Recovery of Barotrauma Injuries in Chinook Salmon, Oncorhynchus tshawytscha from Exposure to Pile Driving Sound
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{"title"=>"Recovery of barotrauma injuries in chinook salmon, Oncorhynchus tshawytscha from exposure to pile driving sound", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Brandon M.", "last_name"=>"Casper", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003431146"}, {"first_name"=>"Arthur N.", "last_name"=>"Popper", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005709488"}, {"first_name"=>"Frazer", "last_name"=>"Matthews", "scopus_author_id"=>"55258241200"}, {"first_name"=>"Thomas J.", "last_name"=>"Carlson", "scopus_author_id"=>"7101885643"}, {"first_name"=>"Michele B.", "last_name"=>"Halvorsen", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701379969"}], "year"=>2012, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0039593", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84862682543", "sgr"=>"84862682543", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "pui"=>"365066308", "issn"=>"19326203", "pmid"=>"22745794"}, "id"=>"3fc6b53b-1e8c-322f-8c37-065ccaa34a67", "abstract"=>"Juvenile Chinook salmon, Oncorhynchus tshawytscha, were exposed to simulated high intensity pile driving signals to evaluate their ability to recover from barotrauma injuries. Fish were exposed to one of two cumulative sound exposure levels for 960 pile strikes (217 or 210 dB re 1 µPa2·s SELcum; single strike sound exposure levels of 187 or 180 dB re 1 µPa2⋅s SELss respectively). This was followed by an immediate assessment of injuries, or assessment 2, 5, or 10 days post-exposure. There were no observed mortalities from the pile driving sound exposure. Fish exposed to 217 dB re 1 µPa2·s SELcum displayed evidence of healing from injuries as post-exposure time increased. Fish exposed to 210 dB re 1 µPa2·s SELcum sustained minimal injuries that were not significantly different from control fish at days 0, 2, and 10. The exposure to 210 dB re 1 µPa2·s SELcum replicated the findings in a previous study that defined this level as the threshold for onset of injury. Furthermore, these data support the hypothesis that one or two Mild injuries resulting from pile driving exposure are unlikely to affect the survival of the exposed animals, at least in a laboratory environment.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/recovery-barotrauma-injuries-chinook-salmon-oncorhynchus-tshawytscha-exposure-pile-driving-sound", "reader_count"=>49, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>19, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>4, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Other"=>7, "Student > Master"=>8, "Student > Bachelor"=>4, "Unspecified"=>2, "Librarian"=>1, "Lecturer"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>19, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>4, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Other"=>7, "Student > Master"=>8, "Student > Bachelor"=>4, "Unspecified"=>2, "Librarian"=>1, "Lecturer"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Engineering"=>3, "Environmental Science"=>7, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>28, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>3, "Unspecified"=>2, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>3, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>1, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>3}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>3}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>3}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>28}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>7}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>2}, "group_count"=>6}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/619811"], "description"=>"<p>Frequency of occurrence of injuries observed in Chinook salmon for Exposure 1(A), Exposure 2 (B), and control (C) at each of the four sample times post exposure. For a more detailed analysis of the individual injuries and their physiological significance please refer to Halvorsen et al. <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0039593#pone.0039593-Halvorsen1\" target=\"_blank\">[16]</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["occurrence", "injuries"], "article_id"=>290307, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Brandon M. Casper", "Arthur N. Popper", "Frazer Matthews", "Thomas J. Carlson", "Michele B. Halvorsen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0039593.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_frequency_of_occurrence_of_injuries_from_Exposure_1_Exposure_2_and_the_controls_/290307", "title"=>"The frequency of occurrence of injuries from Exposure 1, Exposure 2, and the controls.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 03:31:20"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/619885"], "description"=>"<p>Injuries that were observed in Chinook salmon for Exposure 1 and 2 as well as the different days post-exposure. There were a higher number of injuries observed at Exposure 1 versus Exposure 2. Numbers of injuries observed were higher at the earlier days post-exposure for Exposure 1 compared with the later days indicating that healing was occurring.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["observed"], "article_id"=>290380, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Brandon M. Casper", "Arthur N. Popper", "Frazer Matthews", "Thomas J. Carlson", "Michele B. Halvorsen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0039593.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Number_of_observed_injuries_/290380", "title"=>"Number of observed injuries.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 03:31:44"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/619949"], "description"=>"<p>The injury index values for Exposure 1 and 2 to which Chinook salmon were exposed. There was a significant decrease in RWI scores from day 2 to day 5 in Exposure 1 fish (solid blue diamonds), suggesting that this is when healing is beginning to occur. There were no differences between days 5 and 10, implying that after initial healing of more serious injuries occurs, it then may take longer for minor injuries such as hematomas to heal. There was no significant difference between days 0 through 10 for fish in Exposure 2 (solid red triangles) and each day was not significantly different than controls (open blue diamond for Exposure 1 and open red triangle for Exposure 2).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["chinook"], "article_id"=>290442, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Brandon M. Casper", "Arthur N. Popper", "Frazer Matthews", "Thomas J. Carlson", "Michele B. Halvorsen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0039593.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Injury_index_values_for_Chinook_salmon_/290442", "title"=>"Injury index values for Chinook salmon.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 03:32:05"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/619672"], "description"=>"<p>Ventral view of Chinook salmon, for Exposure 1 with recovery periods of 0, 2, 5, and 10 days post-exposure as well as an example of a control fish. Day 0 displays hematomas of the swim bladder, liver, and adipose tissue, as well as hemorrhaging of the intestine. Day 2 displays hemorrhaging of the spleen and hematomas of the intestine and adipose tissue. Day 5 displays a hematoma of the intestine. Day 10 displays a fish with no visible injuries, though mottling of the spleen (raspberry appearance) can be observed which was present in most fish that were exposed to sound pile driving sounds, and not usually present in control fish. The anterior ends of all fish are orientated to the left.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "marine and aquatic sciences", "physiology"], "article_id"=>290154, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Brandon M. Casper", "Arthur N. Popper", "Frazer Matthews", "Thomas J. Carlson", "Michele B. Halvorsen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0039593.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Photos_of_example_injuries_/290154", "title"=>"Photos of example injuries.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 03:30:26"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/620023"], "description"=>"<p>Summary of statistical analyses.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "marine and aquatic sciences", "physiology"], "article_id"=>290515, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Brandon M. Casper", "Arthur N. Popper", "Frazer Matthews", "Thomas J. Carlson", "Michele B. Halvorsen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0039593.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Summary_of_statistical_analyses_/290515", "title"=>"Summary of statistical analyses.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 03:32:29"}

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Relative Metric

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