Rapid Transition towards the Division of Labor via Evolution of Developmental Plasticity
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{"title"=>"Rapid transition towards the division of labor via evolution of developmental plasticity", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Sergey", "last_name"=>"Gavrilets", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003653401"}], "year"=>2010, "source"=>"PLoS Computational Biology", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"359337526", "sgr"=>"77955477943", "issn"=>"1553734X", "pmid"=>"20548941", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-77955477943", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000805", "isbn"=>"1553-734X"}, "id"=>"190b14b2-b5b2-3110-b9ac-742e478702a9", "abstract"=>"A crucial step in several major evolutionary transitions is the division of labor between components of the emerging higher-level evolutionary unit. Examples include the separation of germ and soma in simple multicellular organisms, appearance of multiple cell types and organs in more complex organisms, and emergence of casts in eusocial insects. How the division of labor was achieved in the face of selfishness of lower-level units is controversial. I present a simple mathematical model describing the evolutionary emergence of the division of labor via developmental plasticity starting with a colony of undifferentiated cells and ending with completely differentiated multicellular organisms. I explore how the plausibility and the dynamics of the division of labor depend on its fitness advantage, mutation rate, costs of developmental plasticity, and the colony size. The model shows that the transition to differentiated multicellularity, which has happened many times in the history of life, can be achieved relatively easily. My approach is expandable in a number of directions including the emergence of multiple cell types, complex organs, or casts of eusocial insects.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/rapid-transition-towards-division-labor-via-evolution-developmental-plasticity", "reader_count"=>117, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>9, "Researcher"=>29, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>43, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>9, "Other"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>6}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>9, "Researcher"=>29, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>43, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>9, "Other"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>6}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>9, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>77, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Philosophy"=>3, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Computer Science"=>4, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>2, "Environmental Science"=>1, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3, "Mathematics"=>2, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Design"=>2, "Physics and Astronomy"=>6, "Psychology"=>2, "Social Sciences"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>2}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>6}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>2}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>2}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>9}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}, "Design"=>{"Design"=>2}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>77}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>4}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3}, "Philosophy"=>{"Philosophy"=>3}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>10, "Brazil"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>6, "Italy"=>2, "France"=>1, "Portugal"=>2}, "group_count"=>10}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/845184"], "description"=>"<p>(A) An example of the model's dynamics with . Shown are at top: the average values of (red) and (blue), middle: the average fertility (red) and viability (blue), and bottom: the number of colonies in the system. (B) The equilibrium values of for different and (blue),8, 16, 32 and 64 (pink). , so that . (C) The relative equilibrium population size for the same values of parameters as in (b).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Evolutionary biology"], "article_id"=>515649, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Sergey Gavrilets"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000805.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Evolution_in_major_loci_/515649", "title"=>"Evolution in major loci.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-06-10 01:34:09"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/845513"], "description"=>"<p>The equilibrium is stable for and values on the left of the corresponding curve. The dashed curve corresponds to no costs of gene supression ().</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["equilibrium", "supression", "optimum", "locus"], "article_id"=>515972, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Sergey Gavrilets"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000805.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Conditions_for_local_stability_of_an_equilibrium_with_no_gene_supression_and_optimum_value_of_major_locus_effects_when_the_colony_size_is_very_large_for_3_different_values_of_shown_on_the_graph_/515972", "title"=>"Conditions for local stability of an equilibrium with no gene supression () and optimum value of major locus effects () when the colony size is very large () for 3 different values of (shown on the graph).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-06-10 01:39:32"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/845408"], "description"=>"<p>. For , and (lightly colored subcube), the major locus effects and evolved very close to but the modifier effects and were around .</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["areas", "3-dimensional", "parameter", "germ-soma", "differentiation", "was", "observed"], "article_id"=>515860, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Sergey Gavrilets"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000805.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_areas_of_the_3_dimensional_parameter_space_where_complete_germ_soma_differentiation_was_observed_filled_cubes_/515860", "title"=>"The areas of the 3-dimensional parameter space where complete germ-soma differentiation was observed (filled cubes).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-06-10 01:37:40"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/845574"], "description"=>"<p>Gene effects on reproductive and somatic function as well as fertility and viability of the proto-germ and proto-soma cells in the general model.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["reproductive", "somatic", "fertility", "viability", "proto-germ", "proto-soma", "cells"], "article_id"=>516025, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Sergey Gavrilets"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000805.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Gene_effects_on_reproductive_and_somatic_function_as_well_as_fertility_and_viability_of_the_proto_germ_and_proto_soma_cells_in_the_general_model_/516025", "title"=>"Gene effects on reproductive and somatic function as well as fertility and viability of the proto-germ and proto-soma cells in the general model.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2010-06-10 01:40:25"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/845302"], "description"=>"<p>First column: the dynamics of the main (solid lines) and modifier (dashed lines) allelic effects and the population size. Second column: fertility and viability for pro-some and proto-germ cells; each cell in the population is represented by a circle. Data are saved every 2000 generations. First row: . Second row: . Third row: .</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Evolutionary biology"], "article_id"=>515764, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Sergey Gavrilets"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000805.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Examples_of_the_model_dynamics_with_/515764", "title"=>"Examples of the model dynamics with .", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-06-10 01:36:04"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/420960", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/420998", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/421181", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/421310", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/421425", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/421552", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/421688", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/421798"], "description"=>"<div><p>A crucial step in several major evolutionary transitions is the division of labor between components of the emerging higher-level evolutionary unit. Examples include the separation of germ and soma in simple multicellular organisms, appearance of multiple cell types and organs in more complex organisms, and emergence of casts in eusocial insects. How the division of labor was achieved in the face of selfishness of lower-level units is controversial. I present a simple mathematical model describing the evolutionary emergence of the division of labor via developmental plasticity starting with a colony of undifferentiated cells and ending with completely differentiated multicellular organisms. I explore how the plausibility and the dynamics of the division of labor depend on its fitness advantage, mutation rate, costs of developmental plasticity, and the colony size. The model shows that the transition to differentiated multicellularity, which has happened many times in the history of life, can be achieved relatively easily. My approach is expandable in a number of directions including the emergence of multiple cell types, complex organs, or casts of eusocial insects.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["plasticity"], "article_id"=>143131, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Sergey Gavrilets"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000805.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000805.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000805.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000805.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000805.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000805.s006", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000805.s007", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000805.s008"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>38, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Rapid_Transition_towards_the_Division_of_Labor_via_Evolution_of_Developmental_Plasticity/143131", "title"=>"Rapid Transition towards the Division of Labor via Evolution of Developmental Plasticity", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2010-06-10 00:52:11"}

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