Resource Selection by the California Condor (Gymnogyps californianus) Relative to Terrestrial-Based Habitats and Meteorological Conditions
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{"title"=>"Resource selection by the California condor (Gymnogyps californianus) relative to terrestrial-based habitats and meteorological conditions", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"James W.", "last_name"=>"Rivers", "scopus_author_id"=>"7102800596"}, {"first_name"=>"J. Matthew", "last_name"=>"Johnson", "scopus_author_id"=>"21534334400"}, {"first_name"=>"Susan M.", "last_name"=>"Haig", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003652738"}, {"first_name"=>"Carl J.", "last_name"=>"Schwarz", "scopus_author_id"=>"7101995199"}, {"first_name"=>"John W.", "last_name"=>"Glendening", "scopus_author_id"=>"56060360700"}, {"first_name"=>"L. Joseph", "last_name"=>"Burnett", "scopus_author_id"=>"55785797200"}, {"first_name"=>"Daniel", "last_name"=>"George", "scopus_author_id"=>"36130181000"}, {"first_name"=>"Jesse", "last_name"=>"Grantham", "scopus_author_id"=>"55264583400"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pmid"=>"24523893", "issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84895744625", "pui"=>"372543895", "sgr"=>"84895744625", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0088430"}, "id"=>"cc15df50-e2df-39a8-8e6a-93fb6142c8ef", "abstract"=>"Condors and vultures are distinct from most other terrestrial birds because they use extensive soaring flight for their daily movements. Therefore, assessing resource selection by these avian scavengers requires quantifying the availability of terrestrial-based habitats, as well as meteorological variables that influence atmospheric conditions necessary for soaring. In this study, we undertook the first quantitative assessment of habitat- and meteorological-based resource selection in the endangered California condor (Gymnogyps californianus) within its California range and across the annual cycle. We found that condor use of terrestrial areas did not change markedly within the annual cycle, and that condor use was greatest for habitats where food resources and potential predators could be detected and where terrain was amenable for taking off from the ground in flight (e.g., sparse habitats, coastal areas). Condors originating from different release sites differed in their use of habitat, but this was likely due in part to variation in habitats surrounding release sites. Meteorological conditions were linked to condor use of ecological subregions, with thermal height, thermal velocity, and wind speed having both positive (selection) and negative (avoidance) effects on condor use in different areas. We found little evidence of systematic effects between individual characteristics (i.e., sex, age, breeding status) or components of the species management program (i.e., release site, rearing method) relative to meteorological conditions. Our findings indicate that habitat type and meteorological conditions can interact in complex ways to influence condor resource selection across landscapes, which is noteworthy given the extent of anthropogenic stressors that may impact condor populations (e.g., lead poisoning, wind energy development). Additional studies will be valuable to assess small-scale condor movements in light of these stressors to help minimize their risk to this critically endangered species.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/resource-selection-california-condor-gymnogyps-californianus-relative-terrestrialbased-habitats-mete", "reader_count"=>39, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>7, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>13, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>5, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>7, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>13, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>5, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Environmental Science"=>8, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>21, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>2, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>3, "Chemistry"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>2}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>21}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>3}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>8}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>3}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Italy"=>1}, "group_count"=>2}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1381181"], "description"=>"<p>Significant <i>P</i>-values (i.e., <0.01) are highlighted in bold text.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Behavioral ecology", "Conservation science", "Species extinction", "Terrestrial ecology", "Zoology", "Animal behavior", "Ornithology", "Atmospheric science", "meteorology", "Energy and power", "Alternative energy", "Wind power", "ratios", "12", "terrestrial-based", "types", "california", "condor"], "article_id"=>930281, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["James W. Rivers", "J. Matthew Johnson", "Susan M. Haig", "Carl J. Schwarz", "John W. Glendening", "L. Joseph Burnett", "Daniel George", "Jesse Grantham"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0088430.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Resource_selection_ratios_i_e_ln_rf_for_12_terrestrial_based_habitat_types_for_the_California_condor_in_California_/930281", "title"=>"Resource selection ratios [i.e., <i>ln</i>(rf)] for 12 terrestrial-based habitat types for the California condor in California.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-02-11 03:19:49"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1381179"], "description"=>"<p>See <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0088430#pone.0088430.s003\" target=\"_blank\">Document S3</a> for the names that correspond to ecoregion codes. Significant <i>P</i>-values (i.e., <0.01) are highlighted in bold text.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Behavioral ecology", "Conservation science", "Species extinction", "Terrestrial ecology", "Zoology", "Animal behavior", "Ornithology", "Atmospheric science", "meteorology", "Energy and power", "Alternative energy", "Wind power", "ratios", "25", "ecoregions", "geographic", "california", "condor"], "article_id"=>930279, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["James W. Rivers", "J. Matthew Johnson", "Susan M. Haig", "Carl J. Schwarz", "John W. Glendening", "L. Joseph Burnett", "Daniel George", "Jesse Grantham"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0088430.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Summary_of_main_effects_tests_for_resource_selection_ratios_i_e_ln_rf_for_25_ecoregions_within_the_geographic_range_of_the_California_condor_in_California_/930279", "title"=>"Summary of main effects tests for resource selection ratios [i.e., <i>ln</i>(rf)] for 25 ecoregions within the geographic range of the California condor in California.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-02-11 03:19:49"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1381180"], "description"=>"<p>Maximum and minimum average values for meteorological parameters observed across the annual cycle by ecoregion.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Behavioral ecology", "Conservation science", "Species extinction", "Terrestrial ecology", "Zoology", "Animal behavior", "Ornithology", "Atmospheric science", "meteorology", "Energy and power", "Alternative energy", "Wind power", "meteorological", "observed"], "article_id"=>930280, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["James W. Rivers", "J. Matthew Johnson", "Susan M. Haig", "Carl J. Schwarz", "John W. Glendening", "L. Joseph Burnett", "Daniel George", "Jesse Grantham"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0088430.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Maximum_and_minimum_average_values_for_meteorological_parameters_observed_across_the_annual_cycle_by_ecoregion_/930280", "title"=>"Maximum and minimum average values for meteorological parameters observed across the annual cycle by ecoregion.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-02-11 03:19:49"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1381175"], "description"=>"<p>Mean monthly <i>ln</i>(rf) values for each ecoregion (filled points) and the effect of the meteorological parameters and the range of monthly average values for each meteorological value (vertical bars). Thus, the vertical bars are not error estimates but instead represent the range of mean selection ratio across the annual cycle for each ecoregion. A = thermal height (km), B = thermal velocity (m/s), C = wind speed (m/s).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Behavioral ecology", "Conservation science", "Species extinction", "Terrestrial ecology", "Zoology", "Animal behavior", "Ornithology", "Atmospheric science", "meteorology", "Energy and power", "Alternative energy", "Wind power", "ratios"], "article_id"=>930275, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["James W. Rivers", "J. Matthew Johnson", "Susan M. Haig", "Carl J. Schwarz", "John W. Glendening", "L. Joseph Burnett", "Daniel George", "Jesse Grantham"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0088430.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Condor_selection_ratios_by_ecoregion_/930275", "title"=>"Condor selection ratios by ecoregion.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-02-11 03:19:49"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1381169"], "description"=>"<p>Mean selection ratios for each of 12 habitat types assessed across the annual cycle. Gray shaded area represents 95% confidence intervals. A = agriculture, B = coastal dune, C = coastal rock, D = deciduous forest, E = evergreen forest, F = grassland, G = modified land, H = savanna, I = shrubland, J = sparse vegetation, K = unsuitable habitat, L = wetland.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Behavioral ecology", "Conservation science", "Species extinction", "Terrestrial ecology", "Zoology", "Animal behavior", "Ornithology", "Atmospheric science", "meteorology", "Energy and power", "Alternative energy", "Wind power", "condor"], "article_id"=>930269, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["James W. Rivers", "J. Matthew Johnson", "Susan M. Haig", "Carl J. Schwarz", "John W. Glendening", "L. Joseph Burnett", "Daniel George", "Jesse Grantham"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0088430.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Coarse_scale_condor_habitat_use_/930269", "title"=>"Coarse-scale condor habitat use.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-02-11 03:19:49"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1381186", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1381187", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1381188", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1381189", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1381190", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1381191", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1381192"], "description"=>"<div><p>Condors and vultures are distinct from most other terrestrial birds because they use extensive soaring flight for their daily movements. Therefore, assessing resource selection by these avian scavengers requires quantifying the availability of terrestrial-based habitats, as well as meteorological variables that influence atmospheric conditions necessary for soaring. In this study, we undertook the first quantitative assessment of habitat- and meteorological-based resource selection in the endangered California condor (<i>Gymnogyps californianus</i>) within its California range and across the annual cycle. We found that condor use of terrestrial areas did not change markedly within the annual cycle, and that condor use was greatest for habitats where food resources and potential predators could be detected and where terrain was amenable for taking off from the ground in flight (e.g., sparse habitats, coastal areas). Condors originating from different release sites differed in their use of habitat, but this was likely due in part to variation in habitats surrounding release sites. Meteorological conditions were linked to condor use of ecological subregions, with thermal height, thermal velocity, and wind speed having both positive (selection) and negative (avoidance) effects on condor use in different areas. We found little evidence of systematic effects between individual characteristics (i.e., sex, age, breeding status) or components of the species management program (i.e., release site, rearing method) relative to meteorological conditions. Our findings indicate that habitat type and meteorological conditions can interact in complex ways to influence condor resource selection across landscapes, which is noteworthy given the extent of anthropogenic stressors that may impact condor populations (e.g., lead poisoning, wind energy development). Additional studies will be valuable to assess small-scale condor movements in light of these stressors to help minimize their risk to this critically endangered species.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Behavioral ecology", "Conservation science", "Species extinction", "Terrestrial ecology", "Zoology", "Animal behavior", "Ornithology", "Atmospheric science", "meteorology", "Energy and power", "Alternative energy", "Wind power", "california", "condor", "terrestrial-based", "habitats", "meteorological"], "article_id"=>930286, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["James W. Rivers", "J. Matthew Johnson", "Susan M. Haig", "Carl J. Schwarz", "John W. Glendening", "L. Joseph Burnett", "Daniel George", "Jesse Grantham"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0088430.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0088430.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0088430.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0088430.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0088430.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0088430.s006", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0088430.s007"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Resource_Selection_by_the_California_Condor_Gymnogyps_californianus_Relative_to_Terrestrial_Based_Habitats_and_Meteorological_Conditions/930286", "title"=>"Resource Selection by the California Condor (<i>Gymnogyps californianus</i>) Relative to Terrestrial-Based Habitats and Meteorological Conditions", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2014-02-11 03:19:49"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1381168"], "description"=>"<p>The range of primary concern according to the 1984 California Condor Recovery Plan <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0088430#pone.0088430-US1\" target=\"_blank\">[60]</a> is shown by a solid black outline with condor release sites considered in this study (crosses). Note that Bitter Creek NWR and Hopper Mountain NWR are combined for analysis because they are both part of the Hopper Mountain National Wildlife Refuge Complex.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Behavioral ecology", "Conservation science", "Species extinction", "Terrestrial ecology", "Zoology", "Animal behavior", "Ornithology", "Atmospheric science", "meteorology", "Energy and power", "Alternative energy", "Wind power", "classifications", "landcover"], "article_id"=>930268, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["James W. Rivers", "J. Matthew Johnson", "Susan M. Haig", "Carl J. Schwarz", "John W. Glendening", "L. Joseph Burnett", "Daniel George", "Jesse Grantham"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0088430.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Habitat_classifications_of_landcover_in_California_/930268", "title"=>"Habitat classifications of landcover in California.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-02-11 03:19:49"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1381177"], "description"=>"<p>Estimates whose 95% confidence intervals did not overlap with zero are highlighted in bold text.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Behavioral ecology", "Conservation science", "Species extinction", "Terrestrial ecology", "Zoology", "Animal behavior", "Ornithology", "Atmospheric science", "meteorology", "Energy and power", "Alternative energy", "Wind power", "weighted", "estimates", "meteorological", "25", "ecoregions", "condors"], "article_id"=>930277, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["James W. Rivers", "J. Matthew Johnson", "Susan M. Haig", "Carl J. Schwarz", "John W. Glendening", "L. Joseph Burnett", "Daniel George", "Jesse Grantham"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0088430.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Model_weighted_estimates_of_meteorological_parameters_for_25_ecoregions_in_which_condors_were_observed_/930277", "title"=>"Model weighted estimates of meteorological parameters for 25 ecoregions in which condors were observed.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-02-11 03:19:49"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1381171"], "description"=>"<p>Estimated mean marginal effects and associated 95% CIs for each of three monthly-averaged meteorological parameters by ecoregion. A = thermal height (km), B = thermal velocity (m/s), C = wind speed (m/s).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Behavioral ecology", "Conservation science", "Species extinction", "Terrestrial ecology", "Zoology", "Animal behavior", "Ornithology", "Atmospheric science", "meteorology", "Energy and power", "Alternative energy", "Wind power", "influenced", "condor"], "article_id"=>930271, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["James W. Rivers", "J. Matthew Johnson", "Susan M. Haig", "Carl J. Schwarz", "John W. Glendening", "L. Joseph Burnett", "Daniel George", "Jesse Grantham"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0088430.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Meteorological_parameters_influenced_condor_space_use_/930271", "title"=>"Meteorological parameters influenced condor space use.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-02-11 03:19:49"}

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Relative Metric

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