Management Effectiveness of the World's Marine Fisheries
Publication Date
June 23, 2009
Journal
PLOS Biology
Authors
Camilo Mora, Ransom A. Myers, Marta Coll, Simone Libralato, et al
Volume
7
Issue
6
Pages
e1000131
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1000131
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosbiology/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pbio.1000131
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19547743
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2690453
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/19547743
Web of Science
000268398600008
Scopus
67650000488
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/cautionary-note-individual-transferable-quotas
Events
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"A cautionary note on individual transferable quotas", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"U. Rashid", "last_name"=>"Sumaila", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701840163"}], "year"=>2010, "source"=>"Ecology and Society", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"359826060", "sgr"=>"77958487636", "issn"=>"17083087", "pmid"=>"19547743", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-77958487636", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pbio.1000131", "isbn"=>"1708-3087"}, "keywords"=>["Catch shares", "Ecological sustainability", "Economic efficiency", "Economic sustainability", "Ecosystem-based fisheries management", "Exclusive and transferable rights", "Fisheries", "ITQs", "Individual transferable quotas", "Social sustainability"], "id"=>"2f2e9f3e-0cb3-3b01-a617-573fee08363a", "abstract"=>"Individual transferable quotas (ITQs) are a type of catch share system, which is a tool used by some governments to manage fisheries. Technical reasons for taking a rather cautious approach to the implementation of ITQs have been provided previously. In the current contribution, I first highlight the strengths and weaknesses of ITQs and then provide suggestions on how to design and implement these quotas to mitigate their weaknesses. ITQs need to be designed carefully as part of a broad ecosystem-based management scheme to meet the three generally accepted objectives of modern fisheries management: ecological, economic, and social sustainability.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/cautionary-note-individual-transferable-quotas", "reader_count"=>149, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>6, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>6, "Researcher"=>30, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>14, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>27, "Student > Postgraduate"=>5, "Student > Master"=>33, "Other"=>13, "Student > Bachelor"=>8, "Lecturer"=>3, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>6, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>6, "Researcher"=>30, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>14, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>27, "Student > Postgraduate"=>5, "Student > Master"=>33, "Other"=>13, "Student > Bachelor"=>8, "Lecturer"=>3, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>9, "Environmental Science"=>43, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Mathematics"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>52, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>18, "Computer Science"=>2, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>6, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>15}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>18}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>6}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>15}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>52}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>2}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>2}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>9}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>43}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Canada"=>2, "Sweden"=>2, "Turkey"=>1, "United States"=>1, "Brazil"=>3, "United Kingdom"=>2, "Iceland"=>1, "Spain"=>1}, "group_count"=>6}

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Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/893117"], "description"=>"<p>Validity refers to the degree to which the responders' answers approach the truth. Reliability refers to the extent to which different experts agreed in their answers. (A) Using countries for which duplicated responses were obtained, we show the frequency distribution of the Pearson correlation coefficients contrasting each responder to other responders in the same country. (B) depicts the frequency with which responders chose the same score or the next closest choice. Dotted lines in the plot indicate the confidence limits of a null model in which the levels of agreement were measured when choices were made randomly. The confidence limits are based on 1,000 repetitions of this null model. The error bars indicate standard deviation. (C) Using empirical data collected by another study <a href=\"http://www.plosbiology.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pbio.1000131#pbio.1000131-Pitcher1\" target=\"_blank\">[15]</a>, we show the similarities between our expert-based score and an empirically based score for a particular question (see <a href=\"http://www.plosbiology.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pbio.1000131#s3\" target=\"_blank\">Materials and Methods</a>). The diagonal line indicates the 1:1 ratio.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "ecology/conservation and restoration ecology", "science policy"], "article_id"=>563568, "categories"=>["Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Camilo Mora", "Ransom A. Myers", "Marta Coll", "Simone Libralato", "Tony J. Pitcher", "Rashid U. Sumaila", "Dirk Zeller", "Reg Watson", "Kevin J. Gaston", "Boris Worm"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1000131.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Reliability_and_validity_of_the_expert_s_answers_/563568", "title"=>"Reliability and validity of the expert's answers.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2009-06-23 00:59:28"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/893518"], "description"=>"<p>Results of a classification tree aimed to identify the most likely fishery management attributes related to the sustainability of fisheries. In a classification/regression tree, the factor that maximizes differences in fisheries sustainability is placed at the root of the tree, and the EEZs in each of its quarters are separated into different branches. This method repeatedly tests for significant differences among the EEZs in each branch in the remaining attributes and stops when no significant difference exists in any attribute within the EEZs of any branch (see <a href=\"http://www.plosbiology.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pbio.1000131#s3\" target=\"_blank\">Materials and Methods</a>). The results shown here include the linking between the probability of fisheries sustainability (<i>P</i><sub>sust</sub>) and each of the management attributes analyzed: scientific robustness, policymaking transparency, implementation capability, fishing capacity, subsidies, access to foreign fishing, and country wealth.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["fishery", "fisheries"], "article_id"=>563973, "categories"=>["Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Camilo Mora", "Ransom A. Myers", "Marta Coll", "Simone Libralato", "Tony J. Pitcher", "Rashid U. Sumaila", "Dirk Zeller", "Reg Watson", "Kevin J. Gaston", "Boris Worm"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1000131.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Effect_of_fishery_management_on_fisheries_sustainability_/563973", "title"=>"Effect of fishery management on fisheries sustainability.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2009-06-23 01:06:13"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/442805", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/442901", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/442933", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/442982", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/443016", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/443051"], "description"=>"<div><p>Ongoing declines in production of the world's fisheries may have serious ecological and socioeconomic consequences. As a result, a number of international efforts have sought to improve management and prevent overexploitation, while helping to maintain biodiversity and a sustainable food supply. Although these initiatives have received broad acceptance, the extent to which corrective measures have been implemented and are effective remains largely unknown. We used a survey approach, validated with empirical data, and enquiries to over 13,000 fisheries experts (of which 1,188 responded) to assess the current effectiveness of fisheries management regimes worldwide; for each of those regimes, we also calculated the probable sustainability of reported catches to determine how management affects fisheries sustainability. Our survey shows that 7% of all coastal states undergo rigorous scientific assessment for the generation of management policies, 1.4% also have a participatory and transparent processes to convert scientific recommendations into policy, and 0.95% also provide for robust mechanisms to ensure the compliance with regulations; none is also free of the effects of excess fishing capacity, subsidies, or access to foreign fishing. A comparison of fisheries management attributes with the sustainability of reported fisheries catches indicated that the conversion of scientific advice into policy, through a participatory and transparent process, is at the core of achieving fisheries sustainability, regardless of other attributes of the fisheries. Our results illustrate the great vulnerability of the world's fisheries and the urgent need to meet well-identified guidelines for sustainable management; they also provide a baseline against which future changes can be quantified.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["fisheries"], "article_id"=>147272, "categories"=>["Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Camilo Mora", "Ransom A. Myers", "Marta Coll", "Simone Libralato", "Tony J. Pitcher", "Rashid U. Sumaila", "Dirk Zeller", "Reg Watson", "Kevin J. Gaston", "Boris Worm"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1000131.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1000131.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1000131.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1000131.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1000131.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1000131.s006"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>32, "page_views"=>32, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Management_Effectiveness_of_the_World_s_Marine_Fisheries/147272", "title"=>"Management Effectiveness of the World's Marine Fisheries", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2009-06-23 02:01:12"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/893300"], "description"=>"<p>These figures depict the results of experts' opinions on the valuation of scientific robustness (A), policymaking transparency (B), implementation capability (C), subsidies (D), fishing capacity (E) and access to foreign fishing (F). (G) depicts the probability that fisheries in each EEZ are sustainable (<i>P<sub>sust</sub></i>) in 2004.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["sustainability"], "article_id"=>563753, "categories"=>["Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Camilo Mora", "Ransom A. Myers", "Marta Coll", "Simone Libralato", "Tony J. Pitcher", "Rashid U. Sumaila", "Dirk Zeller", "Reg Watson", "Kevin J. Gaston", "Boris Worm"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1000131.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Management_effectiveness_and_sustainability_of_the_world_s_fisheries_/563753", "title"=>"Management effectiveness and sustainability of the world's fisheries.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2009-06-23 01:02:33"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/893432"], "description"=>"<p>This map shows the average, for each surveyed area, of their scores on the scales of scientific robustness, policymaking transparency, implementation capability, fishing capacity, subsidies, and access to foreign fishing.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "ecology/conservation and restoration ecology", "science policy"], "article_id"=>563887, "categories"=>["Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Camilo Mora", "Ransom A. Myers", "Marta Coll", "Simone Libralato", "Tony J. Pitcher", "Rashid U. Sumaila", "Dirk Zeller", "Reg Watson", "Kevin J. Gaston", "Boris Worm"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1000131.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Overall_management_effectiveness_of_the_world_s_exclusive_economic_zones_/563887", "title"=>"Overall management effectiveness of the world's exclusive economic zones.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2009-06-23 01:04:47"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/893177"], "description"=>"<p>Effectiveness is defined in terms of scientific robustness, policymaking transparency, implementation capability, and extent of fishing capacity, subsidies, and access to foreign fishing. Each attribute was quantified with a set of questions, whose answers were summarized into a single scale using multidimensional scaling (see <a href=\"http://www.plosbiology.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pbio.1000131#s3\" target=\"_blank\">Materials and Methods</a>). For display purposes, each scale was divided into four quarters aligned from worst- to best-case scenarios (each quarter is color coded as indicated at the bottom of the figure). Our assessment of fishery management effectiveness started with the classification of all analyzed EEZs among the four quarters on the scale of scientific robustness. The EEZs within each of those quarters were then classified among the four quarters on the scale of policymaking transparency, and then those EEZs classified among the quarter of the next attribute, with the subdivision continuing until all EEZs were classified in all attributes. The size of the bubbles is proportional to the number of EEZs classified in each quarter. For purposes of display, subsidies, overcapacity, and fishery access agreements were summarized in a single scale with multidimensional scaling; full results are provided in the <a href=\"http://www.plosbiology.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pbio.1000131#pbio.1000131.s001\" target=\"_blank\">Figure S1</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["zones"], "article_id"=>563631, "categories"=>["Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Camilo Mora", "Ransom A. Myers", "Marta Coll", "Simone Libralato", "Tony J. Pitcher", "Rashid U. Sumaila", "Dirk Zeller", "Reg Watson", "Kevin J. Gaston", "Boris Worm"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1000131.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Discrimination_of_the_world_s_exclusive_economic_zones_EEZs_according_to_their_management_effectiveness_/563631", "title"=>"Discrimination of the world's exclusive economic zones (EEZs) according to their management effectiveness.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2009-06-23 01:00:31"}

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Relative Metric

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