Indoor Residual Spraying in Combination with Insecticide-Treated Nets Compared to Insecticide-Treated Nets Alone for Protection against Malaria: A Cluster Randomised Trial in Tanzania
Events
Loading … Spinner

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Indoor Residual Spraying in Combination with Insecticide-Treated Nets Compared to Insecticide-Treated Nets Alone for Protection against Malaria: A Cluster Randomised Trial in Tanzania", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Philippa A.", "last_name"=>"West", "scopus_author_id"=>"22981903900"}, {"first_name"=>"Natacha", "last_name"=>"Protopopoff", "scopus_author_id"=>"22980777900"}, {"first_name"=>"Alexandra", "last_name"=>"Wright", "scopus_author_id"=>"55668541000"}, {"first_name"=>"Zuhura", "last_name"=>"Kivaju", "scopus_author_id"=>"55759710900"}, {"first_name"=>"Robinson", "last_name"=>"Tigererwa", "scopus_author_id"=>"56157116100"}, {"first_name"=>"Franklin W.", "last_name"=>"Mosha", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003834141"}, {"first_name"=>"William", "last_name"=>"Kisinza", "scopus_author_id"=>"7801680625"}, {"first_name"=>"Mark", "last_name"=>"Rowland", "scopus_author_id"=>"7102819872"}, {"first_name"=>"Immo", "last_name"=>"Kleinschmidt", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004029256"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS Medicine", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84900390667", "sgr"=>"84900390667", "issn"=>"15491676", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pmed.1001630", "pmid"=>"24736370", "isbn"=>"1549-1676 (Electronic)\\r1549-1277 (Linking)", "pui"=>"373076983"}, "id"=>"ce011f1f-2be0-3322-ba18-911f67b6933b", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: Insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) and indoor residual spraying (IRS) of houses provide effective malaria transmission control. There is conflicting evidence about whether it is more beneficial to provide both interventions in combination. A cluster randomised controlled trial was conducted to investigate whether the combination provides added protection compared to ITNs alone. METHODS AND FINDINGS: In northwest Tanzania, 50 clusters (village areas) were randomly allocated to ITNs only or ITNs and IRS. Dwellings in the ITN+IRS arm were sprayed with two rounds of bendiocarb in 2012. Plasmodium falciparum prevalence rate (PfPR) in children 0.5-14 y old (primary outcome) and anaemia in children <5 y old (secondary outcome) were compared between study arms using three cross-sectional household surveys in 2012. Entomological inoculation rate (secondary outcome) was compared between study arms. IRS coverage was approximately 90%. ITN use ranged from 36% to 50%. In intention-to-treat analysis, mean PfPR was 13% in the ITN+IRS arm and 26% in the ITN only arm, odds ratio = 0.43 (95% CI 0.19-0.97, n = 13,146). The strongest effect was observed in the peak transmission season, 6 mo after the first IRS. Subgroup analysis showed that ITN users were additionally protected if their houses were sprayed. Mean monthly entomological inoculation rate was non-significantly lower in the ITN+IRS arm than in the ITN only arm, rate ratio = 0.17 (95% CI 0.03-1.08). CONCLUSIONS: This is the first randomised trial to our knowledge that reports significant added protection from combining IRS and ITNs compared to ITNs alone. The effect is likely to be attributable to IRS providing added protection to ITN users as well as compensating for inadequate ITN use. Policy makers should consider deploying IRS in combination with ITNs to control transmission if local ITN strategies on their own are insufficiently effective. Given the uncertain generalisability of these findings, it would be prudent for malaria control programmes to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of deploying the combination. TRIAL REGISTRATION: www.ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01697852 Please see later in the article for the Editors' Summary.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/indoor-residual-spraying-combination-insecticidetreated-nets-compared-insecticidetreated-nets-alone", "reader_count"=>139, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>6, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>5, "Researcher"=>31, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>8, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>27, "Student > Postgraduate"=>9, "Student > Master"=>29, "Other"=>7, "Student > Bachelor"=>10, "Lecturer"=>4, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>6, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>5, "Researcher"=>31, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>8, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>27, "Student > Postgraduate"=>9, "Student > Master"=>29, "Other"=>7, "Student > Bachelor"=>10, "Lecturer"=>4, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>10, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>25, "Arts and Humanities"=>4, "Chemistry"=>1, "Computer Science"=>1, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>3, "Environmental Science"=>5, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>4, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>8, "Mathematics"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>49, "Design"=>1, "Neuroscience"=>2, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>2, "Psychology"=>4, "Social Sciences"=>18, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>49}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>18}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>4}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>10}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>5}, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>{"Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>2}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>4}, "Design"=>{"Design"=>1}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>2}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>3}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>25}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>8}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>4}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Netherlands"=>1, "United States"=>1, "Philippines"=>1, "Tanzania"=>2, "Brazil"=>2, "United Kingdom"=>2, "France"=>1}, "group_count"=>13}

CrossRef

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84900390667"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84900390667?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84900390667&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84900390667&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84900390667", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:84900390667", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-84900390667", "dc:title"=>"Indoor Residual Spraying in Combination with Insecticide-Treated Nets Compared to Insecticide-Treated Nets Alone for Protection against Malaria: A Cluster Randomised Trial in Tanzania", "dc:creator"=>"West P.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS Medicine", "prism:issn"=>"15491277", "prism:eIssn"=>"15491676", "prism:volume"=>"11", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"4", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2014-01-01", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"April 2014", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pmed.1001630", "citedby-count"=>"71", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"London School of Hygiene &amp; Tropical Medicine", "affiliation-city"=>"London", "affiliation-country"=>"United Kingdom"}], "pubmed-id"=>"24736370", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "article-number"=>"e1001630", "source-id"=>"144840", "openaccess"=>"1", "openaccessFlag"=>true}

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosmedicine%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pmed.1001630", "share_count"=>0, "like_count"=>0, "comment_count"=>0, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>0}

Twitter

Counter

  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"191", "xml_views"=>"10", "html_views"=>"2037"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"94", "xml_views"=>"8", "html_views"=>"1576"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"36", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"525"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"40", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"434"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"25", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"316"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"226"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"199"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"191"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"98"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"98"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"91"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"105"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"111"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"109"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"111"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"126"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"24", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"160"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"128"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"144"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"43", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"134"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"69"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"101"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"91"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"132"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"27", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"114"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"70"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"67"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"56"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"48"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"73"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"69"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"65"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"48"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"68"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"107"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"28", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"103"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"241"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"127"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"97"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"97"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"122"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"132"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"206"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"160"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"91"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"77"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"52"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"62"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"79"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"71"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"31", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"38"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"61"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"41"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"36", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"46"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"25", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"47"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"31"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"37"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"31"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"31", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"31"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"22"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"34"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"39"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"15"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"22"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"28"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1464889"], "description"=>"a<p>Means for each study arm were calculated from cluster summaries.</p>b<p><i>Pf</i>PR from RDTs.</p>c<p>Recorded in baseline survey 1(February–March 2011).</p>d<p>Recorded in baseline survey 2 (June–July 2011) after the UCC.</p>e<p>Housing density in surveillance area of clusters.</p>f<p>Net used the night before the survey in all age groups.</p>g<p>Percentage of households with at least one LLIN per two people.</p><p>HH, household.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["organisms", "animals", "invertebrates", "arthropoda", "insects", "mosquitoes", "protozoans", "Parasitic protozoans", "Malarial parasites", "Plasmodium falciparum", "epidemiology", "disease vectors", "Infectious disease epidemiology", "Infectious diseases", "Infectious disease control", "Parasitic diseases", "malaria", "variables", "randomisation", "realisation"], "article_id"=>999661, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Philippa A. West", "Natacha Protopopoff", "Alexandra Wright", "Zuhura Kivaju", "Robinson Tigererwa", "Franklin W. Mosha", "William Kisinza", "Mark Rowland", "Immo Kleinschmidt"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001630.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Restriction_variables_for_randomisation_and_realisation_of_balance_between_the_study_arms_/999661", "title"=>"Restriction variables for randomisation and realisation of balance between the study arms.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-04-15 03:14:33"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1464888"], "description"=>"<p>Survey A = 2 mo after first intervention spray. Survey B = 6 mo after first intervention spray and 2 mo after second intervention spray. Survey C = 10 mo after first intervention spray and 6 mo after second intervention spray. *No children 0.5–14 y old. <sup>1</sup>Dwelling vacant for survey duration. <sup>2</sup>Includes not found (91.0%), not visited (2.4%), and missing data (6.6%). <sup>3</sup>Households (HH) that were included and where children attended for testing.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["organisms", "animals", "invertebrates", "arthropoda", "insects", "mosquitoes", "protozoans", "Parasitic protozoans", "Malarial parasites", "Plasmodium falciparum", "epidemiology", "disease vectors", "Infectious disease epidemiology", "Infectious diseases", "Infectious disease control", "Parasitic diseases", "malaria", "households", "children", "itn"], "article_id"=>999660, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Philippa A. West", "Natacha Protopopoff", "Alexandra Wright", "Zuhura Kivaju", "Robinson Tigererwa", "Franklin W. Mosha", "William Kisinza", "Mark Rowland", "Immo Kleinschmidt"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001630.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Trial_profile_for_study_households_and_children_in_the_ITN_only_and_ITN_IRS_study_arms_/999660", "title"=>"Trial profile for study households and children in the ITN only and ITN+IRS study arms.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-04-15 03:14:33"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1464897"], "description"=>"a<p>Data are mean [95% CI] (number of houses) for mean <i>An. gambiae</i> per house per night and percent [95% CI] (number of <i>An. gambiae</i>) for sporozoite rate.</p>b<p>Arithmetic mean.</p>c<p>Proportion of mosquitoes positive for <i>P. falciparum</i> sporozoites.</p>d<p>Number of infective bites per month.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["organisms", "animals", "invertebrates", "arthropoda", "insects", "mosquitoes", "protozoans", "Parasitic protozoans", "Malarial parasites", "Plasmodium falciparum", "epidemiology", "disease vectors", "Infectious disease epidemiology", "Infectious diseases", "Infectious disease control", "Parasitic diseases", "malaria", "sporozoite", "eir", "itn", "arms", "post-intervention", "muleba"], "article_id"=>999668, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Philippa A. West", "Natacha Protopopoff", "Alexandra Wright", "Zuhura Kivaju", "Robinson Tigererwa", "Franklin W. Mosha", "William Kisinza", "Mark Rowland", "Immo Kleinschmidt"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001630.t006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Mean_number_of_An_gambiae_mosquitoes_per_household_sporozoite_rate_and_EIR_in_the_ITN_only_and_ITN_IRS_arms_during_the_post_intervention_period_Muleba_District_Tanzania_2011_2012_/999668", "title"=>"Mean number of <i>An. gambiae</i> mosquitoes per household, sporozoite rate, and EIR in the ITN only and ITN+IRS arms during the post-intervention period, Muleba District, Tanzania, 2011–2012.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-04-15 03:14:33"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1464893"], "description"=>"<p>Survey A = 2 mo after first intervention spray. Survey B = 6 mo after first intervention spray and 2 mo after second intervention spray. Survey C = 10 mo after first intervention spray and 6 mo after second intervention spray.</p>a<p>Prevalence of moderate/severe anaemia (haemoglobin <8 g/dl).</p>b<p>Adjusted for survey.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["organisms", "animals", "invertebrates", "arthropoda", "insects", "mosquitoes", "protozoans", "Parasitic protozoans", "Malarial parasites", "Plasmodium falciparum", "epidemiology", "disease vectors", "Infectious disease epidemiology", "Infectious diseases", "Infectious disease control", "Parasitic diseases", "malaria", "haemoglobin", "children", "arms", "muleba"], "article_id"=>999665, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Philippa A. West", "Natacha Protopopoff", "Alexandra Wright", "Zuhura Kivaju", "Robinson Tigererwa", "Franklin W. Mosha", "William Kisinza", "Mark Rowland", "Immo Kleinschmidt"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001630.t005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Anaemia_and_mean_haemoglobin_in_children_under_5_IRS_arms_intention_to_treat_for_survey_A_B_and_C_Muleba_District_Tanzania_2012_/999665", "title"=>"Anaemia and mean haemoglobin in children under 5+IRS arms (intention to treat), for survey A, B, and C, Muleba District, Tanzania, 2012.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-04-15 03:14:33"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1464890"], "description"=>"<p>Survey A = 2 mo after first intervention spray. Survey B = 6 mo after first intervention spray and 2 mo after second intervention spray. Survey C = 10 mo after first intervention spray and 6 mo after second intervention spray.</p>a<p>Reported spray status of household in the spray round preceding the survey.</p>b<p>Households.</p>c<p>Percentage of households with sufficient ITNs for at least one per sleeping place.</p>d<p>Percentage of households with at least one ITN.</p>e<p>Percentage of study children that reported sleeping under an ITN the night previous to the survey. ITN usage in all age groups was very similar to ITN use in the study children.</p>f<p>Individuals.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["organisms", "animals", "invertebrates", "arthropoda", "insects", "mosquitoes", "protozoans", "Parasitic protozoans", "Malarial parasites", "Plasmodium falciparum", "epidemiology", "disease vectors", "Infectious disease epidemiology", "Infectious diseases", "Infectious disease control", "Parasitic diseases", "malaria", "itn", "usage", "muleba"], "article_id"=>999663, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Philippa A. West", "Natacha Protopopoff", "Alexandra Wright", "Zuhura Kivaju", "Robinson Tigererwa", "Franklin W. Mosha", "William Kisinza", "Mark Rowland", "Immo Kleinschmidt"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001630.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_IRS_coverage_ITN_ownership_and_ITN_usage_in_the_intervention_year_Muleba_District_2012_/999663", "title"=>"IRS coverage, ITN ownership, and ITN usage in the intervention year, Muleba District, 2012.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-04-15 03:14:33"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1464892"], "description"=>"a<p>Calculated from individual-level data.</p>b<p><i>Pf</i>PR from RDTs.</p>c<p>Recorded in baseline survey 1 (February–March 2011).</p>d<p>Baseline survey 2 (June–July 2011) after the UCC.</p>e<p>Haemoglobin <8 g/dl.</p>f<p>Reported sleeping under an ITN the night previous to the survey.</p>g<p>Calculated from household-level data.</p>h<p>At least one ITN per sleeping place.</p>i<p>Approximately 1 mo after spraying.</p>j<p>Arithmetic mean.</p>k<p>Proportion of mosquitoes positive for <i>P. falciparum</i> sporozoites.</p>l<p>Number of infective bites per month.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["organisms", "animals", "invertebrates", "arthropoda", "insects", "mosquitoes", "protozoans", "Parasitic protozoans", "Malarial parasites", "Plasmodium falciparum", "epidemiology", "disease vectors", "Infectious disease epidemiology", "Infectious diseases", "Infectious disease control", "Parasitic diseases", "malaria", "individuals", "households", "muleba"], "article_id"=>999664, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Philippa A. West", "Natacha Protopopoff", "Alexandra Wright", "Zuhura Kivaju", "Robinson Tigererwa", "Franklin W. Mosha", "William Kisinza", "Mark Rowland", "Immo Kleinschmidt"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001630.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Baseline_characteristics_of_individuals_and_households_by_study_arm_Muleba_District_2011_/999664", "title"=>"Baseline characteristics of individuals and households by study arm, Muleba District, 2011.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-04-15 03:14:33"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1464886"], "description"=>"<p>Surveys 1 and 2 are baseline surveys. Surveys A, B, and C are post-intervention.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["organisms", "animals", "invertebrates", "arthropoda", "insects", "mosquitoes", "protozoans", "Parasitic protozoans", "Malarial parasites", "Plasmodium falciparum", "epidemiology", "disease vectors", "Infectious disease epidemiology", "Infectious diseases", "Infectious disease control", "Parasitic diseases", "malaria"], "article_id"=>999658, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Philippa A. West", "Natacha Protopopoff", "Alexandra Wright", "Zuhura Kivaju", "Robinson Tigererwa", "Franklin W. Mosha", "William Kisinza", "Mark Rowland", "Immo Kleinschmidt"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001630.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Study_timetable_/999658", "title"=>"Study timetable.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-04-15 03:14:33"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1464899", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1464900"], "description"=>"<div><p>Background</p><p>Insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) and indoor residual spraying (IRS) of houses provide effective malaria transmission control. There is conflicting evidence about whether it is more beneficial to provide both interventions in combination. A cluster randomised controlled trial was conducted to investigate whether the combination provides added protection compared to ITNs alone.</p><p>Methods and Findings</p><p>In northwest Tanzania, 50 clusters (village areas) were randomly allocated to ITNs only or ITNs and IRS. Dwellings in the ITN+IRS arm were sprayed with two rounds of bendiocarb in 2012. <i>Plasmodium falciparum</i> prevalence rate (<i>Pf</i>PR) in children 0.5–14 y old (primary outcome) and anaemia in children <5 y old (secondary outcome) were compared between study arms using three cross-sectional household surveys in 2012. Entomological inoculation rate (secondary outcome) was compared between study arms.</p><p>IRS coverage was approximately 90%. ITN use ranged from 36% to 50%. In intention-to-treat analysis, mean <i>Pf</i>PR was 13% in the ITN+IRS arm and 26% in the ITN only arm, odds ratio = 0.43 (95% CI 0.19–0.97, <i>n</i> = 13,146). The strongest effect was observed in the peak transmission season, 6 mo after the first IRS. Subgroup analysis showed that ITN users were additionally protected if their houses were sprayed. Mean monthly entomological inoculation rate was non-significantly lower in the ITN+IRS arm than in the ITN only arm, rate ratio = 0.17 (95% CI 0.03–1.08).</p><p>Conclusions</p><p>This is the first randomised trial to our knowledge that reports significant added protection from combining IRS and ITNs compared to ITNs alone. The effect is likely to be attributable to IRS providing added protection to ITN users as well as compensating for inadequate ITN use. Policy makers should consider deploying IRS in combination with ITNs to control transmission if local ITN strategies on their own are insufficiently effective. Given the uncertain generalisability of these findings, it would be prudent for malaria control programmes to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of deploying the combination.</p><p>Trial registration</p><p><a href=\"http://www.ClinicalTrials.gov\" target=\"_blank\">www.ClinicalTrials.gov</a><a href=\"http://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01697852?term=NCT01697852&rank=1\" target=\"_blank\">NCT01697852</a></p><p><i>Please see later in the article for the Editors' Summary</i></p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["organisms", "animals", "invertebrates", "arthropoda", "insects", "mosquitoes", "protozoans", "Parasitic protozoans", "Malarial parasites", "Plasmodium falciparum", "epidemiology", "disease vectors", "Infectious disease epidemiology", "Infectious diseases", "Infectious disease control", "Parasitic diseases", "malaria", "residual", "spraying", "insecticide-treated", "nets", "compared", "randomised"], "article_id"=>999671, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Philippa A. West", "Natacha Protopopoff", "Alexandra Wright", "Zuhura Kivaju", "Robinson Tigererwa", "Franklin W. Mosha", "William Kisinza", "Mark Rowland", "Immo Kleinschmidt"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001630.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001630.s002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Indoor_Residual_Spraying_in_Combination_with_Insecticide_Treated_Nets_Compared_to_Insecticide_Treated_Nets_Alone_for_Protection_against_Malaria_A_Cluster_Randomised_Trial_in_Tanzania_/999671", "title"=>"Indoor Residual Spraying in Combination with Insecticide-Treated Nets Compared to Insecticide-Treated Nets Alone for Protection against Malaria: A Cluster Randomised Trial in Tanzania", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2014-04-15 03:14:33"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1464895"], "description"=>"<p>Muleba, Tanzania, 2012; analysis restricted to ITN users in both study arms. Survey A = 2 mo after first intervention spray. Survey B = 6 mo after first intervention spray and 2 mo after second intervention spray. Survey C = 10 mo after first intervention spray and 6 mo after second intervention spray.</p>a<p><i>Pf</i>PR from RDTs.</p>b<p>ITN used by the individual the night preceding the survey in the ITN only arm.</p>c<p>ITN used by the individual the night preceding the survey, and household with IRS in the ITN+IRS arm. One cluster that was allocated to be in the ITN only arm but received IRS in the second spray round was excluded from this analysis.</p>d<p>Prevalence of moderate/severe anaemia (haemoglobin <8 g/dl).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["organisms", "animals", "invertebrates", "arthropoda", "insects", "mosquitoes", "protozoans", "Parasitic protozoans", "Malarial parasites", "Plasmodium falciparum", "epidemiology", "disease vectors", "Infectious disease epidemiology", "Infectious diseases", "Infectious disease control", "Parasitic diseases", "malaria", "children", "anaemia", "surveys"], "article_id"=>999667, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Philippa A. West", "Natacha Protopopoff", "Alexandra Wright", "Zuhura Kivaju", "Robinson Tigererwa", "Franklin W. Mosha", "William Kisinza", "Mark Rowland", "Immo Kleinschmidt"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001630.t007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Per_protocol_analysis_of_Pf_PR_in_children_0_5_14_y_old_and_anaemia_in_children_under_5_y_old_in_surveys_A_B_and_C_/999667", "title"=>"Per-protocol analysis of <i>Pf</i>PR in children 0.5–14 y old and anaemia in children under 5 y old in surveys A, B, and C.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-04-15 03:14:33"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1464894"], "description"=>"<p>Survey A = 2 mo after first intervention spray. Survey B = 6 mo after first intervention spray and 2 mo after second intervention spray. Survey C = 10 mo after first intervention spray and 6 mo after second intervention spray.</p>a<p><i>Pf</i>PR from RDTs.</p>b<p>Adjusted for survey.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["organisms", "animals", "invertebrates", "arthropoda", "insects", "mosquitoes", "protozoans", "Parasitic protozoans", "Malarial parasites", "Plasmodium falciparum", "epidemiology", "disease vectors", "Infectious disease epidemiology", "Infectious diseases", "Infectious disease control", "Parasitic diseases", "malaria", "children", "itn", "arms", "muleba"], "article_id"=>999666, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Philippa A. West", "Natacha Protopopoff", "Alexandra Wright", "Zuhura Kivaju", "Robinson Tigererwa", "Franklin W. Mosha", "William Kisinza", "Mark Rowland", "Immo Kleinschmidt"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001630.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Pf_PR_in_children_0_5_14_y_old_in_the_ITN_only_and_ITN_IRS_arms_intention_to_treat_in_survey_A_B_and_C_Muleba_District_Tanzania_2012_/999666", "title"=>"<i>Pf</i>PR in children 0.5–14 y old in the ITN only and ITN+IRS arms (intention to treat) in survey A, B, and C, Muleba District, Tanzania, 2012.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-04-15 03:14:33"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"unique-ip"=>"26", "full-text"=>"30", "pdf"=>"17", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"6", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"16", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"34", "full-text"=>"36", "pdf"=>"18", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"26", "full-text"=>"42", "pdf"=>"19", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"31", "pdf"=>"12", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"37", "full-text"=>"34", "pdf"=>"33", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"28", "full-text"=>"32", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"14", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"26", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"27", "full-text"=>"32", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"33", "full-text"=>"24", "pdf"=>"18", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"6", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"26", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"30", "full-text"=>"34", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"10", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2014-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2014-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences", "average_usage"=>[291]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences", "average_usage"=>[285]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Epidemiology", "average_usage"=>[333]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Hematology", "average_usage"=>[256]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Infectious diseases", "average_usage"=>[319]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Parasitic diseases", "average_usage"=>[418, 848]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Tropical diseases", "average_usage"=>[381, 651]}]}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts