Preventing Acute Malnutrition among Young Children in Crises: A Prospective Intervention Study in Niger
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{"title"=>"Preventing Acute Malnutrition among Young Children in Crises: A Prospective Intervention Study in Niger", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Céline", "last_name"=>"Langendorf", "scopus_author_id"=>"55349139100"}, {"first_name"=>"Thomas", "last_name"=>"Roederer", "scopus_author_id"=>"55385628300"}, {"first_name"=>"Saskia", "last_name"=>"de Pee", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701819976"}, {"first_name"=>"Denise", "last_name"=>"Brown", "scopus_author_id"=>"57198655650"}, {"first_name"=>"Stéphane", "last_name"=>"Doyon", "scopus_author_id"=>"26535696400"}, {"first_name"=>"Abdoul Aziz", "last_name"=>"Mamaty", "scopus_author_id"=>"56073709900"}, {"first_name"=>"Lynda W.M.", "last_name"=>"Touré", "scopus_author_id"=>"57093971300"}, {"first_name"=>"Mahamane L.", "last_name"=>"Manzo", "scopus_author_id"=>"24483615800"}, {"first_name"=>"Rebecca F.", "last_name"=>"Grais", "scopus_author_id"=>"12801197700"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS Medicine", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"15491676", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84907960258", "pui"=>"600193980", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pmed.1001714", "isbn"=>"1549-1676", "sgr"=>"84907960258", "pmid"=>"25180584"}, "id"=>"5db986b0-61a7-3aff-b1aa-e7864784caee", "abstract"=>"Background: Abstract Finding the most appropriate strategy for the prevention of moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) and severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in young children is essential in countries like Niger with annual ‘‘hunger gaps.’’ Options for large- scale prevention include distribution of supplementary foods, such as fortified-blended foods or lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNSs) with or without household support (cash or food transfer). To date, there has been no direct controlled comparison between these strategies leading to debate concerning their effectiveness. We compared the effectiveness of seven preventive strategies—including distribution of nutritious supplementary foods, with or without additional household support (family food ration or cash transfer), and cash transfer only—on the incidence of SAM and MAM among children aged 6–23 months over a 5-month period, partly overlapping the hunger gap, in Maradi region, Niger. We hypothesized that distributions of supplementary foods would more effectively reduce the incidence of acute malnutrition Methods than distributions of household support by cash transfer. center supported by Forum Sante and Findings: We conducted a prospective intervention study in 48 rural villages located within 15 km of a health ´ Niger (FORSANI)/Me ´decins Sans Frontie `res in Madarounfa. Seven groups of villages (five to 11 villages) were allocated to different strategies of monthly distributions targeting households including at least one child measuring 60 cm–80 cm (at any time during the study period whatever their nutritional status): three groups received high-quantity LNS (HQ-LNS) or medium-quantity LNS (MQ-LNS) or Super Cereal Plus (SC+) with cash (J38/month [US 52/ month]); one group received SC+ and family food ration; two groups received HQ-LNS or SC+ only; one group received cash only (J43/month [US 59/month]). Children 60 cm–80 cm of participating households were assessed at each monthly distribution from August to December 2011. Primary endpoints were SAM (weight-for-length Z-score [WLZ],23 and/or mid-upper arm circumference [MUAC],11.5 cm and/or bipedal edema) and MAM (23#WLZ,22 and/or 11.5#MUAC, 12.5 cm). A total of 5,395 children were included in the analysis (615 to 1,054 per group). Incidence of MAM was twice lower in the strategies receiving a food supplement combined with cash compared with the cash-only strategy (cash versus HQ- LNS/cash adjusted hazard ratio [HR]=2.30, 95% CI 1.60–3.29; cash versus SC+/cash HR=2.42, 95% CI 1.39–4.21; cash versus MQ-LNS/cash HR=2.07, 95% CI 1.52–2.83) or with the supplementary food only groups (HQ-LNS versus HQ-LNS/cash HR=1.84, 95% CI 1.35–2.51; SC+ versus SC+/cash HR=2.53, 95% CI 1.47–4.35). In addition, the incidence of SAM was three times lower in the SC+/cash group compared with the SC+ only group (SC+ only versus SC+/cash HR=3.13, 95% CI 1.65– Conclusions: 5.94). However, non-quantified differences between groups, may limit the interpretation of the impact of the strategies. Preventive distributions combining a supplementary food and cash transfer had a better preventive effect on MAM and SAMthan strategies relying on cash transfer or supplementary food alone. As a result, distribution of nutritious supplementary foods to young children in conjunction with household support should remain a pillar of emergency nutritional interventions. Additional rigorous research is vital to evaluate the effectiveness of these and other nutritional interventions in diverse settings.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/preventing-acute-malnutrition-among-young-children-crises-prospective-intervention-study-niger", "reader_count"=>121, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>8, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Librarian"=>2, "Researcher"=>25, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>8, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>14, "Student > Postgraduate"=>11, "Student > Master"=>36, "Other"=>7, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Lecturer"=>2, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>8, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Librarian"=>2, "Researcher"=>25, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>8, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>14, "Student > Postgraduate"=>11, "Student > Master"=>36, "Other"=>7, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Lecturer"=>2, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>10, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>14, "Arts and Humanities"=>2, "Chemistry"=>1, "Computer Science"=>1, "Decision Sciences"=>2, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>6, "Engineering"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>2, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>13, "Mathematics"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>45, "Design"=>1, "Psychology"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>16, "Linguistics"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>45}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>16}, "Decision Sciences"=>{"Decision Sciences"=>2}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>1}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>10}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>2}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>2}, "Design"=>{"Design"=>1}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>6}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>14}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>13}, "Linguistics"=>{"Linguistics"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>1, "France"=>2, "India"=>1}, "group_count"=>8}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1658380"], "description"=>"<p>Proportion of nutritious supplementary foods kept or not kept within the household as reported by caregivers and additional detail in each of these categories (rows). Columns represent each of the strategies. The sum in each column of “kept within households” and “not kept within households” totals 100.</p><p>Proportion of total ration of nutritious supplementary foods used within households, August–November 2011.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["wlz", "Super Cereal Plus", "cm", "sam", "settings.Trial registration ClinicalTrials.govNCT 01828814Please", "cash transfer", "FORSANI", "mam", "hr", "Preventing Acute Malnutrition", "family food ration", "lns", "strategy", "muac", "sc", "Prospective Intervention Study", "ci", "household support"], "article_id"=>1158464, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Céline Langendorf", "Thomas Roederer", "Saskia de Pee", "Denise Brown", "Stéphane Doyon", "Abdoul-Aziz Mamaty", "Lynda W.-M. Touré", "Mahamane L. Manzo", "Rebecca F. Grais"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001714.t006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Proportion_of_total_ration_of_nutritious_supplementary_foods_used_within_households_August_8211_November_2011_/1158464", "title"=>"Proportion of total ration of nutritious supplementary foods used within households, August–November 2011.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-09-02 04:01:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1658378"], "description"=>"<p>Incidence of moderate acute malnutrition and severe acute malnutrition and mortality in each intervention group, August–December 2011.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["wlz", "Super Cereal Plus", "cm", "sam", "settings.Trial registration ClinicalTrials.govNCT 01828814Please", "cash transfer", "FORSANI", "mam", "hr", "Preventing Acute Malnutrition", "family food ration", "lns", "strategy", "muac", "sc", "Prospective Intervention Study", "ci", "household support"], "article_id"=>1158462, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Céline Langendorf", "Thomas Roederer", "Saskia de Pee", "Denise Brown", "Stéphane Doyon", "Abdoul-Aziz Mamaty", "Lynda W.-M. Touré", "Mahamane L. Manzo", "Rebecca F. Grais"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001714.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Incidence_of_moderate_acute_malnutrition_and_severe_acute_malnutrition_and_mortality_in_each_intervention_group_August_8211_December_2011_/1158462", "title"=>"Incidence of moderate acute malnutrition and severe acute malnutrition and mortality in each intervention group, August–December 2011.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-09-02 04:01:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1658375"], "description"=>"<p>Composition of monthly distributions in the seven intervention groups, August–December 2011.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["wlz", "Super Cereal Plus", "cm", "sam", "settings.Trial registration ClinicalTrials.govNCT 01828814Please", "cash transfer", "FORSANI", "mam", "hr", "Preventing Acute Malnutrition", "family food ration", "lns", "strategy", "muac", "sc", "Prospective Intervention Study", "ci", "household support"], "article_id"=>1158459, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Céline Langendorf", "Thomas Roederer", "Saskia de Pee", "Denise Brown", "Stéphane Doyon", "Abdoul-Aziz Mamaty", "Lynda W.-M. Touré", "Mahamane L. Manzo", "Rebecca F. Grais"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001714.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Composition_of_monthly_distributions_in_the_seven_intervention_groups_August_8211_December_2011_/1158459", "title"=>"Composition of monthly distributions in the seven intervention groups, August–December 2011.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-09-02 04:01:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1658374"], "description"=>"<p><sup>§</sup>Did not meet the inclusion criteria (were not living in a study village or were not the child initially enrolled). <sup>£</sup>All included children minus secondarily excluded children.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["wlz", "Super Cereal Plus", "cm", "sam", "settings.Trial registration ClinicalTrials.govNCT 01828814Please", "cash transfer", "FORSANI", "mam", "hr", "Preventing Acute Malnutrition", "family food ration", "lns", "strategy", "muac", "sc", "Prospective Intervention Study", "ci", "household support"], "article_id"=>1158458, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Céline Langendorf", "Thomas Roederer", "Saskia de Pee", "Denise Brown", "Stéphane Doyon", "Abdoul-Aziz Mamaty", "Lynda W.-M. Touré", "Mahamane L. Manzo", "Rebecca F. Grais"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001714.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Intervention_assignment_and_study_flow_of_participants_/1158458", "title"=>"Intervention assignment and study flow of participants.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-09-02 04:01:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1658382", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1658383", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1658384", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1658385"], "description"=>"<div><p>Background</p><p>Finding the most appropriate strategy for the prevention of moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) and severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in young children is essential in countries like Niger with annual “hunger gaps.” Options for large-scale prevention include distribution of supplementary foods, such as fortified-blended foods or lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNSs) with or without household support (cash or food transfer). To date, there has been no direct controlled comparison between these strategies leading to debate concerning their effectiveness. We compared the effectiveness of seven preventive strategies—including distribution of nutritious supplementary foods, with or without additional household support (family food ration or cash transfer), and cash transfer only—on the incidence of SAM and MAM among children aged 6–23 months over a 5-month period, partly overlapping the hunger gap, in Maradi region, Niger. We hypothesized that distributions of supplementary foods would more effectively reduce the incidence of acute malnutrition than distributions of household support by cash transfer.</p><p>Methods and Findings</p><p>We conducted a prospective intervention study in 48 rural villages located within 15 km of a health center supported by Forum Santé Niger (FORSANI)/Médecins Sans Frontières in Madarounfa. Seven groups of villages (five to 11 villages) were allocated to different strategies of monthly distributions targeting households including at least one child measuring 60 cm–80 cm (at any time during the study period whatever their nutritional status): three groups received high-quantity LNS (HQ-LNS) or medium-quantity LNS (MQ-LNS) or Super Cereal Plus (SC+) with cash (€38/month [US$52/month]); one group received SC+ and family food ration; two groups received HQ-LNS or SC+ only; one group received cash only (€43/month [US$59/month]). Children 60 cm–80 cm of participating households were assessed at each monthly distribution from August to December 2011. Primary endpoints were SAM (weight-for-length Z-score [WLZ]<−3 and/or mid-upper arm circumference [MUAC]<11.5 cm and/or bipedal edema) and MAM (−3≤WLZ<−2 and/or 11.5≤MUAC<12.5 cm). A total of 5,395 children were included in the analysis (615 to 1,054 per group). Incidence of MAM was twice lower in the strategies receiving a food supplement combined with cash compared with the cash-only strategy (cash versus HQ-LNS/cash adjusted hazard ratio [HR] = 2.30, 95% CI 1.60–3.29; cash versus SC+/cash HR = 2.42, 95% CI 1.39–4.21; cash versus MQ-LNS/cash HR = 2.07, 95% CI 1.52–2.83) or with the supplementary food only groups (HQ-LNS versus HQ-LNS/cash HR = 1.84, 95% CI 1.35–2.51; SC+ versus SC+/cash HR = 2.53, 95% CI 1.47–4.35). In addition, the incidence of SAM was three times lower in the SC+/cash group compared with the SC+ only group (SC+ only versus SC+/cash HR = 3.13, 95% CI 1.65–5.94). However, non-quantified differences between groups, may limit the interpretation of the impact of the strategies.</p><p>Conclusions</p><p>Preventive distributions combining a supplementary food and cash transfer had a better preventive effect on MAM and SAM than strategies relying on cash transfer or supplementary food alone. As a result, distribution of nutritious supplementary foods to young children in conjunction with household support should remain a pillar of emergency nutritional interventions. Additional rigorous research is vital to evaluate the effectiveness of these and other nutritional interventions in diverse settings.</p><p>Trial registration</p><p><a href=\"http://www.ClinicalTrials.gov\" target=\"_blank\"> ClinicalTrials.gov</a><a href=\"http://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01828814?term=NCT01828814&rank=1\" target=\"_blank\">NCT01828814</a></p><p><i>Please see later in the article for the Editors' Summary</i></p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["wlz", "Super Cereal Plus", "cm", "sam", "settings.Trial registration ClinicalTrials.govNCT 01828814Please", "cash transfer", "FORSANI", "mam", "hr", "Preventing Acute Malnutrition", "family food ration", "lns", "strategy", "muac", "sc", "Prospective Intervention Study", "ci", "household support"], "article_id"=>1158466, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Céline Langendorf", "Thomas Roederer", "Saskia de Pee", "Denise Brown", "Stéphane Doyon", "Abdoul-Aziz Mamaty", "Lynda W.-M. Touré", "Mahamane L. Manzo", "Rebecca F. Grais"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001714.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001714.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001714.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001714.s004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>29, "page_views"=>18, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Preventing_Acute_Malnutrition_among_Young_Children_in_Crises_A_Prospective_Intervention_Study_in_Niger_/1158466", "title"=>"Preventing Acute Malnutrition among Young Children in Crises: A Prospective Intervention Study in Niger", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2014-09-02 04:01:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1658377"], "description"=>"<p>IQR, interquartile range.</p><p>Characteristics of children in each intervention group at inclusion August 2011.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["wlz", "Super Cereal Plus", "cm", "sam", "settings.Trial registration ClinicalTrials.govNCT 01828814Please", "cash transfer", "FORSANI", "mam", "hr", "Preventing Acute Malnutrition", "family food ration", "lns", "strategy", "muac", "sc", "Prospective Intervention Study", "ci", "household support"], "article_id"=>1158461, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Céline Langendorf", "Thomas Roederer", "Saskia de Pee", "Denise Brown", "Stéphane Doyon", "Abdoul-Aziz Mamaty", "Lynda W.-M. Touré", "Mahamane L. Manzo", "Rebecca F. Grais"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001714.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Characteristics_of_children_in_each_intervention_group_at_inclusion_August_2011_/1158461", "title"=>"Characteristics of children in each intervention group at inclusion August 2011.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-09-02 04:01:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1658376"], "description"=>"<p>Nutrient composition of the nutritious supplementary foods used in this study per daily ration.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["wlz", "Super Cereal Plus", "cm", "sam", "settings.Trial registration ClinicalTrials.govNCT 01828814Please", "cash transfer", "FORSANI", "mam", "hr", "Preventing Acute Malnutrition", "family food ration", "lns", "strategy", "muac", "sc", "Prospective Intervention Study", "ci", "household support"], "article_id"=>1158460, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Céline Langendorf", "Thomas Roederer", "Saskia de Pee", "Denise Brown", "Stéphane Doyon", "Abdoul-Aziz Mamaty", "Lynda W.-M. Touré", "Mahamane L. Manzo", "Rebecca F. Grais"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001714.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>6, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Nutrient_composition_of_the_nutritious_supplementary_foods_used_in_this_study_per_daily_ration_/1158460", "title"=>"Nutrient composition of the nutritious supplementary foods used in this study per daily ration.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-09-02 04:01:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1658381"], "description"=>"<p>The categories are non-exclusive and represent the proportion of caregivers responses with respect to consumption. A caregiver could respond positively to the last three categories.</p><p>Proportion of caregivers responding concerning consumption of distributed nutritious supplementary foods within households from August–November 2011.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["wlz", "Super Cereal Plus", "cm", "sam", "settings.Trial registration ClinicalTrials.govNCT 01828814Please", "cash transfer", "FORSANI", "mam", "hr", "Preventing Acute Malnutrition", "family food ration", "lns", "strategy", "muac", "sc", "Prospective Intervention Study", "ci", "household support"], "article_id"=>1158465, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Céline Langendorf", "Thomas Roederer", "Saskia de Pee", "Denise Brown", "Stéphane Doyon", "Abdoul-Aziz Mamaty", "Lynda W.-M. Touré", "Mahamane L. Manzo", "Rebecca F. Grais"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001714.t007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Proportion_of_caregivers_responding_concerning_consumption_of_distributed_nutritious_supplementary_foods_within_households_from_August_8211_November_2011_/1158465", "title"=>"Proportion of caregivers responding concerning consumption of distributed nutritious supplementary foods within households from August–November 2011.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-09-02 04:01:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1658379"], "description"=>"<p>Bold indicates statistical significance (<i>p</i><0.05).</p>a<p>From marginal Cox proportional hazards models, where the outcome variable is time until first event. Predicators in the adjusted model included supplementation strategy and indicators for quartiles of the estimated propensity score. We estimated the propensity score on the entire sample using a logistic regression in which we estimated the probability of receiving a supplementation strategy given baseline characteristics that were <i>a priori</i> considered to be potential confounders (<a href=\"http://www.plosmedicine.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001714#pmed-1001714-t003\" target=\"_blank\">Table 3</a>) or were associated with the supplementation strategy in univariate analyses at <i>p</i><0.20. Breastfeeding was not included as a potential confounder as the overwhelming majority of children were breastfed at the time of evaluation.</p><p>Adjusted comparative risk of moderate acute malnutrition and severe acute malnutrition and mortality as a function of different prevention strategies, August–December 2011.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["wlz", "Super Cereal Plus", "cm", "sam", "settings.Trial registration ClinicalTrials.govNCT 01828814Please", "cash transfer", "FORSANI", "mam", "hr", "Preventing Acute Malnutrition", "family food ration", "lns", "strategy", "muac", "sc", "Prospective Intervention Study", "ci", "household support"], "article_id"=>1158463, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Céline Langendorf", "Thomas Roederer", "Saskia de Pee", "Denise Brown", "Stéphane Doyon", "Abdoul-Aziz Mamaty", "Lynda W.-M. Touré", "Mahamane L. Manzo", "Rebecca F. Grais"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001714.t005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Adjusted_comparative_risk_of_moderate_acute_malnutrition_and_severe_acute_malnutrition_and_mortality_as_a_function_of_different_prevention_strategies_August_8211_December_2011_/1158463", "title"=>"Adjusted comparative risk of moderate acute malnutrition and severe acute malnutrition and mortality as a function of different prevention strategies, August–December 2011.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-09-02 04:01:23"}

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