Standardized Assessment of Biodiversity Trends in Tropical Forest Protected Areas: The End Is Not in Sight
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{"title"=>"Standardized Assessment of Biodiversity Trends in Tropical Forest Protected Areas: The End Is Not in Sight", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Lydia", "last_name"=>"Beaudrot", "scopus_author_id"=>"24480816000"}, {"first_name"=>"Jorge A.", "last_name"=>"Ahumada", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006822063"}, {"first_name"=>"Timothy", "last_name"=>"O’Brien", "scopus_author_id"=>"57188112900"}, {"first_name"=>"Patricia", "last_name"=>"Alvarez-Loayza", "scopus_author_id"=>"22937123800"}, {"first_name"=>"Kelly", "last_name"=>"Boekee", "scopus_author_id"=>"57188369600"}, {"first_name"=>"Ahimsa", "last_name"=>"Campos-Arceiz", "scopus_author_id"=>"23491348000"}, {"first_name"=>"David", "last_name"=>"Eichberg", "scopus_author_id"=>"57188203000"}, {"first_name"=>"Santiago", "last_name"=>"Espinosa", "scopus_author_id"=>"12785309600"}, {"first_name"=>"Eric", "last_name"=>"Fegraus", "scopus_author_id"=>"6507740689"}, {"first_name"=>"Christine", "last_name"=>"Fletcher", "scopus_author_id"=>"50161182000"}, {"first_name"=>"Krisna", "last_name"=>"Gajapersad", "scopus_author_id"=>"47061308300"}, {"first_name"=>"Chris", "last_name"=>"Hallam", "scopus_author_id"=>"36996413700"}, {"first_name"=>"Johanna", "last_name"=>"Hurtado", "scopus_author_id"=>"36945637600"}, {"first_name"=>"Patrick A.", "last_name"=>"Jansen", "scopus_author_id"=>"55886060500"}, {"first_name"=>"Amit", "last_name"=>"Kumar", "scopus_author_id"=>"57187282800"}, {"first_name"=>"Eileen", "last_name"=>"Larney", "scopus_author_id"=>"6508295577"}, {"first_name"=>"Marcela Guimarães Moreira", "last_name"=>"Lima", "scopus_author_id"=>"57187653500"}, {"first_name"=>"Colin", "last_name"=>"Mahony", "scopus_author_id"=>"57187993700"}, {"first_name"=>"Emanuel H.", "last_name"=>"Martin", "scopus_author_id"=>"55457033600"}, {"first_name"=>"Alex", "last_name"=>"McWilliam", "scopus_author_id"=>"49861800300"}, {"first_name"=>"Badru", "last_name"=>"Mugerwa", "scopus_author_id"=>"57193330961"}, {"first_name"=>"Mireille", "last_name"=>"Ndoundou-Hockemba", "scopus_author_id"=>"9271626200"}, {"first_name"=>"Jean Claude", "last_name"=>"Razafimahaimodison", "scopus_author_id"=>"56712006900"}, {"first_name"=>"Hugo", "last_name"=>"Romero-Saltos", "scopus_author_id"=>"8263547400"}, {"first_name"=>"Francesco", "last_name"=>"Rovero", "scopus_author_id"=>"57192300947"}, {"first_name"=>"Julia", "last_name"=>"Salvador", "scopus_author_id"=>"55516700600"}, {"first_name"=>"Fernanda", "last_name"=>"Santos", "scopus_author_id"=>"56711607400"}, {"first_name"=>"Douglas", "last_name"=>"Sheil", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003336376"}, {"first_name"=>"Wilson R.", "last_name"=>"Spironello", "scopus_author_id"=>"21743793700"}, {"first_name"=>"Michael R.", "last_name"=>"Willig", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003499228"}, {"first_name"=>"Nurul L.", "last_name"=>"Winarni", "scopus_author_id"=>"6504823942"}, {"first_name"=>"Alex", "last_name"=>"Zvoleff", "scopus_author_id"=>"26641626500"}, {"first_name"=>"Sandy J.", "last_name"=>"Andelman", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004010557"}], "year"=>2016, "source"=>"PLoS Biology", "identifiers"=>{"doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pbio.1002357", "sgr"=>"84961356291", "isbn"=>"1545-7885 (Electronic)\\r1544-9173 (Linking)", "pmid"=>"26785119", "issn"=>"15457885", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84961356291", "pui"=>"607981248"}, "id"=>"70bc4fd4-9838-373a-8efb-216d3066bd8f", "abstract"=>"Extinction rates in the Anthropocene are three orders of magnitude higher than background and disproportionately occur in the tropics, home of half the world’s species. Despite global efforts to combat tropical species extinctions, lack of high-quality, objective information on tropical biodiversity has hampered quantitative evaluation of conservation strategies. In particular, the scarcity of population-level monitoring in tropical forests has stymied assessment of biodiversity outcomes, such as the status and trends of animal populations in protected areas. Here, we evaluate occupancy trends for 511 populations of terrestrial mammals and birds, representing 244 species from 15 tropical forest protected areas on three continents. For the first time to our knowledge, we use annual surveys from tropical forests worldwide that employ a standardized camera trapping protocol, and we compute data analytics that correct for imperfect detection. We found that occupancy declined in 22%, increased in 17%, and exhibited no change in 22% of populations during the last 3–8 years, while 39% of populations were detected too infrequently to assess occupancy changes. Despite extensive variability in occupancy trends, these 15 tropical protected areas have not exhibited systematic declines in biodiversity (i.e., occupancy, richness, or evenness) at the community level. Our results differ from reports of widespread biodiversity declines based on aggregated secondary data and expert opinion and suggest less extreme deterioration in tropical forest protected areas. We simultaneously fill an important conservation data gap and demonstrate the value of large-scale monitoring infrastructure and powerful analytics, which can be scaled to incorporate additional sites, ecosystems, and monitoring methods. In an era of catastrophic biodiversity loss, robust indicators produced from standardized monitoring infrastructure are critical to accurately assess population outcomes and identify conservation strategies that can avert biodiversity collapse. Author Summary Humans are currently driving numerous animal species toward extinction. Species loss is especially high in tropical regions where most species live and where biodiversity threats are severe. Protected areas such as national parks are the cornerstone of species conservation, but whether protected areas really sustain animal populations and prevent extinction has been debated. This applies particularly to understudied areas such as tropical forests, for which high-quality data are usually not available. We used camera traps to monitor populations of ground-dwelling mammals and birds in 15 protected tropical forests around the world and then used powerful analytics to determine their population trends. We found that some animal populations increased while others decreased. However, the number and distribution of species in these areas did not decline during the 3–8 years we examined. These results are more optimistic about the success of protected areas than were previous studies. Our study demonstrates the importance of standardized monitoring for conservation.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/standardized-assessment-biodiversity-trends-tropical-forest-protected-areas-end-not-sight-6", "reader_count"=>228, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>6, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>6, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Researcher"=>58, "Student > Ph. D. 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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2628845"], "description"=>"<p>Trends in occupancy for mammal and bird species in 15 tropical protected areas assessed with standardized surveys using camera traps. The fraction of populations with unknown, decreasing, stable, or increasing occupancy is shown for each site. The type of landscape is indicated by marker color, and the number of years of camera trap data is indicated inside the square marker. Green shading depicts tropical forest. See <a href=\"http://www.plosbiology.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pbio.1002357#pbio.1002357.s009\" target=\"_blank\">S1</a> and <a href=\"http://www.plosbiology.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pbio.1002357#pbio.1002357.s010\" target=\"_blank\">S2</a> Tables for numerical data and information corresponding to 3-letter site codes.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["conservation data gap", "monitoring infrastructure", "biodiversity", "Tropical Forest Protected Areas", "occupancy trends", "Sight Extinction rates", "species", "conservation strategies"], "article_id"=>1638554, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Lydia Beaudrot", "Jorge A. Ahumada", "Timothy O'Brien", "Patricia Álvarez-Loayza", "Kelly Boekee", "Ahimsa Campos-Arceiz", "David Eichberg", "Santiago Espinosa", "Eric Fegraus", "Christine Fletcher", "Krisna Gajapersad", "Chris Hallam", "Johanna Hurtado", "Patrick A. Jansen", "Amit Kumar", "Eileen Larney", "Marcela Guimarães Moreira Lima", "Colin Mahony", "Emanuel H. Martin", "Alex McWilliam", "Badru Mugerwa", "Mireille Ndoundou-Hockemba", "Jean Claude Razafimahaimodison", "Hugo Romero-Saltos", "Francesco Rovero", "Julia Salvador", "Fernanda Santos", "Douglas Sheil", "Wilson R. Spironello", "Michael R. Willig", "Nurul L. Winarni", "Alex Zvoleff", "Sandy J. Andelman"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1002357.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>18, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_TEAM_sites_/1638554", "title"=>"TEAM sites.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-01-28 12:37:21"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2628846"], "description"=>"<p>Overall (a), frequency histogram of occupancy trends and population occupancy status (b), and WPI by site and landscape (c). Shading depicts 50th and 80th (a) or 80th (c) percentile intervals. Labels (c) represent site codes (<a href=\"http://www.plosbiology.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pbio.1002357#pbio.1002357.s009\" target=\"_blank\">S1 Table</a>). The WPI Analytics System is accessible at <a href=\"http://wpi.teamnetwork.org\" target=\"_blank\">http://wpi.teamnetwork.org</a>. Public access allows anyone to monitor ground-dwelling trends of mammal and bird species in these protected areas. See <a href=\"http://www.plosbiology.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pbio.1002357#pbio.1002357.s012\" target=\"_blank\">S4 Table</a> for numerical data for Fig 2A, <a href=\"http://www.plosbiology.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pbio.1002357#pbio.1002357.s010\" target=\"_blank\">S2 Table</a> for Fig 2B, and <a href=\"http://www.plosbiology.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pbio.1002357#pbio.1002357.s013\" target=\"_blank\">S5 Table</a> for Fig 2C.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["conservation data gap", "monitoring infrastructure", "biodiversity", "Tropical Forest Protected Areas", "occupancy trends", "Sight Extinction rates", "species", "conservation strategies"], "article_id"=>1638555, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Lydia Beaudrot", "Jorge A. Ahumada", "Timothy O'Brien", "Patricia Álvarez-Loayza", "Kelly Boekee", "Ahimsa Campos-Arceiz", "David Eichberg", "Santiago Espinosa", "Eric Fegraus", "Christine Fletcher", "Krisna Gajapersad", "Chris Hallam", "Johanna Hurtado", "Patrick A. Jansen", "Amit Kumar", "Eileen Larney", "Marcela Guimarães Moreira Lima", "Colin Mahony", "Emanuel H. Martin", "Alex McWilliam", "Badru Mugerwa", "Mireille Ndoundou-Hockemba", "Jean Claude Razafimahaimodison", "Hugo Romero-Saltos", "Francesco Rovero", "Julia Salvador", "Fernanda Santos", "Douglas Sheil", "Wilson R. Spironello", "Michael R. Willig", "Nurul L. Winarni", "Alex Zvoleff", "Sandy J. Andelman"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1002357.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>22, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_WPI_/1638555", "title"=>"WPI.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-01-28 12:37:21"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2628847", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2628848", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2628849", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2628850", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2628851", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2628852", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2628853", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2628854", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2628855", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2628856", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2628857", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2628858", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2628859", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2628860", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2628861"], "description"=>"<div><p>Extinction rates in the Anthropocene are three orders of magnitude higher than background and disproportionately occur in the tropics, home of half the world’s species. Despite global efforts to combat tropical species extinctions, lack of high-quality, objective information on tropical biodiversity has hampered quantitative evaluation of conservation strategies. In particular, the scarcity of population-level monitoring in tropical forests has stymied assessment of biodiversity outcomes, such as the status and trends of animal populations in protected areas. Here, we evaluate occupancy trends for 511 populations of terrestrial mammals and birds, representing 244 species from 15 tropical forest protected areas on three continents. For the first time to our knowledge, we use annual surveys from tropical forests worldwide that employ a standardized camera trapping protocol, and we compute data analytics that correct for imperfect detection. We found that occupancy declined in 22%, increased in 17%, and exhibited no change in 22% of populations during the last 3–8 years, while 39% of populations were detected too infrequently to assess occupancy changes. Despite extensive variability in occupancy trends, these 15 tropical protected areas have not exhibited systematic declines in biodiversity (i.e., occupancy, richness, or evenness) at the community level. Our results differ from reports of widespread biodiversity declines based on aggregated secondary data and expert opinion and suggest less extreme deterioration in tropical forest protected areas. We simultaneously fill an important conservation data gap and demonstrate the value of large-scale monitoring infrastructure and powerful analytics, which can be scaled to incorporate additional sites, ecosystems, and monitoring methods. In an era of catastrophic biodiversity loss, robust indicators produced from standardized monitoring infrastructure are critical to accurately assess population outcomes and identify conservation strategies that can avert biodiversity collapse.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["conservation data gap", "monitoring infrastructure", "biodiversity", "Tropical Forest Protected Areas", "occupancy trends", "Sight Extinction rates", "species", "conservation strategies"], "article_id"=>1638556, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Lydia Beaudrot", "Jorge A. Ahumada", "Timothy O'Brien", "Patricia Álvarez-Loayza", "Kelly Boekee", "Ahimsa Campos-Arceiz", "David Eichberg", "Santiago Espinosa", "Eric Fegraus", "Christine Fletcher", "Krisna Gajapersad", "Chris Hallam", "Johanna Hurtado", "Patrick A. Jansen", "Amit Kumar", "Eileen Larney", "Marcela Guimarães Moreira Lima", "Colin Mahony", "Emanuel H. Martin", "Alex McWilliam", "Badru Mugerwa", "Mireille Ndoundou-Hockemba", "Jean Claude Razafimahaimodison", "Hugo Romero-Saltos", "Francesco Rovero", "Julia Salvador", "Fernanda Santos", "Douglas Sheil", "Wilson R. Spironello", "Michael R. Willig", "Nurul L. Winarni", "Alex Zvoleff", "Sandy J. Andelman"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1002357.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1002357.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1002357.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1002357.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1002357.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1002357.s006", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1002357.s007", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1002357.s008", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1002357.s009", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1002357.s010", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1002357.s011", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1002357.s012", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1002357.s013", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1002357.s014", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1002357.s015"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>15, "page_views"=>20, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Standardized_Assessment_of_Biodiversity_Trends_in_Tropical_Forest_Protected_Areas_The_End_Is_Not_in_Sight_/1638556", "title"=>"Standardized Assessment of Biodiversity Trends in Tropical Forest Protected Areas: The End Is Not in Sight", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2016-01-28 12:37:23"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2016-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2016-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
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