The Evolution of Mammalian Gene Families
Publication Date
December 20, 2006
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Jeffery P. Demuth, Tijl De Bie, Jason E. Stajich, Nello Cristianini, et al
Volume
1
Issue
1
Pages
e85
DOI
http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0000085
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0000085
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17183716
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1762380
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/17183716
Web of Science
000207443600084
Scopus
41149121347
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/evolution-mammalian-gene-families
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{"title"=>"The evolution of mammalian gene families", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"J. P.", "last_name"=>"Demuth"}, {"first_name"=>"T.", "last_name"=>"De Bie"}, {"first_name"=>"J. E.", "last_name"=>"Stajich"}, {"first_name"=>"N.", "last_name"=>"Cristianini"}, {"first_name"=>"M. W.", "last_name"=>"Hahn"}], "year"=>2006, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"isbn"=>"1932-6203", "pmid"=>"17183716", "issn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0000085"}, "id"=>"10c91857-5c19-32cc-94d9-40384b34b0e1", "abstract"=>"Gene families are groups of homologous genes that are likely to have highly similar functions. Differences in family size due to lineage-specific gene duplication and gene loss may provide clues to the evolutionary forces that have shaped mammalian genomes. Here we analyze the gene families contained within the whole genomes of human, chimpanzee, mouse, rat, and dog. In total we find that more than half of the 9,990 families present in the mammalian common ancestor have either expanded or contracted along at least one lineage. Additionally, we find that a large number of families are completely lost from one or more mammalian genomes, and a similar number of gene families have arisen subsequent to the mammalian common ancestor. Along the lineage leading to modern humans we infer the gain of 689 genes and the loss of 86 genes since the split from chimpanzees, including changes likely driven by adaptive natural selection. Our results imply that humans and chimpanzees differ by at least 6% (1,418 of 22,000 genes) in their complement of genes, which stands in stark contrast to the oft-cited 1.5% difference between orthologous nucleotide sequences. This genomic \"revolving door\" of gene gain and loss represents a large number of genetic differences separating humans from our closest relatives.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/evolution-mammalian-gene-families", "reader_count"=>160, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>12, "Researcher"=>26, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>7, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>50, "Student > Postgraduate"=>5, "Student > Master"=>20, "Other"=>12, "Student > Bachelor"=>22, "Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>12, "Researcher"=>26, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>7, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>50, "Student > Postgraduate"=>5, "Student > Master"=>20, "Other"=>12, "Student > Bachelor"=>22, "Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>118, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Chemistry"=>1, "Computer Science"=>5, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1, "Engineering"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>2, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>14, "Mathematics"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>3, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1, "Sports and Recreations"=>1, "Physics and Astronomy"=>1, "Psychology"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>1, "Linguistics"=>8}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>3}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Sports and Recreations"=>{"Sports and Recreations"=>1}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>1}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>1}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>2}, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>{"Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>118}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>5}, "Linguistics"=>{"Linguistics"=>8}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>14}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Colombia"=>1, "South Korea"=>1, "Belgium"=>2, "United States"=>7, "Sri Lanka"=>1, "China"=>2, "Japan"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>3, "Israel"=>1, "Germany"=>1, "Spain"=>1}, "group_count"=>5}

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Scopus | Further Information

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/954389"], "description"=>"<div><p>Horizontal bars indicate the relative rates of change among taxa for each family (where rate is the change in number of genes per million years).</p>\n <p>The top bar indicates the hypothetical case where each lineage has an equal evolutionary rate.</p>\n <p>Bars are partitioned by the color codes assigned to the taxon names at the far right.</p>\n <p>Boxes immediately right of each bar indicate whether changes in that family are expansions (+) or contractions (−) in each taxon.</p>\n <p>Each column of boxes represents a single taxon, color coded in the same order as the bars.</p>\n <p>Vertical bars on the right span families that were found to be least likely in the same lineage under the random model of gene gain and loss.</p>\n <p>Families with ambiguous or unknown function are left out of the figure to improve legibility.</p>\n <p>The complete statistical results are presented in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0000085#pone.0000085.s011\" target=\"_blank\">Table S7</a>.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["evolving"], "article_id"=>624686, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Genetics"], "users"=>["Jeffery P. Demuth", "Tijl De Bie", "Jason E. Stajich", "Nello Cristianini", "Matthew W. Hahn"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0000085.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Rapidly_evolving_gene_families_in_mammals_/624686", "title"=>"Rapidly evolving gene families in mammals.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 12:58:24"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/954316"], "description"=>"<div><p>Numbers in parentheses report number of genes gained or lost on each branch.</p>\n <p>Pie charts near branches show the proportion of families that expanded (green), contracted (red), or did not change (blue).</p>\n <p>The large pie chart shows the proportion of all families that change (orange), or remain constant (blue) across all lineages.</p>\n <p>Changes along long branches and on the ingroup branch may represent underestimates due to multiple gains and losses within individual families and or lack of phylogenetic resolution.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["mammalian"], "article_id"=>624610, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Genetics"], "users"=>["Jeffery P. Demuth", "Tijl De Bie", "Jason E. Stajich", "Nello Cristianini", "Matthew W. Hahn"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0000085.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Distribution_of_gene_gain_and_loss_among_mammalian_lineages_/624610", "title"=>"Distribution of gene gain and loss among mammalian lineages.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 12:57:53"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/470312", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/470342", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/470387", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/470421", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/470448", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/470470", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/470500", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/470521", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/470538", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/470552", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/470581"], "description"=>"<div><p>Gene families are groups of homologous genes that are likely to have highly similar functions. Differences in family size due to lineage-specific gene duplication and gene loss may provide clues to the evolutionary forces that have shaped mammalian genomes. Here we analyze the gene families contained within the whole genomes of human, chimpanzee, mouse, rat, and dog. In total we find that more than half of the 9,990 families present in the mammalian common ancestor have either expanded or contracted along at least one lineage. Additionally, we find that a large number of families are completely lost from one or more mammalian genomes, and a similar number of gene families have arisen subsequent to the mammalian common ancestor. Along the lineage leading to modern humans we infer the gain of 689 genes and the loss of 86 genes since the split from chimpanzees, including changes likely driven by adaptive natural selection. Our results imply that humans and chimpanzees differ by at least 6% (1,418 of 22,000 genes) in their complement of genes, which stands in stark contrast to the oft-cited 1.5% difference between orthologous nucleotide sequences. This genomic “revolving door” of gene gain and loss represents a large number of genetic differences separating humans from our closest relatives.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["mammalian"], "article_id"=>152722, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Genetics"], "users"=>["Jeffery P. Demuth", "Tijl De Bie", "Jason E. Stajich", "Nello Cristianini", "Matthew W. Hahn"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0000085.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0000085.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0000085.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0000085.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0000085.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0000085.s006", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0000085.s007", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0000085.s008", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0000085.s009", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0000085.s010", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0000085.s011"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>23, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/The_Evolution_of_Mammalian_Gene_Families/152722", "title"=>"The Evolution of Mammalian Gene Families", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2006-12-20 00:45:22"}

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