Identification of an Abbreviated Test Battery for Detection of HIV-Associated Neurocognitive Impairment in an Early-Managed HIV-Infected Cohort
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{"title"=>"Identification of an Abbreviated Test Battery for Detection of HIV-Associated Neurocognitive Impairment in an Early-Managed HIV-Infected Cohort", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"David J.", "last_name"=>"Moore", "scopus_author_id"=>"55757778789"}, {"first_name"=>"Mollie J P", "last_name"=>"Roediger", "scopus_author_id"=>"24830979400"}, {"first_name"=>"Lynn E.", "last_name"=>"Eberly", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603941540"}, {"first_name"=>"Kaitlin", "last_name"=>"Blackstone", "scopus_author_id"=>"20336521500"}, {"first_name"=>"Braden", "last_name"=>"Hale", "scopus_author_id"=>"35393859100"}, {"first_name"=>"Amy", "last_name"=>"Weintrob", "scopus_author_id"=>"24469410500"}, {"first_name"=>"Anuradha", "last_name"=>"Ganesan", "scopus_author_id"=>"12785345600"}, {"first_name"=>"Brian K.", "last_name"=>"Agan", "scopus_author_id"=>"6508265493"}, {"first_name"=>"Scott L.", "last_name"=>"Letendre", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003857885"}, {"first_name"=>"Nancy F.", "last_name"=>"Crum-Cianflone", "scopus_author_id"=>"13005375600"}], "year"=>2012, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84869066402", "pui"=>"366041829", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0047310", "sgr"=>"84869066402", "pmid"=>"23144815", "issn"=>"19326203"}, "id"=>"164cd72e-1df3-3142-8ea3-e5b1e0716dcb", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) remain prevalent despite improved antiretroviral treatment (ART), and it is essential to have a sensitive and specific HAND screening tool.\\n\\nMETHODS: Participants were 200 HIV-infected US military beneficiaries, managed early in the course of HIV infection, had few comorbidities, and had open access to ART. Participants completed a comprehensive, seven-domain (16-test), neuropsychological battery (∼120 min); neurocognitive impairment (NCI) was determined using a standardized score derived from demographically adjusted T-scores (global deficit score ≥0.5). Restricting the estimated administration time of the screening battery to < = 20 minutes, we examined the sensitivity and specificity of detecting NCI for all possible combinations of 2-, 3-, and 4- tests from the comprehensive battery.\\n\\nRESULTS: Participants were relatively healthy (median CD4 count: 546 cells/mm(3)) with 64% receiving ART. Prevalence of NCI was low (19%). The best 2-test screener included the Stroop Color Test and the Hopkins Verbal Learning Test-Revised (11 min; sensitivity = 73%; specificity = 83%); the best 3-test screener included the above measures plus the Paced Auditory Serial Addition Test (PASAT; 16 min; sensitivity = 86%; specificity = 75%). The addition of Action Fluency to the above three tests improved specificity (18 min; sensitivity = 86%; specificity = 87%).\\n\\nCONCLUSIONS: Combinations of widely accepted neuropsychological tests with brief implementation time demonstrated good sensitivity and specificity compared to a time intensive neuropsychological test battery. Tests of verbal learning, attention/working memory, and processing speed are particularly useful in detecting NCI. Utilizing validated, easy to administer, traditional neuropsychological tests with established normative data may represent an excellent approach to screening for NCI in HIV.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/identification-abbreviated-test-battery-detection-hivassociated-neurocognitive-impairment-earlymanag", "reader_count"=>36, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Librarian"=>2, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Researcher"=>7, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>7, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>9, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Librarian"=>2, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Researcher"=>7, "Student > Ph. D. 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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/544951"], "description"=>"1<p>95% bootstrap CI for Sensitivity, Specificity, PPV and NPV.</p><p><b>Abbreviations:</b> BVMTR-LRN, Brief Visuospatial Memory Test-Revised (Learning Trials); CI, Confidence Interval; HVLTR-LRN, Hopkins Verbal Learning Test-Revised (Learning Trials); NPV, Negative Predictive Value; OR, Odds Ratio; PASAT, Paced Auditory Serial Addition Test; PD, Grooved Pegboard-Dominant hand; PND, Grooved Pegboard-non Dominant hand; PPV, Positive Predictive Value; STRPCOL, Stroop Color Test; STRPINC, Stroop Incongruent Test; WCST, Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (Total Errors).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["10", "2-test", "ranked", "specificity", "compared", "120", "neuropsychological"], "article_id"=>215426, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["David J. Moore", "Mollie J. P. Roediger", "Lynn E. Eberly", "Kaitlin Blackstone", "Braden Hale", "Amy Weintrob", "Anuradha Ganesan", "Brian K. Agan", "Scott L. Letendre", "Nancy F. Crum-Cianflone"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0047310.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Top_10_2_test_combinations_ranked_according_to_sum_of_sensitivity_and_specificity_compared_to_a_120_minute_global_neuropsychological_battery_/215426", "title"=>"Top 10 2-test combinations, ranked according to sum of sensitivity and specificity compared to a 120 minute global neuropsychological battery.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 20:29:20"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/545030"], "description"=>"1<p>95% bootstrap CI for Sensitivity, Specificity, PPV and NPV.</p><p><b>Abbreviations:</b> ACTF, Action Fluency; CI, Confidence Interval; FAS, Letter Fluency; NPV, Negative Predictive Value; OR, Odds Ratio; PASAT, Paced Auditory Serial Addition Test; PD, Grooved Pegboard-Dominant hand; PND, Grooved Pegboard -non Dominant hand; PPV, Positive Predictive Value; STRPCOL, Stroop Color Test; STROOPINC, Stroop Incongruent Test; TMTA, Trail Making Test-A.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["10", "ranked", "specificity", "compared", "120", "neuropsychological", "minutes"], "article_id"=>215508, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["David J. Moore", "Mollie J. P. Roediger", "Lynn E. Eberly", "Kaitlin Blackstone", "Braden Hale", "Amy Weintrob", "Anuradha Ganesan", "Brian K. Agan", "Scott L. Letendre", "Nancy F. Crum-Cianflone"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0047310.t005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>53, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Top_10_testing_combinations_ranked_according_to_sum_of_sensitivity_and_specificity_compared_to_a_120_minute_global_neuropsychological_battery_that_take_10_minutes_or_less_to_administer_/215508", "title"=>"Top 10 testing combinations, ranked according to sum of sensitivity and specificity compared to a 120 minute global neuropsychological battery, that take 10 minutes or less to administer.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 20:29:50"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/545071"], "description"=>"1<p>95% bootstrap CI for Sensitivity, Specificity, PPV and NPV.</p><p><b>Abbreviations:</b> ACTF, Action Fluency; ANIMF, Animal Fluency; BVMTR-LRN, Brief Visuospatial Memory Test-Revised (Learning Trials); CI, Confidence Interval; DSYM, WAIS-III Digit Symbol; FAS, Letter Fluency; HVLTR-LRN, Hopkins Verbal Learning Test-Revised (Learning Trials); NPV, Negative Predictive Value; OR, Odds Ratio; PASAT, Paced Auditory Serial Addition Test; PD, Grooved Pegboard-Dominant hand; PND, Grooved Pegboard -non Dominant hand; PPV, Positive Predictive Value; STRPCOL, Stroop Color Test; SYMS, WAIS-III Symbol Search; TMTA, Trail Making Test-A.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["10", "4-test", "ranked", "specificity", "compared", "120", "neuropsychological"], "article_id"=>215550, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["David J. Moore", "Mollie J. P. Roediger", "Lynn E. Eberly", "Kaitlin Blackstone", "Braden Hale", "Amy Weintrob", "Anuradha Ganesan", "Brian K. Agan", "Scott L. Letendre", "Nancy F. Crum-Cianflone"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0047310.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Top_10_4_test_combinations_ranked_according_to_sum_of_sensitivity_and_specificity_compared_to_a_120_minute_global_neuropsychological_battery_/215550", "title"=>"Top 10 4-test combinations, ranked according to sum of sensitivity and specificity compared to a 120 minute global neuropsychological battery.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 20:30:06"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/544897"], "description"=>"1<p>95% bootstrap CI for Sensitivity, Specificity, PPV and NPV.</p><p><b>Abbreviations:</b> ACTF, Action Fluency; ANIMF, Animal Fluency; BVMTR-LRN, Brief Visuospatial Memory Test-Revised (Learning Trials); CI, Confidence Interval; FAS; Letter Fluency; HVLTR-LRN, Hopkins Verbal Learning Test-Revised (Learning Trials); NPV, Negative Predictive Value; OR, Odds Ratio; PASAT, Paced Auditory Serial Addition Test; PD, Grooved Pegboard-Dominant hand; PND, Grooved Pegboard -non Dominant hand; PPV, Positive Predictive Value; STRPCOL, Stroop Color Test; SYMS, WAIS-III Symbol Search; TMTA, Trail Making Test-A.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["10", "3-test", "ranked", "specificity", "compared", "120", "neuropsychological"], "article_id"=>215374, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["David J. Moore", "Mollie J. P. Roediger", "Lynn E. Eberly", "Kaitlin Blackstone", "Braden Hale", "Amy Weintrob", "Anuradha Ganesan", "Brian K. Agan", "Scott L. Letendre", "Nancy F. Crum-Cianflone"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0047310.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Top_10_3_test_combinations_ranked_according_to_sum_of_sensitivity_and_specificity_compared_to_a_120_minute_global_neuropsychological_battery_/215374", "title"=>"Top 10 3-test combinations, ranked according to sum of sensitivity and specificity compared to a 120 minute global neuropsychological battery.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 20:29:01"}

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Relative Metric

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