Turnover of Sex Chromosomes in the Stickleback Fishes (Gasterosteidae)
Publication Date
February 20, 2009
Journal
PLOS Genetics
Authors
Joseph A. Ross, James R. Urton, Jessica Boland, Michael D. Shapiro, et al
Volume
5
Issue
2
Pages
e1000391
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1000391
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosgenetics/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pgen.1000391
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19229325
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2638011
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/19229325
Web of Science
000266320000030
Scopus
61449230754
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/turnover-sex-chromosomes-stickleback-fishes-gasterosteidae
Events
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Mendeley | Further Information

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CrossRef

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/907508"], "description"=>"<p>The LG19 probe CH213-180J08 (<i>Wt1a</i>) probe was used in all experiments except for the <i>G. wheatlandi</i> male, where the LG19 probe CH213-035N15 (<i>Stn303</i>) was used. The LG19 probes are green and the LG12 probe (CH213-140B10) is purple. For each sex of each species, chromosomes from a single metaphase spread are shown. The <i>G. aculeatus</i> LG19 sex chromosome pair is heteromorphic in males, while LG12 is not. The <i>P. pungitius</i> male LG12 pair is heteromorphic, while LG19 is not. In <i>G. wheatlandi</i> males, one distinct copy each of LG12 and LG19 is present, while probes to both LGs hybridize to the two arms of a large, submetacentric, male-specific chromosome (the Y). LG12 and LG19 are homomorphic in females of all three species. The chromosome sizes cannot be compared between sexes or species because they were obtained from different metaphases.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["hybridization", "analyses", "lg12", "lg19"], "article_id"=>577957, "categories"=>["Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Joseph A. Ross", "James R. Urton", "Jessica Boland", "Michael D. Shapiro", "Catherine L. Peichel"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1000391.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Fluorescence_in_situ_hybridization_analyses_of_LG12_and_LG19_in_G_aculeatus_G_wheatlandi_and_P_pungitius_/577957", "title"=>"Fluorescence <i>in situ</i> hybridization analyses of LG12 and LG19 in <i>G. aculeatus</i>, <i>G. wheatlandi</i>, and <i>P. pungitius</i>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2009-02-20 02:12:37"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/907369"], "description"=>"<p>(A) <i>G. wheatlandi</i> male. The Y chromosome and two presumed X chromosomes are indicated. (B) <i>G. wheatlandi</i> female.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["evolutionary biology/evolutionary and comparative genetics", "genetics and genomics/chromosome biology"], "article_id"=>577830, "categories"=>["Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Joseph A. Ross", "James R. Urton", "Jessica Boland", "Michael D. Shapiro", "Catherine L. Peichel"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1000391.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Karyograms_of_G_wheatlandi_/577830", "title"=>"Karyograms of <i>G. wheatlandi</i>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2009-02-20 02:10:30"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/907186"], "description"=>"<p>A summary of the 1970 cytogenetic data <a href=\"http://www.plosgenetics.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pgen.1000391#pgen.1000391-Chen1\" target=\"_blank\">[35]</a> and the present data (incorporating <a href=\"http://www.plosgenetics.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pgen.1000391#pgen.1000391-Peichel1\" target=\"_blank\">[38]</a>–<a href=\"http://www.plosgenetics.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pgen.1000391#pgen.1000391-Shapiro1\" target=\"_blank\">[40]</a>). The stickleback phylogeny is based on <a href=\"http://www.plosgenetics.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pgen.1000391#pgen.1000391-Mattern1\" target=\"_blank\">[61]</a>,<a href=\"http://www.plosgenetics.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pgen.1000391#pgen.1000391-Kawahara1\" target=\"_blank\">[62]</a>. The common and scientific name of each species is given, along with the diploid number of chromosomes, type of sex determination system, linkage group to which <i>SEX</i> maps, and presence of a heteromorphic sex chromosome pair. In <i>G. wheatlandi</i>, females have the diploid chromosome number originally reported (2n = 42); the number of chromosomes in males (M) is 41. — indicates that no data are available.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["american", "stickleback", "fishes"], "article_id"=>577639, "categories"=>["Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Joseph A. Ross", "James R. Urton", "Jessica Boland", "Michael D. Shapiro", "Catherine L. Peichel"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1000391.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>6, "page_views"=>26, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Phylogeny_of_North_American_stickleback_fishes_Gasterosteidae_/577639", "title"=>"Phylogeny of North American stickleback fishes (Gasterosteidae).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2009-02-20 02:07:19"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/907889"], "description"=>"<p>(A) <i>A. quadracus</i> male. (B) <i>A. quadracus</i> female, with the W and presumed Z chromosomes labeled.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["evolutionary biology/evolutionary and comparative genetics", "genetics and genomics/chromosome biology"], "article_id"=>578348, "categories"=>["Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Joseph A. Ross", "James R. Urton", "Jessica Boland", "Michael D. Shapiro", "Catherine L. Peichel"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1000391.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Karyograms_of_A_quadracus_/578348", "title"=>"Karyograms of <i>A. quadracus</i>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2009-02-20 02:19:08"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/907287"], "description"=>"<p>(A) combined male and female meiotic data. (B) male meiotic data only. (C) female meiotic data only.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["linkage", "maps", "sex-chromosome"], "article_id"=>577742, "categories"=>["Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Joseph A. Ross", "James R. Urton", "Jessica Boland", "Michael D. Shapiro", "Catherine L. Peichel"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1000391.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Genetic_linkage_maps_of_the_G_wheatlandi_sex_chromosome_pair_/577742", "title"=>"Genetic linkage maps of the <i>G. wheatlandi</i> sex-chromosome pair.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2009-02-20 02:09:02"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/908052"], "description"=>"<p>For both sexes of each species, column 3 gives the number of individuals from whom diploid chromosome number counts were obtained; the total number of metaphase spreads analyzed is given in column 4. The mode diploid chromosome number, which we present as the true diploid chromosome number, is in column 5. The percentage of total metaphases analyzed having the mode chromosome number is shown in column 6, and the range of chromosome counts for all metaphase spreads is given in column 7. The identification of fewer chromosomes than the mode in a metaphase spread is likely due to chromosomes overlapping in a metaphase spread and being counted as one, or to nearby cellular debris obscuring chromosomes. The identification of more chromosomes than the mode in a metaphase spread could be due to chromosomes having tortuous morphology or uneven DAPI staining and being counted as two or more chromosomes, or to the presence of chromosomes from neighboring nuclei near the metaphase spread.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["stickleback"], "article_id"=>578512, "categories"=>["Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Joseph A. Ross", "James R. Urton", "Jessica Boland", "Michael D. Shapiro", "Catherine L. Peichel"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1000391.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Karyotype_data_for_stickleback_fishes_/578512", "title"=>"Karyotype data for stickleback fishes.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2009-02-20 02:21:52"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/907684"], "description"=>"<p>(A) <i>P. pungitius</i> male. The presumed X and Y chromosomes are indicated. (B) <i>P. pungitius</i> female.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["evolutionary biology/evolutionary and comparative genetics", "genetics and genomics/chromosome biology"], "article_id"=>578139, "categories"=>["Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Joseph A. Ross", "James R. Urton", "Jessica Boland", "Michael D. Shapiro", "Catherine L. Peichel"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1000391.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Karyograms_of_P_pungitius_/578139", "title"=>"Karyograms of <i>P. pungitius</i>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2009-02-20 02:15:39"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/448926", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/448953", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/448997", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/449035", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/449075"], "description"=>"<div><p>Diverse sex-chromosome systems are found in vertebrates, particularly in teleost fishes, where different systems can be found in closely related species. Several mechanisms have been proposed for the rapid turnover of sex chromosomes, including the transposition of an existing sex-determination gene, the appearance of a new sex-determination gene on an autosome, and fusions between sex chromosomes and autosomes. To better understand these evolutionary transitions, a detailed comparison of sex chromosomes between closely related species is essential. Here, we used genetic mapping and molecular cytogenetics to characterize the sex-chromosome systems of multiple stickleback species (Gasterosteidae). Previously, we demonstrated that male threespine stickleback fish (<em>Gasterosteus aculeatus</em>) have a heteromorphic XY pair corresponding to linkage group (LG) 19. In this study, we found that the ninespine stickleback (<em>Pungitius pungitius</em>) has a heteromorphic XY pair corresponding to LG12. In black-spotted stickleback (<em>G. wheatlandi</em>) males, one copy of LG12 has fused to the LG19-derived Y chromosome, giving rise to an X<sub>1</sub>X<sub>2</sub>Y sex-determination system. In contrast, neither LG12 nor LG19 is linked to sex in two other species: the brook stickleback (<em>Culaea inconstans</em>) and the fourspine stickleback (<em>Apeltes quadracus</em>). However, we confirmed the existence of a previously reported heteromorphic ZW sex-chromosome pair in the fourspine stickleback. The sex-chromosome diversity that we have uncovered in sticklebacks provides a rich comparative resource for understanding the mechanisms that underlie the rapid turnover of sex-chromosome systems.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["turnover", "chromosomes", "stickleback", "fishes"], "article_id"=>148476, "categories"=>["Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Joseph A. Ross", "James R. Urton", "Jessica Boland", "Michael D. Shapiro", "Catherine L. Peichel"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1000391.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1000391.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1000391.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1000391.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1000391.s005"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>6, "page_views"=>16, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Turnover_of_Sex_Chromosomes_in_the_Stickleback_Fishes_Gasterosteidae_/148476", "title"=>"Turnover of Sex Chromosomes in the Stickleback Fishes (Gasterosteidae)", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2009-02-20 02:21:16"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/907790"], "description"=>"<p>In male <i>G. wheatlandi</i> metaphase spreads, the LG19 probes (A) CH213-180J08 (<i>Wt1a</i>) and (B) CH213-101E08 (<i>Idh</i>) in green do not hybridize to the Y, while the LG12 probe (CH213-140B10) in purple does hybridize to the Y. Both LG19 probes hybridize to the X<sub>1</sub> (LG19).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["lg19", "probes", "hybridize"], "article_id"=>578245, "categories"=>["Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Joseph A. Ross", "James R. Urton", "Jessica Boland", "Michael D. Shapiro", "Catherine L. Peichel"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1000391.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Certain_LG19_FISH_probes_do_not_hybridize_to_the_G_wheatlandi_Y_/578245", "title"=>"Certain LG19 FISH probes do not hybridize to the <i>G. wheatlandi</i> Y.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2009-02-20 02:17:25"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"5", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2009-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2009-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences", "average_usage"=>[349, 614, 744, 851, 955, 1059, 1167, 1262, 1352, 1431, 1516, 1593, 1668, 1746, 1817, 1883, 1950, 2017, 2075, 2141, 2198, 2254, 2313, 2368, 2424, 2474, 2534, 2591, 2651, 2710, 2776, 2837, 2892, 2953, 3014, 3072, 3130, 3186, 3251, 3307, 3366, 3427, 3500, 3561, 3627, 3688, 3759, 3821, 3888, 3950, 4010, 4070, 4131, 4189, 4242, 4307, 4370, 4431, 4491, 4549, 4608]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Cell biology", "average_usage"=>[336, 588, 721, 826, 931, 1029, 1138, 1224, 1311, 1395, 1477, 1555, 1632, 1704, 1774, 1847, 1919, 1987, 2039, 2089, 2149, 2204, 2264, 2319, 2370, 2424, 2481, 2535, 2593, 2645, 2702, 2765, 2816, 2865, 2932, 2992, 3045, 3105, 3159, 3208, 3259, 3316, 3374, 3430, 3490, 3542, 3602, 3654, 3720, 3783, 3851, 3919, 3981, 4038, 4096, 4151, 4197, 4235, 4297, 4372, 4437]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Developmental biology", "average_usage"=>[315, 570, 717, 826, 931, 1027, 1137, 1224, 1308, 1379, 1458, 1542, 1613, 1694, 1768, 1841, 1909, 1957, 2019, 2082, 2127, 2182, 2232, 2290, 2352, 2419, 2476, 2525, 2572, 2627, 2670, 2722, 2800, 2846, 2901, 2963, 3017, 3078, 3136, 3210, 3253, 3303, 3366, 3431, 3486, 3538, 3600, 3663, 3723, 3776, 3815, 3880, 3966, 4036, 4103, 4145, 4193, 4232, 4304, 4369, 4426]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Organisms", "average_usage"=>[337, 605, 735, 844, 939, 1037, 1139, 1214, 1300, 1375, 1461, 1543, 1619, 1693, 1768, 1827, 1881, 1948, 2013, 2066, 2118, 2172, 2227, 2270, 2325, 2386, 2443, 2504, 2565, 2609, 2659, 2731, 2792, 2857, 2920, 2984, 3051, 3101, 3165, 3213, 3276, 3344, 3397, 3462, 3512, 3561, 3629, 3710, 3779, 3847, 3897, 3949, 4013, 4086, 4140, 4180, 4239, 4288, 4344, 4409, 4470]}]}

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