Alien Marine Fishes Deplete Algal Biomass in the Eastern Mediterranean
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{"title"=>"Alien marine fishes deplete algal biomass in the Eastern Mediterranean", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Enric", "last_name"=>"Sala", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004450599"}, {"first_name"=>"Zafer", "last_name"=>"Kizilkaya", "scopus_author_id"=>"40561369100"}, {"first_name"=>"Derya", "last_name"=>"Yildirim", "scopus_author_id"=>"54886284700"}, {"first_name"=>"Enric", "last_name"=>"Ballesteros", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006048400"}], "year"=>2011, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"361337202", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-79952056191", "pmid"=>"21364943", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0017356", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "sgr"=>"79952056191"}, "id"=>"f0618683-0b23-3240-825e-2c195250e65b", "abstract"=>"One of the most degraded states of the Mediterranean rocky infralittoral ecosystem is a barren composed solely of bare rock and patches of crustose coralline algae. Barrens are typically created by the grazing action of large sea urchin populations. In 2008 we observed extensive areas almost devoid of erect algae, where sea urchins were rare, on the Mediterranean coast of Turkey. To determine the origin of those urchin-less ?barrens?, we conducted a fish exclusion experiment. We found that, in the absence of fish grazing, a well-developed algal assemblage grew within three months. Underwater fish censuses and observations suggest that two alien herbivorous fish from the Red Sea (Siganus luridus and S. rivulatus) are responsible for the creation and maintenance of these benthic communities with extremely low biomass. The shift from well-developed native algal assemblages to ?barrens? implies a dramatic decline in biogenic habitat complexity, biodiversity and biomass. A targeted Siganus fishery could help restore the macroalgal beds of the rocky infralittoral on the Turkish coast.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/alien-marine-fishes-deplete-algal-biomass-eastern-mediterranean", "reader_count"=>156, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>12, "Researcher"=>53, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>29, "Student > Postgraduate"=>7, "Student > Master"=>25, "Other"=>9, "Student > Bachelor"=>10, "Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>12, "Researcher"=>53, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>29, "Student > Postgraduate"=>7, "Student > Master"=>25, "Other"=>9, "Student > Bachelor"=>10, "Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>8, "Environmental Science"=>47, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>5, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>81, "Physics and Astronomy"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>2, "Computer Science"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>11}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>2}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>11}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>81}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>5}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>8}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>47}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Ecuador"=>1, "United States"=>2, "United Kingdom"=>2, "Kenya"=>1, "Portugal"=>2, "Spain"=>3, "Greece"=>1, "Sweden"=>1, "Czech Republic"=>1, "Turkey"=>2, "Brazil"=>2, "Mexico"=>1, "Israel"=>1, "France"=>1, "Australia"=>1, "Germany"=>3}, "group_count"=>7}

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/796947"], "description"=>"<p>Evolution of total algal biomass inside the fish exclusion cages and controls (mean ± S.E., n  = 12) at the three study sites.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["algal", "biomass", "exclusion", "cages", "controls"], "article_id"=>467314, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Ecology", "Plant Biology"], "users"=>["Enric Sala", "Zafer Kizilkaya", "Derya Yildirim", "Enric Ballesteros"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0017356.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Evolution_of_total_algal_biomass_inside_the_fish_exclusion_cages_and_controls_mean_177_S_E_n_8202_8202_12_at_the_three_study_sites_/467314", "title"=>"Evolution of total algal biomass inside the fish exclusion cages and controls (mean ± S.E., n  = 12) at the three study sites.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 20:25:57"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
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Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2011-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2011-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences", "average_usage"=>[304, 568, 702, 818, 927, 1027, 1118, 1206, 1285, 1357, 1427, 1500, 1564, 1636, 1705, 1773, 1840, 1909, 1974, 2039, 2106, 2170, 2234, 2296, 2358, 2423, 2484, 2546, 2606, 2673, 2734, 2795, 2857, 2921, 2984, 3046, 3100]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Behavior", "average_usage"=>[321, 534, 647, 753, 850, 938, 1018, 1091, 1168, 1231, 1299, 1357, 1420, 1473, 1538, 1604, 1670, 1737, 1800, 1864, 1928, 1985, 2051, 2102, 2169, 2240, 2298, 2361, 2435, 2484, 2550, 2606, 2651, 2718, 2792, 2830, 2875]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Plant science", "average_usage"=>[310, 524, 653, 750, 838, 945, 1028, 1110, 1190, 1259, 1339, 1411, 1473, 1551, 1623, 1697, 1767, 1830, 1910, 1986, 2055, 2117, 2178, 2236, 2299, 2364, 2418, 2501, 2550, 2615, 2673, 2736, 2828, 2895, 2972, 3070, 3118]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Zoology", "average_usage"=>[324, 535, 647, 742, 830, 933, 1003, 1085, 1147, 1194, 1266, 1323, 1378, 1433, 1492, 1557, 1621, 1684, 1752, 1812, 1870, 1923, 1985, 2037, 2101, 2158, 2216, 2267, 2335, 2391, 2455, 2529, 2595, 2658, 2710, 2756, 2813]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Ecology and environmental sciences/Biodiversity", "average_usage"=>[365, 543, 664, 762, 858, 955, 1000, 1047, 1126, 1206, 1269, 1354, 1432, 1495, 1597, 1648, 1711, 1810, 1883, 1943, 2049, 2148, 2209, 2279, 2344]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Ecology and environmental sciences/Habitats", "average_usage"=>[321, 515, 630, 725, 822, 919, 990, 1055, 1097, 1158, 1210, 1261, 1326, 1400, 1455, 1514, 1576, 1635, 1713, 1768, 1832, 1903, 1958, 2009, 2058, 2122, 2197, 2280, 2360, 2455, 2525, 2619, 2666, 2732, 2800, 2879, 2928]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Ecology and environmental sciences/Plant ecology", "average_usage"=>[319, 464, 550, 641, 727, 801, 885, 945, 1024, 1099, 1175, 1221, 1276, 1323, 1383, 1444, 1504, 1566, 1624, 1684, 1743, 1782, 1838, 1912, 1959]}]}

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