Genomic Data Reveal a Complex Making of Humans
Publication Date
July 19, 2012
Journal
PLOS Genetics
Authors
Isabel Alves, Anna Šrámková Hanulová, Matthieu Foll & Laurent Excoffier
Volume
8
Issue
7
Pages
e1002837
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1002837
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosgenetics/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pgen.1002837
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22829785
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3400556
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/22829785
Web of Science
000306840400047
Scopus
84864590883
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/genomic-data-reveal-complex-making-humans-19
Events
Loading … Spinner

CiteULike | Further Information

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Genomic data reveal a complex making of humans", "type"=>"generic", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Isabel", "last_name"=>"Alves", "scopus_author_id"=>"57197233401"}, {"first_name"=>"Anna", "last_name"=>"Šrámková Hanulová", "scopus_author_id"=>"55328576400"}, {"first_name"=>"Matthieu", "last_name"=>"Foll", "scopus_author_id"=>"9640149500"}, {"first_name"=>"Laurent", "last_name"=>"Excoffier", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004470075"}], "year"=>2012, "source"=>"PLoS Genetics", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84864590883", "pmid"=>"22829785", "sgr"=>"84864590883", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pgen.1002837", "isbn"=>"1553-7404 (Linking)", "issn"=>"15537390", "pui"=>"365384827"}, "id"=>"c4240558-1aa8-3ad0-9750-bd8f2b74f271", "abstract"=>"In the last few years, two paradigms underlying human evolution have crumbled. Modern humans have not totally replaced previous hominins without any admixture, and the expected signatures of adaptations to new environments are surprisingly lacking at the genomic level. Here we review current evidence about archaic admixture and lack of strong selective sweeps in humans. We underline the need to properly model differential admixture in various populations to correctly reconstruct past demography. We also stress the importance of taking into account the spatial dimension of human evolution, which proceeded by a series of range expansions that could have promoted both the introgression of archaic genes and background selection.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/genomic-data-reveal-complex-making-humans-19", "reader_count"=>51, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Researcher"=>16, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>11, "Student > Master"=>9, "Other"=>5, "Student > Bachelor"=>5, "Professor"=>5}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Researcher"=>16, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>11, "Student > Master"=>9, "Other"=>5, "Student > Bachelor"=>5, "Professor"=>5}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>5, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>33, "Arts and Humanities"=>4, "Physics and Astronomy"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>4, "Computer Science"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>4}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>33}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>5}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>4}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>3, "Philippines"=>1, "Finland"=>1, "Brazil"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>1, "Germany"=>2}, "group_count"=>1}

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84864590883"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84864590883?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84864590883&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84864590883&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84864590883", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:84864590883", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-84864590883", "dc:title"=>"Genomic data reveal a complex making of humans", "dc:creator"=>"Alves I.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS Genetics", "prism:issn"=>"15537390", "prism:eIssn"=>"15537404", "prism:volume"=>"8", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"7", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2012-07-01", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"July 2012", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pgen.1002837", "citedby-count"=>"28", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics", "affiliation-city"=>"Geneva", "affiliation-country"=>"Switzerland"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"University of Bern", "affiliation-city"=>"Bern", "affiliation-country"=>"Switzerland"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciência", "affiliation-city"=>"Oeiras", "affiliation-country"=>"Portugal"}], "pubmed-id"=>"22829785", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"re", "subtypeDescription"=>"Review", "article-number"=>"e1002837", "source-id"=>"4000151808", "openaccess"=>"1", "openaccessFlag"=>true}

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosgenetics%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pgen.1002837", "share_count"=>1, "like_count"=>0, "comment_count"=>1, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>2}

Twitter

Counter

  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"963", "xml_views"=>"31", "html_views"=>"3626"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"266", "xml_views"=>"10", "html_views"=>"1537"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"108", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"445"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"105", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"460"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"66", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"336"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"28", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"204"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"84", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"336"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"41", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"429"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"58", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"265"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"38", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"220"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"53", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"275"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"29", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"150"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"27", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"125"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"34", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"147"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"42", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"195"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"31", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"333"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"29", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"234"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"24", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"267"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"41", "xml_views"=>"5", "html_views"=>"238"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"53", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"312"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"42", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"306"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"31", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"234"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"30", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"238"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"176"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"27", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"235"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"201"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"36", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"305"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"27", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"208"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"130"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"118"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"29", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"154"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"137"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"125"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"109"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"24", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"123"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"101"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"68"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"75"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"104"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"87"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"85"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"61"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"27", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"87"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"39", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"102"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"80"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"61"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"48"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"51"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"77"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"86"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"86"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"208"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"221"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"204"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"258"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"219"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"175"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"173"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"226"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"229"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"183"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"138"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"170"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"203"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"170"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"120"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"81"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"42"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"27"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"23"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"24"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"25"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"17"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"14"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"16"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"27"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"15"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"16"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"26"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"12"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"23"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"20"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"14"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"12"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"4"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"7"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"8"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"30", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"12"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/606257"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Model of population divergence and admixture: one of two populations having diverged <i>T<sub>Div</sub></i> generations ago has received a fraction <i>a</i> of its genes from another unsampled population that diverged 14,000 generations ago (350,000 y assuming a generation time of 25 y). All populations sizes are assumed to consist of <i>N</i> = 20,000 haploids. (B) Estimated divergence time as a function of initial admixture rate <i>a</i>. (C) Estimated admixed population size for different divergence times and admixture rates. Simulated data consisted of 400,000 segments of 50 bp, thus totalling a 20-Mb DNA sequence. Parameters are estimated by maximizing the probability of the observed joint site frequency spectrum (SFS) <a href=\"http://www.plosgenetics.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pgen.1002837#pgen.1002837-Adams1\" target=\"_blank\">[68]</a>, where the expected SFS is estimated by simulation following the approach of Nielsen et al. <a href=\"http://www.plosgenetics.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pgen.1002837#pgen.1002837-Nielsen1\" target=\"_blank\">[69]</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["estimation", "divergence", "sizes"], "article_id"=>276755, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Isabel Alves", "Anna Šrámková Hanulová", "Matthieu Foll", "Laurent Excoffier"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1002837.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Biased_estimation_of_divergence_time_and_population_sizes_in_case_of_admixture_/276755", "title"=>"Biased estimation of divergence time and population sizes in case of admixture.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 02:12:53"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/606146"], "description"=>"<p>Red arrows indicate approximate migration routes. Neanderthal range is in blue, Denisovan range(s) in orange, and the location of the Denisova site is indicated as a black star. Question marks in the Denisovan range indicate uncertainty on Denisovan hominin presence. Filled ellipses indicate potential places of admixture in scenarios (A–C). (A) Scenario of Reich et al. <a href=\"http://www.plosgenetics.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pgen.1002837#pgen.1002837-Reich1\" target=\"_blank\">[15]</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosgenetics.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pgen.1002837#pgen.1002837-Reich2\" target=\"_blank\">[16]</a> with pulses of admixture between modern humans and Neanderthals (dark blue ellipse) and between modern humans and Denisovans (yellow ellipse). (B) Scenario of Rasmussen et al. <a href=\"http://www.plosgenetics.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pgen.1002837#pgen.1002837-Rasmussen1\" target=\"_blank\">[24]</a> with two waves into Asia. Denisovan admixture in Oceanians would have occurred during the first wave, possibly at different places during the migration. (C) Scenario of Skoglund and Jakobsson <a href=\"http://www.plosgenetics.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pgen.1002837#pgen.1002837-Skoglund1\" target=\"_blank\">[17]</a>, with distinct Denisovan admixture events in Oceanians and East Asians. (D) Extension of the spatially explicit scenario of Currat and Excoffier <a href=\"http://www.plosgenetics.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pgen.1002837#pgen.1002837-Currat1\" target=\"_blank\">[25]</a> postulating a continuous admixture between modern humans and archaic hominins along migration routes overlapping with archaic hominin ranges. Different shades of orange indicate potentially different archaic hominin populations in Asia.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["scenarios", "dispersal", "admixture", "archaic", "populations"], "article_id"=>276633, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Isabel Alves", "Anna Šrámková Hanulová", "Matthieu Foll", "Laurent Excoffier"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1002837.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>122, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Sketches_of_different_scenarios_of_human_dispersal_and_admixture_with_archaic_human_populations_during_their_range_expansion_out_of_Africa_/276633", "title"=>"Sketches of different scenarios of human dispersal and admixture with archaic human populations during their range expansion out of Africa.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 02:12:12"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/606368"], "description"=>"<p>After a BGS episode, deleterious mutations (shown in red) are eliminated together with neutral mutations on the same chromosome, leading to reduced diversity. For illustrative purposes, initial neutral diversity is identical in all cases (A–C). Comparison of cases (A) and (B) shows that different BGS episodes will contribute to populations' genetic differentiation. Comparison of cases (B) and (C) shows that recombination reduces the effect of BGS, maintaining diversity, and reducing linkage disequilibrium (LD) as well as population differentiation (compare final states in [A] and [C]).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["molecular"], "article_id"=>276865, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Isabel Alves", "Anna Šrámková Hanulová", "Matthieu Foll", "Laurent Excoffier"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1002837.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Effect_of_background_selection_BGS_on_molecular_diversity_within_and_between_populations_/276865", "title"=>"Effect of background selection (BGS) on molecular diversity within and between populations.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 02:13:28"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"45", "full-text"=>"49", "pdf"=>"22", "abstract"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"16", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"38", "full-text"=>"48", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"43", "full-text"=>"55", "pdf"=>"16", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"9", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"45", "full-text"=>"43", "pdf"=>"23", "abstract"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"17", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"30", "full-text"=>"31", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"26", "full-text"=>"26", "pdf"=>"12", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"11", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"27", "full-text"=>"32", "pdf"=>"13", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"9", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"39", "full-text"=>"73", "pdf"=>"12", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"10", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"24", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"34", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"15", "abstract"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"32", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"17", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"9"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2012-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2012-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences", "average_usage"=>[322, 550, 671, 773, 864, 955, 1048, 1135, 1223, 1308, 1387, 1465, 1534, 1602, 1673, 1744, 1813, 1885, 1955, 2026, 2093, 2160, 2228, 2290, 2349]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Computational biology", "average_usage"=>[375, 629, 760, 889, 1000, 1110, 1203, 1298, 1399, 1492, 1603, 1699, 1774, 1855, 1918, 1998, 2062, 2152, 2227, 2312, 2378, 2461, 2528, 2600, 2664]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Evolutionary biology", "average_usage"=>[366, 574, 695, 795, 885, 973, 1063, 1148, 1233, 1319, 1389, 1459, 1533, 1611, 1685, 1754, 1820, 1882, 1937, 2001, 2071, 2129, 2219, 2273, 2335]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Genetics", "average_usage"=>[333, 576, 707, 814, 908, 1004, 1104, 1197, 1280, 1370, 1449, 1531, 1603, 1673, 1742, 1817, 1886, 1954, 2025, 2098, 2171, 2234, 2304, 2365, 2431]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Physical anthropology", "average_usage"=>[440, 662, 800, 963, 1126, 1206, 1318, 1514, 1649, 1782, 1891, 2005, 2118, 2225, 2319, 2403, 2558, 2660, 2806, 2919, 3008, 3101, 3164, 3237, 3313]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Population biology", "average_usage"=>[338, 547, 650, 728, 816, 891, 977, 1061, 1140, 1214, 1304, 1372, 1433, 1495, 1560, 1614, 1675, 1738, 1800, 1859, 1914, 1967, 2018, 2078, 2134]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Earth sciences", "average_usage"=>[368, 548, 649, 749, 833, 915, 993, 1071, 1153, 1240, 1315, 1388, 1456, 1520, 1597, 1673, 1747, 1826, 1892, 1975, 2036, 2101, 2178, 2256, 2319]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Earth sciences/Paleontology", "average_usage"=>[512, 778, 908, 1007, 1121, 1219, 1313, 1420, 1525, 1602, 1663, 1754, 1803, 1885, 1950, 2033, 2125, 2230, 2316, 2410, 2481, 2569, 2659, 2753, 2831]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Social sciences", "average_usage"=>[354, 585, 710, 810, 904, 998, 1090, 1181, 1268, 1361, 1435, 1525, 1594, 1657, 1731, 1813, 1878, 1948, 2016, 2094, 2158, 2219, 2294, 2347, 2410]}]}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts