Virtual Hand Illusion Induced by Visuomotor Correlations
Publication Date
April 29, 2010
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Maria V. Sanchez Vives, Bernhard Spanlang, Antonio Frisoli, Massimo Bergamasco, et al
Volume
5
Issue
4
Pages
e10381
DOI
http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0010381
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0010381
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20454463
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2861624
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/20454463
Web of Science
000277240100008
Scopus
77956407305
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/virtual-hand-illusion-induced-visuomotor-correlations
Events
Loading … Spinner

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Virtual hand illusion induced by visuomotor correlations", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Maria V.", "last_name"=>"Sanchez-Vives", "scopus_author_id"=>"35605402100"}, {"first_name"=>"Bernhard", "last_name"=>"Spanlang", "scopus_author_id"=>"25723936000"}, {"first_name"=>"Antonio", "last_name"=>"Frisoli", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603070041"}, {"first_name"=>"Massimo", "last_name"=>"Bergamasco", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003907071"}, {"first_name"=>"Mel", "last_name"=>"Slater", "scopus_author_id"=>"7202932472"}], "year"=>2010, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0010381", "pui"=>"359494280", "pmid"=>"20454463", "sgr"=>"77956407305", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-77956407305", "issn"=>"19326203"}, "id"=>"ed7c0711-dbcc-3295-85b7-8bae2f6799d6", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: Our body schema gives the subjective impression of being highly stable. However, a number of easily-evoked illusions illustrate its remarkable malleability. In the rubber-hand illusion, illusory ownership of a rubber-hand is evoked by synchronous visual and tactile stimulation on a visible rubber arm and on the hidden real arm. Ownership is concurrent with a proprioceptive illusion of displacement of the arm position towards the fake arm. We have previously shown that this illusion of ownership plus the proprioceptive displacement also occurs towards a virtual 3D projection of an arm when the appropriate synchronous visuotactile stimulation is provided. Our objective here was to explore whether these illusions (ownership and proprioceptive displacement) can be induced by only synchronous visuomotor stimulation, in the absence of tactile stimulation. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: To achieve this we used a data-glove that uses sensors transmitting the positions of fingers to a virtually projected hand in the synchronous but not in the asynchronous condition. The illusion of ownership was measured by means of questionnaires. Questions related to ownership gave significantly larger values for the synchronous than for the asynchronous condition. Proprioceptive displacement provided an objective measure of the illusion and had a median value of 3.5 cm difference between the synchronous and asynchronous conditions. In addition, the correlation between the feeling of ownership of the virtual arm and the size of the drift was significant. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: We conclude that synchrony between visual and proprioceptive information along with motor activity is able to induce an illusion of ownership over a virtual arm. This has implications regarding the brain mechanisms underlying body ownership as well as the use of virtual bodies in therapies and rehabilitation.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/virtual-hand-illusion-induced-visuomotor-correlations", "reader_count"=>181, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>8, "Researcher"=>49, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>11, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>55, "Student > Postgraduate"=>7, "Student > Master"=>22, "Other"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>9, "Lecturer"=>4, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>3, "Professor"=>9}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>8, "Researcher"=>49, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>11, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>55, "Student > Postgraduate"=>7, "Student > Master"=>22, "Other"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>9, "Lecturer"=>4, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>3, "Professor"=>9}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Engineering"=>16, "Materials Science"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>11, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>12, "Neuroscience"=>11, "Arts and Humanities"=>3, "Sports and Recreations"=>3, "Physics and Astronomy"=>4, "Psychology"=>73, "Social Sciences"=>4, "Computer Science"=>42, "Philosophy"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>16}, "Materials Science"=>{"Materials Science"=>1}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>11}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>11}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>4}, "Sports and Recreations"=>{"Sports and Recreations"=>3}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>4}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>73}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>12}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>42}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>3}, "Philosophy"=>{"Philosophy"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>5, "Japan"=>3, "United Kingdom"=>3, "United Arab Emirates"=>1, "Switzerland"=>5, "Portugal"=>1, "Spain"=>2, "New Zealand"=>1, "Belgium"=>1, "Luxembourg"=>1, "China"=>1, "Italy"=>3, "France"=>2, "Germany"=>4}, "group_count"=>9}

CrossRef

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/77956407305"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/77956407305?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=77956407305&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=77956407305&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/77956407305", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:77956407305", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-77956407305", "dc:title"=>"Virtual hand illusion induced by visuomotor correlations", "dc:creator"=>"Sanchez-Vives M.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS ONE", "prism:eIssn"=>"19326203", "prism:volume"=>"5", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"4", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2010-09-14", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"2010", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0010381", "citedby-count"=>"78", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"Institucio Catalana de Recerca I Estudis Avancats", "affiliation-city"=>"Barcelona", "affiliation-country"=>"Spain"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer - IDIBAPS", "affiliation-city"=>"Barcelona", "affiliation-country"=>"Spain"}], "pubmed-id"=>"20454463", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "article-number"=>"e10381", "source-id"=>"10600153309"}

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosone%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pone.0010381", "share_count"=>0, "like_count"=>0, "comment_count"=>0, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>0}

Counter

  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"109"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"94", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"321"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"103"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"91"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"69"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"59"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"41"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"38"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"30"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"70"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"43"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"54"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"63"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"40"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"30"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"37"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"54"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"50"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"52"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"112"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"71"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"143"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"117"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"116"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"83"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"42"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"40"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"48"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"5", "html_views"=>"26"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"51"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"57"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"49"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"52"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"51"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"46"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"39"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"35"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"49"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"34"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"73"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"53"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"65"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"85"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"75"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"58"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"46"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"57"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"70"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"56"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"65"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"73"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"69"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"49"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"50"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"116"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"78"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"60"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"64"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"41"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"53"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"63"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"50"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"50"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"46"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"43"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"42"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"47"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"61"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"76"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"48"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"51"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"45"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"71"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"65"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"79"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"58"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"70"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"71"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"64"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"74"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"0", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"98"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"84"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"70"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"76"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/852002"], "description"=>"<p>Medians and Interquartile Ranges of Drift and Significance Level of Repeated Measures ANOVA on ranks of drift, for the test between the mean asynchronous and synchronous ranks.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["interquartile", "ranges", "repeated", "measures", "anova", "ranks", "asynchronous", "synchronous"], "article_id"=>522448, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Cancer"], "users"=>["Maria V. Sanchez-Vives", "Bernhard Spanlang", "Antonio Frisoli", "Massimo Bergamasco", "Mel Slater"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0010381.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Medians_and_Interquartile_Ranges_of_Drift_and_Significance_Level_of_Repeated_Measures_ANOVA_on_ranks_of_drift_for_the_test_between_the_mean_asynchronous_and_synchronous_ranks_/522448", "title"=>"Medians and Interquartile Ranges of Drift and Significance Level of Repeated Measures ANOVA on ranks of drift, for the test between the mean asynchronous and synchronous ranks.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2010-04-29 00:40:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/852041"], "description"=>"<p>Mean, SD, and Significance Levels for the Difference between Means, for the Asynchronous and Synchronous Conditions (Repeated Measures ANOVA) and the correlation (r) with proprioceptive drift in relation to <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0010381#pone-0010381-g003\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 3A and B</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["levels", "asynchronous", "synchronous", "conditions", "measures", "proprioceptive", "3a"], "article_id"=>522497, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Cancer"], "users"=>["Maria V. Sanchez-Vives", "Bernhard Spanlang", "Antonio Frisoli", "Massimo Bergamasco", "Mel Slater"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0010381.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Mean_SD_and_Significance_Levels_for_the_Difference_between_Means_for_the_Asynchronous_and_Synchronous_Conditions_Repeated_Measures_ANOVA_and_the_correlation_r_with_proprioceptive_drift_in_relation_to_Figure_3A_and_B_/522497", "title"=>"Mean, SD, and Significance Levels for the Difference between Means, for the Asynchronous and Synchronous Conditions (Repeated Measures ANOVA) and the correlation (r) with proprioceptive drift in relation to Figure 3A and B.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2010-04-29 00:41:37"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/851803"], "description"=>"<p>Standard Boxplots of the Drift for the Asynchronous and Synchronous Conditions.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["boxplots", "asynchronous", "synchronous"], "article_id"=>522261, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Cancer"], "users"=>["Maria V. Sanchez-Vives", "Bernhard Spanlang", "Antonio Frisoli", "Massimo Bergamasco", "Mel Slater"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0010381.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Standard_Boxplots_of_the_Drift_for_the_Asynchronous_and_Synchronous_Conditions_/522261", "title"=>"Standard Boxplots of the Drift for the Asynchronous and Synchronous Conditions.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-04-29 00:37:41"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/423767", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/423814"], "description"=>"<div><h3>Background</h3><p>Our body schema gives the subjective impression of being highly stable. However, a number of easily-evoked illusions illustrate its remarkable malleability. In the rubber-hand illusion, illusory ownership of a rubber-hand is evoked by synchronous visual and tactile stimulation on a visible rubber arm and on the hidden real arm. Ownership is concurrent with a proprioceptive illusion of displacement of the arm position towards the fake arm. We have previously shown that this illusion of ownership plus the proprioceptive displacement also occurs towards a virtual 3D projection of an arm when the appropriate synchronous visuotactile stimulation is provided. Our objective here was to explore whether these illusions (ownership and proprioceptive displacement) can be induced by only synchronous visuomotor stimulation, in the absence of tactile stimulation.</p><h3>Methodology/Principal Findings</h3><p>To achieve this we used a data-glove that uses sensors transmitting the positions of fingers to a virtually projected hand in the synchronous but not in the asynchronous condition. The illusion of ownership was measured by means of questionnaires. Questions related to ownership gave significantly larger values for the synchronous than for the asynchronous condition. Proprioceptive displacement provided an objective measure of the illusion and had a median value of 3.5 cm difference between the synchronous and asynchronous conditions. In addition, the correlation between the feeling of ownership of the virtual arm and the size of the drift was significant.</p><h3>Conclusions/Significance</h3><p>We conclude that synchrony between visual and proprioceptive information along with motor activity is able to induce an illusion of ownership over a virtual arm. This has implications regarding the brain mechanisms underlying body ownership as well as the use of virtual bodies in therapies and rehabilitation.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["induced", "visuomotor", "correlations"], "article_id"=>143669, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Cancer"], "users"=>["Maria V. Sanchez-Vives", "Bernhard Spanlang", "Antonio Frisoli", "Massimo Bergamasco", "Mel Slater"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0010381.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0010381.s002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Virtual_Hand_Illusion_Induced_by_Visuomotor_Correlations/143669", "title"=>"Virtual Hand Illusion Induced by Visuomotor Correlations", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2010-04-29 01:01:09"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/851715"], "description"=>"<p><b>A</b>. The participant had his right arm resting on a tabletop. The arm was separated from view by a partition. The virtual arm was displayed on the screen in front of the participant. Its size and position was adjusted such that it looked correct from their point of view. The right hand was wearing the data glove. <b>B</b>. The participants (for the display one of the authors, BS, is represented) viewed from the front, wearing the stereo glasses and the data glove. <b>C</b>. Detail of the data glove. D. In the synchronous condition the virtual hand did follow the movements and finger position of the real hand tracked by the data glove.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["computer science/applications", "neuroscience/sensory systems", "neuroscience/experimental psychology"], "article_id"=>522170, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Cancer"], "users"=>["Maria V. Sanchez-Vives", "Bernhard Spanlang", "Antonio Frisoli", "Massimo Bergamasco", "Mel Slater"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0010381.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Experimental_set_up_/522170", "title"=>"Experimental set up.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-04-29 00:36:10"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/851846"], "description"=>"<p><b>A</b>. For the ownership variable “located”(<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0010381#pone-0010381-t001\" target=\"_blank\">Table 1</a>). <b>B</b>. For the ownership variable “own” (<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0010381#pone-0010381-t001\" target=\"_blank\">Table 1</a>).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["plots", "scores"], "article_id"=>522303, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Cancer"], "users"=>["Maria V. Sanchez-Vives", "Bernhard Spanlang", "Antonio Frisoli", "Massimo Bergamasco", "Mel Slater"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0010381.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Scatter_plots_of_questionnaire_scores_against_rank_drift_/522303", "title"=>"Scatter plots of questionnaire scores against rank drift.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-04-29 00:38:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/851958"], "description"=>"<p>The Post-Experiment Questionnaire.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["post-experiment"], "article_id"=>522415, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Cancer"], "users"=>["Maria V. Sanchez-Vives", "Bernhard Spanlang", "Antonio Frisoli", "Massimo Bergamasco", "Mel Slater"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0010381.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_Post_Experiment_Questionnaire_/522415", "title"=>"The Post-Experiment Questionnaire.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2010-04-29 00:40:15"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"5", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"33", "unique-ip"=>"25", "pdf"=>"21", "year"=>"2010", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"32", "year"=>"2010", "pdf"=>"22", "unique-ip"=>"29", "figure"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"7", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"21", "unique-ip"=>"18", "pdf"=>"7", "year"=>"2010", "figure"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"12", "year"=>"2010", "pdf"=>"3", "unique-ip"=>"10", "figure"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"3"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"9", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"16", "unique-ip"=>"16", "pdf"=>"4", "year"=>"2010", "figure"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"12", "year"=>"2010", "pdf"=>"9", "unique-ip"=>"13", "figure"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"11", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"9", "unique-ip"=>"14", "pdf"=>"10", "year"=>"2010", "figure"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"16", "year"=>"2010", "pdf"=>"9", "unique-ip"=>"17", "figure"=>"8", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"6", "unique-ip"=>"7", "pdf"=>"1", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"8", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"4", "unique-ip"=>"9", "figure"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"11", "unique-ip"=>"11", "pdf"=>"11", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"9", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"7", "unique-ip"=>"13", "figure"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"5", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"7", "unique-ip"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"8", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"7", "unique-ip"=>"10", "figure"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"7", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"5", "unique-ip"=>"5", "pdf"=>"6", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"7", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"5", "unique-ip"=>"9", "figure"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"9", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"4", "unique-ip"=>"8", "pdf"=>"1", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"8", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"4", "unique-ip"=>"10", "figure"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"4"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"11", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"9", "unique-ip"=>"10", "pdf"=>"5", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"1", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"2", "unique-ip"=>"3", "figure"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"2", "unique-ip"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "year"=>"2012", "figure"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"6", "year"=>"2012", "pdf"=>"1", "unique-ip"=>"3", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"6", "unique-ip"=>"8", "pdf"=>"4", "year"=>"2012", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"3", "year"=>"2012", "pdf"=>"4", "unique-ip"=>"3", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"5", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"10", "unique-ip"=>"12", "pdf"=>"9", "year"=>"2012", "figure"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"2", "full-text"=>"4", "year"=>"2012", "pdf"=>"4", "unique-ip"=>"5", "figure"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"8", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"0", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2010-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2010-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Cell biology", "average_usage"=>[280, 562, 725, 863, 974, 1083, 1177, 1268, 1347, 1421, 1489, 1570, 1638, 1706, 1763, 1823, 1890, 1951, 2016, 2076, 2134, 2192, 2257, 2319, 2378, 2438, 2501, 2572, 2634, 2700, 2759, 2825, 2887, 2936, 3007, 3070, 3121, 3184, 3237, 3304, 3363, 3425, 3484, 3531, 3612, 3663, 3718, 3771]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Computer and information sciences", "average_usage"=>[375, 666, 837, 949, 1062, 1171, 1233, 1318, 1399, 1470, 1550, 1608, 1701, 1771, 1835, 1908, 1973, 2046, 2091, 2160, 2220, 2285, 2359, 2455, 2537, 2610, 2687, 2778, 2836, 2908, 2974, 3021, 3082, 3169, 3224, 3300, 3382, 3469, 3550, 3640, 3728, 3765, 3814, 3858, 3915, 3952, 3991, 4067, 4107]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Engineering and technology", "average_usage"=>[318, 573, 707, 808, 912, 1021, 1093, 1150, 1214, 1302, 1370, 1431, 1494, 1568, 1629, 1698, 1775, 1829, 1889, 1954, 2007, 2060, 2128, 2170, 2208, 2247, 2311, 2357, 2410, 2453, 2525, 2602, 2660, 2715, 2764, 2818, 2863, 2905, 2970, 3018, 3072, 3127, 3179, 3241, 3298, 3341, 3384, 3433, 3474]}]}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts