Social Relationships and Mortality Risk: A Meta-analytic Review
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{"title"=>"Social relationships and mortality risk: A meta-analytic review", "type"=>"generic", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Julianne", "last_name"=>"Holt-Lunstad", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603496597"}, {"first_name"=>"Timothy B.", "last_name"=>"Smith", "scopus_author_id"=>"14008385700"}, {"first_name"=>"J. Bradley", "last_name"=>"Layton", "scopus_author_id"=>"35838255300"}], "year"=>2010, "source"=>"PLoS Medicine", "identifiers"=>{"sgr"=>"77955071715", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pmed.1000316", "pui"=>"359262117", "pmid"=>"20668659", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-77955071715", "issn"=>"15491277", "isbn"=>"1549-1676 (Electronic)\\n1549-1277 (Linking)", "arxiv"=>"NIHMS150003"}, "id"=>"a6a3e0d9-a210-3dcd-a3ad-eb07b2c5bd0c", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: The quality and quantity of individuals' social relationships has been linked not only to mental health but also to both morbidity and mortality.\\n\\nOBJECTIVES: This meta-analytic review was conducted to determine the extent to which social relationships influence risk for mortality, which aspects of social relationships are most highly predictive, and which factors may moderate the risk.\\n\\nDATA EXTRACTION: Data were extracted on several participant characteristics, including cause of mortality, initial health status, and pre-existing health conditions, as well as on study characteristics, including length of follow-up and type of assessment of social relationships.\\n\\nRESULTS: Across 148 studies (308,849 participants), the random effects weighted average effect size was OR = 1.50 (95% CI 1.42 to 1.59), indicating a 50% increased likelihood of survival for participants with stronger social relationships. This finding remained consistent across age, sex, initial health status, cause of death, and follow-up period. Significant differences were found across the type of social measurement evaluated (p<0.001); the association was strongest for complex measures of social integration (OR = 1.91; 95% CI 1.63 to 2.23) and lowest for binary indicators of residential status (living alone versus with others) (OR = 1.19; 95% CI 0.99 to 1.44).\\n\\nCONCLUSIONS: The influence of social relationships on risk for mortality is comparable with well-established risk factors for mortality. Please see later in the article for the Editors' Summary.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/social-relationships-mortality-risk-metaanalytic-review-31", "reader_count"=>1465, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>44, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>73, "Librarian"=>6, "Researcher"=>192, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>118, "Student > Ph. D. 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Student"=>338, "Student > Postgraduate"=>67, "Student > Master"=>253, "Other"=>77, "Student > Bachelor"=>193, "Lecturer"=>31, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>12, "Professor"=>61}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>131, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>111, "Arts and Humanities"=>21, "Philosophy"=>1, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>21, "Chemistry"=>1, "Computer Science"=>26, "Decision Sciences"=>3, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>14, "Energy"=>1, "Engineering"=>12, "Environmental Science"=>11, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>51, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>11, "Materials Science"=>2, "Mathematics"=>5, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>281, "Neuroscience"=>25, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1, "Physics and Astronomy"=>1, "Psychology"=>459, "Social Sciences"=>251, "Linguistics"=>2, "Design"=>9, "Sports and Recreations"=>13}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>459}, "Sports and Recreations"=>{"Sports and Recreations"=>13}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>5}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>11}, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>{"Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1}, "Design"=>{"Design"=>9}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>12}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>25}, "Energy"=>{"Energy"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>111}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>26}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>21}, "Linguistics"=>{"Linguistics"=>2}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>11}, "Materials Science"=>{"Materials Science"=>2}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>281}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>251}, "Decision Sciences"=>{"Decision Sciences"=>3}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>131}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>21}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>14}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>51}, "Philosophy"=>{"Philosophy"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Republic of Singapore"=>1, "Puerto Rico"=>1, "United States"=>39, "Malaysia"=>1, "Portugal"=>2, "Greece"=>1, "Netherlands"=>4, "Sweden"=>4, "Ireland"=>3, "Brazil"=>3, "France"=>2, "Chile"=>2, "Nigeria"=>1, "Colombia"=>1, "Japan"=>6, "United Kingdom"=>27, "Switzerland"=>4, "Spain"=>5, "India"=>2, "New Zealand"=>1, "Canada"=>2, "Czech Republic"=>1, "Belgium"=>1, "Senegal"=>1, "Finland"=>2, "Denmark"=>1, "Italy"=>4, "South Africa"=>2, "Mexico"=>1, "Israel"=>1, "Australia"=>4, "Germany"=>8, "Indonesia"=>1}, "group_count"=>85}

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