Individualization as Driving Force of Clustering Phenomena in Humans
Events
Loading … Spinner

CiteULike | Further Information

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Individualization as driving force of clustering phenomena in humans", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Michael", "last_name"=>"Mäs", "scopus_author_id"=>"23480101700"}, {"first_name"=>"Andreas", "last_name"=>"Flache", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603133214"}, {"first_name"=>"Dirk", "last_name"=>"Helbing", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005232363"}], "year"=>2010, "source"=>"PLoS Computational Biology", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-78349272023", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000959", "sgr"=>"78349272023", "arxiv"=>"1007.5391", "isbn"=>"1553-734X", "pmid"=>"20975937", "issn"=>"1553734X", "pui"=>"359972754"}, "id"=>"06713505-9d96-3cec-9e77-b3bbddffe4b9", "abstract"=>"One of the most intriguing dynamics in biological systems is the emergence of clustering, the self-organization into separated agglomerations of individuals. Several theories have been developed to explain clustering in, for instance, multi-cellular organisms, ant colonies, bee hives, flocks of birds, schools of fish, and animal herds. A persistent puzzle, however, is clustering of opinions in human populations. The puzzle is particularly pressing if opinions vary continuously, such as the degree to which citizens are in favor of or against a vaccination program. Existing opinion formation models suggest that \"monoculture\" is unavoidable in the long run, unless subsets of the population are perfectly separated from each other. Yet, social diversity is a robust empirical phenomenon, although perfect separation is hardly possible in an increasingly connected world. Considering randomness did not overcome the theoretical shortcomings so far. Small perturbations of individual opinions trigger social influence cascades that inevitably lead to monoculture, while larger noise disrupts opinion clusters and results in rampant individualism without any social structure. Our solution of the puzzle builds on recent empirical research, combining the integrative tendencies of social influence with the disintegrative effects of individualization. A key element of the new computational model is an adaptive kind of noise. We conduct simulation experiments to demonstrate that with this kind of noise, a third phase besides individualism and monoculture becomes possible, characterized by the formation of metastable clusters with diversity between and consensus within clusters. When clusters are small, individualization tendencies are too weak to prohibit a fusion of clusters. When clusters grow too large, however, individualization increases in strength, which promotes their splitting.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/individualization-driving-force-clustering-phenomena-humans", "reader_count"=>111, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>7, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>25, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>37, "Student > Postgraduate"=>5, "Student > Master"=>10, "Other"=>6, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Lecturer"=>3, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>8}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>7, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>25, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>37, "Student > Postgraduate"=>5, "Student > Master"=>10, "Other"=>6, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Lecturer"=>3, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>8}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>6, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>13, "Arts and Humanities"=>2, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>4, "Chemistry"=>1, "Computer Science"=>22, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>3, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>4, "Engineering"=>5, "Environmental Science"=>2, "Mathematics"=>5, "Neuroscience"=>1, "Sports and Recreations"=>1, "Physics and Astronomy"=>8, "Psychology"=>3, "Social Sciences"=>31}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>31}, "Sports and Recreations"=>{"Sports and Recreations"=>1}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>8}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>3}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>5}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>6}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>2}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>2}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>5}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>3}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>4}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>13}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>22}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>4}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>5, "United Kingdom"=>1, "Portugal"=>1, "Switzerland"=>3, "Spain"=>2, "New Zealand"=>1, "Netherlands"=>2, "China"=>2, "Poland"=>1, "Mexico"=>1, "France"=>1, "Germany"=>2, "Croatia"=>1}, "group_count"=>8}

CrossRef

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/78349272023"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/78349272023?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=78349272023&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=78349272023&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/78349272023", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:78349272023", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-78349272023", "dc:title"=>"Individualization as driving force of clustering phenomena in humans", "dc:creator"=>"Mäs M.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS Computational Biology", "prism:issn"=>"1553734X", "prism:eIssn"=>"15537358", "prism:volume"=>"6", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"10", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2010-10-01", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"October 2010", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000959", "citedby-count"=>"107", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"University of Groningen", "affiliation-city"=>"Groningen", "affiliation-country"=>"Netherlands"}], "pubmed-id"=>"20975937", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "article-number"=>"1000959", "source-id"=>"4000151810", "openaccess"=>"1", "openaccessFlag"=>true}

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fploscompbiol%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pcbi.1000959", "share_count"=>0, "like_count"=>0, "comment_count"=>0, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>0}

Counter

  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"122", "xml_views"=>"8", "html_views"=>"696"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"128", "xml_views"=>"9", "html_views"=>"692"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"25", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"101"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"26", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"72"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"65"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"54"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"47"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"33"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"19"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"47"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"30"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"55"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"84"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"5", "html_views"=>"85"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"53"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"61"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"55"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"73"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"80"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"73"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"68"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"67"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"6", "html_views"=>"68"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"93"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"82"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"91"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"65"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"79"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"379"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"90"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"76"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"92"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"60"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"91"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"41"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"68"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"77"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"53"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"53"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"64"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"30"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"43"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"62"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"48"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"31"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"34"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"38"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"48"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"50"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"48"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"28"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"38"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"34", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"56"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"36", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"41"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"41"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"48"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"34"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"43", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"35"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"20"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"55"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"78"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"59"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"119"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"44"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"43"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"53"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"55"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"24"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"27"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"28"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"45"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"54"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"39"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"35"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"49"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"32"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"187"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"60"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"56"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"65"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"35"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"67"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"46"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"53"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"63"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"63"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"44"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"26"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"20"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"31"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"27", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"32"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"26", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"25"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"17"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"22"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"8"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"27"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"27"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"18"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"17"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"12"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"27"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"34"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"28"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"22"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"9"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"22"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"26", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"20"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"10"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"10"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"37"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"9"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"30", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"37"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"54", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"10"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"15"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"37", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"17"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"12"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"19"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"16"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"23"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"18"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/822884"], "description"=>"<p>Populations consist of agents. Opinions vary between −250 and 250. Initial opinions are uniformly distributed. For visualization, the opinion scale is divided into 50 bins of equal size. Color coding indicates the relative frequency of agents in each bin. (A) Dynamics of the <i>BC-model without noise </i><a href=\"http://www.ploscompbiol.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000959#pcbi.1000959-Hegselmann1\" target=\"_blank\">[33]</a> over 10 iterations (Each iteration consists of simulation events .). At each simulation event, one agent's opinion is replaced by the average opinion of those other agents who hold opinions within the focal agent's confidence interval (). For , one finds several homogeneous clusters, which stabilize when the distance between all clusters exceeds the confidence threshold . (B) Computer simulation of the same BC-model, but considering <i>interaction noise</i>. Agents that would otherwise not have been influential, now influence the focal agent's opinion with a probability of . This small noise is sufficient to eventually generate monoculture. (C) Simulation of the BC-model with opinion noise. After each opinion update, a random value drawn from a normal distribution with an average of zero and a standard deviation of (abbreviated by ) is added to the opinion. For weak opinion noise (), one cluster is formed, which carries out a random walk on the opinion scale. When the opinion noise is significantly increased (), there is still one big cluster, but many separated agents exist as well (cf. <a href=\"http://www.ploscompbiol.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000959#pcbi-1000959-g004\" target=\"_blank\">Fig. 4</a>). With even stronger opinion noise (), the opinion distribution becomes completely random.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["produced", "bounded"], "article_id"=>493253, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Michael Mäs", "Andreas Flache", "Dirk Helbing"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000959.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Opinion_dynamics_produced_by_the_bounded_confidence_BC_model_33_with_and_without_noise_/493253", "title"=>"Opinion dynamics produced by the bounded confidence (BC) model [33] with and without noise.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 22:45:10"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/823002"], "description"=>"<p>In all three runs, the opinions are restricted to values between −250 and 250, and all agents hold the same opinion initially ( for all ). In all runs, we assume the same social influence range , but vary the strength of the disintegrating force. (A) Monoculture, resulting in the case of a weak disintegrating force (). Agents do not hold perfectly identical opinions, but the variance is low. We studied dynamics over 10.000 iterations (Each iteration consists of simulation events .). (B) Anomie (i.e. extreme individualism), generated by a very strong disintegrating force (). Agents spread over the complete opinion scale. The black line represents the time-dependent opinion of a single, randomly picked agent, showing significant opinion changes over time, which is in contrast to the collective opinion formation dynamics found in the monocultural and pluralistic cases (A) and (B). (C) For a moderate disintegrating force (), the population quickly disintegrates into clusters. As long as these clusters are small, they are metastable. However, clusters perform random walks and can merge (e.g. around iteration 5500). As the disintegrating force grows with the size of a cluster, big clusters eventually split up into subclusters (e.g. around iteration 7000). The additional graph, in which each agent's opinion trajectory is represented by a solid black line, is an alternative visualization of the simulation run with . It shows that the composition of clusters persists over long time periods.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["trajectories", "simulation", "runs", "100", "agents", "generated", "durkheimian"], "article_id"=>493366, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Michael Mäs", "Andreas Flache", "Dirk Helbing"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000959.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Opinion_trajectories_of_three_representative_simulation_runs_with_100_agents_generated_by_the_Durkheimian_model_/493366", "title"=>"Opinion trajectories of three representative simulation runs with 100 agents generated by the Durkheimian model.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 22:45:50"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/823081"], "description"=>"<p>The figure shows the dependence of the average number of clusters in the Durkheimian model on the strength of the disintegrating force and the range of social influence. To generate it, we conducted computer simulations with agents, starting with initial consensus ( for all ). We restricted opinions to values between −250 and 250. We varied the strength of the disintegrating force between and in steps of 0.4. varied between and in steps of 0.2. For each parameter combination, we conducted 100 independent replications and assessed the average number of clusters formed after 250,000 iterations (see -axis and the color scale). The two transparent (gray) surfaces depict the inter-quartile range, which indicates a small variance in the number of clusters (and also typical cluster sizes) for each parameter combination. The horizontal grids indicate the borders of the three phases, as defined by us. An average cluster size below 1.5 indicates monoculture. Values between 1.5 and 31 reflect clustering. Finally, values above 31 correspond to opinion distributions that cannot be distinguished from random ones and represent a state of anomie.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["monoculture"], "article_id"=>493452, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Michael Mäs", "Andreas Flache", "Dirk Helbing"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000959.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Conditions_of_clustering_monoculture_and_Anomie_/493452", "title"=>"Conditions of clustering, monoculture and Anomie.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 22:46:19"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/823196"], "description"=>"<p>Figures plot the size of the biggest cluster versus the number of clusters and compare it to the case of random fragmentation in all simulation runs that resulted in more than one and less than 32 clusters. Fig. 4A is based on the simulation experiment with the Durkheimian model underlying <a href=\"http://www.ploscompbiol.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000959#pcbi-1000959-g003\" target=\"_blank\">Fig. 3</a>. Fig. 4B is based on an experiment with the BC-model <a href=\"http://www.ploscompbiol.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000959#pcbi.1000959-Hegselmann1\" target=\"_blank\">[33]</a> where we varied the bounded-confidence level between 0.01 and 0.15 in steps of 0.02 and the noise level between 5 and 50 in steps of 5. We conducted 100 replications per parameter combination and measured the number of clusters and the size of the biggest cluster after 250,000 iterations. White solid lines represent the average size of the biggest cluster. The dark blue area shows the respective interquartile range and the light blue area the complete value range. For comparison, we generated <i>randomly fragmented opinion distributions</i> of agents where agents hold random opinions () and the remaining agents hold opinion and form one big cluster. We varied the value of between 0 and 100 in steps of 1 and generated 1000 distributions per condition. The average size of the biggest cluster of the resulting distributions is shown by the thin yellow-black line. (The curve stops at 22, since this is the highest number of clusters generated.) The bold yellow-black lines represent the related interquartile range. We find that the value range of the Durkheimian model (blue area) hardly overlaps with the interquartile range of the fragmented distributions (yellow area). This demonstrates that the Durkheimian model shows clustering rather than fragmentation. In contrast, Fig. 4B illustrates that the distributions of the noisy BC-model and the results for random fragmentation overlap.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["durkheimian", "noisy"], "article_id"=>493567, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Michael Mäs", "Andreas Flache", "Dirk Helbing"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000959.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Comparison_of_the_A_Durkheimian_model_and_B_the_noisy_BC_model_/493567", "title"=>"Comparison of the (A) Durkheimian model and (B) the noisy BC-model.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 22:46:56"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"10", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"2", "unique-ip"=>"3", "pdf"=>"2", "year"=>"2010", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"2", "full-text"=>"4", "year"=>"2010", "pdf"=>"4", "unique-ip"=>"7", "figure"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"12", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "unique-ip"=>"8", "pdf"=>"5", "year"=>"2010", "figure"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"2", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"2", "unique-ip"=>"2", "figure"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"3", "unique-ip"=>"5", "pdf"=>"4", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"4", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"7", "unique-ip"=>"4", "figure"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"3", "unique-ip"=>"5", "pdf"=>"5", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"4", "full-text"=>"7", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"8", "unique-ip"=>"8", "figure"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"6", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "unique-ip"=>"1", "pdf"=>"2", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"6", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"1", "unique-ip"=>"5", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"8", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"3", "unique-ip"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"1", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"0", "unique-ip"=>"1", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"10", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"3", "unique-ip"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"0", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"1", "unique-ip"=>"1", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"12", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"5", "unique-ip"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"1", "unique-ip"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"2", "year"=>"2012", "pdf"=>"1", "unique-ip"=>"3", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"2", "unique-ip"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"5", "year"=>"2012", "pdf"=>"1", "unique-ip"=>"6", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"5", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"2", "unique-ip"=>"3", "pdf"=>"2", "year"=>"2012", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"1", "year"=>"2012", "pdf"=>"0", "unique-ip"=>"1", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"0", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"9", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"8"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2010-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2010-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences", "average_usage"=>[288, 576, 733, 867, 984, 1087, 1182, 1267, 1346, 1424, 1501, 1577, 1646, 1711, 1778, 1841, 1908, 1970, 2034, 2102, 2162, 2227, 2296, 2359, 2422, 2482, 2550, 2610, 2679, 2747, 2820, 2887, 2955, 3009, 3067, 3130, 3200, 3257, 3322, 3379, 3443, 3507, 3571, 3632, 3683, 3753, 3822, 3877]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Behavior", "average_usage"=>[358, 640, 799, 934, 1037, 1131, 1238, 1324, 1392, 1449, 1529, 1591, 1661, 1730, 1789, 1862, 1931, 2014, 2064, 2120, 2198, 2264, 2335, 2418, 2487, 2545, 2601, 2688, 2770, 2862, 2934, 2984, 3052, 3111, 3177, 3239, 3292, 3341, 3394, 3451, 3502, 3578, 3631, 3672, 3734, 3798, 3864, 3947, 4014]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Computer and information sciences/Network analysis", "average_usage"=>[399, 789, 941, 1097, 1225, 1305, 1400, 1510, 1584, 1665, 1742, 1822, 1905, 1966, 2041, 2117, 2167, 2238, 2294, 2357, 2413, 2488, 2564, 2616, 2671, 2743, 2812, 2900, 2979, 3034, 3090, 3151, 3205, 3257, 3412, 3457, 3538, 3624, 3719, 3780, 3832, 3860, 3909, 3973, 4008, 4032, 4069, 4095, 4119]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Computer and information sciences/Systems science", "average_usage"=>[424, 614, 766, 915, 1014, 1093, 1161, 1244, 1299, 1363, 1416, 1456, 1496, 1553, 1610, 1685, 1765, 1819, 1870, 1918, 1957, 2017, 2066, 2135, 2191, 2263, 2305, 2365, 2403, 2455, 2543, 2591, 2637, 2735, 2797, 2856, 2900, 2965, 3009, 3040, 3092, 3136, 3181, 3223, 3252, 3272, 3310, 3419, 3455]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Physical sciences/Mathematics", "average_usage"=>[314, 590, 728, 851, 953, 1050, 1127, 1206, 1276, 1336, 1390, 1451, 1504, 1569, 1619, 1674, 1732, 1792, 1851, 1900, 1959, 2004, 2076, 2126, 2182, 2239, 2292, 2353, 2427, 2522, 2595, 2676, 2735, 2785, 2836, 2893, 2943, 2993, 3041, 3097, 3160, 3214, 3251, 3299, 3357, 3428, 3482, 3515, 3555]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Social sciences", "average_usage"=>[365, 646, 813, 929, 1044, 1126, 1205, 1294, 1377, 1449, 1517, 1586, 1660, 1746, 1812, 1886, 1945, 2022, 2094, 2179, 2255, 2320, 2417, 2490, 2571, 2650, 2693, 2787, 2850, 2927, 2994, 3072, 3138, 3216, 3261, 3337, 3393, 3448, 3512, 3606, 3667, 3746, 3811, 3865, 3928, 3988, 4031, 4086]}]}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts