When Giants Turn Up: Sighting Trends, Environmental Influences and Habitat Use of the Manta Ray Manta alfredi at a Coral Reef
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{"title"=>"When Giants Turn Up: Sighting Trends, Environmental Influences and Habitat Use of the Manta Ray Manta alfredi at a Coral Reef", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Fabrice R.A.", "last_name"=>"Jaine", "scopus_author_id"=>"54794181200"}, {"first_name"=>"Lydie I.E.", "last_name"=>"Couturier", "scopus_author_id"=>"41960963800"}, {"first_name"=>"Scarla J.", "last_name"=>"Weeks", "scopus_author_id"=>"35588922700"}, {"first_name"=>"Kathy A.", "last_name"=>"Townsend", "scopus_author_id"=>"8092652800"}, {"first_name"=>"Michael B.", "last_name"=>"Bennett", "scopus_author_id"=>"7403467912"}, {"first_name"=>"Kym", "last_name"=>"Fiora", "scopus_author_id"=>"55376468400"}, {"first_name"=>"Anthony J.", "last_name"=>"Richardson", "scopus_author_id"=>"7402534112"}], "year"=>2012, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"sgr"=>"84867095339", "pui"=>"365779636", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0046170", "issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84867095339", "pmid"=>"23056255"}, "id"=>"087248b7-42d5-31f4-8b70-f52029dba71d", "abstract"=>"Manta rays Manta alfredi are present all year round at Lady Elliot Island (LEI) in the southern Great Barrier Reef, Australia, with peaks in abundance during autumn and winter. Drivers influencing these fluctuations in abundance of M. alfredi at the site remain uncertain. Based on daily count, behavioural, weather and oceanographic data collected over a three-year period, this study examined the link between the relative number of sightings of manta rays at LEI, the biophysical environment, and the habitat use of individuals around the LEI reef using generalised additive models. The response variable in each of the three generalised additive models was number of sightings (per trip at sea) of cruising, cleaning or foraging M. alfredi. We used a set of eleven temporal, meteorological, biological, oceanographic and lunar predictor variables. Results for cruising, cleaning and foraging M. alfredi explained 27.5%, 32.8% and 36.3% of the deviance observed in the respective models and highlighted five predictors (year, day of year, wind speed, chlorophyll-a concentration and fraction of moon illuminated) as common influences to the three models. There were more manta rays at LEI in autumn and winter, slower wind speeds, higher productivity, and around the new and full moon. The winter peak in sightings of foraging M. alfredi was found to precede peaks in cleaning and cruising activity around the LEI reef, which suggests that enhanced food availability may be a principal driver for this seasonal aggregation. A spatial analysis of behavioural observations highlighted several sites around the LEI reef as 'multi-purpose' areas where cleaning and foraging activities commonly occur, while the southern end of the reef is primarily a foraging area. The use of extensive citizen science datasets, such as those collected by dive operators in this study, is encouraged as they can provide valuable insights into a species' ecology.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/giants-turn-up-sighting-trends-environmental-influences-habitat-manta-ray-manta-alfredi-coral-reef", "reader_count"=>114, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>26, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>22, "Student > Postgraduate"=>8, "Student > Master"=>24, "Other"=>7, "Student > Bachelor"=>22, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>26, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>22, "Student > Postgraduate"=>8, "Student > Master"=>24, "Other"=>7, "Student > Bachelor"=>22, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Engineering"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>37, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>70, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>2, "Chemistry"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>2}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>70}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>37}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Mozambique"=>1, "United States"=>2, "Sri Lanka"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>3, "Mexico"=>1, "Malaysia"=>1, "Indonesia"=>1, "India"=>1}, "group_count"=>7}

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/564087"], "description"=>"<p><a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0046170#s3\" target=\"_blank\">Results</a> for the functional relationships between sightings of cruising, cleaning and foraging <i>M. alfredi</i> per trip around the Lady Elliot Island reef and the set of temporal and environmental predictors. Each column presents a different behaviour and each row presents results for the influence of a predictor to each behavioural activity, where significant. For each plot, the <i>y</i>-axis is a relative scale, and its magnitude reflects the importance of each variable. Dashed lines and error bars represent 95% confidence intervals.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["additive", "manta", "ray", "behaviour", "observed"], "article_id"=>234573, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Fabrice R. A. Jaine", "Lydie I. E. Couturier", "Scarla J. Weeks", "Kathy A. Townsend", "Michael B. Bennett", "Kym Fiora", "Anthony J. Richardson"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0046170.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Generalised_additive_model_output_for_each_manta_ray_behaviour_observed_at_LEI_/234573", "title"=>"Generalised additive model output for each manta ray behaviour observed at LEI.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-10-03 01:16:13"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/564437"], "description"=>"<p>List of explanatory variables used in this study for the period May 2008 to May 2011. Details include source and unit of measure for each continuous variable or category levels for categorical predictors (marked <sup>*</sup>).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["explanatory", "variables", "2008", "details", "levels", "categorical", "predictors"], "article_id"=>234922, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Fabrice R. A. Jaine", "Lydie I. E. Couturier", "Scarla J. Weeks", "Kathy A. Townsend", "Michael B. Bennett", "Kym Fiora", "Anthony J. Richardson"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0046170.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_List_of_explanatory_variables_used_in_this_study_for_the_period_May_2008_to_May_2011_Details_include_source_and_unit_of_measure_for_each_continuous_variable_or_category_levels_for_categorical_predictors_marked_/234922", "title"=>"List of explanatory variables used in this study for the period May 2008 to May 2011. Details include source and unit of measure for each continuous variable or category levels for categorical predictors (marked <sup>*</sup>).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-10-03 01:22:02"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/564182"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Manta ray sighting records throughout the year for each behaviour; dots indicate data records and full lines show overall temporal trend via locally weighted scatterplot (loess) smoothing. (B) Frequency distributions of numbers of cruising, cleaning and foraging manta rays sighted per trip.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["trends", "cleaning", "foraging", "manta", "rays", "elliot"], "article_id"=>234664, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Fabrice R. A. Jaine", "Lydie I. E. Couturier", "Scarla J. Weeks", "Kathy A. Townsend", "Michael B. Bennett", "Kym Fiora", "Anthony J. Richardson"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0046170.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Sighting_trends_for_cruising_cleaning_and_foraging_manta_rays_at_Lady_Elliot_Island_/234664", "title"=>"Sighting trends for cruising, cleaning and foraging manta rays at Lady Elliot Island.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-10-03 01:17:44"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/563848"], "description"=>"<p>Schematic map of the southern GBR showing location of LEI, bathymetry (full lines) and typical flow of the East Australian Current (bold arrows). Modified from <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0046170#pone.0046170-Weeks1\" target=\"_blank\">[68]</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["oceanographic", "elliot"], "article_id"=>234339, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Fabrice R. A. Jaine", "Lydie I. E. Couturier", "Scarla J. Weeks", "Kathy A. Townsend", "Michael B. Bennett", "Kym Fiora", "Anthony J. Richardson"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0046170.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>53, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Bathymetric_and_oceanographic_setting_for_Lady_Elliot_Island_southern_Great_Barrier_Reef_/234339", "title"=>"Bathymetric and oceanographic setting for Lady Elliot Island, southern Great Barrier Reef.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-10-03 01:12:19"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/564400"], "description"=>"<p>The significance (p-value) of each term was based on the Likelihood-ratio test of comparing the full model and the model omitting the respective predictor, and only significant predictors were included in each model. The percentage of deviance explained (% Dev. Exp.) represents the importance of each predictor.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["generalised", "additive", "assessing", "predictor", "abundance", "manta", "rays", "exhibiting", "cleaning", "foraging", "behaviour"], "article_id"=>234877, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Fabrice R. A. Jaine", "Lydie I. E. Couturier", "Scarla J. Weeks", "Kathy A. Townsend", "Michael B. Bennett", "Kym Fiora", "Anthony J. Richardson"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0046170.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Summary_of_the_generalised_additive_model_for_assessing_the_influence_of_each_predictor_to_the_relative_abundance_manta_rays_M_alfredi_exhibiting_cruising_cleaning_and_foraging_behaviour_at_LEI_/234877", "title"=>"Summary of the generalised additive model for assessing the influence of each predictor to the relative abundance manta rays (<i>M. alfredi</i>) exhibiting cruising, cleaning and foraging behaviour at LEI.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-10-03 01:21:17"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/301320"], "description"=>"<div><p>Manta rays <em>Manta alfredi</em> are present all year round at Lady Elliot Island (LEI) in the southern Great Barrier Reef, Australia, with peaks in abundance during autumn and winter. Drivers influencing these fluctuations in abundance of <em>M. alfredi</em> at the site remain uncertain. Based on daily count, behavioural, weather and oceanographic data collected over a three-year period, this study examined the link between the relative number of sightings of manta rays at LEI, the biophysical environment, and the habitat use of individuals around the LEI reef using generalised additive models. The response variable in each of the three generalised additive models was number of sightings (per trip at sea) of cruising, cleaning or foraging <em>M. alfredi</em>. We used a set of eleven temporal, meteorological, biological, oceanographic and lunar predictor variables. <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0046170#s3\">Results</a> for cruising, cleaning and foraging <em>M. alfredi</em> explained 27.5%, 32.8% and 36.3% of the deviance observed in the respective models and highlighted five predictors (<em>year</em>, <em>day of year</em>, <em>wind speed</em>, <em>chlorophyll-a concentration</em> and <em>fraction of moon illuminated</em>) as common influences to the three models. There were more manta rays at LEI in autumn and winter, slower wind speeds, higher productivity, and around the new and full moon. The winter peak in sightings of foraging <em>M. alfredi</em> was found to precede peaks in cleaning and cruising activity around the LEI reef, which suggests that enhanced food availability may be a principal driver for this seasonal aggregation. A spatial analysis of behavioural observations highlighted several sites around the LEI reef as ‘multi-purpose’ areas where cleaning and foraging activities commonly occur, while the southern end of the reef is primarily a foraging area. The use of extensive citizen science datasets, such as those collected by dive operators in this study, is encouraged as they can provide valuable insights into a species' ecology.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["giants", "sighting", "influences", "manta", "ray", "coral", "reef"], "article_id"=>119417, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Fabrice R. A. Jaine", "Lydie I. E. Couturier", "Scarla J. Weeks", "Kathy A. Townsend", "Michael B. Bennett", "Kym Fiora", "Anthony J. Richardson"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0046170", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/When_Giants_Turn_Up_Sighting_Trends_Environmental_Influences_and_Habitat_Use_of_the_Manta_Ray_Manta_alfredi_at_a_Coral_Reef/119417", "title"=>"When Giants Turn Up: Sighting Trends, Environmental Influences and Habitat Use of the Manta Ray <em>Manta alfredi</em> at a Coral Reef", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-10-03 02:36:57"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/563946"], "description"=>"<p>Photographs presenting the three main behaviours for <i>M. alfredi</i> observed around the LEI reef: (A) cruising (manta ray swimming with cephalic lobes rolled and mouth closed), (B) cleaning (manta ray at a ‘cleaning station’, maintaining a near stationary position atop a coral patch for several minutes while being cleaned by cleaner fishes), and (C) foraging (manta ray ram feeding - swimming against the tidal current with its mouth open and sieving zooplankton from the water).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ray"], "article_id"=>234442, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Fabrice R. A. Jaine", "Lydie I. E. Couturier", "Scarla J. Weeks", "Kathy A. Townsend", "Michael B. Bennett", "Kym Fiora", "Anthony J. Richardson"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0046170.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Manta_ray_behaviours_/234442", "title"=>"Manta ray behaviours.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-10-03 01:14:02"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/564297"], "description"=>"<p>Map of Lady Elliot Island showing total observations of <i>M. alfredi</i> at seven sites around the reef, between May 2008 and May 2011. Pie charts indicate percent activity at each site for cruising, cleaning and foraging manta rays. High-resolution image of LEI obtained from the Quickbird orbiting satellite (Geoimage Pty Ltd., <a href=\"http://www.geoimage.com.au\" target=\"_blank\">www.geoimage.com.au</a>) and data overlaid using ArcGIS 10 (ESRI, <a href=\"http://www.esri.com/software/arcgis\" target=\"_blank\">www.esri.com/software/arcgis</a>).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["manta", "rays", "elliot"], "article_id"=>234783, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Fabrice R. A. Jaine", "Lydie I. E. Couturier", "Scarla J. Weeks", "Kathy A. Townsend", "Michael B. Bennett", "Kym Fiora", "Anthony J. Richardson"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0046170.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Habitat_use_for_manta_rays_at_Lady_Elliot_Island_/234783", "title"=>"Habitat use for manta rays at Lady Elliot Island.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-10-03 01:19:43"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

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