The Effect of Tobacco Control Measures during a Period of Rising Cardiovascular Disease Risk in India: A Mathematical Model of Myocardial Infarction and Stroke
Events
Loading … Spinner

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"The Effect of Tobacco Control Measures during a Period of Rising Cardiovascular Disease Risk in India: A Mathematical Model of Myocardial Infarction and Stroke", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Sanjay", "last_name"=>"Basu", "scopus_author_id"=>"9335409500"}, {"first_name"=>"Stanton", "last_name"=>"Glantz", "scopus_author_id"=>"7103220592"}, {"first_name"=>"Asaf", "last_name"=>"Bitton", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003739385"}, {"first_name"=>"Christopher", "last_name"=>"Millett", "scopus_author_id"=>"8610765600"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS Medicine", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"15491277", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84881218705", "pui"=>"369514191", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pmed.1001480", "isbn"=>"1549-1676", "sgr"=>"84881218705", "pmid"=>"23874160"}, "id"=>"b71cad57-31c8-3a5e-aedc-dd8d3b67ddff", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: We simulated tobacco control and pharmacological strategies for preventing cardiovascular deaths in India, the country that is expected to experience more cardiovascular deaths than any other over the next decade.\\n\\nMETHODS AND FINDINGS: A microsimulation model was developed to quantify the differential effects of various tobacco control measures and pharmacological therapies on myocardial infarction and stroke deaths stratified by age, gender, and urban/rural status for 2013 to 2022. The model incorporated population-representative data from India on multiple risk factors that affect myocardial infarction and stroke mortality, including hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes, coronary heart disease, and cerebrovascular disease. We also included data from India on cigarette smoking, bidi smoking, chewing tobacco, and secondhand smoke. According to the model's results, smoke-free legislation and tobacco taxation would likely be the most effective strategy among a menu of tobacco control strategies (including, as well, brief cessation advice by health care providers, mass media campaigns, and an advertising ban) for reducing myocardial infarction and stroke deaths over the next decade, while cessation advice would be expected to be the least effective strategy at the population level. In combination, these tobacco control interventions could avert 25% of myocardial infarctions and strokes (95% CI: 17%-34%) if the effects of the interventions are additive. These effects are substantially larger than would be achieved through aspirin, antihypertensive, and statin therapy under most scenarios, because of limited treatment access and adherence; nevertheless, the impacts of tobacco control policies and pharmacological interventions appear to be markedly synergistic, averting up to one-third of deaths from myocardial infarction and stroke among 20- to 79-y-olds over the next 10 y. Pharmacological therapies could also be considerably more potent with further health system improvements.\\n\\nCONCLUSIONS: Smoke-free laws and substantially increased tobacco taxation appear to be markedly potent population measures to avert future cardiovascular deaths in India. Despite the rise in co-morbid cardiovascular disease risk factors like hyperlipidemia and hypertension in low- and middle-income countries, tobacco control is likely to remain a highly effective strategy to reduce cardiovascular deaths.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/effect-tobacco-control-measures-during-period-rising-cardiovascular-disease-risk-india-mathematical", "reader_count"=>45, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>16, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>9, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>8, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>16, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>9, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>8, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>6, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1, "Philosophy"=>1, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1, "Engineering"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>1, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>2, "Mathematics"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>23, "Psychology"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>5}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>23}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>5}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>1}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>6}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>2}, "Philosophy"=>{"Philosophy"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Canada"=>2, "Netherlands"=>1, "Mexico"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>1, "Malaysia"=>1, "Peru"=>1}, "group_count"=>7}

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84881218705"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84881218705?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84881218705&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84881218705&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84881218705", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:84881218705", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-84881218705", "dc:title"=>"The Effect of Tobacco Control Measures during a Period of Rising Cardiovascular Disease Risk in India: A Mathematical Model of Myocardial Infarction and Stroke", "dc:creator"=>"Basu S.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS Medicine", "prism:issn"=>"15491277", "prism:eIssn"=>"15491676", "prism:volume"=>"10", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"7", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2013-07-01", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"July 2013", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pmed.1001480", "citedby-count"=>"23", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine", "affiliation-city"=>"London", "affiliation-country"=>"United Kingdom"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"Stanford University", "affiliation-city"=>"Palo Alto", "affiliation-country"=>"United States"}], "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "article-number"=>"e1001480", "source-id"=>"144840", "openaccess"=>"1", "openaccessFlag"=>true}

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosmedicine%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pmed.1001480", "share_count"=>0, "like_count"=>0, "comment_count"=>0, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>0}

Twitter

Counter

  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"176", "xml_views"=>"19", "html_views"=>"4724"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"212", "xml_views"=>"155", "html_views"=>"1749"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"30", "xml_views"=>"6", "html_views"=>"301"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"24", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"244"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"195"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"141"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"161"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"135"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"193"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"194"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"165"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"149"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"120"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"123"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"129"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"137"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"147"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"113"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"105"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"51"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"48"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"59"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"96"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"66"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"36"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"100"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"73"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"84"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"51"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"49"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"29"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"33"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"49"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"77"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"47"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"32"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"21"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"40"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"177"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"33"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"45"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"30"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"33"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"44"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"55"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"74"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"56"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"38"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"69"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"36"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"37"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"52"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"50"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"34"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"28"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"13"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"21"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"20"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"26"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"11"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"6", "html_views"=>"11"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"16"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"16"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"20"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"14"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"14"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"8"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"14"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"17"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"10"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"14"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"11"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"10"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"4"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1115356"], "description"=>"<p>“Meds” simulates the cumulative effects of aspirin, antihypertensive drugs, and statins. “Tobacco control” refers to a combination of smoke-free legislation, brief cessation advice by clinicians, a mass media campaign, a ban on advertising, and a 300% tax rate increase on both bidis and cigarettes with a cumulative impact equal to 1−([1−risk reduction from intervention A]×[1−risk reduction from intervention B], etc.). “TC+meds” refers to the combination of all medications and tobacco control measures, also assuming cumulative impact. MI, myocardial infarction.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Population biology", "epidemiology", "Cardiovascular disease epidemiology", "myocardial", "infarctions", "india"], "article_id"=>742739, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Sanjay Basu", "Stanton Glantz", "Asaf Bitton", "Christopher Millett"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001480.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Overall_mortality_trend_for_myocardial_infarctions_in_India_over_the_period_2013_8211_2022_/742739", "title"=>"Overall mortality trend for myocardial infarctions in India over the period 2013–2022.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-07-09 03:13:46"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1115357"], "description"=>"<p>“Meds” simulates the cumulative effects of aspirin, antihypertensive drugs, and statins. “Tobacco control” refers to a combination of smoke-free legislation, brief cessation advice by clinicians, a mass media campaign, a ban on advertising, and a 300% tax rate increase on both bidis and cigarettes with a cumulative impact equal to 1−([1−risk reduction from intervention A]×[1−risk reduction from intervention B], etc.). “TC+meds” refers to the combination of all medications and tobacco control measures, also assuming cumulative impact.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Population biology", "epidemiology", "Cardiovascular disease epidemiology", "strokes", "india"], "article_id"=>742740, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Sanjay Basu", "Stanton Glantz", "Asaf Bitton", "Christopher Millett"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001480.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Overall_mortality_trend_for_strokes_in_India_over_the_period_2013_8211_2022_/742740", "title"=>"Overall mortality trend for strokes in India over the period 2013–2022.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-07-09 03:13:46"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1115358"], "description"=>"<p>95% confidence intervals are displayed as error bars. MI, myocardial infarction; RM, rural men; RW, rural women; UM, urban men; UW, urban women.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Population biology", "epidemiology", "Cardiovascular disease epidemiology", "pharmacological", "interventions", "myocardial", "infarction"], "article_id"=>742741, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Sanjay Basu", "Stanton Glantz", "Asaf Bitton", "Christopher Millett"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001480.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Comparative_effectiveness_of_alternative_tobacco_control_and_pharmacological_interventions_on_future_myocardial_infarction_deaths_2013_8211_2022_/742741", "title"=>"Comparative effectiveness of alternative tobacco control and pharmacological interventions on future myocardial infarction deaths, 2013–2022.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-07-09 03:13:46"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1115359"], "description"=>"<p>95% confidence intervals are displayed as error bars. RM, rural men; RW, rural women; UM, urban men; UW, urban women.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Population biology", "epidemiology", "Cardiovascular disease epidemiology", "pharmacological", "interventions"], "article_id"=>742742, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Sanjay Basu", "Stanton Glantz", "Asaf Bitton", "Christopher Millett"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001480.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Comparative_effectiveness_of_alternative_tobacco_control_and_pharmacological_interventions_on_future_stroke_deaths_2013_8211_2022_/742742", "title"=>"Comparative effectiveness of alternative tobacco control and pharmacological interventions on future stroke deaths, 2013–2022.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-07-09 03:13:46"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1115360"], "description"=>"<p>Note the change in <i>y</i>-axis scale from <a href=\"http://www.plosmedicine.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001480#pmed-1001480-g002\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 2</a>. “All meds” assumes the effects of aspirin, antihypertensive drugs, and statins are cumulative. “All TC” refers to a combination of smoke-free legislation, brief cessation advice by clinicians, a mass media campaign, a ban on advertising, and a 300% tax rate increase on both bidis and cigarettes. “No additive effects” means that only the impact of the most effective tobacco control intervention produces the resulting effectiveness of the tobacco control package. “Cumulative effects” assumes that a combined package of tobacco control interventions would have a cumulative impact equal to 1−([1−risk reduction from intervention A]×[1−risk reduction from intervention B], etc.). “25% synergy” assumes that when the interventions are combined cumulatively, the impact of each individual intervention is amplified by 25%. 95% confidence intervals are displayed as error bars. RM, rural men; RW, rural women; UM, urban men; UW, urban women.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Population biology", "epidemiology", "Cardiovascular disease epidemiology", "combining", "interventions", "myocardial", "infarction"], "article_id"=>742743, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Sanjay Basu", "Stanton Glantz", "Asaf Bitton", "Christopher Millett"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001480.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Impact_of_combining_interventions_on_future_myocardial_infarction_deaths_2013_8211_2022_/742743", "title"=>"Impact of combining interventions on future myocardial infarction deaths, 2013–2022.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-07-09 03:13:46"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1115361"], "description"=>"<p>Note the change in <i>y</i>-axis scale from <a href=\"http://www.plosmedicine.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001480#pmed-1001480-g002\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 2</a>. “All meds” assumes the effects of aspirin, antihypertensive drugs, and statins are cumulative. “All TC” refers to a combination of smoke-free legislation, brief cessation advice by clinicians, a mass media campaign, a ban on advertising, and a 300% tax rate increase on both bidis and cigarettes. “No additive effects” means that only the impact of the most effective tobacco control intervention produces the resulting effectiveness of the tobacco control package. “Cumulative effects” assumes that a combined package of tobacco control interventions would have a cumulative impact equal to 1−([1−risk reduction from intervention A]×[1−risk reduction from intervention B], etc.). “25% synergy” assumes that when the interventions are combined cumulatively, the impact of each individual intervention is amplified by 25%. 95% confidence intervals are displayed as error bars. RM, rural men; RW, rural women; UM, urban men; UW, urban women.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Population biology", "epidemiology", "Cardiovascular disease epidemiology", "combining", "interventions"], "article_id"=>742744, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Sanjay Basu", "Stanton Glantz", "Asaf Bitton", "Christopher Millett"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001480.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>11, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Impact_of_combining_interventions_on_future_stroke_deaths_2013_8211_2022_/742744", "title"=>"Impact of combining interventions on future stroke deaths, 2013–2022.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-07-09 03:13:46"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1115362"], "description"=>"<p>Model parameters and data sources.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Population biology", "epidemiology", "Cardiovascular disease epidemiology"], "article_id"=>742745, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Sanjay Basu", "Stanton Glantz", "Asaf Bitton", "Christopher Millett"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001480.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Model_parameters_and_data_sources_/742745", "title"=>"Model parameters and data sources.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-07-09 03:13:46"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1115363"], "description"=>"<p>“All meds” assumes that the effects of aspirin, antihypertensive drugs, and statins are additive. “All TC” refers to a combination of smoke-free legislation, brief cessation advice by clinicians, a mass media campaign, a ban on advertising, and a 300% tax rate increase on both bidis and cigarettes. “No additive effects” means that only the impact of the most effective tobacco control intervention produces the resulting effectiveness of the tobacco control package. “Cumulative effects” assumes that a combined package of tobacco control interventions would have an impact equal to 1−([1−risk reduction from intervention A]×[1−risk reduction from intervention B], etc.). “25% synergy” assumes that when the interventions are combined, the impact of each individual intervention is amplified by 25%.</p><p>MI, myocardial infarction; TC, tobacco control.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Population biology", "epidemiology", "Cardiovascular disease epidemiology", "pharmacological", "interventions", "reducing", "myocardial", "infarction"], "article_id"=>742746, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Sanjay Basu", "Stanton Glantz", "Asaf Bitton", "Christopher Millett"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001480.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Comparative_effectiveness_of_tobacco_control_and_pharmacological_interventions_in_reducing_myocardial_infarction_and_stroke_deaths_2013_8211_2022_/742746", "title"=>"Comparative effectiveness of tobacco control and pharmacological interventions in reducing myocardial infarction and stroke deaths, 2013–2022.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-07-09 03:13:46"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1115364", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1115365", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1115366", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1115367", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1115368", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1115369", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1115370", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1115371", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1115372", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1115373", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1115374", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1115375", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1115376", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1115377"], "description"=>"<div><p>Background</p><p>We simulated tobacco control and pharmacological strategies for preventing cardiovascular deaths in India, the country that is expected to experience more cardiovascular deaths than any other over the next decade.</p><p>Methods and Findings</p><p>A microsimulation model was developed to quantify the differential effects of various tobacco control measures and pharmacological therapies on myocardial infarction and stroke deaths stratified by age, gender, and urban/rural status for 2013 to 2022. The model incorporated population-representative data from India on multiple risk factors that affect myocardial infarction and stroke mortality, including hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes, coronary heart disease, and cerebrovascular disease. We also included data from India on cigarette smoking, bidi smoking, chewing tobacco, and secondhand smoke. According to the model's results, smoke-free legislation and tobacco taxation would likely be the most effective strategy among a menu of tobacco control strategies (including, as well, brief cessation advice by health care providers, mass media campaigns, and an advertising ban) for reducing myocardial infarction and stroke deaths over the next decade, while cessation advice would be expected to be the least effective strategy at the population level. In combination, these tobacco control interventions could avert 25% of myocardial infarctions and strokes (95% CI: 17%–34%) if the effects of the interventions are additive. These effects are substantially larger than would be achieved through aspirin, antihypertensive, and statin therapy under most scenarios, because of limited treatment access and adherence; nevertheless, the impacts of tobacco control policies and pharmacological interventions appear to be markedly synergistic, averting up to one-third of deaths from myocardial infarction and stroke among 20- to 79-y-olds over the next 10 y. Pharmacological therapies could also be considerably more potent with further health system improvements.</p><p>Conclusions</p><p>Smoke-free laws and substantially increased tobacco taxation appear to be markedly potent population measures to avert future cardiovascular deaths in India. Despite the rise in co-morbid cardiovascular disease risk factors like hyperlipidemia and hypertension in low- and middle-income countries, tobacco control is likely to remain a highly effective strategy to reduce cardiovascular deaths.</p><p><i>Please see later in the article for the Editors' Summary</i></p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Population biology", "epidemiology", "Cardiovascular disease epidemiology", "measures", "rising", "cardiovascular", "mathematical", "myocardial", "infarction"], "article_id"=>742747, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Sanjay Basu", "Stanton Glantz", "Asaf Bitton", "Christopher Millett"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001480.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001480.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001480.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001480.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001480.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001480.s006", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001480.s007", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001480.s008", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001480.s009", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001480.s010", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001480.s011", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001480.s012", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001480.s013", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001480.s014"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>95, "page_views"=>18, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_Effect_of_Tobacco_Control_Measures_during_a_Period_of_Rising_Cardiovascular_Disease_Risk_in_India_A_Mathematical_Model_of_Myocardial_Infarction_and_Stroke_/742747", "title"=>"The Effect of Tobacco Control Measures during a Period of Rising Cardiovascular Disease Risk in India: A Mathematical Model of Myocardial Infarction and Stroke", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-07-09 03:13:46"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"38", "full-text"=>"33", "pdf"=>"20", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"17", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"34", "full-text"=>"42", "pdf"=>"14", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"43", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"26", "full-text"=>"31", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"11", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"28", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"33", "full-text"=>"36", "pdf"=>"17", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"26", "full-text"=>"29", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"29", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"5", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"28", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"6", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"24", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"13", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"16", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"18", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"7", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"5", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"6", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"14", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"19", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"11", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"13", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"12", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2013-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2013-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Behavior", "average_usage"=>[306, 490, 611, 718, 817, 916, 999, 1091, 1185, 1258, 1341, 1412, 1476]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Cardiology", "average_usage"=>[233, 405, 515, 618, 700, 797, 883, 958, 1036, 1108, 1178, 1238, 1299]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Mental health and psychiatry", "average_usage"=>[282, 468, 596, 706, 804, 895, 1000, 1081, 1175, 1272, 1356, 1445, 1531]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Public and occupational health", "average_usage"=>[291, 491, 610, 723, 817, 906, 991, 1071, 1153, 1238, 1324, 1411, 1478]}, {"subject_area"=>"/People and places/Demography", "average_usage"=>[253, 440, 552, 650, 735, 820, 902, 976, 1042, 1112, 1192, 1271, 1337]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Social sciences", "average_usage"=>[289, 475, 593, 703, 805, 902, 990, 1078, 1158, 1250, 1336, 1417, 1482]}]}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts