The Network of Global Corporate Control
Publication Date
October 26, 2011
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Stefania Vitali, James B. Glattfelder & Stefano Battiston
Volume
6
Issue
10
Pages
e25995
DOI
http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0025995
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0025995
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22046252
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3202517
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/22046252
Web of Science
000296519600008
Scopus
79959638738
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/network-global-corporate-control-29
Events
Loading … Spinner

CiteULike | Further Information

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"The network of Global corporate control", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Stefania", "last_name"=>"Vitali", "scopus_author_id"=>"36922900400"}, {"first_name"=>"James B.", "last_name"=>"Glattfelder", "scopus_author_id"=>"35069412700"}, {"first_name"=>"Stefano", "last_name"=>"Battiston", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603263932"}], "year"=>2011, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"sgr"=>"79959638738", "pmid"=>"22046252", "pui"=>"362825582", "arxiv"=>"1107.5728", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0025995", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-79959638738", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "issn"=>"19326203"}, "id"=>"6e133c0b-5630-3e4e-9c13-52a7f4c4c36c", "abstract"=>"<p>The structure of the control network of transnational corporations affects global market competition and financial stability. So far, only small national samples were studied and there was no appropriate methodology to assess control globally. We present the first investigation of the architecture of the international ownership network, along with the computation of the control held by each global player. We find that transnational corporations form a giant bow-tie structure and that a large portion of control flows to a small tightly-knit core of financial institutions. This core can be seen as an economic “super-entity” that raises new important issues both for researchers and policy makers.</p>", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/network-global-corporate-control-29", "reader_count"=>455, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>18, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>91, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>30, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>132, "Student > Postgraduate"=>19, "Student > Master"=>59, "Other"=>28, "Student > Bachelor"=>46, "Lecturer"=>8, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>4, "Professor"=>18}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>18, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>91, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>30, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>132, "Student > Postgraduate"=>19, "Student > Master"=>59, "Other"=>28, "Student > Bachelor"=>46, "Lecturer"=>8, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>4, "Professor"=>18}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>63, "Arts and Humanities"=>8, "Philosophy"=>6, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>37, "Chemical Engineering"=>1, "Chemistry"=>4, "Computer Science"=>40, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>14, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>51, "Engineering"=>19, "Environmental Science"=>20, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3, "Materials Science"=>1, "Mathematics"=>13, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>16, "Design"=>4, "Neuroscience"=>3, "Sports and Recreations"=>2, "Physics and Astronomy"=>50, "Psychology"=>20, "Social Sciences"=>76, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Materials Science"=>{"Materials Science"=>1}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>16}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>76}, "Sports and Recreations"=>{"Sports and Recreations"=>2}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>50}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>20}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>13}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>3}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>20}, "Chemical Engineering"=>{"Chemical Engineering"=>1}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>8}, "Design"=>{"Design"=>4}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>19}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>4}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>3}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>14}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>51}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>63}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>40}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>37}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3}, "Philosophy"=>{"Philosophy"=>6}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>11, "Portugal"=>1, "Netherlands"=>1, "Sweden"=>1, "Austria"=>2, "South Korea"=>1, "Luxembourg"=>1, "Brazil"=>7, "Chile"=>1, "France"=>1, "Colombia"=>1, "Hungary"=>1, "Japan"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>12, "Switzerland"=>11, "Spain"=>8, "India"=>1, "Canada"=>5, "Belgium"=>2, "Finland"=>2, "Italy"=>5, "South Africa"=>2, "Mexico"=>1, "Peru"=>1, "Germany"=>5}, "group_count"=>24}

CrossRef

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/79959638738"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/79959638738?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=79959638738&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=79959638738&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/79959638738", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:79959638738", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-79959638738", "dc:title"=>"The network of Global corporate control", "dc:creator"=>"Vitali S.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS ONE", "prism:eIssn"=>"19326203", "prism:volume"=>"6", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"10", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2011-11-02", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"2011", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0025995", "citedby-count"=>"130", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"Eidgenossische Technische Hochschule Zurich", "affiliation-city"=>"Zurich", "affiliation-country"=>"Switzerland"}], "pubmed-id"=>"22046252", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "article-number"=>"e25995", "source-id"=>"10600153309"}

Article Coverage

Article Coverage Curated

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosone%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pone.0025995", "share_count"=>391, "like_count"=>256, "comment_count"=>141, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>788}

Journal Comments | Further Information

Reddit | Further Information

Twitter

Counter

  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"345", "xml_views"=>"12", "html_views"=>"2569"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"1204", "xml_views"=>"29", "html_views"=>"7985"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"740", "xml_views"=>"25", "html_views"=>"5773"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"675", "xml_views"=>"53", "html_views"=>"3669"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"236", "xml_views"=>"23", "html_views"=>"1935"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"211", "xml_views"=>"13", "html_views"=>"1501"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"189", "xml_views"=>"13", "html_views"=>"1634"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"268", "xml_views"=>"19", "html_views"=>"2936"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"260", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"2464"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"146", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"1338"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"216", "xml_views"=>"8", "html_views"=>"1463"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"126", "xml_views"=>"6", "html_views"=>"1172"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"219", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"2483"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"358", "xml_views"=>"8", "html_views"=>"2570"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"171", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"1814"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"174", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"2834"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"1610", "xml_views"=>"27", "html_views"=>"17401"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"657", "xml_views"=>"18", "html_views"=>"7513"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"391", "xml_views"=>"7", "html_views"=>"4320"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"734", "xml_views"=>"14", "html_views"=>"10991"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"761", "xml_views"=>"16", "html_views"=>"11957"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"334", "xml_views"=>"10", "html_views"=>"5593"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"366", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"5007"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"276", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"3994"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"555", "xml_views"=>"16", "html_views"=>"10317"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"397", "xml_views"=>"10", "html_views"=>"5681"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"383", "xml_views"=>"9", "html_views"=>"4728"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"925", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"5190"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"533", "xml_views"=>"10", "html_views"=>"8773"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"364", "xml_views"=>"11", "html_views"=>"6566"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"345", "xml_views"=>"6", "html_views"=>"4349"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"407", "xml_views"=>"5", "html_views"=>"4313"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"206", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"2609"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"348", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"3058"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"237", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"2295"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"187", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"2228"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"254", "xml_views"=>"12", "html_views"=>"2871"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"245", "xml_views"=>"7", "html_views"=>"2721"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"330", "xml_views"=>"8", "html_views"=>"4474"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"210", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"2819"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"230", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"2750"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"159", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"3076"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"134", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"2256"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"192", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"3754"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"175", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"3261"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"231", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"3436"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"238", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"3359"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"185", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"2599"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"275", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"4004"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"244", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"3548"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"236", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"2753"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"254", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"3700"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"113", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"2752"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"227", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"3791"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"235", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"3214"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"241", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"3324"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"197", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"2410"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"186", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"2359"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"267", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"3587"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"209", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"3522"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"354", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"6160"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"239", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"6892"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"506", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"6232"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"627", "xml_views"=>"7", "html_views"=>"7136"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"594", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"6865"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"604", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"7342"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"657", "xml_views"=>"10", "html_views"=>"7874"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"295", "xml_views"=>"10", "html_views"=>"7633"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/719579"], "description"=>"<p>(<b>A&B</b>) Direct and indirect ownership. (A) Firm has percent of direct ownership in firm . Through , it has also an indirect ownership in and . (B) With cycles one has to take into account the recursive paths, see <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0025995#pone.0025995.s001\" target=\"_blank\">Appendix S1</a>, Section 3.1. (<b>C&D</b>) Threshold model. (C) Percentages of ownership are indicated along the links. (D) If a shareholder has ownership exceeding a threshold (e.g. ), it has full control (100%) and the others have none (0%). More conservative model of control are also considered see <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0025995#pone.0025995.s001\" target=\"_blank\">Appendix S1</a>, Section 3.1.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["physics", "mathematics"], "article_id"=>389946, "categories"=>["Physics", "Mathematics"], "users"=>["Stefania Vitali", "James B. Glattfelder", "Stefano Battiston"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0025995.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>6, "page_views"=>17, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Ownership_and_Control_/389946", "title"=>"Ownership and Control.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-10-26 02:45:46"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/719832"], "description"=>"<p>Economic actors (TNCs and shareholders) are sorted by descending importance, as given by . A data point located at () corresponds to a fraction of top economic actors cumulatively holding the fraction of network control, value or operating revenue. The different curves refer to network control computed with three models (LM, TM, RM), see <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0025995#pone.0025995.s001\" target=\"_blank\">Appendix S1</a>, Section 3.1, and operating revenue. The horizontal line denotes a value of equal to . The level of concentration is determined by the value of the intersection between each curve and the horizontal line. The scale is semi-log.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["physics", "mathematics"], "article_id"=>390195, "categories"=>["Physics", "Mathematics"], "users"=>["Stefania Vitali", "James B. Glattfelder", "Stefano Battiston"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0025995.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>7, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Concentration_of_network_control_and_operating_revenue_/390195", "title"=>"Concentration of network control and operating revenue.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-10-26 00:03:15"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/719716"], "description"=>"<p>(<b>A</b>) A bow-tie consists of in-section (IN), out-section (OUT), strongly connected component or core (SCC), and tubes and tendrils (T&T). (<b>B</b>) Bow-tie structure of the largest connected component (LCC) and other connected components (OCC). Each section volume scales logarithmically with the share of its TNCs operating revenue. In parenthesis, percentage of operating revenue and number of TNCs, cfr. <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0025995#pone-0025995-t001\" target=\"_blank\">Table 1</a>. (<b>C</b>) SCC layout of the SCC (1318 nodes and 12191 links). Node size scales logarithmically with operation revenue, node color with network control (from yellow to red). Link color scales with weight. (<b>D</b>) Zoom on some major TNCs in the financial sector. Some cycles are highlighted.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["physics", "mathematics"], "article_id"=>390075, "categories"=>["Physics", "Mathematics"], "users"=>["Stefania Vitali", "James B. Glattfelder", "Stefano Battiston"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0025995.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Network_topology_/390075", "title"=>"Network topology.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-10-26 00:01:15"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/719893"], "description"=>"<p>Percentage of total TNC operating revenue (OR) and number (#) of nodes in the sections of the bow-tie (acronyms are in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0025995#pone-0025995-g002\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 2</a>). Economic actors types are: shareholders (SH), participated companies (PC).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["physics", "mathematics"], "article_id"=>390254, "categories"=>["Physics", "Mathematics"], "users"=>["Stefania Vitali", "James B. Glattfelder", "Stefano Battiston"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0025995.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Bow_tie_statistics_/390254", "title"=>"Bow-tie statistics.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2011-10-26 00:04:14"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/365932"], "description"=>"<div><p>The structure of the control network of transnational corporations affects global market competition and financial stability. So far, only small national samples were studied and there was no appropriate methodology to assess control globally. We present the first investigation of the architecture of the international ownership network, along with the computation of the control held by each global player. We find that transnational corporations form a giant bow-tie structure and that a large portion of control flows to a small tightly-knit core of financial institutions. This core can be seen as an economic “super-entity” that raises new important issues both for researchers and policy makers.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>[], "article_id"=>132339, "categories"=>["Physics", "Mathematics"], "users"=>["Stefania Vitali", "James B. Glattfelder", "Stefano Battiston"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0025995", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>291, "page_views"=>308, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/The_Network_of_Global_Corporate_Control/132339", "title"=>"The Network of Global Corporate Control", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2011-10-26 00:38:59"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"11", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"52", "unique-ip"=>"34", "pdf"=>"11", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"10", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"8"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"50", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"5", "unique-ip"=>"32", "figure"=>"8", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"131", "unique-ip"=>"31", "pdf"=>"11", "year"=>"2012", "figure"=>"124", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"11"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"19", "year"=>"2012", "pdf"=>"1", "unique-ip"=>"5", "figure"=>"13", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"12", "unique-ip"=>"9", "pdf"=>"1", "year"=>"2012", "figure"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"15", "year"=>"2012", "pdf"=>"6", "unique-ip"=>"20", "figure"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"5", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"11", "unique-ip"=>"13", "pdf"=>"3", "year"=>"2012", "figure"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"2", "year"=>"2012", "pdf"=>"1", "unique-ip"=>"2", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"17", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"27", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"17", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"33", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"24", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"28", "full-text"=>"25", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"9", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"31", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"26", "full-text"=>"33", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"29", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"30", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"26", "full-text"=>"31", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"7", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"81", "full-text"=>"91", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"28", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"13", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"32", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"5", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2011-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2011-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Neuroscience", "average_usage"=>[306, 540, 664, 768, 864, 959, 1036, 1121, 1199, 1277, 1341, 1411, 1477, 1543, 1609, 1675, 1739, 1802, 1868, 1933, 1995, 2050, 2107, 2164, 2220, 2277, 2327, 2374, 2436, 2488, 2542, 2594, 2650, 2705, 2769, 2817, 2859]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Psychology", "average_usage"=>[307, 557, 674, 784, 873, 964, 1048, 1134, 1206, 1285, 1350, 1417, 1486, 1553, 1610, 1683, 1752, 1824, 1890, 1953, 2003, 2067, 2132, 2198, 2255, 2304, 2353, 2414, 2468, 2512, 2576, 2625, 2687, 2750, 2808, 2849, 2888]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Computer and information sciences", "average_usage"=>[355, 609, 735, 840, 944, 1029, 1109, 1193, 1255, 1320, 1391, 1469, 1540, 1608, 1683, 1753, 1824, 1905, 1967, 2042, 2117, 2189, 2240, 2300, 2392, 2452, 2509, 2569, 2635, 2710, 2772, 2846, 2882, 2956, 3014, 3086, 3139]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Computer and information sciences/Network analysis", "average_usage"=>[429, 735, 900, 1007, 1119, 1213, 1298, 1390, 1459, 1528, 1611, 1697, 1774, 1859, 1932, 2001, 2114, 2189, 2279, 2342, 2389, 2460, 2561, 2642, 2696, 2770, 2852, 2915, 2972, 3082, 3187, 3243, 3317, 3445, 3552, 3609, 3664]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Ecology and environmental sciences/Ecology", "average_usage"=>[337, 543, 656, 754, 855, 949, 1023, 1107, 1185, 1257, 1318, 1395, 1469, 1547, 1616, 1681, 1752, 1827, 1902, 1966, 2031, 2090, 2153, 2222, 2312, 2383, 2442, 2522, 2599, 2672, 2729, 2806, 2865, 2920, 3004, 3060, 3112]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Physical sciences/Mathematics", "average_usage"=>[347, 582, 700, 805, 909, 997, 1061, 1147, 1220, 1282, 1350, 1411, 1471, 1532, 1600, 1665, 1726, 1790, 1868, 1927, 1986, 2048, 2105, 2166, 2229, 2288, 2347, 2407, 2463, 2525, 2589, 2650, 2704, 2755, 2806, 2854, 2896]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Science policy", "average_usage"=>[800, 1465, 1629, 1718, 1822, 1933, 2059, 2159, 2235, 2312, 2433, 2575, 2704, 2865, 3038, 3147, 3209, 3298, 3387, 3453, 3548, 3642, 3760, 3891, 4051, 4211, 4305, 4374, 4459, 4552, 4607, 4648, 4709, 4775, 4848, 4887, 4964]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Social sciences/Psychology", "average_usage"=>[307, 557, 674, 784, 873, 964, 1048, 1134, 1206, 1285, 1350, 1417, 1486, 1553, 1610, 1683, 1752, 1824, 1890, 1953, 2003, 2067, 2132, 2198, 2255, 2304, 2353, 2414, 2468, 2512, 2576, 2625, 2687, 2750, 2808, 2849, 2888]}]}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts