Competitive Dynamics in MSTd: A Mechanism for Robust Heading Perception Based on Optic Flow
Publication Date
June 24, 2016
Journal
PLOS Computational Biology
Authors
Oliver W. Layton & Brett R. Fajen
Volume
12
Issue
6
Pages
e1004942
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1004942
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/ploscompbiol/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pcbi.1004942
Scopus
84978877523
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/competitive-dynamics-mstd-mechanism-robust-heading-perception-based-optic-flow
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Competitive Dynamics in MSTd: A Mechanism for Robust Heading Perception Based on Optic Flow", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Oliver W.", "last_name"=>"Layton", "scopus_author_id"=>"55240531600"}, {"first_name"=>"Brett R.", "last_name"=>"Fajen", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603782054"}], "year"=>2016, "source"=>"PLoS Computational Biology", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84978877523", "sgr"=>"84978877523", "pui"=>"611253790", "issn"=>"15537358", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pcbi.1004942"}, "id"=>"56062751-c5b9-32b0-b9be-cd5c3fa59e42", "abstract"=>"Human heading perception based on optic flow is not only accurate, it is also remarkably\\r\\nrobust and stable. These qualities are especially apparent when observers move through\\r\\nenvironments containing other moving objects, which introduce optic flow that is inconsistent\\r\\nwith observer self-motion and therefore uninformative about heading direction. Moving\\r\\nobjects may also occupy large portions of the visual field and occlude regions of the background\\r\\noptic flow that are most informative about heading perception. The fact that heading\\r\\nperception is biased by no more than a few degrees under such conditions attests to the\\r\\nrobustness of the visual system and warrants further investigation. The aim of the present\\r\\nstudy was to investigate whether recurrent, competitive dynamics among MSTd neurons\\r\\nthat serve to reduce uncertainty about heading over time offer a plausible mechanism for\\r\\ncapturing the robustness of human heading perception. Simulations of existing heading\\r\\nmodels that do not contain competitive dynamics yield heading estimates that are far more\\r\\nerratic and unstable than human judgments. We present a dynamical model of primate\\r\\nvisual areas V1, MT, and MSTd based on that of Layton, Mingolla, and Browning that is similar\\r\\nto the other models, except that the model includes recurrent interactions among model\\r\\nMSTd neurons. Competitive dynamics stabilize the model’s heading estimate over time,\\r\\neven when a moving object crosses the future path. Soft winner-take-all dynamics enhance\\r\\nunits that code a heading direction consistent with the time history and suppress responses\\r\\nto transient changes to the optic flow field. Our findings support recurrent competitive temporal\\r\\ndynamics as a crucial mechanism underlying the robustness and stability of perception\\r\\nof heading.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/competitive-dynamics-mstd-mechanism-robust-heading-perception-based-optic-flow", "reader_count"=>16, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Researcher"=>3, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>5, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Researcher"=>3, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>5, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Engineering"=>2, "Environmental Science"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>2, "Neuroscience"=>3, "Chemical Engineering"=>1, "Physics and Astronomy"=>1, "Psychology"=>4, "Computer Science"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>2}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>3}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>4}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>2}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>2}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1}, "Chemical Engineering"=>{"Chemical Engineering"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"France"=>1, "Germany"=>1}, "group_count"=>4}

Scopus | Further Information

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