Experiences with Policing among People Who Inject Drugs in Bangkok, Thailand: A Qualitative Study
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{"title"=>"Experiences with Policing among People Who Inject Drugs in Bangkok, Thailand: A Qualitative Study", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Kanna", "last_name"=>"Hayashi", "scopus_author_id"=>"33267650300"}, {"first_name"=>"Will", "last_name"=>"Small", "scopus_author_id"=>"7102197020"}, {"first_name"=>"Joanne", "last_name"=>"Csete", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602449401"}, {"first_name"=>"Sattara", "last_name"=>"Hattirat", "scopus_author_id"=>"36647630900"}, {"first_name"=>"Thomas", "last_name"=>"Kerr", "scopus_author_id"=>"26643236200"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS Medicine", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"15491676", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84892883997", "pui"=>"372180332", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pmed.1001570", "isbn"=>"1549-1676 (Electronic)\\r1549-1277 (Linking)", "sgr"=>"84892883997", "pmid"=>"24339753"}, "id"=>"884a9204-fc0f-39ee-b281-89cf21937bb5", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: Despite Thailand's commitment to treating people who use drugs as \"patients\" not \"criminals,\" Thai authorities continue to emphasize criminal law enforcement for drug control. In 2003, Thailand's drug war received international criticism due to extensive human rights violations. However, few studies have since investigated the impact of policing on drug-using populations. Therefore, we sought to examine experiences with policing among people who inject drugs (PWID) in Bangkok, Thailand, between 2008 and 2012.\\n\\nMETHODS AND FINDINGS: Between July 2011 and June 2012, semi-structured, in-depth interviews were conducted with 42 community-recruited PWID participating in the Mitsampan Community Research Project in Bangkok. Interviews explored PWID's encounters with police during the past three years. Audio-recorded interviews were transcribed verbatim, and a thematic analysis was conducted to document the character of PWID's experiences with police. Respondents indicated that policing activities had noticeably intensified since rapid urine toxicology screening became available to police. Respondents reported various forms of police misconduct, including false accusations, coercion of confessions, excessive use of force, and extortion of money. However, respondents were reluctant to report misconduct to the authorities in the face of social and structural barriers to seeking justice. Respondents' strategies to avoid police impeded access to health care and facilitated transitions towards the misuse of prescribed pharmaceuticals. The study's limitations relate to the transferability of the findings, including the potential biases associated with the small convenience sample.\\n\\nCONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that policing in Bangkok has involved injustices, human rights abuses, and corruption, and policing practices in this setting appeared to have increased PWID's vulnerability to poor health through various pathways. Novel to this study are findings pertaining to the use of urine drug testing by police, which highlight the potential for widespread abuse of this emerging technology. These findings raise concern about ongoing policing practices in this setting.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/experiences-policing-among-people-inject-drugs-bangkok-thailand-qualitative-study", "reader_count"=>32, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Researcher"=>7, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>7, "Other"=>4, "Student > Master"=>7, "Student > Bachelor"=>5, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Researcher"=>7, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>7, "Other"=>4, "Student > Master"=>7, "Student > Bachelor"=>5, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Engineering"=>1, "Unspecified"=>2, "Environmental Science"=>1, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>2, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>10, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>2, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>2, "Chemistry"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>7, "Psychology"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>10}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>7}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1}, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>{"Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>2}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>2}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>2}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United Kingdom"=>1}, "group_count"=>4}

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1309717"], "description"=>"<p><sup>a</sup> Refers to the 6 months prior to the interview. Multiple answers were allowed.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>[], "article_id"=>873420, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Kanna Hayashi", "Will Small", "Joanne Csete", "Sattara Hattirat", "Thomas Kerr"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001570.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Sample_characteristics_n_42_/873420", "title"=>"Sample characteristics (<i>n</i> = 42).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-12-10 04:00:22"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1309718"], "description"=>"<div><p>Background</p><p>Despite Thailand's commitment to treating people who use drugs as “patients” not “criminals,” Thai authorities continue to emphasize criminal law enforcement for drug control. In 2003, Thailand's drug war received international criticism due to extensive human rights violations. However, few studies have since investigated the impact of policing on drug-using populations. Therefore, we sought to examine experiences with policing among people who inject drugs (PWID) in Bangkok, Thailand, between 2008 and 2012.</p><p>Methods and Findings</p><p>Between July 2011 and June 2012, semi-structured, in-depth interviews were conducted with 42 community-recruited PWID participating in the Mitsampan Community Research Project in Bangkok. Interviews explored PWID's encounters with police during the past three years. Audio-recorded interviews were transcribed verbatim, and a thematic analysis was conducted to document the character of PWID's experiences with police. Respondents indicated that policing activities had noticeably intensified since rapid urine toxicology screening became available to police. Respondents reported various forms of police misconduct, including false accusations, coercion of confessions, excessive use of force, and extortion of money. However, respondents were reluctant to report misconduct to the authorities in the face of social and structural barriers to seeking justice. Respondents' strategies to avoid police impeded access to health care and facilitated transitions towards the misuse of prescribed pharmaceuticals. The study's limitations relate to the transferability of the findings, including the potential biases associated with the small convenience sample.</p><p>Conclusions</p><p>This study suggests that policing in Bangkok has involved injustices, human rights abuses, and corruption, and policing practices in this setting appeared to have increased PWID's vulnerability to poor health through various pathways. Novel to this study are findings pertaining to the use of urine drug testing by police, which highlight the potential for widespread abuse of this emerging technology. These findings raise concern about ongoing policing practices in this setting.</p><p><i>Please see later in the article for the Editors' Summary</i></p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["policing", "inject", "drugs", "qualitative"], "article_id"=>873421, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Kanna Hayashi", "Will Small", "Joanne Csete", "Sattara Hattirat", "Thomas Kerr"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001570", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>18, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Experiences_with_Policing_among_People_Who_Inject_Drugs_in_Bangkok_Thailand_A_Qualitative_Study_/873421", "title"=>"Experiences with Policing among People Who Inject Drugs in Bangkok, Thailand: A Qualitative Study", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-12-10 04:00:22"}

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Relative Metric

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