Using Ecological Null Models to Assess the Potential for Marine Protected Area Networks to Protect Biodiversity
Events
Loading … Spinner

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Using ecological null models to assess the potential for marine protected area networks to protect biodiversity", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Brice X.", "last_name"=>"Semmens", "scopus_author_id"=>"6507755514"}, {"first_name"=>"Peter J.", "last_name"=>"Auster", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701488952"}, {"first_name"=>"Michelle J.", "last_name"=>"Paddack", "scopus_author_id"=>"6508078789"}], "year"=>2010, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"358424328", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "pmid"=>"20111711", "sgr"=>"77749233890", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-77749233890", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0008895"}, "id"=>"4bc15406-5e54-33b8-9dc1-9ba2c161ba73", "abstract"=>"Marine protected area (MPA) networks have been proposed as a principal method for conserving biological diversity, yet patterns of diversity may ultimately complicate or compromise the development of such networks. We show how a series of ecological null models can be applied to assemblage data across sites in order to identify non-random biological patterns likely to influence the effectiveness of MPA network design. We use fish census data from Caribbean fore-reefs as a test system and demonstrate that: 1) site assemblages were nested, such that species found on sites with relatively few species were subsets of those found on sites with relatively many species, 2) species co-occurred across sites more than expected by chance once species-habitat associations were accounted for, and 3) guilds were most evenly represented at the richest sites and richness among all guilds was correlated (i.e., species and trophic diversity were closely linked). These results suggest that the emerging Caribbean marine protected area network will likely be successful at protecting regional diversity even if planning is largely constrained by insular, inventory-based design efforts. By recasting ecological null models as tests of assemblage patterns likely to influence management action, we demonstrate how these classic tools of ecological theory can be brought to bear in applied conservation problems.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/using-ecological-null-models-assess-potential-marine-protected-area-networks-protect-biodiversity-5", "reader_count"=>97, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>8, "Researcher"=>28, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>20, "Student > Postgraduate"=>5, "Student > Master"=>16, "Other"=>7, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>8, "Researcher"=>28, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>20, "Student > Postgraduate"=>5, "Student > Master"=>16, "Other"=>7, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Environmental Science"=>31, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>59, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>1, "Computer Science"=>1, "Decision Sciences"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Decision Sciences"=>{"Decision Sciences"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>59}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>31}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Canada"=>2, "Colombia"=>1, "Romania"=>1, "United States"=>5, "Finland"=>1, "Brazil"=>5, "Mexico"=>3, "United Kingdom"=>1}, "group_count"=>11}

CrossRef

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/77749233890"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/77749233890?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=77749233890&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=77749233890&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/77749233890", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:77749233890", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-77749233890", "dc:title"=>"Using ecological null models to assess the potential for marine protected area networks to protect biodiversity", "dc:creator"=>"Semmens B.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS ONE", "prism:eIssn"=>"19326203", "prism:volume"=>"5", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"1", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2010-01-27", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"27 January 2010", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0008895", "citedby-count"=>"8", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"NOAA Northwest Fisheries Science Center", "affiliation-city"=>"Seattle", "affiliation-country"=>"United States"}], "pubmed-id"=>"20111711", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "article-number"=>"e8895", "source-id"=>"10600153309"}

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosone%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pone.0008895", "share_count"=>0, "like_count"=>0, "comment_count"=>0, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>0}

Counter

  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2009", "pdf_views"=>"0", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"1"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"63", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"308"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"36", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"109"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"26", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"70"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"25", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"55"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"72"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"59"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"19"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"33"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"40"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"57"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"51"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"22"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"30"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"29"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"29"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"41"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"32"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"27"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"21"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"30"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"30"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"44"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"43"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"43"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"39"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"24"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"26"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"24"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"22"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"22"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"21"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"5", "html_views"=>"19"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"21"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"13"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"28"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"26"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"38"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"35"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"25"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"20"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"32"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"12"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"25"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"33"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"11"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"22"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"34"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"18"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"20"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"18"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"13"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"14"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"23"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"21"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"15"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"17"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"23"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"38"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"18"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"12"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"19"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"12"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"13"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"8"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"18"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"7"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"10"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"0", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"8"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"11"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"16"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"0", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"11"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"16"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"13"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"0", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"6"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"25"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"9"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"11"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"13"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"8"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"10"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"25"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"25"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"18"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"13"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"0", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"16"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"14"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"16"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"13"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"16"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/866022"], "description"=>"<p>Results from a generalized linear mixed model relating richness at 373 sites (number of species observed, Poisson response) to the reserve status of sites (reserved or not, fixed effect) and the ecoregion of sites (random effects).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["generalized", "linear", "relating", "richness", "373", "sites", "poisson", "ecoregion"], "article_id"=>536474, "categories"=>["Ecology"], "users"=>["Brice X. Semmens", "Peter J. Auster", "Michelle J. Paddack"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0008895.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Results_from_a_generalized_linear_mixed_model_relating_richness_at_373_sites_number_of_species_observed_Poisson_response_to_the_reserve_status_of_sites_reserved_or_not_fixed_effect_and_the_ecoregion_of_sites_random_effects_/536474", "title"=>"Results from a generalized linear mixed model relating richness at 373 sites (number of species observed, Poisson response) to the reserve status of sites (reserved or not, fixed effect) and the ecoregion of sites (random effects).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2010-01-27 01:47:54"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/865667"], "description"=>"<p>The sites circled by black rings represent the 20 (∼5% of all sites) most geographically separate sites based on a maximization of the minimum Euclidean distance between all sites.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["geographic", "sites", "reef", "caribbean"], "article_id"=>536125, "categories"=>["Ecology"], "users"=>["Brice X. Semmens", "Peter J. Auster", "Michelle J. Paddack"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0008895.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_geographic_distribution_of_survey_sites_used_in_our_analysis_of_reef_fish_diversity_in_the_Caribbean_basin_/536125", "title"=>"The geographic distribution of survey sites used in our analysis of reef fish diversity in the Caribbean basin.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-01-27 01:42:05"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/865837"], "description"=>"<p>We used the 15 country designations specified in the AGRRA database as our jurisdictional units. Each line represents the proportion of all species protected as a function of the number of reserved sites under each of the three scenarios. Error bars are ±1 standard deviation. For scenarios 2 and 3, when two or more sites had the same richness, one of these sites was selected at random (thus, scenario 3 has error bars). Similarly, when selecting fewer sites than the total number of jurisdictions considered in scenario 2, we randomly identified jurisdictions to choose sites from (thus, error bars decrease as the number of reserves approaches the number of jurisdictions).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["sites", "choosing", "richest"], "article_id"=>536299, "categories"=>["Ecology"], "users"=>["Brice X. Semmens", "Peter J. Auster", "Michelle J. Paddack"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0008895.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Reserve_network_performance_under_three_selection_scenarios_1_sites_selected_at_random_black_line_2_sites_selected_by_choosing_the_single_richest_site_from_each_jurisdiction_red_line_and_3_sites_selected_by_choosing_the_richest_sites_regardless_of_jurisd/536299", "title"=>"Reserve network performance under three selection scenarios: 1) sites selected at random (black line), 2) sites selected by choosing the single richest site from each jurisdiction (red line), and 3) sites selected by choosing the richest sites regardless of jurisdiction (blue line).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-01-27 01:44:59"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/865976"], "description"=>"<p>P-values are adjusted for multiple hypothesis tests using the Holm-Bonferroni method <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0008895#pone.0008895-Holm1\" target=\"_blank\">[75]</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["coefficients", "reef", "guild", "caribbean"], "article_id"=>536439, "categories"=>["Ecology"], "users"=>["Brice X. Semmens", "Peter J. Auster", "Michelle J. Paddack"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0008895.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Pearson_s_correlation_coefficients_of_reef_fish_guild_diversity_across_Caribbean_reef_sites_/536439", "title"=>"Pearson's correlation coefficients of reef fish guild diversity across Caribbean reef sites.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2010-01-27 01:47:19"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/865774"], "description"=>"<p>Each darkened square indicates the presence of a species at a site. The curve represents the isocline of perfect nestedness subject to the constraints of perfect occupancy at the most diverse site, and perfect vacancy at the least diverse site.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["packed", "presence-absence", "matrix", "caribbean", "reef", "sorted", "ubiquity", "sites", "richness"], "article_id"=>536223, "categories"=>["Ecology"], "users"=>["Brice X. Semmens", "Peter J. Auster", "Michelle J. Paddack"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0008895.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Maximally_packed_presence_absence_matrix_of_Caribbean_reef_fishes_such_that_species_are_sorted_in_order_of_ubiquity_rows_and_sites_are_sorted_in_order_of_richness_columns_/536223", "title"=>"Maximally packed presence-absence matrix of Caribbean reef fishes, such that species are sorted in order of ubiquity (rows) and sites are sorted in order of richness (columns).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-01-27 01:43:43"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/429676", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/429703", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/429780"], "description"=>"<div><p>Marine protected area (MPA) networks have been proposed as a principal method for conserving biological diversity, yet patterns of diversity may ultimately complicate or compromise the development of such networks. We show how a series of ecological null models can be applied to assemblage data across sites in order to identify non-random biological patterns likely to influence the effectiveness of MPA network design. We use fish census data from Caribbean fore-reefs as a test system and demonstrate that: 1) site assemblages were nested, such that species found on sites with relatively few species were subsets of those found on sites with relatively many species, 2) species co-occurred across sites more than expected by chance once species-habitat associations were accounted for, and 3) guilds were most evenly represented at the richest sites and richness among all guilds was correlated (i.e., species and trophic diversity were closely linked). These results suggest that the emerging Caribbean marine protected area network will likely be successful at protecting regional diversity even if planning is largely constrained by insular, inventory-based design efforts. By recasting ecological null models as tests of assemblage patterns likely to influence management action, we demonstrate how these classic tools of ecological theory can be brought to bear in applied conservation problems.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["null", "models", "protected", "networks", "biodiversity"], "article_id"=>144833, "categories"=>["Ecology"], "users"=>["Brice X. Semmens", "Peter J. Auster", "Michelle J. Paddack"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0008895.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0008895.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0008895.s003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Using_Ecological_Null_Models_to_Assess_the_Potential_for_Marine_Protected_Area_Networks_to_Protect_Biodiversity/144833", "title"=>"Using Ecological Null Models to Assess the Potential for Marine Protected Area Networks to Protect Biodiversity", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2010-01-27 01:20:33"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/865926"], "description"=>"<p>Note that both predator trophic groups were completely absent from sites with relatively few species, suggesting that different forms of diversity may be decoupled at species poor sites.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["caribbean", "reef", "assemblages", "represented", "trophic", "guild", "richness"], "article_id"=>536383, "categories"=>["Ecology"], "users"=>["Brice X. Semmens", "Peter J. Auster", "Michelle J. Paddack"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0008895.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_average_relative_proportion_y_axis_of_Caribbean_reef_fish_assemblages_represented_by_each_trophic_guild_as_a_function_of_site_richness_x_axis_/536383", "title"=>"The average relative proportion (y-axis) of Caribbean reef fish assemblages represented by each trophic guild as a function of site richness (x-axis).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-01-27 01:46:23"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"month"=>"1", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"1", "year"=>"2010", "pdf"=>"0", "unique-ip"=>"1", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"19", "unique-ip"=>"21", "pdf"=>"13", "year"=>"2010", "figure"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"3"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"27", "year"=>"2010", "pdf"=>"21", "unique-ip"=>"26", "figure"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"10", "unique-ip"=>"14", "pdf"=>"11", "year"=>"2010", "figure"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"3"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"7", "year"=>"2010", "pdf"=>"8", "unique-ip"=>"9", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"6", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"8", "unique-ip"=>"12", "pdf"=>"7", "year"=>"2010", "figure"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"11", "year"=>"2010", "pdf"=>"8", "unique-ip"=>"11", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"8", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"2", "unique-ip"=>"5", "pdf"=>"6", "year"=>"2010", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"3", "year"=>"2010", "pdf"=>"5", "unique-ip"=>"7", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"10", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"9", "unique-ip"=>"10", "pdf"=>"2", "year"=>"2010", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"2", "full-text"=>"5", "year"=>"2010", "pdf"=>"4", "unique-ip"=>"8", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"12", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "unique-ip"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "year"=>"2010", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"7", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"0", "unique-ip"=>"6", "figure"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"8", "unique-ip"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"9", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"6", "unique-ip"=>"9", "figure"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"3", "unique-ip"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"3", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"2", "unique-ip"=>"5", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"6", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"4", "unique-ip"=>"7", "pdf"=>"3", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"5", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"1", "unique-ip"=>"4", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"8", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"4", "unique-ip"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"2", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"2", "unique-ip"=>"2", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"10", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"1", "unique-ip"=>"3", "pdf"=>"4", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"6", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"2", "unique-ip"=>"5", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"12", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "unique-ip"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "year"=>"2012", "pdf"=>"0", "unique-ip"=>"2", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"0", "unique-ip"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"2", "full-text"=>"4", "year"=>"2012", "pdf"=>"4", "unique-ip"=>"6", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"5", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"3", "full-text"=>"2", "unique-ip"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "year"=>"2012", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"5", "year"=>"2012", "pdf"=>"1", "unique-ip"=>"5", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"0", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"9", "supp-data"=>"6", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"0", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2010-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2010-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences", "average_usage"=>[288, 576, 733, 867, 984, 1087, 1182, 1267, 1346, 1424, 1501, 1577, 1646, 1711, 1778, 1841, 1908, 1970, 2034, 2102, 2162, 2227, 2296, 2359, 2422, 2482, 2550, 2610, 2679, 2747, 2820, 2887, 2955, 3009, 3067, 3130, 3200, 3257, 3322, 3379, 3443, 3507, 3571, 3632, 3683, 3753, 3822, 3877]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Earth sciences", "average_usage"=>[353, 610, 749, 873, 979, 1064, 1156, 1243, 1309, 1390, 1466, 1529, 1615, 1684, 1765, 1841, 1915, 1988, 2056, 2112, 2171, 2241, 2314, 2416, 2481, 2545, 2602, 2678, 2767, 2836, 2911, 3003, 3087, 3166, 3239, 3327, 3390, 3486, 3549, 3646, 3712, 3776, 3836, 3917, 4008, 4093, 4204, 4288, 4382]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Earth sciences/Marine and aquatic sciences", "average_usage"=>[362, 607, 799, 939, 1053, 1174, 1292, 1380, 1420, 1491, 1555, 1642, 1717, 1811, 1876, 1933, 2017, 2102, 2189, 2267, 2322, 2379, 2444, 2551, 2631, 2700, 2768, 2846, 2887, 3007, 3089, 3169, 3219, 3284, 3369, 3465, 3537, 3609, 3690, 3748, 3852, 3930, 3992, 4053, 4128, 4266, 4342, 4439, 4501]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Ecology and environmental sciences/Conservation science", "average_usage"=>[443, 799, 966, 1080, 1247, 1319, 1386, 1449, 1496, 1550, 1634, 1687, 1732, 1800, 1863, 1913, 2012, 2048, 2097, 2185, 2243, 2312, 2380, 2436, 2657, 2731, 2816, 2926, 3020, 3098, 3253, 3303, 3387, 3482, 3586, 3626, 3702, 3769, 3829, 3914, 3972, 4062, 4103, 4170, 4222, 4274, 4322, 4434, 4505]}]}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts