Universal Principles in the Repair of Communication Problems
Publication Date
September 16, 2015
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Mark Dingemanse, Seán G. Roberts, Julija Baranova, Joe Blythe, et al
Volume
10
Issue
9
Pages
e0136100
DOI
http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0136100
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0136100
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26375483
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4573759
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/26375483
Web of Science
000361610200011
Scopus
84945409167
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/universal-principles-repair-communication-problems
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Mendeley | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2267209"], "description"=>"<p>Empirical density curve showing the proportion of independent repair initiations encountered after a given amount of time has elapsed since the last one. The vast majority of repair initiations happen within 5 minutes of each other.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["12 languages", "core properties", "Communication Problems", "Unrelated languages share", "Universal Principles", "typological profiles", "language use", "adaptive value", "universals hypothesis", "offer support", "repair initiator", "8 language families", "communication system", "situation types", "1.4 minutes"], "article_id"=>1545837, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Mark Dingemanse", "Seán G. Roberts", "Julija Baranova", "Joe Blythe", "Paul Drew", "Simeon Floyd", "Rosa S. Gisladottir", "Kobin H. Kendrick", "Stephen C. Levinson", "Elizabeth Manrique", "Giovanni Rossi", "N. J. Enfield"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0136100.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_frequency_of_repair_/1545837", "title"=>"The frequency of repair.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-09-16 02:59:11"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2267208"], "description"=>"<p>Repair sequences consist of a repair initiator that points back to a prior turn (trouble source) and points forward to a next turn (repair solution) [<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0136100#pone.0136100.ref003\" target=\"_blank\">3</a>].</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["12 languages", "core properties", "Communication Problems", "Unrelated languages share", "Universal Principles", "typological profiles", "language use", "adaptive value", "universals hypothesis", "offer support", "repair initiator", "8 language families", "communication system", "situation types", "1.4 minutes"], "article_id"=>1545836, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Mark Dingemanse", "Seán G. Roberts", "Julija Baranova", "Joe Blythe", "Paul Drew", "Simeon Floyd", "Rosa S. Gisladottir", "Kobin H. Kendrick", "Stephen C. Levinson", "Elizabeth Manrique", "Giovanni Rossi", "N. J. Enfield"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0136100.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Elements_of_other_initiated_repair_/1545836", "title"=>"Elements of other-initiated repair.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-09-16 02:59:11"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2267211"], "description"=>"<p>Density plot of actual conservation ratios of each case in the data set (black line), with an average near 1:1; and of conservation ratios from a permutation test using randomly chosen trouble source turns (grey line), with an average of 1:1.7, closer to a null hypothesis for conservation (simulation and further explanation in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0136100#pone.0136100.s005\" target=\"_blank\">S4 Text</a>). On average, the length of the two-turn repair sequence matches the length of the trouble source turn.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["12 languages", "core properties", "Communication Problems", "Unrelated languages share", "Universal Principles", "typological profiles", "language use", "adaptive value", "universals hypothesis", "offer support", "repair initiator", "8 language families", "communication system", "situation types", "1.4 minutes"], "article_id"=>1545839, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Mark Dingemanse", "Seán G. Roberts", "Julija Baranova", "Joe Blythe", "Paul Drew", "Simeon Floyd", "Rosa S. Gisladottir", "Kobin H. Kendrick", "Stephen C. Levinson", "Elizabeth Manrique", "Giovanni Rossi", "N. J. Enfield"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0136100.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Conservation_principle_/1545839", "title"=>"Conservation principle.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-09-16 02:59:11"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2267212"], "description"=>"<p>Estimated average relative costs paid by B (left of mark) and A (right of mark) for different repair initiator types are similar in each language. B pays more of the cost as repair initiators become more specific.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["12 languages", "core properties", "Communication Problems", "Unrelated languages share", "Universal Principles", "typological profiles", "language use", "adaptive value", "universals hypothesis", "offer support", "repair initiator", "8 language families", "communication system", "situation types", "1.4 minutes"], "article_id"=>1545840, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Mark Dingemanse", "Seán G. Roberts", "Julija Baranova", "Joe Blythe", "Paul Drew", "Simeon Floyd", "Rosa S. Gisladottir", "Kobin H. Kendrick", "Stephen C. Levinson", "Elizabeth Manrique", "Giovanni Rossi", "N. J. Enfield"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0136100.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Division_of_labour_in_repair_sequences_/1545840", "title"=>"Division of labour in repair sequences.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-09-16 02:59:11"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2267210"], "description"=>"<p>Model estimates of the probability of Open repair initiator in reference condition (grey) versus when all three measures of trouble-prone contexts are true (black). In the latter case, probability of an Open repair initiator approaches 1 in all of the languages.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["12 languages", "core properties", "Communication Problems", "Unrelated languages share", "Universal Principles", "typological profiles", "language use", "adaptive value", "universals hypothesis", "offer support", "repair initiator", "8 language families", "communication system", "situation types", "1.4 minutes"], "article_id"=>1545838, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Mark Dingemanse", "Seán G. Roberts", "Julija Baranova", "Joe Blythe", "Paul Drew", "Simeon Floyd", "Rosa S. Gisladottir", "Kobin H. Kendrick", "Stephen C. Levinson", "Elizabeth Manrique", "Giovanni Rossi", "N. J. Enfield"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0136100.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_probability_of_Open_repair_initiators_in_different_conditions_/1545838", "title"=>"The probability of Open repair initiators in different conditions.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-09-16 02:59:11"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2267218", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2267219", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2267220", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2267221", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2267222", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2267223", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2267224"], "description"=>"<div><p>There would be little adaptive value in a complex communication system like human language if there were no ways to detect and correct problems. A systematic comparison of conversation in a broad sample of the world’s languages reveals a universal system for the real-time resolution of frequent breakdowns in communication. In a sample of 12 languages of 8 language families of varied typological profiles we find a system of ‘other-initiated repair’, where the recipient of an unclear message can signal trouble and the sender can repair the original message. We find that this system is frequently used (on average about once per 1.4 minutes in any language), and that it has detailed common properties, contrary to assumptions of radical cultural variation. Unrelated languages share the same three functionally distinct types of repair initiator for signalling problems and use them in the same kinds of contexts. People prefer to choose the type that is the most specific possible, a principle that minimizes cost both for the sender being asked to fix the problem and for the dyad as a social unit. Disruption to the conversation is kept to a minimum, with the two-utterance repair sequence being on average no longer that the single utterance which is being fixed. The findings, controlled for historical relationships, situation types and other dependencies, reveal the fundamentally cooperative nature of human communication and offer support for the pragmatic universals hypothesis: while languages may vary in the organization of grammar and meaning, key systems of language use may be largely similar across cultural groups. They also provide a fresh perspective on controversies about the core properties of language, by revealing a common infrastructure for social interaction which may be the universal bedrock upon which linguistic diversity rests.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["12 languages", "core properties", "Communication Problems", "Unrelated languages share", "Universal Principles", "typological profiles", "language use", "adaptive value", "universals hypothesis", "offer support", "repair initiator", "8 language families", "communication system", "situation types", "1.4 minutes"], "article_id"=>1545846, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Mark Dingemanse", "Seán G. Roberts", "Julija Baranova", "Joe Blythe", "Paul Drew", "Simeon Floyd", "Rosa S. Gisladottir", "Kobin H. Kendrick", "Stephen C. Levinson", "Elizabeth Manrique", "Giovanni Rossi", "N. J. Enfield"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0136100.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0136100.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0136100.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0136100.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0136100.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0136100.s006", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0136100.s007"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>6, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Universal_Principles_in_the_Repair_of_Communication_Problems_/1545846", "title"=>"Universal Principles in the Repair of Communication Problems", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2015-09-16 02:59:11"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2267214"], "description"=>"<p>For each language, researchers collected, transcribed, and coded around 4 hours of spontaneous conversation, resulting in 50 hours of directly comparable corpus material.</p><p>Languages and researchers involved in this study.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["12 languages", "core properties", "Communication Problems", "Unrelated languages share", "Universal Principles", "typological profiles", "language use", "adaptive value", "universals hypothesis", "offer support", "repair initiator", "8 language families", "communication system", "situation types", "1.4 minutes"], "article_id"=>1545842, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Mark Dingemanse", "Seán G. Roberts", "Julija Baranova", "Joe Blythe", "Paul Drew", "Simeon Floyd", "Rosa S. Gisladottir", "Kobin H. Kendrick", "Stephen C. Levinson", "Elizabeth Manrique", "Giovanni Rossi", "N. J. Enfield"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0136100.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Languages_and_researchers_involved_in_this_study_/1545842", "title"=>"Languages and researchers involved in this study.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-09-16 02:59:11"}

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  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"28", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2015-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2015-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
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