Modeling 3D Facial Shape from DNA
Publication Date
March 20, 2014
Journal
PLOS Genetics
Authors
Peter Claes, Denise K. Liberton, Katleen Daniels, Kerri Matthes Rosana, et al
Volume
10
Issue
3
Pages
e1004224
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004224
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosgenetics/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pgen.1004224
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24651127
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3961191
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/24651127
Web of Science
000337144700048
Scopus
84897443026
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/modeling-3d-facial-shape-dna-1
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Modeling 3D Facial Shape from DNA", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Peter", "last_name"=>"Claes", "scopus_author_id"=>"9274666400"}, {"first_name"=>"Denise K.", "last_name"=>"Liberton", "scopus_author_id"=>"55898678600"}, {"first_name"=>"Katleen", "last_name"=>"Daniels", "scopus_author_id"=>"54952003800"}, {"first_name"=>"Kerri Matthes", "last_name"=>"Rosana", "scopus_author_id"=>"56095254900"}, {"first_name"=>"Ellen E.", "last_name"=>"Quillen", "scopus_author_id"=>"14048964200"}, {"first_name"=>"Laurel N.", "last_name"=>"Pearson", "scopus_author_id"=>"53875231600"}, {"first_name"=>"Brian", "last_name"=>"McEvoy", "scopus_author_id"=>"8213910300"}, {"first_name"=>"Marc", "last_name"=>"Bauchet", "scopus_author_id"=>"16244202800"}, {"first_name"=>"Arslan A.", "last_name"=>"Zaidi", "scopus_author_id"=>"56095408100"}, {"first_name"=>"Wei", "last_name"=>"Yao", "scopus_author_id"=>"56094616800"}, {"first_name"=>"Hua", "last_name"=>"Tang", "scopus_author_id"=>"56544900000"}, {"first_name"=>"Gregory S.", "last_name"=>"Barsh", "scopus_author_id"=>"35394756500"}, {"first_name"=>"Devin M.", "last_name"=>"Absher", "scopus_author_id"=>"57198406019"}, {"first_name"=>"David A.", "last_name"=>"Puts", "scopus_author_id"=>"8699951600"}, {"first_name"=>"Jorge", "last_name"=>"Rocha", "scopus_author_id"=>"7202074316"}, {"first_name"=>"Sandra", "last_name"=>"Beleza", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603216912"}, {"first_name"=>"Rinaldo W.", "last_name"=>"Pereira", "scopus_author_id"=>"55944614100"}, {"first_name"=>"Gareth", "last_name"=>"Baynam", "scopus_author_id"=>"14324494700"}, {"first_name"=>"Paul", "last_name"=>"Suetens", "scopus_author_id"=>"23006621700"}, {"first_name"=>"Dirk", "last_name"=>"Vandermeulen", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003312639"}, {"first_name"=>"Jennifer K.", "last_name"=>"Wagner", "scopus_author_id"=>"7404356196"}, {"first_name"=>"James S.", "last_name"=>"Boster", "scopus_author_id"=>"35617531400"}, {"first_name"=>"Mark D.", "last_name"=>"Shriver", "scopus_author_id"=>"24390641500"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS Genetics", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"372738202", "issn"=>"15537404", "isbn"=>"1553-7404 (Electronic)\\r1553-7390 (Linking)", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pgen.1004224", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84897443026", "pmid"=>"24651127", "sgr"=>"84897443026"}, "id"=>"7365d066-a364-3ab5-ae9f-04a41a8b8c14", "abstract"=>"Human facial diversity is substantial, complex, and largely scientifically unexplained. We used spatially dense quasi-landmarks to measure face shape in population samples with mixed West African and European ancestry from three locations (United States, Brazil, and Cape Verde). Using bootstrapped response-based imputation modeling (BRIM), we uncover the relationships between facial variation and the effects of sex, genomic ancestry, and a subset of craniofacial candidate genes. The facial effects of these variables are summarized as response-based imputed predictor (RIP) variables, which are validated using self-reported sex, genomic ancestry, and observer-based facial ratings (femininity and proportional ancestry) and judgments (sex and population group). By jointly modeling sex, genomic ancestry, and genotype, the independent effects of particular alleles on facial features can be uncovered. Results on a set of 20 genes showing significant effects on facial features provide support for this approach as a novel means to identify genes affecting normal-range facial features and for approximating the appearance of a face from genetic markers.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/modeling-3d-facial-shape-dna-1", "reader_count"=>315, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>15, "Researcher"=>84, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>12, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>85, "Student > Postgraduate"=>7, "Student > Master"=>45, "Other"=>16, "Student > Bachelor"=>30, "Lecturer"=>7, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>3, "Professor"=>10, "Unspecified"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>15, "Researcher"=>84, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>12, "Student > Ph. D. 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Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1428778"], "description"=>"<p>A) original surface, B) trimmed to exclude non-face parts, C) reflected to make mirror image, D) anthropometric mask of quasi-landmarks, E) remapped, F) reflected remapped, G) symmetrized, H) reconstructed.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Computational biology", "population genetics", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary systematics", "phylogenetics", "Evolutionary genetics", "genetics", "Human genetics", "3d"], "article_id"=>968894, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Peter Claes", "Denise K. Liberton", "Katleen Daniels", "Kerri Matthes Rosana", "Ellen E. Quillen", "Laurel N. Pearson", "Brian McEvoy", "Marc Bauchet", "Arslan A. Zaidi", "Wei Yao", "Hua Tang", "Gregory S. Barsh", "Devin M. Absher", "David A. Puts", "Jorge Rocha", "Sandra Beleza", "Rinaldo W. Pereira", "Gareth Baynam", "Paul Suetens", "Dirk Vandermeulen", "Jennifer K. Wagner", "James S. Boster", "Mark D. Shriver"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004224.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>25, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Workflow_for_3D_face_scan_processing_/968894", "title"=>"Workflow for 3D face scan processing.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-03-20 03:49:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1428819"], "description"=>"<p>(A) RIP-A with genomic ancestry; genomic ancestry is calculated using the core panel of 68 AIMs and RIP-A is calculated using this ancestry estimate on the set of three populations combined (N = 592). Populations are indicated as shown in the legend with United States participants shown with black circles, Brazilians with red circles, and Cape Verdeans with blue circles. (B) Histograms of RIP-S by self-reported sex.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Computational biology", "population genetics", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary systematics", "phylogenetics", "Evolutionary genetics", "genetics", "Human genetics", "ancestry", "variables", "predictor"], "article_id"=>968922, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Peter Claes", "Denise K. Liberton", "Katleen Daniels", "Kerri Matthes Rosana", "Ellen E. Quillen", "Laurel N. Pearson", "Brian McEvoy", "Marc Bauchet", "Arslan A. Zaidi", "Wei Yao", "Hua Tang", "Gregory S. Barsh", "Devin M. Absher", "David A. Puts", "Jorge Rocha", "Sandra Beleza", "Rinaldo W. Pereira", "Gareth Baynam", "Paul Suetens", "Dirk Vandermeulen", "Jennifer K. Wagner", "James S. Boster", "Mark D. Shriver"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004224.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>17, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Relationships_between_the_ancestry_and_sex_RIP_variables_and_their_initial_predictor_variables_/968922", "title"=>"Relationships between the ancestry and sex RIP variables and their initial predictor variables.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-03-20 03:49:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1428800"], "description"=>"<p>The effects of the first 10 PCs (A–J) on face shape change parameters (FSCPs). The effect as a magnitude of each quasi-landmark displacement is shown first, followed by the alternate transformations (grey faces), the area ratio between both, the curvatures on the transformations, the curvature ratio between both, and finally the normal displacement between both, which is the signed magnitude of the displacement of one quasi-landmark in the direction normal to the surface of the first transformation (left gray faces).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Computational biology", "population genetics", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary systematics", "phylogenetics", "Evolutionary genetics", "genetics", "Human genetics", "facial"], "article_id"=>968912, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Peter Claes", "Denise K. Liberton", "Katleen Daniels", "Kerri Matthes Rosana", "Ellen E. Quillen", "Laurel N. Pearson", "Brian McEvoy", "Marc Bauchet", "Arslan A. Zaidi", "Wei Yao", "Hua Tang", "Gregory S. Barsh", "Devin M. Absher", "David A. Puts", "Jorge Rocha", "Sandra Beleza", "Rinaldo W. Pereira", "Gareth Baynam", "Paul Suetens", "Dirk Vandermeulen", "Jennifer K. Wagner", "James S. Boster", "Mark D. Shriver"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004224.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>19, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_PCA_effects_on_facial_morphology_/968912", "title"=>"PCA effects on facial morphology.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-03-20 03:49:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1428821"], "description"=>"<p>(A) RIP-A and proportional ancestry ratings (r = 0.854, <i>p</i><0.0001), (B) RIP-A and ancestry judgments (r = 0.859, <i>p</i><0.0001), (C) RIP-S and femininity ratings (r = 0.860, <i>p</i><0.0001), (D) RIP-S and sex judgments (r = 0.856, <i>p</i><0.0001).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Computational biology", "population genetics", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary systematics", "phylogenetics", "Evolutionary genetics", "genetics", "Human genetics", "judgments", "facial", "ancestry"], "article_id"=>968924, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Peter Claes", "Denise K. Liberton", "Katleen Daniels", "Kerri Matthes Rosana", "Ellen E. Quillen", "Laurel N. Pearson", "Brian McEvoy", "Marc Bauchet", "Arslan A. Zaidi", "Wei Yao", "Hua Tang", "Gregory S. Barsh", "Devin M. Absher", "David A. Puts", "Jorge Rocha", "Sandra Beleza", "Rinaldo W. Pereira", "Gareth Baynam", "Paul Suetens", "Dirk Vandermeulen", "Jennifer K. Wagner", "James S. Boster", "Mark D. Shriver"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004224.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>16, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Relationships_between_human_observer_rating_and_judgments_of_facial_ancestry_and_sex_/968924", "title"=>"Relationships between human observer rating and judgments of facial ancestry and sex.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-03-20 03:49:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1428817"], "description"=>"<p>The top row of each panel shows the shape transformations three standard deviations below and above the mean of the RIPs in this sample. The second row shows the R<sup>2</sup> (proportion of the total variation in each quasi-landmark) and the three primary facial shape change parameters: area ratio, curvature difference, and normal displacement. The bottom row shows in yellow the regions of the face that are statistically significantly different (<i>p</i><0.001) between the two transformations. The max R<sup>2</sup> values for RIP-A and RIP-S are 40.83% and 38.21%, respectively.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Computational biology", "population genetics", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary systematics", "phylogenetics", "Evolutionary genetics", "genetics", "Human genetics", "maps", "affected", "rip-a"], "article_id"=>968920, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Peter Claes", "Denise K. Liberton", "Katleen Daniels", "Kerri Matthes Rosana", "Ellen E. Quillen", "Laurel N. Pearson", "Brian McEvoy", "Marc Bauchet", "Arslan A. Zaidi", "Wei Yao", "Hua Tang", "Gregory S. Barsh", "Devin M. Absher", "David A. Puts", "Jorge Rocha", "Sandra Beleza", "Rinaldo W. Pereira", "Gareth Baynam", "Paul Suetens", "Dirk Vandermeulen", "Jennifer K. Wagner", "James S. Boster", "Mark D. Shriver"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004224.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Transformations_and_heat_maps_showing_how_face_shape_is_affected_by_A_RIP_A_and_B_RIP_S_/968920", "title"=>"Transformations and heat maps showing how face shape is affected by (A) RIP-A and (B) RIP-S.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-03-20 03:49:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1428896", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1428897", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1428898", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1428899", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1428900", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1428901", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1428902", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1428903", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1428904", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1428905", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1428906", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1428907", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1428908", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1428909", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1428910", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1428911", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1428912", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1428913", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1428914", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1428915", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1428916", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1428917", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1428918", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1428919", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1428920", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1428921", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1428922", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1428923", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1428924", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1428925", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1428926", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1428928", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1428929", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1428930", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1428931", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1428932", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1428933", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1428934", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1428935", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1428936", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1428937", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1428938", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1428939", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1428940", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1428941", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1428942", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1428943", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1428944", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1428945"], "description"=>"<div><p>Human facial diversity is substantial, complex, and largely scientifically unexplained. We used spatially dense quasi-landmarks to measure face shape in population samples with mixed West African and European ancestry from three locations (United States, Brazil, and Cape Verde). Using bootstrapped response-based imputation modeling (BRIM), we uncover the relationships between facial variation and the effects of sex, genomic ancestry, and a subset of craniofacial candidate genes. The facial effects of these variables are summarized as response-based imputed predictor (RIP) variables, which are validated using self-reported sex, genomic ancestry, and observer-based facial ratings (femininity and proportional ancestry) and judgments (sex and population group). By jointly modeling sex, genomic ancestry, and genotype, the independent effects of particular alleles on facial features can be uncovered. Results on a set of 20 genes showing significant effects on facial features provide support for this approach as a novel means to identify genes affecting normal-range facial features and for approximating the appearance of a face from genetic markers.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Computational biology", "population genetics", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary systematics", "phylogenetics", "Evolutionary genetics", "genetics", "Human genetics", "3d", "facial"], "article_id"=>968979, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Peter Claes", "Denise K. Liberton", "Katleen Daniels", "Kerri Matthes Rosana", "Ellen E. Quillen", "Laurel N. Pearson", "Brian McEvoy", "Marc Bauchet", "Arslan A. Zaidi", "Wei Yao", "Hua Tang", "Gregory S. Barsh", "Devin M. Absher", "David A. Puts", "Jorge Rocha", "Sandra Beleza", "Rinaldo W. Pereira", "Gareth Baynam", "Paul Suetens", "Dirk Vandermeulen", "Jennifer K. Wagner", "James S. Boster", "Mark D. Shriver"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004224.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004224.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004224.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004224.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004224.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004224.s006", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004224.s007", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004224.s008", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004224.s009", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004224.s010", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004224.s011", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004224.s012", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004224.s013", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004224.s014", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004224.s015", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004224.s016", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004224.s017", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004224.s018", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004224.s019", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004224.s020", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004224.s021", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004224.s022", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004224.s023", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004224.s024", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004224.s025", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004224.s026", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004224.s027", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004224.s028", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004224.s029", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004224.s030", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004224.s031", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004224.s032", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004224.s033", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004224.s034", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004224.s035", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004224.s036", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004224.s037", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004224.s038", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004224.s039", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004224.s040", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004224.s041", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004224.s042", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004224.s043", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004224.s044", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004224.s045", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004224.s046", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004224.s047", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004224.s048", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004224.s049"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>87, "page_views"=>30, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Modeling_3D_Facial_Shape_from_DNA_/968979", "title"=>"Modeling 3D Facial Shape from DNA", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2014-03-20 03:49:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1428836"], "description"=>"<p>The initial predictor variables are SNPs in the genes (A) <i>SLC35D1</i> (B) <i>FGFR1</i>, and (C) <i>LRP6</i>. The top row of each panel shows the shape transformations near the extreme values of the particular RIP-G shown. The second row shows the R<sup>2</sup> (proportion of the facial total variation), the three primary facial shape change parameters: area ratio, curvature difference, and normal displacement. The max R<sup>2</sup> values for A, B, and C are 11.68%, 15.16% and 10.10%, respectively.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Computational biology", "population genetics", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary systematics", "phylogenetics", "Evolutionary genetics", "genetics", "Human genetics", "maps", "affected", "rip-g"], "article_id"=>968932, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Peter Claes", "Denise K. Liberton", "Katleen Daniels", "Kerri Matthes Rosana", "Ellen E. Quillen", "Laurel N. Pearson", "Brian McEvoy", "Marc Bauchet", "Arslan A. Zaidi", "Wei Yao", "Hua Tang", "Gregory S. Barsh", "Devin M. Absher", "David A. Puts", "Jorge Rocha", "Sandra Beleza", "Rinaldo W. Pereira", "Gareth Baynam", "Paul Suetens", "Dirk Vandermeulen", "Jennifer K. Wagner", "James S. Boster", "Mark D. Shriver"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004224.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>31, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Transformations_and_heat_maps_showing_how_face_shape_is_affected_by_three_particular_RIP_G_variables_/968932", "title"=>"Transformations and heat maps showing how face shape is affected by three particular RIP-G variables.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-03-20 03:49:42"}

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Relative Metric

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