The Cortisol Response to Anticipated Intergroup Interactions Predicts Self-Reported Prejudice
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{"title"=>"The cortisol response to anticipated intergroup interactions predicts self-reported prejudice", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Erik", "last_name"=>"Bijleveld", "scopus_author_id"=>"36802667600"}, {"first_name"=>"Daan", "last_name"=>"Scheepers", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603304898"}, {"first_name"=>"Naomi", "last_name"=>"Ellemers", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004525217"}], "year"=>2012, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"isbn"=>"1932-6203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84858587990", "pui"=>"364464844", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0033681", "issn"=>"19326203", "pmid"=>"22442709", "sgr"=>"84858587990"}, "id"=>"5533eee2-b859-39e1-97c3-dbe15d086238", "abstract"=>"OBJECTIVES: While prejudice has often been shown to be rooted in experiences of threat, the biological underpinnings of this threat-prejudice association have received less research attention. The present experiment aims to test whether activations of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, due to anticipated interactions with out-group members, predict self-reported prejudice. Moreover, we explore potential moderators of this relationship (i.e., interpersonal similarity; subtle vs. blatant prejudice).\\n\\nMETHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Participants anticipated an interaction with an out-group member who was similar or dissimilar to the self. To index HPA activation, cortisol responses to this event were measured. Then, subtle and blatant prejudices were measured via questionnaires. Findings indicated that only when people anticipated an interaction with an out-group member who was dissimilar to the self, their cortisol response to this event significantly predicted subtle (r = .50) and blatant (r = .53) prejudice.\\n\\nCONCLUSIONS: These findings indicate that prejudicial attitudes are linked to HPA-axis activity. Furthermore, when intergroup interactions are interpreted to be about individuals (and not so much about groups), experienced threat (or its biological substrate) is less likely to relate to prejudice. This conclusion is discussed in terms of recent insights from social neuroscience.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/cortisol-response-anticipated-intergroup-interactions-predicts-selfreported-prejudice", "reader_count"=>51, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Researcher"=>7, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>20, "Student > Postgraduate"=>4, "Student > Master"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Researcher"=>7, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>20, "Student > Postgraduate"=>4, "Student > Master"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Engineering"=>1, "Unspecified"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>3, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>3, "Philosophy"=>3, "Neuroscience"=>2, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Psychology"=>31, "Social Sciences"=>3, "Computer Science"=>2, "Decision Sciences"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>3}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>2}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>3}, "Decision Sciences"=>{"Decision Sciences"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>31}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>3}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>2}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}, "Philosophy"=>{"Philosophy"=>3}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Canada"=>1, "United States"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>2, "Italy"=>1, "Spain"=>1}, "group_count"=>4}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/665617"], "description"=>"<p>Lines indicate the direction of the relation between cortisol and self-reported prejudice. In both panels, solid lines represent the statistically reliable relation between cortisol (due to an anticipated interaction with an out-group member dissimilar to the self), and subtle and blatant prejudice, respectively.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["blatant", "prejudice", "cortisol"], "article_id"=>336108, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Erik Bijleveld", "Daan Scheepers", "Naomi Ellemers"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0033681.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>7, "page_views"=>45, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Subtle_and_blatant_prejudice_as_a_function_of_cortisol_elevation_/336108", "title"=>"Subtle and blatant prejudice as a function of cortisol elevation.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-03-19 01:41:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/341436"], "description"=>"<div><h3>Objectives</h3><p>While prejudice has often been shown to be rooted in experiences of threat, the biological underpinnings of this threat–prejudice association have received less research attention. The present experiment aims to test whether activations of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, due to anticipated interactions with out-group members, predict self-reported prejudice. Moreover, we explore potential moderators of this relationship (i.e., interpersonal similarity; subtle vs. blatant prejudice).</p> <h3>Methodology/Principal findings</h3><p>Participants anticipated an interaction with an out-group member who was similar or dissimilar to the self. To index HPA activation, cortisol responses to this event were measured. Then, subtle and blatant prejudices were measured via questionnaires. Findings indicated that only when people anticipated an interaction with an out-group member who was dissimilar to the self, their cortisol response to this event significantly predicted subtle (<em>r</em> = .50) and blatant (<em>r</em> = .53) prejudice.</p> <h3>Conclusions</h3><p>These findings indicate that prejudicial attitudes are linked to HPA-axis activity. Furthermore, when intergroup interactions are interpreted to be about individuals (and not so much about groups), experienced threat (or its biological substrate) is less likely to relate to prejudice. This conclusion is discussed in terms of recent insights from social neuroscience.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["cortisol", "anticipated", "intergroup", "interactions", "self-reported", "prejudice"], "article_id"=>127495, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Erik Bijleveld", "Daan Scheepers", "Naomi Ellemers"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0033681", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/The_Cortisol_Response_to_Anticipated_Intergroup_Interactions_Predicts_Self_Reported_Prejudice/127495", "title"=>"The Cortisol Response to Anticipated Intergroup Interactions Predicts Self-Reported Prejudice", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-03-19 02:04:55"}

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