The PRISMA Statement for Reporting Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses of Studies That Evaluate Health Care Interventions: Explanation and Elaboration
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{"title"=>"Annals of Internal Medicine Academia and Clinic The PRISMA Statement for Reporting Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses of Studies That Evaluate Health Care Interventions :", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Alessandro", "last_name"=>"Liberati"}, {"first_name"=>"Douglas G", "last_name"=>"Altman"}, {"first_name"=>"Jennifer", "last_name"=>"Tetzlaff"}, {"first_name"=>"Cynthia", "last_name"=>"Mulrow"}, {"first_name"=>"John P a", "last_name"=>"Ioannidis"}, {"first_name"=>"Mike", "last_name"=>"Clarke"}, {"first_name"=>"P J", "last_name"=>"Devereaux"}, {"first_name"=>"Jos", "last_name"=>"Kleijnen"}, {"first_name"=>"David", "last_name"=>"Moher"}], "year"=>2009, "source"=>"Annals of Internal Medicine", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"0003-4819", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pmed.1000100", "isbn"=>"2006062298", "pmid"=>"19631507"}, "id"=>"1ed7d934-c260-3f68-a6e6-f147021b3441", "abstract"=>"Systematic reviews and meta-analyses are essential to summarize evidence relating to efficacy and safety of health care interventions accurately and reliably. The clarity and transparency of these re-ports, however, is not optimal. Poor reporting of systematic reviews diminishes their value to clinicians, policy makers, and other users. Since the development of the QUOROM (QUality Of Reporting Of Meta-analysis) Statement—a reporting guideline published in 1999 —there have been several conceptual, methodological, and practical advances regarding the conduct and reporting of system-atic reviews and meta-analyses. Also, reviews of published system-atic reviews have found that key information about these studies is often poorly reported. Realizing these issues, an international group that included experienced authors and methodologists developed PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses) as an evolution of the original QUOROM guideline for systematic reviews and meta-analyses of evaluations of health care interventions. The PRISMA Statement consists of a 27-item checklist and a four-phase flow diagram. The checklist includes items deemed es-sential for transparent reporting of a systematic review. In this Explanation and Elaboration document, we explain the meaning and rationale for each checklist item. For each item, we include an example of good reporting and, where possible, references to rel-evant empirical studies and methodological literature. The PRISMA Statement, this document, and the associated Web site (www .prisma-statement.org) should be helpful resources to improve re-porting of systematic reviews and meta-analyses.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/annals-internal-medicine-academia-clinic-prisma-statement-reporting-systematic-reviews-metaanalyses", "reader_count"=>412, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>19, "Librarian"=>2, "Researcher"=>57, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>24, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>107, "Student > Postgraduate"=>25, "Other"=>27, "Student > Master"=>87, "Student > Bachelor"=>28, "Lecturer"=>9, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>8, "Professor"=>18}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>19, "Librarian"=>2, "Researcher"=>57, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>24, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>107, "Student > Postgraduate"=>25, "Other"=>27, "Student > Master"=>87, "Student > Bachelor"=>28, "Lecturer"=>9, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>8, "Professor"=>18}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>31, "Arts and Humanities"=>5, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>2, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>6, "Computer Science"=>9, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1, "Engineering"=>13, "Environmental Science"=>10, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>15, "Mathematics"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>205, "Design"=>1, "Neuroscience"=>1, "Sports and Recreations"=>16, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>2, "Physics and Astronomy"=>1, "Psychology"=>56, "Social Sciences"=>34, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>205}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>34}, "Sports and Recreations"=>{"Sports and Recreations"=>16}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>56}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>10}, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>{"Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>2}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>5}, "Design"=>{"Design"=>1}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>13}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>1}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>31}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>9}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>6}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>15}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Colombia"=>2, "Uruguay"=>1, "United States"=>3, "United Kingdom"=>8, "Switzerland"=>2, "Portugal"=>2, "Spain"=>3, "Saudi Arabia"=>1, "Canada"=>2, "Sweden"=>1, "Belgium"=>1, "Ireland"=>1, "Brazil"=>6, "Denmark"=>2, "South Africa"=>1, "Italy"=>1, "Mexico"=>1, "Australia"=>1, "France"=>1, "Germany"=>1}, "group_count"=>25}

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