What Is Stochastic Resonance? Definitions, Misconceptions, Debates, and Its Relevance to Biology
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{"title"=>"What is stochastic resonance? Definitions, misconceptions, debates, and its relevance to biology", "type"=>"generic", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Mark D.", "last_name"=>"McDonnell", "scopus_author_id"=>"7102564709"}, {"first_name"=>"Derek", "last_name"=>"Abbott", "scopus_author_id"=>"56053895400"}], "year"=>2009, "source"=>"PLoS Computational Biology", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"1553734X", "isbn"=>"1553-7358 (Electronic)\\r1553-734X (Linking)", "pui"=>"354725637", "sgr"=>"67049117862", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000348", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-67049117862", "pmid"=>"19562010"}, "id"=>"ed99c691-ba9f-3c9c-ae1a-a2493a71d6cf", "abstract"=>"Stochastic resonance is said to be observed when increases in levels of unpredictable fluctuations--e.g., random noise--cause an increase in a metric of the quality of signal transmission or detection performance, rather than a decrease. This counterintuitive effect relies on system nonlinearities and on some parameter ranges being \"suboptimal\". Stochastic resonance has been observed, quantified, and described in a plethora of physical and biological systems, including neurons. Being a topic of widespread multidisciplinary interest, the definition of stochastic resonance has evolved significantly over the last decade or so, leading to a number of debates, misunderstandings, and controversies. Perhaps the most important debate is whether the brain has evolved to utilize random noise in vivo, as part of the \"neural code\". Surprisingly, this debate has been for the most part ignored by neuroscientists, despite much indirect evidence of a positive role for noise in the brain. We explore some of the reasons for this and argue why it would be more surprising if the brain did not exploit randomness provided by noise--via stochastic resonance or otherwise--than if it did. We also challenge neuroscientists and biologists, both computational and experimental, to embrace a very broad definition of stochastic resonance in terms of signal-processing \"noise benefits\", and to devise experiments aimed at verifying that random variability can play a functional role in the brain, nervous system, or other areas of biology.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/stochastic-resonance-definitions-misconceptions-debates-relevance-biology", "reader_count"=>561, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>10, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>46, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>128, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>20, "Student > Ph. D. 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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/896141"], "description"=>"<p>For small and large noise, the performance metric (e.g., SNR, mutual information, Fisher information, correlation, discrimination index) is very small, while some intermediate nonzero noise level provides optimal performance.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["systems", "stochastic"], "article_id"=>566598, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Medicine", "Physics", "Biophysics", "Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Mark D. McDonnell", "Derek Abbott"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000348.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Typical_curve_of_output_performance_versus_input_noise_magnitude_for_systems_capable_of_stochastic_resonance_/566598", "title"=>"Typical curve of output performance versus input noise magnitude, for systems capable of stochastic resonance.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 05:46:37"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/896074"], "description"=>"<p>There are several epochs in which large increases in the frequency of SR papers occurred. The first of these is between 1989 and 1992, when the most significant events were the first papers examining SR in neural models <a href=\"http://www.ploscompbiol.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000348#pcbi.1000348-Bulsara2\" target=\"_blank\">[47]</a>,<a href=\"http://www.ploscompbiol.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000348#pcbi.1000348-Longtin1\" target=\"_blank\">[48]</a>,<a href=\"http://www.ploscompbiol.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000348#pcbi.1000348-Bulsara5\" target=\"_blank\">[118]</a>. The second epoch is between about 1993 and 1996, when the most significant events were the observation of SR in physiological experiments on neurons <a href=\"http://www.ploscompbiol.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000348#pcbi.1000348-Douglass1\" target=\"_blank\">[49]</a>–<a href=\"http://www.ploscompbiol.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000348#pcbi.1000348-Cordo1\" target=\"_blank\">[51]</a>, the popularization of array-enhanced SR <a href=\"http://www.ploscompbiol.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000348#pcbi.1000348-Lindner1\" target=\"_blank\">[110]</a>, and of Aperiodic Stochastic Resonance (ASR) <a href=\"http://www.ploscompbiol.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000348#pcbi.1000348-Collins3\" target=\"_blank\">[107]</a>. Around 1997, a steady increase in SR papers occurred, as investigations of SR in neurons and ASR became widespread.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["stochastic", "resonance", "papers", "1981", "isi"], "article_id"=>566527, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Medicine", "Physics", "Biophysics", "Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Mark D. McDonnell", "Derek Abbott"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000348.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Frequency_of_stochastic_resonance_papers_by_year_8212_between_1981_and_2007_8212_according_to_the_ISI_database_/566527", "title"=>"Frequency of stochastic resonance papers by year—between 1981 and 2007—according to the ISI database.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 05:46:13"}

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Relative Metric

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