seth R.", "last_name"=>"Bordenstein", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603317453"}], "year"=>2016, "source"=>"PLoS Biology", "identifiers"=>{"isbn"=>"1545-7885 (Electronic)\\r1544-9173 (Linking)", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-85007306418", "pui"=>"613901536", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pbio.2000225", "sgr"=>"85007306418", "pmid"=>"27861590", "issn"=>"15457885"}, "id"=>"9a8dd53c-83da-3ebf-9e67-a4ac00fc3a14", "abstract"=>"Phylosymbiosis was recently proposed to describe the eco-evolutionary pattern, whereby the ecological relatedness of host-associated microbial communities parallels the phylogeny of related host species. Here, we test the prevalence of phylosymbiosis and its functional significance under highly controlled conditions by characterizing the microbiota of 24 animal species from four different groups (Peromyscus deer mice, Drosophila flies, mosquitoes, and Nasonia wasps), and we reevaluate the phylosymbiotic relationships of seven species of wild hominids. We demonstrate three key findings. First, intraspecific microbiota variation is consistently less than interspecific microbiota variation, and microbiota-based models predict host species origin with high accuracy across the dataset. Interestingly, the age of host clade divergence positively associates with the degree of microbial community distinguishability between species within the host clades, spanning recent host speciation events (~1 million y ago) to more distantly related host genera (~108 million y ago). Second, topological congruence analyses of each group's complete phylogeny and microbiota dendrogram reveal significant degrees of phylosymbiosis, irrespective of host clade age or taxonomy. Third, consistent with selection on host-microbiota interactions driving phylosymbiosis, there are survival and performance reductions when interspecific microbiota transplants are conducted between closely related and divergent host species pairs. Overall, these findings indicate that the composition and functional effects of an animal's microbial community can be closely allied with host evolution, even across wide-ranging timescales and diverse animal systems reared under controlled conditions.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/phylosymbiosis-relationships-functional-effects-microbial-communities-across-host-evolutionary-histo", "reader_count"=>185, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>6, "Researcher"=>40, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>9, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>60, "Student > Postgraduate"=>9, "Student > Master"=>25, "Other"=>8, "Student > Bachelor"=>12, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>9}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>6, "Researcher"=>40, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>9, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>60, "Student > Postgraduate"=>9, "Student > Master"=>25, "Other"=>8, "Student > Bachelor"=>12, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>9}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>8, "Engineering"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>12, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>21, "Mathematics"=>3, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>123, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>2, "Neuroscience"=>1, "Physics and Astronomy"=>1, "Chemistry"=>2, "Computer Science"=>3, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>8}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>2}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>1}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>2}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>1}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>8}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>123}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>3}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>21}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>3}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>8}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>12}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Republic of Singapore"=>1, "United States"=>10, "Japan"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>2, "Switzerland"=>1, "Spain"=>2, "Canada"=>2, "Netherlands"=>2, "Finland"=>1, "Denmark"=>1, "Brazil"=>1, "Mexico"=>1, "France"=>1, "Australia"=>1, "Germany"=>4}, "group_count"=>6}

Scopus | Further Information

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