The Study of HIV and Antenatal Care Integration in Pregnancy in Kenya: Design, Methods, and Baseline Results of a Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial
Events
Loading … Spinner

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"The Study of HIV and Antenatal Care Integration in Pregnancy in Kenya: Design, Methods, and Baseline Results of a Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Janet M.", "last_name"=>"Turan", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701658656"}, {"first_name"=>"Rachel L.", "last_name"=>"Steinfeld", "scopus_author_id"=>"55355317500"}, {"first_name"=>"Maricianah", "last_name"=>"Onono", "scopus_author_id"=>"50262881100"}, {"first_name"=>"Elizabeth A.", "last_name"=>"Bukusi", "scopus_author_id"=>"6507523123"}, {"first_name"=>"Meghan", "last_name"=>"Woods", "scopus_author_id"=>"55355564600"}, {"first_name"=>"Starley B.", "last_name"=>"Shade", "scopus_author_id"=>"6508233950"}, {"first_name"=>"Sierra", "last_name"=>"Washington", "scopus_author_id"=>"26533703600"}, {"first_name"=>"Reson", "last_name"=>"Marima", "scopus_author_id"=>"43461751900"}, {"first_name"=>"Jeremy", "last_name"=>"Penner", "scopus_author_id"=>"45961446400"}, {"first_name"=>"Marta L.", "last_name"=>"Ackers", "scopus_author_id"=>"6604059235"}, {"first_name"=>"Dorothy", "last_name"=>"Mbori-Ngacha", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701726571"}, {"first_name"=>"Craig R.", "last_name"=>"Cohen", "scopus_author_id"=>"7401692631"}], "year"=>2012, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84866097382", "pui"=>"365624304", "sgr"=>"84866097382", "pmid"=>"22970177", "issn"=>"19326203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0044181", "isbn"=>"1932-6203"}, "id"=>"2a615436-996f-36ec-a069-2db696246ced", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: Despite strong evidence for the effectiveness of anti-retroviral therapy for improving the health of women living with HIV and for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT), HIV persists as a major maternal and child health problem in sub-Saharan Africa. In most settings antenatal care (ANC) services and HIV treatment services are offered in separate clinics. Integrating these services may result in better uptake of services, reduction of the time to treatment initiation, better adherence, and reduction of stigma.\\n\\nMETHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: A prospective cluster randomized controlled trial design was used to evaluate the effects of integrating HIV treatment into ANC clinics at government health facilities in rural Kenya. Twelve facilities were randomized to provide either fully integrated services (ANC, PMTCT, and HIV treatment services all delivered in the ANC clinic) or non-integrated services (ANC clinics provided ANC and basic PMTCT services and referred clients to a separate HIV clinic for HIV treatment). During June 2009- March 2011, 1,172 HIV-positive pregnant women were enrolled in the study. The main study outcomes are rates of maternal enrollment in HIV care and treatment, infant HIV testing uptake, and HIV-free infant survival. Baseline results revealed that the intervention and control cohorts were similar with respect to socio-demographics, male partner HIV testing, sero-discordance of the couple, obstetric history, baseline CD4 count, and WHO Stage. Challenges faced while conducting this trial at low-resource rural health facilities included frequent staff turnover, stock-outs of essential supplies, transportation challenges, and changes in national guidelines.\\n\\nCONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: This is the first randomized trial of ANC and HIV service integration to be conducted in rural Africa. It is expected that the study will provide critical evidence regarding the implementation and effectiveness of this service delivery strategy, with important implications for programs striving to eliminate vertical transmission of HIV and improve maternal health.\\n\\nTRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00931216 http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00931216.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/study-hiv-antenatal-care-integration-pregnancy-kenya-design-methods-baseline-results-clusterrandomiz", "reader_count"=>119, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Librarian"=>3, "Researcher"=>32, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>26, "Student > Postgraduate"=>8, "Student > Master"=>23, "Other"=>7, "Student > Bachelor"=>5, "Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Librarian"=>3, "Researcher"=>32, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>26, "Student > Postgraduate"=>8, "Student > Master"=>23, "Other"=>7, "Student > Bachelor"=>5, "Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>7, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>7, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>2, "Computer Science"=>3, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>2, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>4, "Mathematics"=>2, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>49, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1, "Psychology"=>7, "Social Sciences"=>33, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>49}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>33}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>7}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>2}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>7}, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>{"Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>2}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>7}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>3}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>2}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>4}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>1, "Tanzania"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>2, "South Africa"=>1, "Australia"=>1, "Switzerland"=>2, "Ethiopia"=>1, "Indonesia"=>1}, "group_count"=>9}

CrossRef

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84866097382"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84866097382?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84866097382&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84866097382&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84866097382", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:84866097382", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-84866097382", "dc:title"=>"The Study of HIV and Antenatal Care Integration in Pregnancy in Kenya: Design, Methods, and Baseline Results of a Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial", "dc:creator"=>"Turan J.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS ONE", "prism:eIssn"=>"19326203", "prism:volume"=>"7", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"9", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2012-09-06", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"6 September 2012", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0044181", "citedby-count"=>"13", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"University of Alabama at Birmingham", "affiliation-city"=>"Birmingham", "affiliation-country"=>"United States"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"University of California, San Francisco", "affiliation-city"=>"San Francisco", "affiliation-country"=>"United States"}], "pubmed-id"=>"22970177", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "article-number"=>"e44181", "source-id"=>"10600153309"}

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosone%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pone.0044181", "share_count"=>0, "like_count"=>0, "comment_count"=>0, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>0}

Twitter

Counter

  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"54", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"469"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"39", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"175"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"127"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"120"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"85"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"92"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"82"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"115"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"72"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"97"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"145"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"5", "html_views"=>"80"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"62"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"93"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"47"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"78"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"83"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"123"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"123"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"82"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"77"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"75"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"65"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"71"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"81"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"118"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"118"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"40"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"27"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"23"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"40"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"27"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"55"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"41"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"33"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"24"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"52"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"63"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"36"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"38"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"27"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"27"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"50"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"55"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"39"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"49"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"38"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"40"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"25", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"46"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"25", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"61"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"47"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"31"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"44"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"51"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"65"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"117"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"59"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"60"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"50"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"48"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"58"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"27", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"41"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"24", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"74"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"22"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/580462"], "description"=>"<p>This map of the Greater Migori District shows the location of control (NI, indicated by green stars) and intervention (FI, indicated by red stars) health facilities.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["shaip"], "article_id"=>250945, "categories"=>["Cell Biology", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Janet M. Turan", "Rachel L. Steinfeld", "Maricianah Onono", "Elizabeth A. Bukusi", "Meghan Woods", "Starley B. Shade", "Sierra Washington", "Reson Marima", "Jeremy Penner", "Marta L. Ackers", "Dorothy Mbori-Ngacha", "Craig R. Cohen"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0044181.g001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Map_of_SHAIP_Study_Sites_/250945", "title"=>"Map of SHAIP Study Sites.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 23:41:09"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/580554"], "description"=>"<p>The flow diagram of clusters and individuals through the cluster randomized trial. A total of 1,172 HIV-positive pregnant women were enrolled in the study during the period June 2009–March 2011.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Infectious diseases", "obstetrics"], "article_id"=>251039, "categories"=>["Cell Biology", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Janet M. Turan", "Rachel L. Steinfeld", "Maricianah Onono", "Elizabeth A. Bukusi", "Meghan Woods", "Starley B. Shade", "Sierra Washington", "Reson Marima", "Jeremy Penner", "Marta L. Ackers", "Dorothy Mbori-Ngacha", "Craig R. Cohen"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0044181.g002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Consort_Diagram_/251039", "title"=>"Consort Diagram.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 23:41:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/580726"], "description"=>"<p>Twelve facilities were categorized by facility type, as either “Health Center or Dispensary” (N = 8) or “Hospital” (N = 4). Within these strata, each clinic represented a cluster, and was randomized to either control (Non-Integrated) or intervention (Fully Integrated) using the ACluster software.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Infectious diseases", "obstetrics"], "article_id"=>251211, "categories"=>["Cell Biology", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Janet M. Turan", "Rachel L. Steinfeld", "Maricianah Onono", "Elizabeth A. Bukusi", "Meghan Woods", "Starley B. Shade", "Sierra Washington", "Reson Marima", "Jeremy Penner", "Marta L. Ackers", "Dorothy Mbori-Ngacha", "Craig R. Cohen"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0044181.g003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Randomization_of_clinic_sites_/251211", "title"=>"Randomization of clinic sites.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 23:42:44"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/580815"], "description"=>"<p>ANC, PMTCT, and HIV services available at the Fully Integrated sites and Non-Integrated sites based on Kenyan National guidelines.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["services", "anc", "sites", "non-integrated"], "article_id"=>251297, "categories"=>["Cell Biology", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Janet M. Turan", "Rachel L. Steinfeld", "Maricianah Onono", "Elizabeth A. Bukusi", "Meghan Woods", "Starley B. Shade", "Sierra Washington", "Reson Marima", "Jeremy Penner", "Marta L. Ackers", "Dorothy Mbori-Ngacha", "Craig R. Cohen"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0044181.g004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Clinical_services_provided_in_the_ANC_Clinic_at_Fully_Integrated_sites_and_Non_Integrated_sites_/251297", "title"=>"Clinical services provided in the ANC Clinic at Fully Integrated sites and Non-Integrated sites.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 23:43:15"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/580898"], "description"=>"<p>Full Integration (FI), Non Integration (NI), Antenatal care (ANC).</p>a<p>In some facilities the HIV and the ANC clinics are conducted in the same room, however, these separate clinics are run by different health care providers.</p>b<p>% of women on HAART presented here is among all HIV+ women, not just those who are eligible.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Infectious diseases", "obstetrics"], "article_id"=>251384, "categories"=>["Cell Biology", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Janet M. Turan", "Rachel L. Steinfeld", "Maricianah Onono", "Elizabeth A. Bukusi", "Meghan Woods", "Starley B. Shade", "Sierra Washington", "Reson Marima", "Jeremy Penner", "Marta L. Ackers", "Dorothy Mbori-Ngacha", "Craig R. Cohen"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0044181.t001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Characteristics_of_the_twelve_clinic_sites_/251384", "title"=>"Characteristics of the twelve clinic sites.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 23:43:44"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/580942"], "description"=>"<p>Full Integration (FI), Non Integration (NI), Antenatal care (ANC).</p>a<p>Individual variables have n’s less than the overall N due to missing values or non-applicable cases.</p>b<p>Statistical tests (Chi Square & T-test) were adjusted for clustering using the clttest and clchi2 routines in Stata.</p><p>(StataCorp., College Station, TX, USA).</p>c<p>Less than 1% of the participants had no education.</p>d<p>If we exclude those women who were not staged, Chisq = 4.90, p = .086.</p>e<p>Less than 1% of the participants were at WHO stage 4.</p>f<p>Baseline CD4 counts were extracted from the study register; however, baseline CD4 counts were not obtained from all participants. Baseline CD4 counts were available for 307 FI clients and 301 NI clients. All other data were extracted from the participant’s electronic medical record.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["characteristics"], "article_id"=>251432, "categories"=>["Cell Biology", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Janet M. Turan", "Rachel L. Steinfeld", "Maricianah Onono", "Elizabeth A. Bukusi", "Meghan Woods", "Starley B. Shade", "Sierra Washington", "Reson Marima", "Jeremy Penner", "Marta L. Ackers", "Dorothy Mbori-Ngacha", "Craig R. Cohen"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0044181.t002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Baseline_characteristics_of_study_participants_N_1121_a_/251432", "title"=>"Baseline characteristics of study participants (N = 1121)<sup>a</sup>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 23:43:57"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"unique-ip"=>"44", "full-text"=>"62", "pdf"=>"15", "abstract"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"62", "full-text"=>"60", "pdf"=>"36", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"34", "full-text"=>"35", "pdf"=>"15", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"14", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"32", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"27", "full-text"=>"41", "pdf"=>"12", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"26", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"27", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"48", "full-text"=>"56", "pdf"=>"33", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"35", "full-text"=>"34", "pdf"=>"14", "abstract"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"35", "full-text"=>"35", "pdf"=>"24", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"14", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"10", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"28", "full-text"=>"33", "pdf"=>"19", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"12", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"24", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"27", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"26", "full-text"=>"28", "pdf"=>"13", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"30", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"24", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"25", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2012-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2012-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences", "average_usage"=>[322, 550, 671, 773, 864, 955, 1048, 1135, 1223, 1308, 1387, 1465, 1534, 1602, 1673, 1744, 1813, 1885, 1955, 2026, 2093, 2160, 2228, 2290, 2349]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Immunology", "average_usage"=>[312, 555, 680, 785, 880, 965, 1057, 1142, 1230, 1312, 1394, 1471, 1547, 1613, 1681, 1743, 1805, 1871, 1941, 2010, 2071, 2128, 2202, 2266, 2323]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Microbiology", "average_usage"=>[339, 580, 709, 814, 907, 1003, 1095, 1190, 1286, 1375, 1466, 1546, 1622, 1694, 1765, 1830, 1902, 1978, 2054, 2122, 2194, 2269, 2330, 2388, 2460]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Organisms", "average_usage"=>[331, 557, 677, 777, 868, 960, 1050, 1136, 1223, 1307, 1390, 1466, 1536, 1603, 1673, 1741, 1814, 1889, 1954, 2028, 2096, 2164, 2233, 2305, 2362]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences", "average_usage"=>[312, 547, 668, 769, 861, 953, 1046, 1135, 1224, 1307, 1388, 1464, 1536, 1606, 1676, 1744, 1812, 1882, 1954, 2020, 2089, 2155, 2218, 2282, 2344]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Health care", "average_usage"=>[335, 575, 699, 804, 900, 994, 1119, 1215, 1317, 1408, 1509, 1583, 1664, 1732, 1802, 1873, 1945, 2020, 2104, 2190, 2259, 2325, 2400, 2463, 2548]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Pathology and laboratory medicine", "average_usage"=>[321, 553, 683, 785, 880, 973, 1072, 1162, 1249, 1336, 1425, 1504, 1574, 1642, 1711, 1785, 1852, 1923, 1987, 2050, 2129, 2192, 2259, 2325, 2393]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Women's health", "average_usage"=>[335, 562, 652, 758, 855, 968, 1105, 1204, 1286, 1399, 1500, 1586, 1673, 1753, 1811, 1907, 1974, 2053, 2111, 2191, 2264, 2350, 2410, 2486, 2541]}, {"subject_area"=>"/People and places", "average_usage"=>[330, 562, 680, 783, 875, 964, 1062, 1152, 1240, 1327, 1406, 1483, 1561, 1632, 1701, 1770, 1849, 1922, 1993, 2059, 2131, 2197, 2271, 2335, 2403]}, {"subject_area"=>"/People and places/Geographical locations", "average_usage"=>[318, 550, 661, 755, 847, 941, 1034, 1126, 1222, 1320, 1395, 1476, 1573, 1629, 1693, 1751, 1832, 1910, 1975, 2037, 2106, 2172, 2235, 2309, 2388]}, {"subject_area"=>"/People and places/Population groupings", "average_usage"=>[325, 565, 687, 787, 880, 971, 1065, 1156, 1244, 1339, 1424, 1502, 1582, 1654, 1724, 1794, 1855, 1925, 1997, 2058, 2132, 2207, 2285, 2347, 2412]}]}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts