Racial Categories in Medical Practice: How Useful Are They?
Publication Date
September 25, 2007
Journal
PLOS Medicine
Authors
Lundy Braun, Anne Fausto Sterling, Duana Fullwiley, Evelynn M Hammonds, et al
Volume
4
Issue
9
Pages
e271
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.0040271
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosmedicine/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pmed.0040271
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17896853
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1989738
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/17896853
Web of Science
000249768100002
Scopus
34848923360
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/racial-categories-medical-practice-useful
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Scopus | Further Information

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  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"229", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"92"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"47", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"174"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"54", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"552"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"34", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"179"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"55", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"197"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"39", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"122"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"30", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"163"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"29", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"171"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"48", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"154"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"109"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"61", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"156"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"53", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"127"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"157", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"114"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"38", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"114"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"month"=>"1", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"54", "year"=>"2010", "pdf"=>"7", "unique-ip"=>"51", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"56", "unique-ip"=>"57", "pdf"=>"5", "year"=>"2010", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"52", "year"=>"2010", "pdf"=>"12", "unique-ip"=>"61", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"63", "unique-ip"=>"57", "pdf"=>"10", "year"=>"2010", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"31", "year"=>"2010", "pdf"=>"5", "unique-ip"=>"25", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"6", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"20", "unique-ip"=>"16", "pdf"=>"5", "year"=>"2010", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"40", "year"=>"2010", "pdf"=>"13", "unique-ip"=>"41", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"8", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"24", "unique-ip"=>"33", "pdf"=>"20", "year"=>"2010", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"18", "year"=>"2010", "pdf"=>"10", "unique-ip"=>"21", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"10", "cited-by"=>"1", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"32", "unique-ip"=>"30", "pdf"=>"11", "year"=>"2010", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"26", "year"=>"2010", "pdf"=>"9", "unique-ip"=>"29", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"12", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"16", "unique-ip"=>"22", "pdf"=>"9", "year"=>"2010", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"22", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"14", "unique-ip"=>"32", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"23", "unique-ip"=>"23", "pdf"=>"10", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"13", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"8", "unique-ip"=>"19", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"27", "unique-ip"=>"28", "pdf"=>"11", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"10", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"8", "unique-ip"=>"16", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"6", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"14", "unique-ip"=>"19", "pdf"=>"6", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"23", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"6", "unique-ip"=>"21", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"8", "cited-by"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"18", "unique-ip"=>"19", "pdf"=>"3", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"36", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"5", "unique-ip"=>"35", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"10", "cited-by"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"40", "unique-ip"=>"38", "pdf"=>"2", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"49", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"1", "unique-ip"=>"42", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"12", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"36", "unique-ip"=>"28", "pdf"=>"2", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"3", "full-text"=>"39", "unique-ip"=>"37", "pdf"=>"5", "year"=>"2012", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"2", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"55", "year"=>"2012", "pdf"=>"5", "unique-ip"=>"47", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"29", "unique-ip"=>"26", "pdf"=>"3", "year"=>"2012", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"48", "year"=>"2012", "pdf"=>"9", "unique-ip"=>"41", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"5", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"25", "unique-ip"=>"21", "pdf"=>"7", "year"=>"2012", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "scanned-page-browse"=>"146", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"0", "year"=>"2007", "pdf"=>"0", "unique-ip"=>"0", "figure"=>"293", "scanned-summary"=>"147", "supp-data"=>"189"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"62", "month"=>"10", "cited-by"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"1", "unique-ip"=>"0", "pdf"=>"0", "year"=>"2007", "figure"=>"207", "scanned-summary"=>"144", "supp-data"=>"135"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "scanned-page-browse"=>"18", "cited-by"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"0", "year"=>"2007", "pdf"=>"0", "unique-ip"=>"0", "figure"=>"79", "scanned-summary"=>"61", "supp-data"=>"56"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"18", "month"=>"12", "cited-by"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"0", "unique-ip"=>"0", "pdf"=>"0", "year"=>"2007", "figure"=>"74", "scanned-summary"=>"56", "supp-data"=>"56"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "scanned-page-browse"=>"25", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"0", "year"=>"2008", "pdf"=>"0", "unique-ip"=>"0", "figure"=>"100", "scanned-summary"=>"75", "supp-data"=>"67"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"21", "month"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"0", "unique-ip"=>"0", "pdf"=>"0", "year"=>"2008", "figure"=>"95", "scanned-summary"=>"74", "supp-data"=>"70"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "scanned-page-browse"=>"21", "cited-by"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"0", "year"=>"2008", "pdf"=>"0", "unique-ip"=>"0", "figure"=>"89", "scanned-summary"=>"68", "supp-data"=>"64"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"94", "month"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"0", "unique-ip"=>"0", "pdf"=>"0", "year"=>"2008", "figure"=>"142", "scanned-summary"=>"48", "supp-data"=>"77"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "scanned-page-browse"=>"11", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"0", "year"=>"2008", "pdf"=>"0", "unique-ip"=>"0", "figure"=>"54", "scanned-summary"=>"43", "supp-data"=>"44"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"4", "month"=>"6", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"0", "unique-ip"=>"0", "pdf"=>"0", "year"=>"2008", "figure"=>"41", "scanned-summary"=>"37", "supp-data"=>"33"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "scanned-page-browse"=>"8", "cited-by"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"0", "year"=>"2008", "pdf"=>"0", "unique-ip"=>"0", "figure"=>"38", "scanned-summary"=>"30", "supp-data"=>"27"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"6", "month"=>"8", "cited-by"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"1", "unique-ip"=>"0", "pdf"=>"0", "year"=>"2008", "figure"=>"62", "scanned-summary"=>"55", "supp-data"=>"49"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "scanned-page-browse"=>"23", "cited-by"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"0", "year"=>"2008", "pdf"=>"0", "unique-ip"=>"0", "figure"=>"105", "scanned-summary"=>"82", "supp-data"=>"68"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"10", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"100", "unique-ip"=>"100", "pdf"=>"25", "year"=>"2008", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"73", "year"=>"2008", "pdf"=>"7", "unique-ip"=>"63", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"12", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"70", "unique-ip"=>"58", "pdf"=>"4", "year"=>"2008", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"56", "year"=>"2009", "pdf"=>"17", "unique-ip"=>"55", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"40", "unique-ip"=>"37", "pdf"=>"9", "year"=>"2009", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"56", "year"=>"2009", "pdf"=>"8", "unique-ip"=>"34", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"37", "unique-ip"=>"36", "pdf"=>"12", "year"=>"2009", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"55", "year"=>"2009", "pdf"=>"8", "unique-ip"=>"50", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"6", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"45", "unique-ip"=>"40", "pdf"=>"5", "year"=>"2009", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"41", "year"=>"2009", "pdf"=>"6", "unique-ip"=>"42", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"8", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"47", "unique-ip"=>"40", "pdf"=>"11", "year"=>"2009", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"45", "year"=>"2009", "pdf"=>"4", "unique-ip"=>"44", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"10", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"23", "unique-ip"=>"24", "pdf"=>"3", "year"=>"2009", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"71", "year"=>"2009", "pdf"=>"21", "unique-ip"=>"77", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"12", "cited-by"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"58", "unique-ip"=>"50", "pdf"=>"4", "year"=>"2009", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"47", "year"=>"2012", "pdf"=>"3", "unique-ip"=>"40", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"44", "full-text"=>"58", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"25", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"49", "full-text"=>"51", "pdf"=>"35", "abstract"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"32", "full-text"=>"43", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"9"}
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