Eco-Virological Approach for Assessing the Role of Wild Birds in the Spread of Avian Influenza H5N1 along the Central Asian Flyway
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{"title"=>"Eco-virological approach for assessing the role of wild birds in the spread of avian influenza H5N1 along the central Asian flyway", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Scott H.", "last_name"=>"Newman", "scopus_author_id"=>"7402546014"}, {"first_name"=>"Nichola J.", "last_name"=>"Hill", "scopus_author_id"=>"35764246000"}, {"first_name"=>"Kyle A.", "last_name"=>"Spragens", "scopus_author_id"=>"36244392100"}, {"first_name"=>"Daniel", "last_name"=>"Janies", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602796463"}, {"first_name"=>"Igor O.", "last_name"=>"Voronkin", "scopus_author_id"=>"35812701100"}, {"first_name"=>"Diann J.", "last_name"=>"Prosser", "scopus_author_id"=>"8944004800"}, {"first_name"=>"Baoping", "last_name"=>"Yan", "scopus_author_id"=>"8675419400"}, {"first_name"=>"Fumin", "last_name"=>"Lei", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006258723"}, {"first_name"=>"Nyambayar", "last_name"=>"Batbayar", "scopus_author_id"=>"25653691500"}, {"first_name"=>"Tseveenmyadag", "last_name"=>"Natsagdorj", "scopus_author_id"=>"26641439900"}, {"first_name"=>"Charles M.", "last_name"=>"Bishop", "scopus_author_id"=>"7202946737"}, {"first_name"=>"Patrick J.", "last_name"=>"Butler", "scopus_author_id"=>"7201399550"}, {"first_name"=>"Martin", "last_name"=>"Wikelski", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005141241"}, {"first_name"=>"Sivananinthaperumal", "last_name"=>"Balachandran", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005504388"}, {"first_name"=>"Taej", "last_name"=>"Mundkur", "scopus_author_id"=>"30767729300"}, {"first_name"=>"David C.", "last_name"=>"Douglas", "scopus_author_id"=>"21733785800"}, {"first_name"=>"John Y.", "last_name"=>"Takekawa", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004403933"}], "year"=>2012, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "pmid"=>"22347393", "pui"=>"364217554", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84856741983", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0030636", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)", "sgr"=>"84856741983"}, "id"=>"92b85fd2-c504-3b97-94a6-aedba1020357", "abstract"=>"A unique pattern of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 outbreaks has emerged along the Central Asia Flyway, where infection of wild birds has been reported with steady frequency since 2005. 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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/349325", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/349402", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/349473", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/349587"], "description"=>"<div><p>A unique pattern of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 outbreaks has emerged along the Central Asia Flyway, where infection of wild birds has been reported with steady frequency since 2005. We assessed the potential for two hosts of HPAI H5N1, the bar-headed goose (<em>Anser indicus</em>) and ruddy shelduck (<em>Tadorna tadorna</em>), to act as agents for virus dispersal along this ‘thoroughfare’. We used an eco-virological approach to compare the migration of 141 birds marked with GPS satellite transmitters during 2005–2010 with: 1) the spatio-temporal patterns of poultry and wild bird outbreaks of HPAI H5N1, and 2) the trajectory of the virus in the outbreak region based on phylogeographic mapping. We found that biweekly utilization distributions (UDs) for 19.2% of bar-headed geese and 46.2% of ruddy shelduck were significantly associated with outbreaks. Ruddy shelduck showed highest correlation with poultry outbreaks owing to their wintering distribution in South Asia, where there is considerable opportunity for HPAI H5N1 spillover from poultry. Both species showed correlation with wild bird outbreaks during the spring migration, suggesting they may be involved in the northward movement of the virus. However, phylogeographic mapping of HPAI H5N1 clades 2.2 and 2.3 did not support dissemination of the virus in a northern direction along the migration corridor. In particular, two subclades (2.2.1 and 2.3.2) moved in a strictly southern direction in contrast to our spatio-temporal analysis of bird migration. Our attempt to reconcile the disciplines of wild bird ecology and HPAI H5N1 virology highlights prospects offered by both approaches as well as their limitations.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["eco-virological", "assessing", "birds", "avian", "influenza", "h5n1", "asian", "flyway"], "article_id"=>129069, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Genetics"], "users"=>["Scott H. Newman", "Nichola J. Hill", "Kyle A. Spragens", "Daniel Janies", "Igor O. Voronkin", "Diann J. Prosser", "Baoping Yan", "Fumin Lei", "Nyambayar Batbayar", "Tseveenmyadag Natsagdorj", "Charles M. Bishop", "Patrick J. Butler", "Martin Wikelski", "Sivananinthaperumal Balachandran", "Taej Mundkur", "David C. Douglas", "John Y. Takekawa"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0030636.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0030636.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0030636.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0030636.s004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Eco_Virological_Approach_for_Assessing_the_Role_of_Wild_Birds_in_the_Spread_of_Avian_Influenza_H5N1_along_the_Central_Asian_Flyway/129069", "title"=>"Eco-Virological Approach for Assessing the Role of Wild Birds in the Spread of Avian Influenza H5N1 along the Central Asian Flyway", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2012-02-07 02:31:09"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/685025"], "description"=>"<p>Paths of bar-headed geese are indicated in purple, with outbreaks from poultry (red squares) and wild birds (yellow triangles). Poultry density (individuals/km<sup>2</sup>) in the Central Asian Flyway ranges from high (10,000–100,000: dark red), medium (1,000–10,000: orange), low (1–1,000: brown) and absent (grey).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["bar-headed", "geese", "hpai", "h5n1", "outbreaks", "asian"], "article_id"=>355487, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Genetics"], "users"=>["Scott H. Newman", "Nichola J. Hill", "Kyle A. Spragens", "Daniel Janies", "Igor O. Voronkin", "Diann J. Prosser", "Baoping Yan", "Fumin Lei", "Nyambayar Batbayar", "Tseveenmyadag Natsagdorj", "Charles M. Bishop", "Patrick J. Butler", "Martin Wikelski", "Sivananinthaperumal Balachandran", "Taej Mundkur", "David C. Douglas", "John Y. Takekawa"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0030636.g001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Northward_movement_of_bar_headed_geese_in_relation_to_HPAI_H5N1_outbreaks_in_the_Central_Asian_Flyway_2005_8211_2010_/355487", "title"=>"Northward movement of bar-headed geese in relation to HPAI H5N1 outbreaks in the Central Asian Flyway, 2005–2010.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-02-07 01:31:27"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/685162"], "description"=>"<p>Paths of ruddy shelduck indicated in green, with outbreaks from poultry (red squares) and wild birds (yellow triangles). Poultry density (individuals/km<sup>2</sup>) in the Central Asian Flyway ranges from high (10,000–100,000: dark red), medium (1,000–10,000: orange), low (1–1,000: brown) and absent (grey).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ruddy", "shelduck", "hpai", "h5n1", "outbreaks", "asian"], "article_id"=>355624, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Genetics"], "users"=>["Scott H. Newman", "Nichola J. Hill", "Kyle A. Spragens", "Daniel Janies", "Igor O. Voronkin", "Diann J. Prosser", "Baoping Yan", "Fumin Lei", "Nyambayar Batbayar", "Tseveenmyadag Natsagdorj", "Charles M. Bishop", "Patrick J. Butler", "Martin Wikelski", "Sivananinthaperumal Balachandran", "Taej Mundkur", "David C. Douglas", "John Y. Takekawa"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0030636.g002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Northward_movement_of_ruddy_shelduck_in_relation_to_HPAI_H5N1_outbreaks_in_the_Central_Asian_Flyway_2005_8211_2010_/355624", "title"=>"Northward movement of ruddy shelduck in relation to HPAI H5N1 outbreaks in the Central Asian Flyway, 2005–2010.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-02-07 01:33:44"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/685297"], "description"=>"<p>The proportion of outbreaks (grey columns) associated with (a) bar-headed geese and (b) ruddy shelduck UDs is compared to expected values (black line). Significant associations (p≤0.05) are indicated by an asterisk (*).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["hpai", "h5n1", "outbreaks", "utilization", "distributions"], "article_id"=>355766, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Genetics"], "users"=>["Scott H. Newman", "Nichola J. Hill", "Kyle A. Spragens", "Daniel Janies", "Igor O. Voronkin", "Diann J. Prosser", "Baoping Yan", "Fumin Lei", "Nyambayar Batbayar", "Tseveenmyadag Natsagdorj", "Charles M. Bishop", "Patrick J. Butler", "Martin Wikelski", "Sivananinthaperumal Balachandran", "Taej Mundkur", "David C. Douglas", "John Y. Takekawa"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0030636.g003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Association_of_HPAI_H5N1_outbreaks_with_wild_bird_utilization_distributions_UD_during_the_annual_cycle_2005_8211_2010_/355766", "title"=>"Association of HPAI H5N1 outbreaks with wild bird utilization distributions (UD) during the annual cycle, 2005–2010.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-02-07 01:36:06"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/685478"], "description"=>"<p>Four subclades characterized the evolution of HPAI H5N1 in wild birds and poultry during this period (a) 2.2.1, (b) 2.2.2, (c) 2.2.3 and (d) 2.3.2. The hypothesized mode of virus movement includes; wild birds (yellow), poultry (black) or inconclusive (dashed).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["relationships", "hpai", "h5n1", "bar-headed", "geese", "ruddy", "shelduck", "asian"], "article_id"=>355936, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Genetics"], "users"=>["Scott H. Newman", "Nichola J. Hill", "Kyle A. Spragens", "Daniel Janies", "Igor O. Voronkin", "Diann J. Prosser", "Baoping Yan", "Fumin Lei", "Nyambayar Batbayar", "Tseveenmyadag Natsagdorj", "Charles M. Bishop", "Patrick J. Butler", "Martin Wikelski", "Sivananinthaperumal Balachandran", "Taej Mundkur", "David C. Douglas", "John Y. Takekawa"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0030636.g004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Phylogeographic_relationships_of_HPAI_H5N1_in_relation_to_bar_headed_geese_purple_and_ruddy_shelduck_green_in_the_Central_Asian_Flyway_2005_8211_2010_/355936", "title"=>"Phylogeographic relationships of HPAI H5N1 in relation to bar-headed geese (purple) and ruddy shelduck (green) in the Central Asian Flyway, 2005–2010.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-02-07 01:38:56"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/685665"], "description"=>"<p>Strength of association was tested with Fisher's Exact tests and significant p-values (≤0.05) appear in bold.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["biweekly", "utilization", "distributions", "bar-headed", "geese", "ruddy", "shelduck", "hpai", "h5n1", "outbreaks", "asian"], "article_id"=>356116, "categories"=>["Ecology", "Genetics"], "users"=>["Scott H. Newman", "Nichola J. Hill", "Kyle A. Spragens", "Daniel Janies", "Igor O. Voronkin", "Diann J. Prosser", "Baoping Yan", "Fumin Lei", "Nyambayar Batbayar", "Tseveenmyadag Natsagdorj", "Charles M. Bishop", "Patrick J. Butler", "Martin Wikelski", "Sivananinthaperumal Balachandran", "Taej Mundkur", "David C. Douglas", "John Y. Takekawa"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0030636.t001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Association_of_biweekly_utilization_distributions_UD_of_bar_headed_geese_and_ruddy_shelduck_with_HPAI_H5N1_outbreaks_in_the_Central_Asian_Flyway_/356116", "title"=>"Association of biweekly utilization distributions (UD) of bar-headed geese and ruddy shelduck with HPAI H5N1 outbreaks in the Central Asian Flyway.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-02-07 01:41:56"}

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Relative Metric

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