Prevalence of Consensual Male–Male Sex and Sexual Violence, and Associations with HIV in South Africa: A Population-Based Cross-Sectional Study
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{"title"=>"Prevalence of Consensual Male-Male Sex and Sexual Violence, and Associations with HIV in South Africa: A Population-Based Cross-Sectional Study", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Kristin L.", "last_name"=>"Dunkle", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603293557"}, {"first_name"=>"Rachel K.", "last_name"=>"Jewkes", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006721599"}, {"first_name"=>"Daniel W.", "last_name"=>"Murdock", "scopus_author_id"=>"56075779400"}, {"first_name"=>"Yandisa", "last_name"=>"Sikweyiya", "scopus_author_id"=>"15021260400"}, {"first_name"=>"Robert", "last_name"=>"Morrell", "scopus_author_id"=>"8762546700"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS Medicine", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"15491277", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84879333201", "pui"=>"369184413", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pmed.1001472", "isbn"=>"1549-1676 (Electronic)\\r1549-1277 (Linking)", "sgr"=>"84879333201", "pmid"=>"23853554"}, "id"=>"e62b4b75-5232-3ed1-a7b5-a0c3de550b42", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: In sub-Saharan Africa the population prevalence of men who have sex with men (MSM) is unknown, as is the population prevalence of male-on-male sexual violence, and whether male-on-male sexual violence may relate to HIV risk. This paper describes lifetime prevalence of consensual male-male sexual behavior and male-on-male sexual violence (victimization and perpetration) in two South African provinces, socio-demographic factors associated with these experiences, and associations with HIV serostatus.\\n\\nMETHODS AND FINDINGS: In a cross-sectional study conducted in 2008, men aged 18-49 y from randomly selected households in the Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal provinces provided anonymous survey data and dried blood spots for HIV serostatus assessment. Interviews were completed in 1,737 of 2,298 (75.6%) of enumerated and eligible households. From these households, 1,705 men (97.1%) provided data on lifetime history of same-sex experiences, and 1,220 (70.2%) also provided dried blood spots for HIV testing. 5.4% (n = 92) of participants reported a lifetime history of any consensual sexual activity with another man; 9.6% (n = 164) reported any sexual victimization by a man, and 3.0% (n = 51) reported perpetrating sexual violence against another man. 85.0% (n = 79) of men with a history of consensual sex with men reported having a current female partner, and 27.7% (n = 26) reported having a current male partner. Of the latter, 80.6% (n = 21/26) also reported having a female partner. Men reporting a history of consensual male-male sexual behavior are more likely to have been a victim of male-on-male sexual violence (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 7.24; 95% CI 4.26-12.3), and to have perpetrated sexual violence against another man (aOR = 3.10; 95% CI 1.22-7.90). Men reporting consensual oral/anal sex with a man were more likely to be HIV+ than men with no such history (aOR = 3.11; 95% CI 1.24-7.80). Men who had raped a man were more likely to be HIV+ than non-perpetrators (aOR = 3.58; 95% CI 1.17-10.9).\\n\\nCONCLUSIONS: In this sample, one in 20 men (5.4%) reported lifetime consensual sexual contact with a man, while about one in ten (9.6%) reported experience of male-on-male sexual violence victimization. Men who reported having had sex with men were more likely to be HIV+, as were men who reported perpetrating sexual violence towards other men. Whilst there was no direct measure of male-female concurrency (having overlapping sexual relationships with men and women), the data suggest that this may have been common. These findings suggest that HIV prevention messages regarding male-male sex in South Africa should be mainstreamed with prevention messages for the general population, and sexual health interventions and HIV prevention interventions for South African men should explicitly address male-on-male sexual violence.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/prevalence-consensual-malemale-sex-sexual-violence-associations-hiv-south-africa-populationbased-cro", "reader_count"=>94, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>17, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>7, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>14, "Student > Postgraduate"=>6, "Student > Master"=>26, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>11, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2, "Unspecified"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>17, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>7, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>14, "Student > Postgraduate"=>6, "Student > Master"=>26, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>11, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2, "Unspecified"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>5, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>6, "Arts and Humanities"=>6, "Philosophy"=>2, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Chemistry"=>1, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1, "Engineering"=>1, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>10, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Mathematics"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>29, "Psychology"=>6, "Social Sciences"=>22, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>29}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>22}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>6}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>5}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>6}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>6}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>10}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Philosophy"=>{"Philosophy"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Canada"=>2, "United States"=>4}, "group_count"=>10}

Scopus | Further Information

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1092571"], "description"=>"<p>Values in bold are significant at <i>p</i><0.05.</p>a<p>Only correlates significant at <i>p</i><0.05 are included.</p><p>n/a, not applicable; Ref, reference value; SV, sexual violence.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["epidemiology", "Global health", "Infectious diseases", "Sexually transmitted diseases", "aids", "Public health", "Sociology", "Crime and criminology", "Assault", "Rape", "Sexual and gender issues", "consensual"], "article_id"=>724759, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Kristin L. Dunkle", "Rachel K. Jewkes", "Daniel W. Murdock", "Yandisa Sikweyiya", "Robert Morrell"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001472.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Socio_demographic_characteristics_sexual_behavior_and_sexual_attraction_by_lifetime_history_of_any_consensual_sexual_activity_with_a_man_MSM_/724759", "title"=>"Socio-demographic characteristics, sexual behavior, and sexual attraction by lifetime history of any consensual sexual activity with a man (MSM).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-06-18 01:19:19"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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  • {"unique-ip"=>"41", "full-text"=>"50", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"26", "full-text"=>"29", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"24", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
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Relative Metric

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