Iridovirus and Microsporidian Linked to Honey Bee Colony Decline
Publication Date
October 06, 2010
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Jerry J. Bromenshenk, Colin B. Henderson, Charles H. Wick, Michael F. Stanford, et al
Volume
5
Issue
10
Pages
e13181
DOI
http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0013181
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0013181
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20949138
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2950847
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/20949138
Web of Science
000282568400008
Scopus
78049248014
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/iridovirus-microsporidian-linked-honey-bee-colony-decline
Events
Loading … Spinner

CiteULike | Further Information

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Iridovirus and microsporidian linked to honey bee colony decline", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Jerry J.", "last_name"=>"Bromenshenk", "scopus_author_id"=>"16309148600"}, {"first_name"=>"Colin B.", "last_name"=>"Henderson", "scopus_author_id"=>"36948338900"}, {"first_name"=>"Charles H.", "last_name"=>"Wick", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006296586"}, {"first_name"=>"Michael F.", "last_name"=>"Stanford", "scopus_author_id"=>"16643631400"}, {"first_name"=>"Alan W.", "last_name"=>"Zulich", "scopus_author_id"=>"36138401700"}, {"first_name"=>"Rabih E.", "last_name"=>"Jabbour", "scopus_author_id"=>"11540864000"}, {"first_name"=>"Samir V.", "last_name"=>"Deshpande", "scopus_author_id"=>"8059026000"}, {"first_name"=>"Patrick E.", "last_name"=>"McCubbin", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602935136"}, {"first_name"=>"Robert A.", "last_name"=>"Seccomb", "scopus_author_id"=>"16310781400"}, {"first_name"=>"Phillip M.", "last_name"=>"Welch", "scopus_author_id"=>"36783673800"}, {"first_name"=>"Trevor", "last_name"=>"Williams", "scopus_author_id"=>"35450910800"}, {"first_name"=>"David R.", "last_name"=>"Firth", "scopus_author_id"=>"36782078500"}, {"first_name"=>"Evan", "last_name"=>"Skowronski", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602887265"}, {"first_name"=>"Margaret M.", "last_name"=>"Lehmann", "scopus_author_id"=>"23009618400"}, {"first_name"=>"Shan L.", "last_name"=>"Bilimoria", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603782293"}, {"first_name"=>"Joanna", "last_name"=>"Gress", "scopus_author_id"=>"36782124900"}, {"first_name"=>"Kevin W.", "last_name"=>"Wanner", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004086356"}, {"first_name"=>"Robert A.", "last_name"=>"Cramer", "scopus_author_id"=>"7102501409"}], "year"=>2010, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"sgr"=>"78049248014", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-78049248014", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0013181", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)", "pui"=>"359856620", "issn"=>"19326203", "pmid"=>"20949138"}, "id"=>"764e3a3b-8587-3d3a-8dba-8d26e8685e5b", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: In 2010 Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD), again devastated honey bee colonies in the USA, indicating that the problem is neither diminishing nor has it been resolved. Many CCD investigations, using sensitive genome-based methods, have found small RNA bee viruses and the microsporidia, Nosema apis and N. ceranae in healthy and collapsing colonies alike with no single pathogen firmly linked to honey bee losses.\\n\\nMETHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We used Mass spectrometry-based proteomics (MSP) to identify and quantify thousands of proteins from healthy and collapsing bee colonies. MSP revealed two unreported RNA viruses in North American honey bees, Varroa destructor-1 virus and Kakugo virus, and identified an invertebrate iridescent virus (IIV) (Iridoviridae) associated with CCD colonies. Prevalence of IIV significantly discriminated among strong, failing, and collapsed colonies. In addition, bees in failing colonies contained not only IIV, but also Nosema. Co-occurrence of these microbes consistently marked CCD in (1) bees from commercial apiaries sampled across the U.S. in 2006-2007, (2) bees sequentially sampled as the disorder progressed in an observation hive colony in 2008, and (3) bees from a recurrence of CCD in Florida in 2009. The pathogen pairing was not observed in samples from colonies with no history of CCD, namely bees from Australia and a large, non-migratory beekeeping business in Montana. Laboratory cage trials with a strain of IIV type 6 and Nosema ceranae confirmed that co-infection with these two pathogens was more lethal to bees than either pathogen alone.\\n\\nCONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: These findings implicate co-infection by IIV and Nosema with honey bee colony decline, giving credence to older research pointing to IIV, interacting with Nosema and mites, as probable cause of bee losses in the USA, Europe, and Asia. We next need to characterize the IIV and Nosema that we detected and develop management practices to reduce honey bee losses.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/iridovirus-microsporidian-linked-honey-bee-colony-decline", "reader_count"=>329, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>15, "Librarian"=>3, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>22, "Researcher"=>86, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>71, "Student > Postgraduate"=>8, "Student > Master"=>38, "Other"=>18, "Student > Bachelor"=>40, "Lecturer"=>6, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>3, "Professor"=>15}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>15, "Librarian"=>3, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>22, "Researcher"=>86, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>71, "Student > Postgraduate"=>8, "Student > Master"=>38, "Other"=>18, "Student > Bachelor"=>40, "Lecturer"=>6, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>3, "Professor"=>15}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>8, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>237, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>6, "Computer Science"=>4, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>3, "Engineering"=>5, "Environmental Science"=>28, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>12, "Mathematics"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>19, "Neuroscience"=>1, "Physics and Astronomy"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>2, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>19}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>2}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>1}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>8}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>28}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>5}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>1}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>3}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>237}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>4}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>12}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>6}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Puerto Rico"=>1, "Romania"=>1, "United States"=>26, "Japan"=>3, "Egypt"=>1, "Tanzania"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>9, "Portugal"=>1, "Russia"=>1, "Spain"=>2, "India"=>2, "New Zealand"=>2, "Canada"=>1, "Sweden"=>1, "Norway"=>1, "Brazil"=>8, "Poland"=>1, "Mexico"=>2, "France"=>4, "Chile"=>1, "Germany"=>3}, "group_count"=>19}

CrossRef

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/78049248014"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/78049248014?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=78049248014&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=78049248014&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/78049248014", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:78049248014", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-78049248014", "dc:title"=>"Iridovirus and microsporidian linked to honey bee colony decline", "dc:creator"=>"Bromenshenk J.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS ONE", "prism:eIssn"=>"19326203", "prism:volume"=>"5", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"10", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2010-11-04", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"2010", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0013181", "citedby-count"=>"129", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"University of Montana", "affiliation-city"=>"Missoula", "affiliation-country"=>"United States"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"Bee Alert Technology, Inc.", "affiliation-city"=>"Missoula", "affiliation-country"=>"United States"}], "pubmed-id"=>"20949138", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "article-number"=>"e13181", "source-id"=>"10600153309"}

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosone%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pone.0013181", "share_count"=>3, "like_count"=>3, "comment_count"=>17, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>23}

Journal Comments | Further Information

Counter

  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"3713", "xml_views"=>"50", "html_views"=>"34355"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"308", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"3171"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"152", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"1972"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"170", "xml_views"=>"6", "html_views"=>"2222"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"129", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"1542"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"140", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"1565"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"106", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"1028"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"91", "xml_views"=>"5", "html_views"=>"820"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"49", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"596"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"61", "xml_views"=>"5", "html_views"=>"536"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"40", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"520"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"74", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"798"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"86", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"958"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"120", "xml_views"=>"10", "html_views"=>"852"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"56", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"604"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"84", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"827"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"80", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"900"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"82", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"835"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"74", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"1097"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"48", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"857"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"62", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"677"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"28", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"543"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"38", "xml_views"=>"6", "html_views"=>"567"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"53", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"699"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"63", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"972"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"58", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"828"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"37", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"566"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"37", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"652"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"534"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"37", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"636"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"40", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"676"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"38", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"689"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"35", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"495"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"338"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"416"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"34", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"405"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"30", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"564"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"47", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"597"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"454"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"26", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"386"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"38", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"399"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"27", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"319"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"35", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"605"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"540"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"420"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"399"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"303"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"42", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"580"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"32", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"619"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"32", "xml_views"=>"7", "html_views"=>"709"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"27", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"322"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"237"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"25", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"229"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"27", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"235"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"257"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"39", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"261"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"114"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"27", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"140"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"192"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"233"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"271"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"30", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"284"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"206"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"202"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"208"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"230"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"220"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"193"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"162"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"43", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"158"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"70", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"144"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"55", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"246"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"44", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"834"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"62", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"668"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"84", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"440"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"379"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"349"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"37", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"429"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"25", "xml_views"=>"5", "html_views"=>"401"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"279"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"266"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"240"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"228"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"231"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"329"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"185"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/825733"], "description"=>"<p>Function 1 explains 81 percent of discriminating variance and contrasts higher incidence of iridovirus (IIV), <i>Nosema</i>, and to a lesser extent BQCV in failing colonies with higher incidence of DWV and some IAPV in the remaining groups. Vertical and horizontal lines mark the non-CCD out-group as a reference set.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["differences", "pathogen", "peptide", "counts", "collapsed"], "article_id"=>496052, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biochemistry", "Ecology", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Jerry J. Bromenshenk", "Colin B. Henderson", "Charles H. Wick", "Michael F. Stanford", "Alan W. Zulich", "Rabih E. Jabbour", "Samir V. Deshpande", "Patrick E. McCubbin", "Robert A. Seccomb", "Phillip M. Welch", "Trevor Williams", "David R. Firth", "Evan Skowronski", "Margaret M. Lehmann", "Shan L. Bilimoria", "Joanna Gress", "Kevin W. Wanner", "Robert A. Cramer Jr"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0013181.g001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Discriminant_Function_Analysis_for_differences_in_pathogen_peptide_counts_among_strong_failing_and_collapsed_honey_bee_colonies_/496052", "title"=>"Discriminant Function Analysis for differences in pathogen peptide counts among strong, failing, and collapsed honey bee colonies.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 23:00:08"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/825825"], "description"=>"<p>The peptides were detected in dead worker honey bee samples collected from a single collapsing observation hive at the University of Montana, Missoula. Forager flights are absolute counts per day, tabulated by an automated honey bee counter. Peptide counts are the summed counts by day of collection for all unique IIV <i>Nosema</i> peptides in each sample. We suspended sampling in mid-August, as the bee population was too weak to sample without affecting the colony. We collected the queen and last few bees for a final sample in early September. Sample size varied from about ten bees to more than 100 per sample interval, depending on how many dead bees were obtained from the entrance tube.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["forager", "flights", "conjunction", "counts", "iridovirus"], "article_id"=>496161, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biochemistry", "Ecology", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Jerry J. Bromenshenk", "Colin B. Henderson", "Charles H. Wick", "Michael F. Stanford", "Alan W. Zulich", "Rabih E. Jabbour", "Samir V. Deshpande", "Patrick E. McCubbin", "Robert A. Seccomb", "Phillip M. Welch", "Trevor Williams", "David R. Firth", "Evan Skowronski", "Margaret M. Lehmann", "Shan L. Bilimoria", "Joanna Gress", "Kevin W. Wanner", "Robert A. Cramer Jr"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0013181.g002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Decline_in_forager_flights_in_conjunction_with_increasing_counts_of_iridovirus_IIV_and_Nosema_peptides_/496161", "title"=>"Decline in forager flights in conjunction with increasing counts of iridovirus (IIV) and <i>Nosema</i> peptides.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 23:00:43"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/825932"], "description"=>"<p>Newly emerged, 1–3 day old, bees were used in all experiments. Figure represents the combined survival results for 4 biological replications (N = 30 bees in each group for each biological replicate). Bees that perished within 24 hours of inoculation were not included in the survival curve analyses. Deaths in control group were confirmed not to be pathogen related via mass spectroscopy analyses. Inoculum sizes and doses described in materials and <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0013181#s4\" target=\"_blank\">methods</a> section. Log Rank Tests Kaplan-Meier Curve Analyses: 1) Control VS. <i>N. ceranae</i> - P = 0.01, 2) Control VS. IIV alone – P<0.01 (0.008), 3) Control VS. <i>Nosema </i>+ IIV – P<0.01 (0.0001), 4) <i>Nosema</i> alone vs. IIV alone – P = 0.90, 5) <i>Nosema</i> alone VS. <i>Nosema </i>+ IIV – P = 0.04, 6) Virus alone VS. <i>Nosema </i>+ IIV – P = 0.04. These results strongly suggest that the combination of <i>N. ceranae</i> and IIV is associated with increased bee mortality.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["fourteen", "post-infection", "observed", "cage-trials", "iiv", "infected"], "article_id"=>496272, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biochemistry", "Ecology", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Jerry J. Bromenshenk", "Colin B. Henderson", "Charles H. Wick", "Michael F. Stanford", "Alan W. Zulich", "Rabih E. Jabbour", "Samir V. Deshpande", "Patrick E. McCubbin", "Robert A. Seccomb", "Phillip M. Welch", "Trevor Williams", "David R. Firth", "Evan Skowronski", "Margaret M. Lehmann", "Shan L. Bilimoria", "Joanna Gress", "Kevin W. Wanner", "Robert A. Cramer Jr"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0013181.g003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Survival_over_a_fourteen_day_post_infection_period_observed_in_cage_trials_of_Nosema_ceranae_and_IIV_infected_honey_bees_/496272", "title"=>"Survival over a fourteen day post-infection period observed in cage-trials of <i>Nosema ceranae</i> and IIV infected honey bees.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 23:01:17"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/826028"], "description"=>"a<p>Columns summarize thirty-one colonies from initial CCD study in 2006; eighteen subsamples taken from an observation colony monitored through its collapse from March through August 2007; and a third sample of nine colonies sampled during a CCD incident in Florida in 2008. A hyphen indicates that the value could not be calculated.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["occurrence", "peptide", "counts", "viral", "pathogens", "colonies", "sampled"], "article_id"=>496358, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biochemistry", "Ecology", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Jerry J. Bromenshenk", "Colin B. Henderson", "Charles H. Wick", "Michael F. Stanford", "Alan W. Zulich", "Rabih E. Jabbour", "Samir V. Deshpande", "Patrick E. McCubbin", "Robert A. Seccomb", "Phillip M. Welch", "Trevor Williams", "David R. Firth", "Evan Skowronski", "Margaret M. Lehmann", "Shan L. Bilimoria", "Joanna Gress", "Kevin W. Wanner", "Robert A. Cramer Jr"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0013181.t001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Frequency_Frq_of_occurrence_and_mean_peptide_counts_of_viral_pathogens_and_Nosema_in_honey_bee_colonies_sampled_in_2006_2007_and_2008_a_/496358", "title"=>"Frequency (Frq) of occurrence and mean peptide counts of viral pathogens and <i>Nosema</i> in honey bee colonies sampled in 2006, 2007, and 2008<sup>a</sup>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 23:01:44"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/826085"], "description"=>"<p>Cumulative variance, significance, and coefficients for derived discriminant functions.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["coefficients", "derived", "discriminant"], "article_id"=>496433, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biochemistry", "Ecology", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Jerry J. Bromenshenk", "Colin B. Henderson", "Charles H. Wick", "Michael F. Stanford", "Alan W. Zulich", "Rabih E. Jabbour", "Samir V. Deshpande", "Patrick E. McCubbin", "Robert A. Seccomb", "Phillip M. Welch", "Trevor Williams", "David R. Firth", "Evan Skowronski", "Margaret M. Lehmann", "Shan L. Bilimoria", "Joanna Gress", "Kevin W. Wanner", "Robert A. Cramer Jr"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0013181.t002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Cumulative_variance_significance_and_coefficients_for_derived_discriminant_functions_/496433", "title"=>"Cumulative variance, significance, and coefficients for derived discriminant functions.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 23:02:05"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/826150"], "description"=>"<p>Pooled within-groups correlations between discriminating variables and standardized canonical discriminant functions ordered by absolute size of correlation within function.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["within-groups", "correlations", "discriminating", "variables", "standardized", "canonical", "discriminant", "functions", "ordered"], "article_id"=>496489, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biochemistry", "Ecology", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Jerry J. Bromenshenk", "Colin B. Henderson", "Charles H. Wick", "Michael F. Stanford", "Alan W. Zulich", "Rabih E. Jabbour", "Samir V. Deshpande", "Patrick E. McCubbin", "Robert A. Seccomb", "Phillip M. Welch", "Trevor Williams", "David R. Firth", "Evan Skowronski", "Margaret M. Lehmann", "Shan L. Bilimoria", "Joanna Gress", "Kevin W. Wanner", "Robert A. Cramer Jr"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0013181.t003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Pooled_within_groups_correlations_between_discriminating_variables_and_standardized_canonical_discriminant_functions_ordered_by_absolute_size_of_correlation_within_function_/496489", "title"=>"Pooled within-groups correlations between discriminating variables and standardized canonical discriminant functions ordered by absolute size of correlation within function.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 23:02:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/826216"], "description"=>"a<p>Spearman's rank correlation (rho; n = 266).</p>b<p>Sorensen's index of similarity were calculated for each pairwise comparison. East-, West-CCD colonies sampled 2007–2008; Collapsing Observation Colony, 2008; Florida Collapse, 2009; Inoculation Trials, 2009–2010.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["occurrence", "iridescent", "peptides", "samples", "pathogens"], "article_id"=>496551, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biochemistry", "Ecology", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Jerry J. Bromenshenk", "Colin B. Henderson", "Charles H. Wick", "Michael F. Stanford", "Alan W. Zulich", "Rabih E. Jabbour", "Samir V. Deshpande", "Patrick E. McCubbin", "Robert A. Seccomb", "Phillip M. Welch", "Trevor Williams", "David R. Firth", "Evan Skowronski", "Margaret M. Lehmann", "Shan L. Bilimoria", "Joanna Gress", "Kevin W. Wanner", "Robert A. Cramer Jr"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0013181.t004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Similarity_in_occurrence_of_specific_iridescent_virus_peptides_among_different_samples_analyzed_for_evidence_of_pathogens_associated_with_CCD_/496551", "title"=>"Similarity in occurrence of specific iridescent virus peptides among different samples analyzed for evidence of pathogens associated with CCD.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 23:02:46"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"month"=>"10", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"3", "full-text"=>"114", "year"=>"2010", "pdf"=>"67", "unique-ip"=>"106", "figure"=>"10", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"11", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"5", "full-text"=>"131", "unique-ip"=>"118", "pdf"=>"102", "year"=>"2010", "figure"=>"24", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"113", "year"=>"2010", "pdf"=>"37", "unique-ip"=>"111", "figure"=>"18", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"2", "full-text"=>"210", "unique-ip"=>"170", "pdf"=>"33", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"18", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"2", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"131", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"29", "unique-ip"=>"100", "figure"=>"13", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"1", "abstract"=>"3", "full-text"=>"164", "unique-ip"=>"105", "pdf"=>"26", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "abstract"=>"5", "full-text"=>"131", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"40", "unique-ip"=>"104", "figure"=>"11", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"5", "cited-by"=>"2", "abstract"=>"2", "full-text"=>"137", "unique-ip"=>"102", "pdf"=>"24", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"4", "full-text"=>"23", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"18", "unique-ip"=>"33", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"7", "cited-by"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"22", "unique-ip"=>"18", "pdf"=>"6", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"30", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"11", "unique-ip"=>"24", "figure"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"9", "cited-by"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"35", "unique-ip"=>"31", "pdf"=>"12", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"6", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"64", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"17", "unique-ip"=>"56", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"11", "cited-by"=>"2", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"75", "unique-ip"=>"52", "pdf"=>"11", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "abstract"=>"2", "full-text"=>"35", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"7", "unique-ip"=>"33", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"44", "unique-ip"=>"43", "pdf"=>"9", "year"=>"2012", "figure"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"66", "year"=>"2012", "pdf"=>"11", "unique-ip"=>"58", "figure"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"3", "full-text"=>"67", "unique-ip"=>"60", "pdf"=>"19", "year"=>"2012", "figure"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"60", "year"=>"2012", "pdf"=>"10", "unique-ip"=>"53", "figure"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"5", "cited-by"=>"1", "abstract"=>"3", "full-text"=>"34", "unique-ip"=>"32", "pdf"=>"18", "year"=>"2012", "figure"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"27", "year"=>"2012", "pdf"=>"6", "unique-ip"=>"20", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"32", "full-text"=>"39", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"26", "full-text"=>"29", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"32", "full-text"=>"33", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"52", "full-text"=>"68", "pdf"=>"12", "abstract"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"43", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"32", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"39", "full-text"=>"59", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"28", "full-text"=>"30", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"36", "full-text"=>"57", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"48", "full-text"=>"50", "pdf"=>"18", "abstract"=>"8", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"27", "full-text"=>"32", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"27", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"29", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"30", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"24", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"8", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"30", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"12", "abstract"=>"18", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"38", "full-text"=>"36", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"26", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"29", "full-text"=>"38", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"28", "full-text"=>"41", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"26", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"27", "full-text"=>"32", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"42", "full-text"=>"94", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"4", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"35", "full-text"=>"49", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"24", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"37", "full-text"=>"38", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"4", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"34", "full-text"=>"34", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"30", "full-text"=>"58", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"26", "full-text"=>"27", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"28", "full-text"=>"33", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"36", "full-text"=>"37", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"30", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"30", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"35", "full-text"=>"41", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"3", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"25", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"33", "full-text"=>"36", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"46", "full-text"=>"45", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"30", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"30", "full-text"=>"36", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"29", "full-text"=>"29", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"26", "full-text"=>"27", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"26", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"30", "full-text"=>"34", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"28", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"36", "full-text"=>"39", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"24", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"27", "full-text"=>"29", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"30", "full-text"=>"34", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2010-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2010-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences", "average_usage"=>[288, 576, 733, 867, 984, 1087, 1182, 1267, 1346, 1424, 1501, 1577, 1646, 1711, 1778, 1841, 1908, 1970, 2034, 2102, 2162, 2227, 2296, 2359, 2422, 2482, 2550, 2610, 2679, 2747, 2820, 2887, 2955, 3009, 3067, 3130, 3200, 3257, 3322, 3379, 3443, 3507, 3571, 3632, 3683, 3753, 3822, 3877]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Agriculture", "average_usage"=>[289, 556, 715, 853, 962, 1053, 1146, 1230, 1307, 1373, 1443, 1524, 1582, 1669, 1720, 1810, 1876, 1929, 2012, 2087, 2168, 2241, 2320, 2385, 2469, 2534, 2605, 2681, 2745, 2812, 2861, 2909, 2988, 3068, 3166, 3213, 3266, 3346, 3419, 3508, 3566, 3631, 3692, 3746, 3809, 3882, 3964, 4024, 4100]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Microbiology", "average_usage"=>[306, 616, 785, 930, 1062, 1178, 1267, 1361, 1440, 1545, 1627, 1690, 1764, 1825, 1903, 1965, 2043, 2099, 2172, 2232, 2313, 2376, 2451, 2524, 2595, 2661, 2729, 2781, 2848, 2911, 2974, 3059, 3138, 3196, 3272, 3342, 3408, 3471, 3530, 3601, 3661, 3734, 3803, 3862, 3922, 3966, 4035, 4092, 4165]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Ecology and environmental sciences", "average_usage"=>[348, 600, 749, 874, 993, 1076, 1154, 1246, 1337, 1402, 1474, 1554, 1610, 1673, 1727, 1785, 1851, 1933, 2007, 2072, 2138, 2188, 2282, 2353, 2420, 2476, 2546, 2613, 2700, 2783, 2869, 2936, 3010, 3090, 3174, 3242, 3304, 3406, 3510, 3574, 3632, 3708, 3790, 3854, 3938, 4032, 4123, 4206, 4291]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Ecology and environmental sciences/Ecology", "average_usage"=>[397, 650, 822, 965, 1102, 1214, 1306, 1401, 1487, 1554, 1653, 1713, 1779, 1862, 1924, 1989, 2053, 2157, 2220, 2286, 2362, 2440, 2495, 2580, 2673, 2793, 2882, 2973, 3032, 3137, 3189, 3284, 3360, 3465, 3523, 3578, 3648, 3714, 3794, 3886, 3958, 4011, 4106, 4169, 4227, 4317, 4410, 4489, 4570]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences", "average_usage"=>[277, 558, 715, 845, 963, 1070, 1166, 1258, 1336, 1410, 1485, 1561, 1638, 1707, 1767, 1834, 1896, 1960, 2030, 2096, 2165, 2229, 2300, 2368, 2425, 2489, 2553, 2617, 2679, 2743, 2814, 2873, 2941, 2995, 3050, 3111, 3169, 3235, 3300, 3363, 3428, 3487, 3548, 3605, 3670, 3726, 3785, 3844]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Pathology and laboratory medicine", "average_usage"=>[274, 546, 703, 837, 951, 1058, 1152, 1234, 1323, 1387, 1453, 1538, 1606, 1694, 1753, 1814, 1873, 1941, 2011, 2079, 2137, 2193, 2260, 2325, 2386, 2459, 2528, 2598, 2651, 2728, 2788, 2859, 2931, 2999, 3068, 3131, 3209, 3258, 3321, 3372, 3426, 3500, 3561, 3613, 3685, 3743, 3805, 3839]}]}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts