Avian Ultraviolet/Violet Cones Identified as Probable Magnetoreceptors
Publication Date
May 25, 2011
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Christine Nießner, Susanne Denzau, Julia Christina Gross, Leo Peichl, et al
Volume
6
Issue
5
Pages
e20091
DOI
http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0020091
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0020091
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21647441
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3102070
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/21647441
Web of Science
000291006500025
Scopus
79957458197
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/avian-ultravioletviolet-cones-identified-probable-magnetoreceptors
Events
Loading … Spinner

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Avian Ultraviolet/Violet cones identified as probable magnetoreceptors", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Christine", "last_name"=>"Nießner", "scopus_author_id"=>"40762042800"}, {"first_name"=>"Susanne", "last_name"=>"Denzau", "scopus_author_id"=>"36246981300"}, {"first_name"=>"Julia Christina", "last_name"=>"Gross", "scopus_author_id"=>"57197060708"}, {"first_name"=>"Leo", "last_name"=>"Peichl", "scopus_author_id"=>"55650075300"}, {"first_name"=>"Hans Joachim", "last_name"=>"Bischof", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006213002"}, {"first_name"=>"Gerta", "last_name"=>"Fleissner", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004427201"}, {"first_name"=>"Wolfgang", "last_name"=>"Wiltschko", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004694269"}, {"first_name"=>"Roswitha", "last_name"=>"Wiltschko", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004251590"}], "year"=>2011, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pmid"=>"21647441", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\n1932-6203 (Linking)", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0020091", "issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-79957458197", "pui"=>"361822340", "sgr"=>"79957458197"}, "id"=>"ee252938-4658-3be1-a6cc-6e947be28edd", "abstract"=>"The Radical-Pair-Model postulates that the reception of magnetic compass directions in birds is based on spin-chemical reactions in specialized photopigments in the eye, with cryptochromes discussed as candidate molecules. But so far, the exact subcellular characterization of these molecules in the retina remained unknown.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/avian-ultravioletviolet-cones-identified-probable-magnetoreceptors", "reader_count"=>95, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>5, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>22, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>28, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>18, "Other"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>9, "Professor"=>3, "Unspecified"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>5, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>22, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>28, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>18, "Other"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>9, "Professor"=>3, "Unspecified"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>5, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>4, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>61, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>3, "Neuroscience"=>5, "Physics and Astronomy"=>1, "Chemistry"=>13, "Psychology"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>3}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>5}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>13}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>61}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>4}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>5}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Sweden"=>2, "United States"=>4, "United Kingdom"=>2, "Italy"=>1, "Australia"=>1}, "group_count"=>2}

CrossRef

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/79957458197"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/79957458197?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=79957458197&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=79957458197&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/79957458197", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:79957458197", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-79957458197", "dc:title"=>"Avian Ultraviolet/Violet cones identified as probable magnetoreceptors", "dc:creator"=>"Nießner C.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS ONE", "prism:eIssn"=>"19326203", "prism:volume"=>"6", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"5", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2011-05-30", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"2011", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0020091", "citedby-count"=>"80", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"Goethe-Universitat Frankfurt am Main", "affiliation-city"=>"Frankfurt am Main", "affiliation-country"=>"Germany"}], "pubmed-id"=>"21647441", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "article-number"=>"e20091", "source-id"=>"10600153309"}

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosone%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pone.0020091", "share_count"=>0, "like_count"=>0, "comment_count"=>0, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>0}

Counter

  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"85", "xml_views"=>"9", "html_views"=>"297"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"59", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"121"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"34", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"59"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"34"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"54"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"31"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"32", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"80"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"26"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"48"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"40"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"41", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"69"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"28", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"48"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"32"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"42"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"38"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"5", "html_views"=>"28"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"44"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"48"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"55"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"38"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"71"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"70"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"56"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"71"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"47"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"61"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"43"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"168"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"50"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"60"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"74"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"46"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"62"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"47"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"80"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"58"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"50"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"41"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"48"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"20"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"41"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"52"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"58"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"111"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"44"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"35"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"34"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"35"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"34"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"33"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"27"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"61"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"55"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"54"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"56"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"149"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"58"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"40"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"45"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"44"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"40"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"54"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"24"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"24"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"30"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"36"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"35"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"30"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"24"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"48"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"43"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"41"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"26"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"36"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"28"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"26"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"26"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"33"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"31"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"33"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"26"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"4"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/771587"], "description"=>"<p>The amino acid sequence of the epitope of the mammalian SWS1 opsin recognized by antiserum sc-14363 and of the most similar sequences of the cone opsins in chickens, <i>Gallus gallus</i>, and the Canary <i>Serinus canaria,</i> a passerine species are compared (cone opsins of European robins have not yet been sequenced). Sequence part of the UV/V cone opsin corresponding to the epitome recognized by the antiserum, with identical amino acids given in bold.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["amino"], "article_id"=>441958, "categories"=>["Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Christine Nießner", "Susanne Denzau", "Julia Christina Gross", "Leo Peichl", "Hans-Joachim Bischof", "Gerta Fleissner", "Wolfgang Wiltschko", "Roswitha Wiltschko"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0020091.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Comparison_of_amino_acid_sequences_/441958", "title"=>"Comparison of amino acid sequences.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2011-05-25 00:32:38"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/771344"], "description"=>"<p>(<b>A</b>), Vertical section of chicken retina; (<b>B</b>), whole mount of chicken retina; (<b>C</b>), vertical section of European robin retina; (<b>D</b>), whole mount of robin retina. The different layers in the vertical sections are indicated: 1 outer and inner segments of the photoreceptors with the oil droplets in between; 2 outer nuclear layer; 3 outer plexiform layer; 4 inner nuclear layer; 5 inner plexiform layer; 6 ganglion cell layer. Left column: (<b>A1</b> to <b>D1</b>): Cry1a immunofluorescence (rendered in green) is inside the outer segment of a very slender photoreceptor type. Middle column: (<b>A2</b> to <b>D2</b>): UV/V cone opsin immunofluorescence (rendered in blue) in the same section. Right column: (<b>A3</b> to <b>D3</b>): Merge of the images, indicating that Cry1a and the UV/V cone opsin co-localize. In robins, the the population density of the Cry1a/UV appers to be higher than in chickens.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["cry1a", "uv", "cone", "co-localization"], "article_id"=>441707, "categories"=>["Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Christine Nießner", "Susanne Denzau", "Julia Christina Gross", "Leo Peichl", "Hans-Joachim Bischof", "Gerta Fleissner", "Wolfgang Wiltschko", "Roswitha Wiltschko"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0020091.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Immuno_labeling_for_Cry1a_and_UV_cone_opsin_and_their_co_localization_in_the_retina_/441707", "title"=>"Immuno-labeling for Cry1a and UV cone opsin, and their co-localization in the retina.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-05-25 00:28:27"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/387311", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/387351"], "description"=>"<div><h3>Background</h3><p>The Radical-Pair-Model postulates that the reception of magnetic compass directions in birds is based on spin-chemical reactions in specialized photopigments in the eye, with cryptochromes discussed as candidate molecules. But so far, the exact subcellular characterization of these molecules in the retina remained unknown.</p> <h3>Methodology/Principal Findings</h3><p>We here describe the localization of cryptochrome 1a (Cry1a) in the retina of European robins, <em>Erithacus rubecula</em>, and domestic chickens, <em>Gallus gallus</em>, two species that have been shown to use the magnetic field for compass orientation. In both species, Cry1a is present exclusively in the ultraviolet/violet (UV/V) cones that are distributed across the entire retina. Electron microscopy shows Cry1a in ordered bands along the membrane discs of the outer segment, and cell fractionation reveals Cry1a in the membrane fraction, suggesting the possibility that Cry1a is anchored along membranes.</p> <h3>Conclusions/Significance</h3><p>We provide first structural evidence that Cry1a occurs within a sensory structure arranged in a way that fulfils essential requirements of the Radical-Pair-Model. Our findings, identifying the UV/V-cones as probable magnetoreceptors, support the assumption that Cry1a is indeed the receptor molecule mediating information on magnetic directions, and thus provide the Radical-Pair-Model with a profound histological background.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["avian", "cones", "identified", "probable", "magnetoreceptors"], "article_id"=>136476, "categories"=>["Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Christine Nießner", "Susanne Denzau", "Julia Christina Gross", "Leo Peichl", "Hans-Joachim Bischof", "Gerta Fleissner", "Wolfgang Wiltschko", "Roswitha Wiltschko"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0020091.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0020091.s002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Avian_Ultraviolet_Violet_Cones_Identified_as_Probable_Magnetoreceptors/136476", "title"=>"Avian Ultraviolet/Violet Cones Identified as Probable Magnetoreceptors", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2011-05-25 01:47:56"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/771500"], "description"=>"<p>(<b>A</b>) Outer segment of a long, slender cone photoreceptor of the chicken retina, with the large oil droplet visible at the base and the connecting cilium (marked by the arrow) on the left. Cry1a, labeled with diaminobenzidin and silver intensification, is visible as dark dots along the disc membranes. (<b>B</b>) Higher magnification of the lower part of the outer segment in (A). Cry1a is found along some, but not all disks. At the left side with the connecting cilium, Cry1a is transported to the outer segment, where it is to bind to the membranes. (<b>C</b>) Outer segment of a cone photoreceptor of the robin retina, also showing ‘bands’ of Cry1a label. Western blot of robin (<b>D</b>) and of chicken retina (<b>E</b>), respectively. F1, cytosolic fraction; F2, membrane fraction; F3; nuclear fraction, F4, cytoskeletal fraction, T, tongue tissue from the same bird as control. Cry1a is found in the cytosolic and the membrane fraction in both species. Markers for the different fractions shown for chicken: (<b>E1</b>) Protein Kinase C for cytosolic, (<b>E2</b>) E-cadherin for membrane, (<b>E3</b>) Histon H3 for nuclear in chicken, (<b>E4</b>) Actin for cytoskeletal fractions (35). The markers show that F1 and F2 are free from other fractions (see Protein Kinase C and E-cadherin). E-cadherin is also bound to the actin cytoskeleton in F4, but a low ‘spill-over’ in F3 is visible. The same is true for Actin, the control for the cytoskeletal fractions. Histon H3 is in F3 but also in F4, because of its high abundance in the cell lysate.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience"], "article_id"=>441866, "categories"=>["Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Christine Nießner", "Susanne Denzau", "Julia Christina Gross", "Leo Peichl", "Hans-Joachim Bischof", "Gerta Fleissner", "Wolfgang Wiltschko", "Roswitha Wiltschko"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0020091.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Electron_microscopic_image_and_Western_blots_/441866", "title"=>"Electron-microscopic image and Western blots.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-05-25 00:31:06"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"month"=>"6", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"19", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"16", "unique-ip"=>"25", "figure"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"7", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"26", "unique-ip"=>"26", "pdf"=>"15", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"10", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"3", "unique-ip"=>"13", "figure"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"9", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"16", "unique-ip"=>"16", "pdf"=>"6", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"25", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"14", "unique-ip"=>"22", "figure"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"11", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"17", "unique-ip"=>"21", "pdf"=>"9", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"12", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"7", "unique-ip"=>"13", "figure"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"6", "unique-ip"=>"8", "pdf"=>"5", "year"=>"2012", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"24", "year"=>"2012", "pdf"=>"20", "unique-ip"=>"20", "figure"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"3", "full-text"=>"27", "unique-ip"=>"28", "pdf"=>"10", "year"=>"2012", "figure"=>"15", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"13", "year"=>"2012", "pdf"=>"3", "unique-ip"=>"15", "figure"=>"10", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"3"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"5", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"3", "full-text"=>"12", "unique-ip"=>"12", "pdf"=>"8", "year"=>"2012", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"3", "year"=>"2012", "pdf"=>"2", "unique-ip"=>"5", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"27", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"9", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"20", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"8", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"37", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"64", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2011-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2011-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Anatomy", "average_usage"=>[301, 558, 690, 806, 916, 1018, 1112, 1197, 1275, 1349, 1421, 1495, 1561, 1631, 1697, 1762, 1835, 1895, 1954, 2020, 2078, 2142, 2197, 2258, 2313, 2376, 2437, 2494, 2557, 2618, 2682, 2744, 2818, 2880, 2940, 3000, 3056]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Zoology", "average_usage"=>[324, 535, 647, 742, 830, 933, 1003, 1085, 1147, 1194, 1266, 1323, 1378, 1433, 1492, 1557, 1621, 1684, 1752, 1812, 1870, 1923, 1985, 2037, 2101, 2158, 2216, 2267, 2335, 2391, 2455, 2529, 2595, 2658, 2710, 2756, 2813]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Engineering and technology/Equipment", "average_usage"=>[316, 532, 669, 751, 864, 960, 1050, 1106, 1161, 1232, 1265, 1312, 1361, 1429, 1503, 1559, 1624, 1690, 1752, 1819, 1897, 1985, 2053, 2107, 2170, 2267, 2379, 2418, 2456, 2507, 2569, 2636, 2724, 2833, 2877, 2942, 3018]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Anatomy", "average_usage"=>[301, 559, 686, 796, 908, 1013, 1103, 1196, 1281, 1355, 1431, 1507, 1579, 1648, 1711, 1778, 1841, 1910, 1967, 2034, 2087, 2141, 2202, 2261, 2320, 2386, 2444, 2502, 2566, 2632, 2691, 2755, 2812, 2873, 2929, 2997, 3047]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Anatomy and physiology", "average_usage"=>[296, 554, 686, 802, 910, 1014, 1104, 1195, 1277, 1349, 1419, 1483, 1551, 1620, 1690, 1757, 1820, 1888, 1957, 2017, 2081, 2140, 2202, 2259]}]}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts