Poverty, Disease, and the Ecology of Complex Systems
Publication Date
April 01, 2014
Journal
PLOS Biology
Authors
Calistus N. Ngonghala, Mateusz M. Pluciński, Megan B. Murray, Paul E. Farmer, et al
Volume
12
Issue
4
Pages
e1001827
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1001827
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosbiology/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pbio.1001827
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24690902
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3972083
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/24690902
Web of Science
000335458800008
Scopus
84900438973
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/poverty-disease-ecology-complex-systems
Events
Loading … Spinner

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Poverty, Disease, and the Ecology of Complex Systems", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Calistus N.", "last_name"=>"Ngonghala", "scopus_author_id"=>"47861395400"}, {"first_name"=>"Mateusz M.", "last_name"=>"Pluciński", "scopus_author_id"=>"57188730958"}, {"first_name"=>"Megan B.", "last_name"=>"Murray", "scopus_author_id"=>"35479179200"}, {"first_name"=>"Paul E.", "last_name"=>"Farmer", "scopus_author_id"=>"7101715964"}, {"first_name"=>"Christopher B.", "last_name"=>"Barrett", "scopus_author_id"=>"7201943246"}, {"first_name"=>"Donald C.", "last_name"=>"Keenan", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006496577"}, {"first_name"=>"Matthew H.", "last_name"=>"Bonds", "scopus_author_id"=>"8918343300"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS Biology", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"15457885", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84900438973", "pui"=>"373077087", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pbio.1001827", "isbn"=>"1544-9173", "sgr"=>"84900438973", "pmid"=>"24690902"}, "id"=>"0e9f0f23-bd55-33dc-9b09-b004e54c3e7c", "abstract"=>"Understanding why some human populations remain persistently poor remains a significant challenge for both the social and natural sciences. The extremely poor are generally reliant on their immediate natural resource base for subsistence and suffer high rates of mortality due to parasitic and infectious diseases. Economists have developed a range of models to explain persistent poverty, often characterized as poverty traps, but these rarely account for complex biophysical processes. In this Essay, we argue that by coupling insights from ecology and economics, we can begin to model and understand the complex dynamics that underlie the generation and maintenance of poverty traps, which can then be used to inform analyses and possible intervention policies. To illustrate the utility of this approach, we present a simple coupled model of infectious diseases and economic growth, where poverty traps emerge from nonlinear relationships determined by the number of pathogens in the system. These nonlinearities are comparable to those often incorporated into poverty trap models in the economics literature, but, importantly, here the mechanism is anchored in core ecological principles. Coupled models of this sort could be usefully developed in many economically important biophysical systems--such as agriculture, fisheries, nutrition, and land use change--to serve as foundations for deeper explorations of how fundamental ecological processes influence structural poverty and economic development.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/poverty-disease-ecology-complex-systems", "reader_count"=>160, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>7, "Researcher"=>44, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>16, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>40, "Student > Postgraduate"=>4, "Student > Master"=>18, "Other"=>7, "Student > Bachelor"=>11, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>7}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>7, "Researcher"=>44, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>16, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>40, "Student > Postgraduate"=>4, "Student > Master"=>18, "Other"=>7, "Student > Bachelor"=>11, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>7}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>10, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>59, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1, "Computer Science"=>5, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1, "Engineering"=>2, "Environmental Science"=>27, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>2, "Mathematics"=>6, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>19, "Design"=>1, "Neuroscience"=>2, "Physics and Astronomy"=>2, "Psychology"=>3, "Social Sciences"=>14, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>19}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>14}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>2}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>3}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>6}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>10}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>27}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}, "Design"=>{"Design"=>1}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>2}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>2}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>59}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>5}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>2}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Colombia"=>1, "United States"=>9, "Rwanda"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>2, "Malaysia"=>1, "Spain"=>1, "India"=>2, "Canada"=>2, "Netherlands"=>2, "Sweden"=>1, "Vietnam"=>1, "Brazil"=>1, "South Africa"=>1, "Israel"=>2, "France"=>2, "Nigeria"=>1, "Germany"=>4}, "group_count"=>7}

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84900438973"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84900438973?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84900438973&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84900438973&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84900438973", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:84900438973", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-84900438973", "dc:title"=>"Poverty, Disease, and the Ecology of Complex Systems", "dc:creator"=>"Ngonghala C.N.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS Biology", "prism:issn"=>"15449173", "prism:eIssn"=>"15457885", "prism:volume"=>"12", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"4", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2014-01-01", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"2014", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pbio.1001827", "citedby-count"=>"31", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"The University of Tennessee, Knoxville", "affiliation-city"=>"Knoxville", "affiliation-country"=>"United States"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"Harvard Medical School", "affiliation-city"=>"Boston", "affiliation-country"=>"United States"}], "pubmed-id"=>"24690902", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "article-number"=>"e1001827", "source-id"=>"12977", "openaccess"=>"1", "openaccessFlag"=>true}

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosbiology%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pbio.1001827", "share_count"=>1, "like_count"=>0, "comment_count"=>0, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>1}

Twitter

Counter

  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"696", "xml_views"=>"260", "html_views"=>"4614"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"382", "xml_views"=>"99", "html_views"=>"2675"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"80", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"1203"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"56", "xml_views"=>"5", "html_views"=>"1113"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"38", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"721"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"36", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"592"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"42", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"395"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"309"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"181"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"262"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"27", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"285"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"33", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"337"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"254"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"27", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"215"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"210"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"35", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"219"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"780"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"33", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"344"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"413"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"171"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"215"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"179"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"35", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"181"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"29", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"182"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"28", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"195"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"109"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"99"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"67"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"27", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"88"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"26", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"156"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"117"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"88"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"113"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"92"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"43", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"128"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"24", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"149"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"125"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"29", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"112"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"25", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"139"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"61", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"169"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"31", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"147"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"27", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"219"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"35", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"274"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"34", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"221"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"24", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"104"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"93"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"37", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"156"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"45", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"137"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"79"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"56"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"39"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"28"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"43"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"54"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"36", "xml_views"=>"5", "html_views"=>"74"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"83"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"34", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"54"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"5", "html_views"=>"46"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"53"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"76"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"25", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"81"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"53"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"36"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"42"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"51"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"64"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"90"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"34", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"72"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"52"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"45"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"28"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"51"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"35", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"90"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"30", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"38"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"27"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"25", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"49"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"7"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1441594", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1441595", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1441596"], "description"=>"<div><p>Understanding why some human populations remain persistently poor remains a significant challenge for both the social and natural sciences. The extremely poor are generally reliant on their immediate natural resource base for subsistence and suffer high rates of mortality due to parasitic and infectious diseases. Economists have developed a range of models to explain persistent poverty, often characterized as poverty traps, but these rarely account for complex biophysical processes. In this Essay, we argue that by coupling insights from ecology and economics, we can begin to model and understand the complex dynamics that underlie the generation and maintenance of poverty traps, which can then be used to inform analyses and possible intervention policies. To illustrate the utility of this approach, we present a simple coupled model of infectious diseases and economic growth, where poverty traps emerge from nonlinear relationships determined by the number of pathogens in the system. These nonlinearities are comparable to those often incorporated into poverty trap models in the economics literature, but, importantly, here the mechanism is anchored in core ecological principles. Coupled models of this sort could be usefully developed in many economically important biophysical systems—such as agriculture, fisheries, nutrition, and land use change—to serve as foundations for deeper explorations of how fundamental ecological processes influence structural poverty and economic development.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Population biology", "Theoretical biology", "Systems science", "Nonlinear dynamics", "epidemiology", "Infectious diseases", "mathematics", "Applied mathematics", "Economics", "ecology"], "article_id"=>979576, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Calistus N. Ngonghala", "Mateusz M. Pluciński", "Megan B. Murray", "Paul E. Farmer", "Christopher B. Barrett", "Donald C. Keenan", "Matthew H. Bonds"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1001827.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1001827.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1001827.s003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>9, "page_views"=>17, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Poverty_Disease_and_the_Ecology_of_Complex_Systems_/979576", "title"=>"Poverty, Disease, and the Ecology of Complex Systems", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2014-04-01 02:46:28"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1441589"], "description"=>"<p>The x-axis is the stock of capital. The blue line represents the rate of capital accumulation (i.e., savings) and the red line represents that rate of capital depreciation. Income (generated from capital) will necessarily fall when the red line is above the blue line, and will rise when the reverse is true. (c) is the canonical depiction of a poverty trap, but (a–c) all have stable equilibria in the basin of attraction of a poverty trap, and unstable equilibria that represent a critical threshold of capital necessary for growth. These models are speculative, based on hypothetical scenarios, but are useful for demonstrating a range of theoretical possibilities. The scientific community should contribute to our understanding of how such nonlinearities might emerge from, or be nested within, real world biophysical systems.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Population biology", "Theoretical biology", "Systems science", "Nonlinear dynamics", "epidemiology", "Infectious diseases", "mathematics", "Applied mathematics", "Economics", "examples", "nonlinear", "functions", "extracted"], "article_id"=>979571, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Calistus N. Ngonghala", "Mateusz M. Pluciński", "Megan B. Murray", "Paul E. Farmer", "Christopher B. Barrett", "Donald C. Keenan", "Matthew H. Bonds"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1001827.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_a_c_are_examples_of_nonlinear_production_functions_extracted_from_the_economics_literature_2_/979571", "title"=>"(a–c) are examples of nonlinear production functions extracted from the economics literature [2].", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-04-01 02:46:28"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1441590"], "description"=>"<p>For graphs (a) and (b) (dashed blue line) and (solid dark green line). Graph (b) is a magnified version of the initial portion of graph (a), while graph (c) is a magnified version of the initial portion of graph (b) showing a stable positive poverty trap. The filled circles denote stable equilibria while the open circle denotes an unstable equilibrium. Graph (e) is a magnified version of the initial portion of graph (d), while graph (f) is a magnified version of the initial portion of graph (e). Each curve in graphs (d–f) represents the structure of capital accumulation for different numbers of pathogens.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Population biology", "Theoretical biology", "Systems science", "Nonlinear dynamics", "epidemiology", "Infectious diseases", "mathematics", "Applied mathematics", "Economics", "infections", "basin"], "article_id"=>979572, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Calistus N. Ngonghala", "Mateusz M. Pluciński", "Megan B. Murray", "Paul E. Farmer", "Christopher B. Barrett", "Donald C. Keenan", "Matthew H. Bonds"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1001827.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Multiple_infections_cause_the_appearance_and_expansion_of_the_basin_of_attraction_of_poverty_traps_/979572", "title"=>"Multiple infections cause the appearance and expansion of the basin of attraction of poverty traps.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-04-01 02:46:28"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1441588"], "description"=>"<p>In the neoclassical growth model (c), the blue line represents capital accumulation and the red line represents capital depreciation. The steady state level of capital occurs where these curves intersect. In the typical epidemic model (d), the green line represents transmission (i.e., the force of infection) and the pink line represents recovery. The steady state prevalence of disease is where these curves intersect.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Population biology", "Theoretical biology", "Systems science", "Nonlinear dynamics", "epidemiology", "Infectious diseases", "mathematics", "Applied mathematics", "Economics", "neoclassical", "sis", "similarities"], "article_id"=>979570, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Calistus N. Ngonghala", "Mateusz M. Pluciński", "Megan B. Murray", "Paul E. Farmer", "Christopher B. Barrett", "Donald C. Keenan", "Matthew H. Bonds"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1001827.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Schematics_of_a_the_neoclassical_growth_model_and_b_the_SIS_epidemic_model_demonstrate_basic_similarities_in_their_structure_/979570", "title"=>"Schematics of (a) the neoclassical growth model, and (b) the SIS epidemic model demonstrate basic similarities in their structure.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-04-01 02:46:28"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1441593"], "description"=>"<p>Phase plots of (a) human capital against disease prevalence, (b) capital against plant density, and (c) human capital against nutrition showing two stable equilibria (solid circles), and one unstable equilibrium (open circle) in between. Sample trajectories that converge to the good equilibrium (solid blue circle) are denoted by blue lines, while sample trajectories that converge to the bad equilibrium (solid red circle) are denoted by red lines.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Population biology", "Theoretical biology", "Systems science", "Nonlinear dynamics", "epidemiology", "Infectious diseases", "mathematics", "Applied mathematics", "Economics", "systems"], "article_id"=>979575, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Calistus N. Ngonghala", "Mateusz M. Pluciński", "Megan B. Murray", "Paul E. Farmer", "Christopher B. Barrett", "Donald C. Keenan", "Matthew H. Bonds"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1001827.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>16, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Disease_and_food_systems_exhibit_bistability_/979575", "title"=>"Disease and food systems exhibit bistability.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-04-01 02:46:28"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"unique-ip"=>"29", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"18", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"36", "full-text"=>"40", "pdf"=>"13", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"49", "full-text"=>"53", "pdf"=>"29", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"35", "full-text"=>"65", "pdf"=>"12", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"5", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"30", "full-text"=>"29", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"15", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"36", "full-text"=>"35", "pdf"=>"19", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"26", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"30", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"4", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"14", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"12", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"29", "full-text"=>"41", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"30", "full-text"=>"35", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"30", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"26", "full-text"=>"29", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"25", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"26", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"26", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"27", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"24", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"35", "full-text"=>"39", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"29", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"32", "full-text"=>"27", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"24", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"26", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"29", "full-text"=>"29", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"26", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"34", "full-text"=>"24", "pdf"=>"12", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"61", "full-text"=>"58", "pdf"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"7", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"47", "full-text"=>"46", "pdf"=>"10", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"9", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"42", "full-text"=>"56", "pdf"=>"9", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"7", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"8", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"6"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2014-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2014-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Ecology", "average_usage"=>[331]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Ecology and environmental sciences/Ecology", "average_usage"=>[313]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences", "average_usage"=>[285]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Health care", "average_usage"=>[283, 456]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Public and occupational health", "average_usage"=>[327, 510]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Social sciences", "average_usage"=>[318]}]}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts