The Real Bounty: Marine Biodiversity in the Pitcairn Islands
Publication Date
June 25, 2014
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Alan M. Friedlander, Jennifer E. Caselle, Enric Ballesteros, Eric K. Brown, et al
Volume
9
Issue
6
Pages
e100142
DOI
http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100142
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0100142
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24963808
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4070931
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/24963808
Web of Science
000338709500030
Scopus
84903513761
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/real-bounty-marine-biodiversity-pitcairn-islands
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Mendeley | Further Information

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CrossRef

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1566772"], "description"=>"<p>Correspondence analysis on percent cover of major benthic functional groups, abundance of sea urchins, and biomass of fish trophic groups.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["biogeography", "ecology", "Community Ecology", "Trophic interactions", "predation", "community structure", "Ecological metrics", "Biomass (ecology)", "Species diversity", "ecosystems", "Reef ecosystems", "biodiversity", "Coastal ecology", "Marine ecology", "Marine biology", "Coral reefs", "corals", "Marine conservation", "percent", "benthic", "abundance", "biomass", "trophic"], "article_id"=>1084205, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Alan M. Friedlander", "Jennifer E. Caselle", "Enric Ballesteros", "Eric K. Brown", "Alan Turchik", "Enric Sala"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100142.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Correspondence_analysis_on_percent_cover_of_major_benthic_functional_groups_abundance_of_sea_urchins_and_biomass_of_fish_trophic_groups_/1084205", "title"=>"Correspondence analysis on percent cover of major benthic functional groups, abundance of sea urchins, and biomass of fish trophic groups.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-06-25 15:12:06"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1565083"], "description"=>"<p>Values are percentage of total for all four islands combined and for each island individually.</p><p>Pitcairn endemic*: only found at the Pitcairn Islands;</p><p>Pitcairn regional endemic<sup>#</sup>: found at Pitcairn and Easter/Salas y Gómez and/or Tuamotus/Austral Islands.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["biogeography", "ecology", "Community Ecology", "Trophic interactions", "predation", "community structure", "Ecological metrics", "Biomass (ecology)", "Species diversity", "ecosystems", "Reef ecosystems", "biodiversity", "Coastal ecology", "Marine ecology", "Marine biology", "Coral reefs", "corals", "Marine conservation", "observed", "pitcairn", "islands", "individuals"], "article_id"=>1083315, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Alan M. Friedlander", "Jennifer E. Caselle", "Enric Ballesteros", "Eric K. Brown", "Alan Turchik", "Enric Sala"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100142.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Biogeographic_distribution_of_fish_species_observed_among_the_Pitcairn_Islands_based_on_and_density_no_individuals_m_8722_2_/1083315", "title"=>"Biogeographic distribution of fish species observed among the Pitcairn Islands based on and density (no. individuals m<sup>−2</sup>).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-06-25 03:45:37"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1566768"], "description"=>"<p>A) species richness, B) numerical abundance (no. indiv. m<sup>−2</sup>), C) biomass (t ha<sup>−1</sup>), D) diversity. One-way ANOVA results for each assemblage metric are in Results. Islands with the same letter are not significantly different at α = 0.05 (Tukey's HSD tests).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["biogeography", "ecology", "Community Ecology", "Trophic interactions", "predation", "community structure", "Ecological metrics", "Biomass (ecology)", "Species diversity", "ecosystems", "Reef ecosystems", "biodiversity", "Coastal ecology", "Marine ecology", "Marine biology", "Coral reefs", "corals", "Marine conservation", "assemblage"], "article_id"=>1084201, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Alan M. Friedlander", "Jennifer E. Caselle", "Enric Ballesteros", "Eric K. Brown", "Alan Turchik", "Enric Sala"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100142.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Comparison_of_fish_assemblage_characteristics_among_islands_/1084201", "title"=>"Comparison of fish assemblage characteristics among islands.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-06-25 15:12:06"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1566766"], "description"=>"<p>A. macroalgae, B. corals, C. urchins. Vectors are the primary taxa driving the ordination (Pearson Product movement correlations ≥ 0.5). Macroalgae species codes: D.vers  =  <i>Dictyosphaeria versluysii</i>, H.onko  =  <i>Hydrolithon onkodes</i>, H. mini  =  <i>Halimeda minima</i>, H.samo  =  <i>Hydrolithon samoense</i>, M.umbr  =  <i>Microdictyon japonicum</i>, L. vari  =  erect <i>Lobophora variegata</i>. Coral species codes: F.stell  =  <i>Favia stelligera</i>, M.aequ  =  <i>Montipora aequituberculata</i>, M.plat  =  <i>Millepora plathyphylla</i>, Sinn.sp  =  <i>Sinularia</i> sp. Urchins: D.savi  =  <i>Diadema savignyi</i>, E.mata  =  <i>Echinometra mathaei</i>, E.acic  =  <i>Echinostrephus aciculatus</i>, E.cala  =  <i>Echinothrix calamaris</i>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["biogeography", "ecology", "Community Ecology", "Trophic interactions", "predation", "community structure", "Ecological metrics", "Biomass (ecology)", "Species diversity", "ecosystems", "Reef ecosystems", "biodiversity", "Coastal ecology", "Marine ecology", "Marine biology", "Coral reefs", "corals", "Marine conservation", "multidimensional", "scaling", "benthic", "groups", "sampling", "locations", "islands", "pitcairn"], "article_id"=>1084199, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Alan M. Friedlander", "Jennifer E. Caselle", "Enric Ballesteros", "Eric K. Brown", "Alan Turchik", "Enric Sala"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100142.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>18, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Non_metric_multidimensional_scaling_of_major_benthic_function_groups_and_sampling_locations_among_the_four_islands_in_the_Pitcairn_Group_/1084199", "title"=>"Non-metric multidimensional scaling of major benthic function groups and sampling locations among the four islands in the Pitcairn Group.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-06-25 15:12:06"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1565085", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1565086", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1565087", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1565088", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1565089"], "description"=>"<div><p>In 2012 we conducted an integrated ecological assessment of the marine environment of the Pitcairn Islands, which are four of the most remote islands in the world. The islands and atolls (Ducie, Henderson, Oeno, and Pitcairn) are situated in the central South Pacific, halfway between New Zealand and South America. We surveyed algae, corals, mobile invertebrates, and fishes at 97 sites between 5 and 30 m depth, and found 51 new records for algae, 23 for corals, and 15 for fishes. The structure of the ecological communities was correlated with age, isolation, and geomorphology of the four islands. Coral and algal assemblages were significantly different among islands with Ducie having the highest coral cover (56%) and Pitcairn dominated by erect macroalgae (42%). Fish biomass was dominated by top predators at Ducie (62% of total fish biomass) and at Henderson (35%). Herbivorous fishes dominated at Pitcairn, while Oeno showed a balanced fish trophic structure. We found high levels of regional endemism in the fish assemblages across the islands (45%), with the highest level observed at Ducie (56% by number). We conducted the first surveys of the deep habitats around the Pitcairn Islands using drop-cameras at 21 sites from depths of 78 to 1,585 m. We observed 57 fish species from the drop-cams, including rare species such as the false catshark (<i>Pseudotriakis microdon</i>) and several new undescribed species. In addition, we made observations of typically shallow reef sharks and other reef fishes at depths down to 300 m. Our findings highlight the uniqueness and high biodiversity value of the Pitcairn Islands as one of the least impacted in the Pacific, and suggest the need for immediate protection.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["biogeography", "ecology", "Community Ecology", "Trophic interactions", "predation", "community structure", "Ecological metrics", "Biomass (ecology)", "Species diversity", "ecosystems", "Reef ecosystems", "biodiversity", "Coastal ecology", "Marine ecology", "Marine biology", "Coral reefs", "corals", "Marine conservation", "pitcairn"], "article_id"=>1083317, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Alan M. Friedlander", "Jennifer E. Caselle", "Enric Ballesteros", "Eric K. Brown", "Alan Turchik", "Enric Sala"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100142.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100142.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100142.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100142.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100142.s006"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>6, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_Real_Bounty_Marine_Biodiversity_in_the_Pitcairn_Islands_/1083317", "title"=>"The Real Bounty: Marine Biodiversity in the Pitcairn Islands", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2014-06-25 03:45:37"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1565070"], "description"=>"<p>Black dots represent sampling locations around each island.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["biogeography", "ecology", "Community Ecology", "Trophic interactions", "predation", "community structure", "Ecological metrics", "Biomass (ecology)", "Species diversity", "ecosystems", "Reef ecosystems", "biodiversity", "Coastal ecology", "Marine ecology", "Marine biology", "Coral reefs", "corals", "Marine conservation", "pitcairn", "islands", "covers", "encompasses", "coral", "atolls", "oeno", "raised", "atoll"], "article_id"=>1083302, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Alan M. Friedlander", "Jennifer E. Caselle", "Enric Ballesteros", "Eric K. Brown", "Alan Turchik", "Enric Sala"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100142.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>25, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_Pitcairn_Islands_Exclusive_Economic_Zone_EEZ_covers_ca_836_108_km_2_and_encompasses_two_coral_atolls_Ducie_A_and_Oeno_C_a_raised_atoll_Henderson_B_and_one_high_island_Pitcairn_D_/1083302", "title"=>"The Pitcairn Islands Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) covers ca. 836,108 km<sup>2</sup> and encompasses two coral atolls (Ducie [A.] and Oeno [C.]), a raised atoll (Henderson [B.]), and one high island (Pitcairn [D.]).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-06-25 03:45:37"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1565071"], "description"=>"<p>A. macroalgae, B. corals, C. urchins. Vectors are the primary taxa driving the ordination (Pearson Product movement correlations ≥ 0.5). Macroalgae species codes: D.vers  =  <i>Dictyosphaeria versluysii</i>, H.onko  =  <i>Hydrolithon onkodes</i>, H. mini  =  <i>Halimeda minima</i>, H.samo  =  <i>Hydrolithon samoense</i>, M.umbr  =  <i>Microdictyon japonicum</i>, L. vari  =  erect <i>Lobophora variegata</i>. Coral species codes: F.stell  =  <i>Favia stelligera</i>, M.aequ  =  <i>Montipora aequituberculata</i>, M.plat  =  <i>Millepora plathyphylla</i>, Sinn.sp  =  <i>Sinularia</i> sp. Urchins: D.savi  =  <i>Diadema savignyi</i>, E.mata  =  <i>Echinometra mathaei</i>, E.acic  =  <i>Echinostrephus aciculatus</i>, E.cala  =  <i>Echinothrix calamaris</i>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["biogeography", "ecology", "Community Ecology", "Trophic interactions", "predation", "community structure", "Ecological metrics", "Biomass (ecology)", "Species diversity", "ecosystems", "Reef ecosystems", "biodiversity", "Coastal ecology", "Marine ecology", "Marine biology", "Coral reefs", "corals", "Marine conservation", "multidimensional", "scaling", "benthic", "groups", "sampling", "locations", "islands", "pitcairn"], "article_id"=>1083303, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Alan M. Friedlander", "Jennifer E. Caselle", "Enric Ballesteros", "Eric K. Brown", "Alan Turchik", "Enric Sala"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100142.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Non_metric_multidimensional_scaling_of_major_benthic_function_groups_and_sampling_locations_among_the_four_islands_in_the_Pitcairn_Group_/1083303", "title"=>"Non-metric multidimensional scaling of major benthic function groups and sampling locations among the four islands in the Pitcairn Group.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-06-25 03:45:37"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1565079"], "description"=>"<p>*Only 2 benthic stations were surveyed in the lagoon compared to 3 fish stations.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["biogeography", "ecology", "Community Ecology", "Trophic interactions", "predation", "community structure", "Ecological metrics", "Biomass (ecology)", "Species diversity", "ecosystems", "Reef ecosystems", "biodiversity", "Coastal ecology", "Marine ecology", "Marine biology", "Coral reefs", "corals", "Marine conservation", "islands", "sampling", "locations"], "article_id"=>1083311, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Alan M. Friedlander", "Jennifer E. Caselle", "Enric Ballesteros", "Eric K. Brown", "Alan Turchik", "Enric Sala"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100142.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Pitcairn_Islands_sampling_locations_by_depth_and_habitat_/1083311", "title"=>"Pitcairn Islands sampling locations by depth and habitat.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-06-25 03:45:37"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1566774"], "description"=>"<p>Values are mean percent cover with one standard deviation in parentheses. Statistical results of one-way ANOVA and multiple comparisons using the Tukey-Kramer HSD test for ANOVAs. Islands with the same letter are not significantly different at α = 0.05.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["biogeography", "ecology", "Community Ecology", "Trophic interactions", "predation", "community structure", "Ecological metrics", "Biomass (ecology)", "Species diversity", "ecosystems", "Reef ecosystems", "biodiversity", "Coastal ecology", "Marine ecology", "Marine biology", "Coral reefs", "corals", "Marine conservation", "benthic", "groups"], "article_id"=>1084209, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Alan M. Friedlander", "Jennifer E. Caselle", "Enric Ballesteros", "Eric K. Brown", "Alan Turchik", "Enric Sala"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100142.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Comparisons_of_benthic_functional_groups_among_islands_/1084209", "title"=>"Comparisons of benthic functional groups among islands.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-06-25 15:12:06"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1566773"], "description"=>"<p>*Only 2 benthic stations were surveyed in the lagoon compared to 3 fish stations.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["biogeography", "ecology", "Community Ecology", "Trophic interactions", "predation", "community structure", "Ecological metrics", "Biomass (ecology)", "Species diversity", "ecosystems", "Reef ecosystems", "biodiversity", "Coastal ecology", "Marine ecology", "Marine biology", "Coral reefs", "corals", "Marine conservation", "islands", "sampling", "locations"], "article_id"=>1084207, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Alan M. Friedlander", "Jennifer E. Caselle", "Enric Ballesteros", "Eric K. Brown", "Alan Turchik", "Enric Sala"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100142.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Pitcairn_Islands_sampling_locations_by_depth_and_habitat_/1084207", "title"=>"Pitcairn Islands sampling locations by depth and habitat.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-06-25 15:12:06"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1565077"], "description"=>"<p>Error bars are standard error of the mean.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["biogeography", "ecology", "Community Ecology", "Trophic interactions", "predation", "community structure", "Ecological metrics", "Biomass (ecology)", "Species diversity", "ecosystems", "Reef ecosystems", "biodiversity", "Coastal ecology", "Marine ecology", "Marine biology", "Coral reefs", "corals", "Marine conservation", "reef", "fishes", "trophic", "pitcairn"], "article_id"=>1083309, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Alan M. Friedlander", "Jennifer E. Caselle", "Enric Ballesteros", "Eric K. Brown", "Alan Turchik", "Enric Sala"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100142.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Biomass_t_ha_8722_1_of_reef_fishes_by_trophic_group_at_each_island_of_the_Pitcairn_islands_/1083309", "title"=>"Biomass (t ha<sup>−1</sup>) of reef fishes by trophic group at each island of the Pitcairn islands.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-06-25 03:45:37"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1565078"], "description"=>"<p>Correspondence analysis on percent cover of major benthic functional groups, abundance of sea urchins, and biomass of fish trophic groups.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["biogeography", "ecology", "Community Ecology", "Trophic interactions", "predation", "community structure", "Ecological metrics", "Biomass (ecology)", "Species diversity", "ecosystems", "Reef ecosystems", "biodiversity", "Coastal ecology", "Marine ecology", "Marine biology", "Coral reefs", "corals", "Marine conservation", "percent", "benthic", "abundance", "biomass", "trophic"], "article_id"=>1083310, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Alan M. Friedlander", "Jennifer E. Caselle", "Enric Ballesteros", "Eric K. Brown", "Alan Turchik", "Enric Sala"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100142.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Correspondence_analysis_on_percent_cover_of_major_benthic_functional_groups_abundance_of_sea_urchins_and_biomass_of_fish_trophic_groups_/1083310", "title"=>"Correspondence analysis on percent cover of major benthic functional groups, abundance of sea urchins, and biomass of fish trophic groups.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-06-25 03:45:37"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1566770"], "description"=>"<p>Error bars are standard error of the mean.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["biogeography", "ecology", "Community Ecology", "Trophic interactions", "predation", "community structure", "Ecological metrics", "Biomass (ecology)", "Species diversity", "ecosystems", "Reef ecosystems", "biodiversity", "Coastal ecology", "Marine ecology", "Marine biology", "Coral reefs", "corals", "Marine conservation", "reef", "fishes", "trophic", "pitcairn"], "article_id"=>1084203, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Alan M. Friedlander", "Jennifer E. Caselle", "Enric Ballesteros", "Eric K. Brown", "Alan Turchik", "Enric Sala"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100142.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Biomass_t_ha_8722_1_of_reef_fishes_by_trophic_group_at_each_island_of_the_Pitcairn_islands_/1084203", "title"=>"Biomass (t ha<sup>−1</sup>) of reef fishes by trophic group at each island of the Pitcairn islands.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-06-25 15:12:06"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1565082"], "description"=>"<p>Values are numbers of species with percentages in parentheses for all four islands combined and for each island individually.</p><p>Pitcairn endemic*: only found at the Pitcairn Islands;</p><p>Pitcairn regional endemic<sup>#</sup>: found at Pitcairn and Easter/Salas y Gómez and/or Tuamotus/Austral Islands.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["biogeography", "ecology", "Community Ecology", "Trophic interactions", "predation", "community structure", "Ecological metrics", "Biomass (ecology)", "Species diversity", "ecosystems", "Reef ecosystems", "biodiversity", "Coastal ecology", "Marine ecology", "Marine biology", "Coral reefs", "corals", "Marine conservation", "observed", "pitcairn", "islands"], "article_id"=>1083314, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Alan M. Friedlander", "Jennifer E. Caselle", "Enric Ballesteros", "Eric K. Brown", "Alan Turchik", "Enric Sala"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100142.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Biogeographic_distribution_of_fish_species_observed_among_the_Pitcairn_Islands_based_on_species_presence_/1083314", "title"=>"Biogeographic distribution of fish species observed among the Pitcairn Islands based on species presence.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-06-25 03:45:37"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1565074"], "description"=>"<p>A) species richness, B) numerical abundance (no. indiv. m<sup>−2</sup>), C) biomass (t ha<sup>−1</sup>), D) diversity. One-way ANOVA results for each assemblage metric are in Results. Islands with the same letter are not significantly different at α = 0.05 (Tukey's HSD tests).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["biogeography", "ecology", "Community Ecology", "Trophic interactions", "predation", "community structure", "Ecological metrics", "Biomass (ecology)", "Species diversity", "ecosystems", "Reef ecosystems", "biodiversity", "Coastal ecology", "Marine ecology", "Marine biology", "Coral reefs", "corals", "Marine conservation", "assemblage"], "article_id"=>1083306, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Alan M. Friedlander", "Jennifer E. Caselle", "Enric Ballesteros", "Eric K. Brown", "Alan Turchik", "Enric Sala"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100142.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Comparison_of_fish_assemblage_characteristics_among_islands_/1083306", "title"=>"Comparison of fish assemblage characteristics among islands.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-06-25 03:45:37"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1566764"], "description"=>"<p>Black dots represent sampling locations around each island.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["biogeography", "ecology", "Community Ecology", "Trophic interactions", "predation", "community structure", "Ecological metrics", "Biomass (ecology)", "Species diversity", "ecosystems", "Reef ecosystems", "biodiversity", "Coastal ecology", "Marine ecology", "Marine biology", "Coral reefs", "corals", "Marine conservation", "pitcairn", "islands", "covers", "encompasses", "coral", "atolls", "oeno", "raised", "atoll"], "article_id"=>1084197, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Alan M. Friedlander", "Jennifer E. Caselle", "Enric Ballesteros", "Eric K. Brown", "Alan Turchik", "Enric Sala"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100142.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>16, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_Pitcairn_Islands_Exclusive_Economic_Zone_EEZ_covers_ca_836_108_km_2_and_encompasses_two_coral_atolls_Ducie_A_and_Oeno_C_a_raised_atoll_Henderson_B_and_one_high_island_Pitcairn_D_/1084197", "title"=>"The Pitcairn Islands Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) covers ca. 836,108 km<sup>2</sup> and encompasses two coral atolls (Ducie [A.] and Oeno [C.]), a raised atoll (Henderson [B.]), and one high island (Pitcairn [D.]).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-06-25 15:12:06"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1565080"], "description"=>"<p>Values are mean percent cover with one standard deviation in parentheses. Statistical results of one-way ANOVA and multiple comparisons using the Tukey-Kramer HSD test for ANOVAs. Islands with the same letter are not significantly different at α = 0.05.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["biogeography", "ecology", "Community Ecology", "Trophic interactions", "predation", "community structure", "Ecological metrics", "Biomass (ecology)", "Species diversity", "ecosystems", "Reef ecosystems", "biodiversity", "Coastal ecology", "Marine ecology", "Marine biology", "Coral reefs", "corals", "Marine conservation", "benthic", "groups"], "article_id"=>1083313, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Alan M. Friedlander", "Jennifer E. Caselle", "Enric Ballesteros", "Eric K. Brown", "Alan Turchik", "Enric Sala"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100142.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Comparisons_of_benthic_functional_groups_among_islands_/1083313", "title"=>"Comparisons of benthic functional groups among islands.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-06-25 03:45:37"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1566777"], "description"=>"<p>Values are percentage of total for all four islands combined and for each island individually.</p><p>Pitcairn endemic*: only found at the Pitcairn Islands;</p><p>Pitcairn regional endemic<sup>#</sup>: found at Pitcairn and Easter/Salas y Gómez and/or Tuamotus/Austral Islands.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["biogeography", "ecology", "Community Ecology", "Trophic interactions", "predation", "community structure", "Ecological metrics", "Biomass (ecology)", "Species diversity", "ecosystems", "Reef ecosystems", "biodiversity", "Coastal ecology", "Marine ecology", "Marine biology", "Coral reefs", "corals", "Marine conservation", "observed", "pitcairn", "islands", "individuals"], "article_id"=>1084211, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Alan M. Friedlander", "Jennifer E. Caselle", "Enric Ballesteros", "Eric K. Brown", "Alan Turchik", "Enric Sala"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100142.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Biogeographic_distribution_of_fish_species_observed_among_the_Pitcairn_Islands_based_on_and_density_no_individuals_m_8722_2_/1084211", "title"=>"Biogeographic distribution of fish species observed among the Pitcairn Islands based on and density (no. individuals m<sup>−2</sup>).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-06-25 15:12:06"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1566776"], "description"=>"<p>Values are numbers of species with percentages in parentheses for all four islands combined and for each island individually.</p><p>Pitcairn endemic*: only found at the Pitcairn Islands;</p><p>Pitcairn regional endemic<sup>#</sup>: found at Pitcairn and Easter/Salas y Gómez and/or Tuamotus/Austral Islands.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["biogeography", "ecology", "Community Ecology", "Trophic interactions", "predation", "community structure", "Ecological metrics", "Biomass (ecology)", "Species diversity", "ecosystems", "Reef ecosystems", "biodiversity", "Coastal ecology", "Marine ecology", "Marine biology", "Coral reefs", "corals", "Marine conservation", "observed", "pitcairn", "islands"], "article_id"=>1084210, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Alan M. Friedlander", "Jennifer E. Caselle", "Enric Ballesteros", "Eric K. Brown", "Alan Turchik", "Enric Sala"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100142.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Biogeographic_distribution_of_fish_species_observed_among_the_Pitcairn_Islands_based_on_species_presence_/1084210", "title"=>"Biogeographic distribution of fish species observed among the Pitcairn Islands based on species presence.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-06-25 15:12:06"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1566788", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1566789", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1566790", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1566791", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1566792"], "description"=>"<div><p>In 2012 we conducted an integrated ecological assessment of the marine environment of the Pitcairn Islands, which are four of the most remote islands in the world. The islands and atolls (Ducie, Henderson, Oeno, and Pitcairn) are situated in the central South Pacific, halfway between New Zealand and South America. We surveyed algae, corals, mobile invertebrates, and fishes at 97 sites between 5 and 30 m depth, and found 51 new records for algae, 23 for corals, and 15 for fishes. The structure of the ecological communities was correlated with age, isolation, and geomorphology of the four islands. Coral and algal assemblages were significantly different among islands with Ducie having the highest coral cover (56%) and Pitcairn dominated by erect macroalgae (42%). Fish biomass was dominated by top predators at Ducie (62% of total fish biomass) and at Henderson (35%). Herbivorous fishes dominated at Pitcairn, while Oeno showed a balanced fish trophic structure. We found high levels of regional endemism in the fish assemblages across the islands (45%), with the highest level observed at Ducie (56% by number). We conducted the first surveys of the deep habitats around the Pitcairn Islands using drop-cameras at 21 sites from depths of 78 to 1,585 m. We observed 57 fish species from the drop-cams, including rare species such as the false catshark (<i>Pseudotriakis microdon</i>) and several new undescribed species. In addition, we made observations of typically shallow reef sharks and other reef fishes at depths down to 300 m. Our findings highlight the uniqueness and high biodiversity value of the Pitcairn Islands as one of the least impacted in the Pacific, and suggest the need for immediate protection.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["biogeography", "ecology", "Community Ecology", "Trophic interactions", "predation", "community structure", "Ecological metrics", "Biomass (ecology)", "Species diversity", "ecosystems", "Reef ecosystems", "biodiversity", "Coastal ecology", "Marine ecology", "Marine biology", "Coral reefs", "corals", "Marine conservation", "pitcairn"], "article_id"=>1084223, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Alan M. Friedlander", "Jennifer E. Caselle", "Enric Ballesteros", "Eric K. Brown", "Alan Turchik", "Enric Sala"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100142.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100142.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100142.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100142.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100142.s006"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_Real_Bounty_Marine_Biodiversity_in_the_Pitcairn_Islands_/1084223", "title"=>"The Real Bounty: Marine Biodiversity in the Pitcairn Islands", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2014-06-25 15:12:06"}

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