Complex Patterns of Genomic Admixture within Southern Africa
Publication Date
March 14, 2013
Journal
PLOS Genetics
Authors
Desiree C. Petersen, Ondrej Libiger, Elizabeth A. Tindall, Rae Anne Hardie, et al
Volume
9
Issue
3
Pages
e1003309
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1003309
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosgenetics/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pgen.1003309
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23516368
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3597481
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/23516368
Web of Science
000316866700007
Scopus
84875984798
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/complex-patterns-genomic-admixture-within-southern-africa
Events
Loading … Spinner

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Complex Patterns of Genomic Admixture within Southern Africa", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Desiree C.", "last_name"=>"Petersen", "scopus_author_id"=>"7201767946"}, {"first_name"=>"Ondrej", "last_name"=>"Libiger", "scopus_author_id"=>"16052751000"}, {"first_name"=>"Elizabeth A.", "last_name"=>"Tindall", "scopus_author_id"=>"56986115100"}, {"first_name"=>"Rae Anne", "last_name"=>"Hardie", "scopus_author_id"=>"53363556800"}, {"first_name"=>"Linda I.", "last_name"=>"Hannick", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602594358"}, {"first_name"=>"Richard H.", "last_name"=>"Glashoff", "scopus_author_id"=>"6507738097"}, {"first_name"=>"Mitali", "last_name"=>"Mukerji", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602114276"}, {"first_name"=>"Pedro", "last_name"=>"Fernandez", "scopus_author_id"=>"7201377231"}, {"first_name"=>"Wilfrid", "last_name"=>"Haacke", "scopus_author_id"=>"55218305800"}, {"first_name"=>"Nicholas J.", "last_name"=>"Schork", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005529116"}, {"first_name"=>"Vanessa M.", "last_name"=>"Hayes", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005075599"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS Genetics", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"15537390", "pui"=>"368694403", "sgr"=>"84875984798", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pgen.1003309", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84875984798", "isbn"=>"1553-7404 (Electronic)\\r1553-7390 (Linking)", "pmid"=>"23516368"}, "id"=>"658d04a1-ce01-3503-b071-15ea409703ce", "abstract"=>"Within-population genetic diversity is greatest within Africa, while between-population genetic diversity is directly proportional to geographic distance. The most divergent contemporary human populations include the click-speaking forager peoples of southern Africa, broadly defined as Khoesan. Both intra- (Bantu expansion) and inter-continental migration (European-driven colonization) have resulted in complex patterns of admixture between ancient geographically isolated Khoesan and more recently diverged populations. Using gender-specific analysis and almost 1 million autosomal markers, we determine the significance of estimated ancestral contributions that have shaped five contemporary southern African populations in a cohort of 103 individuals. Limited by lack of available data for homogenous Khoesan representation, we identify the Ju/'hoan (n = 19) as a distinct early diverging human lineage with little to no significant non-Khoesan contribution. In contrast to the Ju/'hoan, we identify ancient signatures of Khoesan and Bantu unions resulting in significant Khoesan- and Bantu-derived contributions to the Southern Bantu amaXhosa (n = 15) and Khoesan !Xun (n = 14), respectively. Our data further suggests that contemporary !Xun represent distinct Khoesan prehistories. Khoesan assimilation with European settlement at the most southern tip of Africa resulted in significant ancestral Khoesan contributions to the Coloured (n = 25) and Baster (n = 30) populations. The latter populations were further impacted by 170 years of East Indian slave trade and intra-continental migrations resulting in a complex pattern of genetic variation (admixture). The populations of southern Africa provide a unique opportunity to investigate the genomic variability from some of the oldest human lineages to the implications of complex admixture patterns including ancient and recently diverged human lineages.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/complex-patterns-genomic-admixture-within-southern-africa", "reader_count"=>92, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Researcher"=>26, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>25, "Student > Postgraduate"=>9, "Student > Master"=>9, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>7, "Professor"=>5}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Researcher"=>26, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>25, "Student > Postgraduate"=>9, "Student > Master"=>9, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>7, "Professor"=>5}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Engineering"=>1, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>9, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>62, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>3, "Neuroscience"=>1, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>2, "Social Sciences"=>7, "Computer Science"=>2, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>2, "Linguistics"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>3}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>7}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>62}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>2}, "Linguistics"=>{"Linguistics"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>9}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>{"Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>2}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Austria"=>1, "United States"=>5, "Italy"=>1, "South Africa"=>3, "United Kingdom"=>1, "Germany"=>1, "Spain"=>1}, "group_count"=>4}

CrossRef

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84875984798"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84875984798?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84875984798&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84875984798&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84875984798", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:84875984798", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-84875984798", "dc:title"=>"Complex Patterns of Genomic Admixture within Southern Africa", "dc:creator"=>"Petersen D.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS Genetics", "prism:issn"=>"15537390", "prism:eIssn"=>"15537404", "prism:volume"=>"9", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"3", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2013-04-15", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"2013", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pgen.1003309", "citedby-count"=>"46", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"J. Craig Venter Institute", "affiliation-city"=>"San Diego", "affiliation-country"=>"United States"}], "pubmed-id"=>"23516368", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "article-number"=>"e1003309", "source-id"=>"4000151808", "openaccess"=>"1", "openaccessFlag"=>true}

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosgenetics%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pgen.1003309", "share_count"=>2, "like_count"=>0, "comment_count"=>0, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>2}

Twitter

Counter

  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"245", "xml_views"=>"15", "html_views"=>"1715"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"158", "xml_views"=>"9", "html_views"=>"715"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"61", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"293"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"25", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"224"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"26", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"219"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"26", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"259"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"24", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"220"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"30", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"421"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"24", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"400"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"350"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"241"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"339"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"28", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"329"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"26", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"298"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"287"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"172"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"241"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"205"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"252"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"274"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"269"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"169"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"137"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"42", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"87"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"44", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"103"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"98"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"76"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"95"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"24", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"89"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"101"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"106"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"144"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"101"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"86"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"140"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"99"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"72"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"55"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"74"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"80"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"76"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"107"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"92"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"86"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"83"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"77"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"81"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"93"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"117"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"177"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"106"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"139"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"109"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"78"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"105"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"101"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"83"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"69"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"62"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"48"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"77"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"51"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"68"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"38", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"69"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"60"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"133"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"70"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"43"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"25"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"27"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"40"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"54"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"43"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"31"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"51"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"92"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"35"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"38"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"43"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"8"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/986857"], "description"=>"<p>Study participants were sourced from two regions in Namibia and defined as Ju/'hoan (n = 19), !Xun (n = 14) (green) or Baster (n = 30, baige), while participants sourced within the boarders of South Africa included the amaXhosa (n = 15, orange) from the Eastern Cape and a geographical dispersal of the Coloured (n = 25). As the predominant population within the Western Cape (yellow), this region has contributed to the bulk of published Coloured data. The Coloured in this study reported a local heritage that included part of the Northern Cape (n = 10, purple), the Eastern Cape (n = 7, aqua), while the Western Cape Coloureds within this study were all originally from the hub of Coloured culture and population emergence, District Six (n = 8, peach). The geographical dispersal of the #Khomani is also indicated (brown). Relevant historical events that have shaped regional population admixture are indicated in chronological order.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["africa", "sampling", "identifier", "shaped", "ancestral"], "article_id"=>651816, "categories"=>["Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Desiree C. Petersen", "Ondrej Libiger", "Elizabeth A. Tindall", "Rae-Anne Hardie", "Linda I. Hannick", "Richard H. Glashoff", "Mitali Mukerji", "Pedro Fernandez", "Wilfrid Haacke", "Nicholas J. Schork", "Vanessa M. Hayes"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1003309.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>16, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Map_of_southern_Africa_showing_distribution_of_sampling_per_population_identifier_and_significant_historical_events_that_likely_shaped_ancestral_contributions_/651816", "title"=>"Map of southern Africa showing distribution of sampling per population identifier and significant historical events that likely shaped ancestral contributions.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-03-15 08:01:10"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/986866", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/986867", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/986868", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/986869", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/986870", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/986871", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/986872", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/986874", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/986875", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/986877", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/986880", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/986882", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/986884", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/986886", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/986887", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/986889", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/986891", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/986893", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/986895", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/986897", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/986899", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/986901", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/986902", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/986903"], "description"=>"<div><p>Within-population genetic diversity is greatest within Africa, while between-population genetic diversity is directly proportional to geographic distance. The most divergent contemporary human populations include the click-speaking forager peoples of southern Africa, broadly defined as Khoesan. Both intra- (Bantu expansion) and inter-continental migration (European-driven colonization) have resulted in complex patterns of admixture between ancient geographically isolated Khoesan and more recently diverged populations. Using gender-specific analysis and almost 1 million autosomal markers, we determine the significance of estimated ancestral contributions that have shaped five contemporary southern African populations in a cohort of 103 individuals. Limited by lack of available data for homogenous Khoesan representation, we identify the Ju/'hoan (n = 19) as a distinct early diverging human lineage with little to no significant non-Khoesan contribution. In contrast to the Ju/'hoan, we identify ancient signatures of Khoesan and Bantu unions resulting in significant Khoesan- and Bantu-derived contributions to the Southern Bantu amaXhosa (n = 15) and Khoesan !Xun (n = 14), respectively. Our data further suggests that contemporary !Xun represent distinct Khoesan prehistories. Khoesan assimilation with European settlement at the most southern tip of Africa resulted in significant ancestral Khoesan contributions to the Coloured (n = 25) and Baster (n = 30) populations. The latter populations were further impacted by 170 years of East Indian slave trade and intra-continental migrations resulting in a complex pattern of genetic variation (admixture). The populations of southern Africa provide a unique opportunity to investigate the genomic variability from some of the oldest human lineages to the implications of complex admixture patterns including ancient and recently diverged human lineages.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["patterns", "genomic", "admixture", "africa"], "article_id"=>651825, "categories"=>["Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Desiree C. Petersen", "Ondrej Libiger", "Elizabeth A. Tindall", "Rae-Anne Hardie", "Linda I. Hannick", "Richard H. Glashoff", "Mitali Mukerji", "Pedro Fernandez", "Wilfrid Haacke", "Nicholas J. Schork", "Vanessa M. Hayes"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1003309.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1003309.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1003309.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1003309.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1003309.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1003309.s006", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1003309.s007", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1003309.s008", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1003309.s009", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1003309.s010", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1003309.s011", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1003309.s012", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1003309.s013", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1003309.s014", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1003309.s015", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1003309.s016", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1003309.s017", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1003309.s018", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1003309.s019", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1003309.s020", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1003309.s021", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1003309.s022", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1003309.s023", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1003309.s024"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>114, "page_views"=>19, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Complex_Patterns_of_Genomic_Admixture_within_Southern_Africa__/651825", "title"=>"Complex Patterns of Genomic Admixture within Southern Africa", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-03-15 08:04:22"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/986865"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Boxplots show the estimated ancestral fractions based on ADMIXTURE analysis for six population clusters defined as IND (Indian), IDO (Indonesian), CEU (European), SAN (Ju/'hoan), YRI (Yoruba) and CHB (Han Chinese) for the !Xun, #Khomani, amaXhosa, Baster and regionally defined Coloured (3,725 markers). The red dashed line depicts significance of ancestral contributions. A value of 1.0 indicates that each individual has a significant contribution from the respective ancestral population, a value of <1 indicates that the ancestral contribution is observed only in a proportion of the individuals, while a value of 0 indicates complete absence. (B) Map of India representing the sampling sites for 10 population identifiers and four regionally relevant genetic clusters (GCs). Flags depict the geographical location and date of Dutch East Indian Company (VOC) trading posts, with percentage in red depicting the estimated slave contribution to the Cape Colony. (C) STRUCTURE analysis of 9,317 LD-pruned autosomal markers for three ancestral populations distinguishes between a ‘Sino-Tibetan’ and ‘Indo-European’ population cluster, the latter significantly impacted by colonization of India. This data suggests that both clusters contributed to slavery at the Cape.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ancestral", "contributions", "african", "further", "clarification", "asian"], "article_id"=>651824, "categories"=>["Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Desiree C. Petersen", "Ondrej Libiger", "Elizabeth A. Tindall", "Rae-Anne Hardie", "Linda I. Hannick", "Richard H. Glashoff", "Mitali Mukerji", "Pedro Fernandez", "Wilfrid Haacke", "Nicholas J. Schork", "Vanessa M. Hayes"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1003309.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>19, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Estimation_and_significance_of_ancestral_contributions_to_southern_African_populations_including_further_clarification_of_recent_Asian_contributions_/651824", "title"=>"Estimation and significance of ancestral contributions to southern African populations, including further clarification of recent Asian contributions.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-03-15 08:03:12"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/986863"], "description"=>"<p>(A) STRUCTURE analysis for 2,687 Ju/'hoan-Yoruba AIMs identifies a third ‘unknown’ population cluster when assuming three ancestral populations. (B) Ancestral contributions to the !Xun shows a diverse contribution of a Ju/'hoan and unknown likely Khoesan ancestral fraction and a constant Bantu-derived fraction. (C) Ancestral contributions to the amaXhosa demonstrate more even contributions. (D) Based on ancestral fractions the !Xun are further classified as Ju/'hoan ancestral (n = 6) and (E) unknown ancestral, suggesting two unique !Xun lineages, each with significant Bantu ancestral contributions. The single admixed !Xun (NF2 ⇓) and the three Angolan !Xun (V) are indicated.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ancestry", "informative", "markers", "defined", "ancestral", "contributions", "providing", "lineages", "differing"], "article_id"=>651822, "categories"=>["Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Desiree C. Petersen", "Ondrej Libiger", "Elizabeth A. Tindall", "Rae-Anne Hardie", "Linda I. Hannick", "Richard H. Glashoff", "Mitali Mukerji", "Pedro Fernandez", "Wilfrid Haacke", "Nicholas J. Schork", "Vanessa M. Hayes"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1003309.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>45, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Ju_hoan_Yoruba_ancestry_informative_markers_AIMs_defined_ancestral_contributions_to_the_Xun_and_amaXhosa_providing_evidence_for_two_distinct_Xun_lineages_with_differing_ancestral_contributions_/651822", "title"=>"Ju/'hoan-Yoruba ancestry informative markers (AIMs) defined ancestral contributions to the !Xun and amaXhosa, providing evidence for two distinct !Xun lineages with differing ancestral contributions.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-03-15 08:02:46"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/986860"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Circular Neighbor Joining phylogenetic tree for 24,402 LD-pruned autosomal markers after merging our data with global population data for a total of 521 samples from 14 populations, with the Pan genome as the outgroup. We confirm early divergence of the Ju/'hoan and report independent branching of the Angolan !Xun. (B) Plot of total length of ROH against number of ROH (>500 kb) for each study sample against European and Yoruba using 716,734 markers (367 samples). Our foraging groups show smaller overall ROH lengths than the Europeans, yet longer than the Yoruba, suggesting small effective population sizes of a likely ancient population with minimal to no impact from a dramatic bottleneck.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["populations", "defines", "divergence", "genomic", "forager"], "article_id"=>651819, "categories"=>["Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Desiree C. Petersen", "Ondrej Libiger", "Elizabeth A. Tindall", "Rae-Anne Hardie", "Linda I. Hannick", "Richard H. Glashoff", "Mitali Mukerji", "Pedro Fernandez", "Wilfrid Haacke", "Nicholas J. Schork", "Vanessa M. Hayes"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1003309.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>25, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Relatedness_and_demographic_history_of_the_Ju_hoan_to_global_populations_defines_early_divergence_and_genomic_impact_of_forager_existence_/651819", "title"=>"Relatedness and demographic history of the Ju/'hoan to global populations defines early divergence and genomic impact of forager existence.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-03-15 08:02:08"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/986859"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Principal Components Analysis (PCA) clustering of the Yoruba, Ju/'hoan and Han Chinese/Europeans at the outer extremes of Coloured and Baster dispersal is suggestive of ‘African non-Khoesan’, ‘African Khoesan’ and ‘non-African’ substructure, while the amaXhosa and !Xun form tight clusters representing their Bantu and Khoesan ancestral roots, respectively. (B) STRUCTURE analysis (K = 3 to K = 9) further defines homogenous ancestral contributions defined in this study as ‘Khoesan’ (Ju/'hoan, green), ‘African proto-Bantu’ (Yoruba, red), Hadza (light blue), ‘Asian’ (Han Chinese, blue), European (yellow), and ‘Pygmy’ (light gray), the latter further defined (K = 7) as Mbuti (dark gray) and Biaka (maroon), Sandawe (light purple) and ‘Nilotic’ (Maasai, orange).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["substructure", "african", "populations", "10", "globally", "overlapping", "autosomal"], "article_id"=>651818, "categories"=>["Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Desiree C. Petersen", "Ondrej Libiger", "Elizabeth A. Tindall", "Rae-Anne Hardie", "Linda I. Hannick", "Richard H. Glashoff", "Mitali Mukerji", "Pedro Fernandez", "Wilfrid Haacke", "Nicholas J. Schork", "Vanessa M. Hayes"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1003309.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>37, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Population_substructure_within_the_five_southern_African_populations_n_8202_8202_103_in_relation_to_10_globally_relevant_populations_n_8202_8202_237_for_33_207_overlapping_autosomal_markers_/651818", "title"=>"Population substructure within the five southern African populations (n = 103) in relation to 10 globally relevant populations (n = 237) for 33,207 overlapping autosomal markers.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-03-15 08:01:47"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"47", "full-text"=>"47", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"16", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"35", "full-text"=>"33", "pdf"=>"13", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"32", "full-text"=>"31", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"14", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"29", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"21", "supp-data"=>"22", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"24", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"27", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"10", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"5", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"28", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"11", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"53", "full-text"=>"33", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"34", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"18", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"31", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"23", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"10", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"33", "full-text"=>"35", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"46", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"10", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"10", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"18", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"25", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"28", "full-text"=>"27", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"9", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"11", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"12", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"15", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"5", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"13", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"11", "supp-data"=>"24", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"30", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"9", "supp-data"=>"49", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"30", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"12", "supp-data"=>"9", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"17", "supp-data"=>"8", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"8", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"10", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"24", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"26", "full-text"=>"28", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"8"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2013-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2013-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences", "average_usage"=>[269, 466, 588, 697, 800, 896, 988, 1076, 1165, 1254, 1340, 1417]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Genetics", "average_usage"=>[284, 491, 620, 738, 843, 945, 1043, 1137, 1225, 1315, 1400, 1479, 1555]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Population biology", "average_usage"=>[269, 448, 558, 658, 744, 830, 914, 995, 1068, 1139, 1214, 1284, 1349]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Earth sciences", "average_usage"=>[296, 488, 620, 717, 828, 938, 1038, 1130, 1230, 1328, 1414, 1502, 1592]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Earth sciences/Geography", "average_usage"=>[285, 472, 614, 714, 817, 928, 1028, 1122, 1225, 1327, 1410, 1482, 1549]}, {"subject_area"=>"/People and places", "average_usage"=>[270, 456, 573, 676, 773, 867, 955, 1037, 1120, 1205, 1286, 1363, 1436]}, {"subject_area"=>"/People and places/Population groupings", "average_usage"=>[265, 456, 578, 682, 782, 881, 965, 1053, 1133, 1223, 1310, 1391, 1457]}]}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts