Population Genetics as a Tool to Select Tsetse Control Strategies: Suppression or Eradication of Glossina palpalis gambiensis in the Niayes of Senegal
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{"title"=>"Population genetics as a tool to select tsetse control strategies: Suppression or eradication of Glossina palpalis gambiensis in the niayes of senegal", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Philippe", "last_name"=>"Solano", "scopus_author_id"=>"55145769000"}, {"first_name"=>"Dramane", "last_name"=>"Kaba", "scopus_author_id"=>"6506151869"}, {"first_name"=>"Sophie", "last_name"=>"Ravel", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701799190"}, {"first_name"=>"Naomi A.", "last_name"=>"Dyer", "scopus_author_id"=>"23466439800"}, {"first_name"=>"Baba", "last_name"=>"Sall", "scopus_author_id"=>"9241698800"}, {"first_name"=>"Marc J.B.", "last_name"=>"Vreysen", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603501604"}, {"first_name"=>"Momar T.", "last_name"=>"Seck", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003614470"}, {"first_name"=>"Heather", "last_name"=>"Darbyshir", "scopus_author_id"=>"36238679300"}, {"first_name"=>"Laetitia", "last_name"=>"Gardes", "scopus_author_id"=>"26535811700"}, {"first_name"=>"Martin J.", "last_name"=>"Donnelly", "scopus_author_id"=>"7102824979"}, {"first_name"=>"Thierry", "last_name"=>"De Meeûs", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004643261"}, {"first_name"=>"Jérémy", "last_name"=>"Bouyer", "scopus_author_id"=>"14832431000"}], "year"=>2010, "source"=>"PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"1935-2735", "pui"=>"359899967", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pntd.0000692", "sgr"=>"77954186600", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-77954186600", "isbn"=>"1935-2735 (Electronic)\\n1935-2727 (Linking)", "pmid"=>"20520795"}, "id"=>"825cbf1a-30c9-3152-85ec-f74b98c491e0", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: The Government of Senegal has initiated the \"Projet de lutte contre les glossines dans les Niayes\" to remove the trypanosomosis problem from this area in a sustainable way. Due to past failures to sustainably eradicate Glossina palpalis gambiensis from the Niayes area, controversies remain as to the best strategy implement, i.e. \"eradication\" versus \"suppression.\" To inform this debate, we used population genetics to measure genetic differentiation between G. palpalis gambiensis from the Niayes and those from the southern tsetse belt (Missira). METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Three different markers (microsatellite DNA, mitochondrial CO1 DNA, and geometric morphometrics of the wings) were used on 153 individuals and revealed that the G. p. gambiensis populations of the Niayes were genetically isolated from the nearest proximate known population of Missira. The genetic differentiation measured between these two areas (theta = 0.12 using microsatellites) was equivalent to a between-taxa differentiation. We also demonstrated that within the Niayes, the population from Dakar - Hann was isolated from the others and had probably experienced a bottleneck. CONCLUSION/SIGNIFICANCE: The information presented in this paper leads to the recommendation that an eradication strategy for the Niayes populations is advisable. This kind of study may be repeated in other habitats and for other tsetse species to (i) help decision on appropriate tsetse control strategies and (ii) find other possible discontinuities in tsetse distribution.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/population-genetics-tool-select-tsetse-control-strategies-suppression-eradication-glossina-palpalis", "reader_count"=>73, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>5, "Librarian"=>2, "Researcher"=>16, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>8, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>17, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>8, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>4, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>5, "Librarian"=>2, "Researcher"=>16, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>8, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>17, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>8, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>4, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>5, "Environmental Science"=>6, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>9, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>45, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>4, "Social Sciences"=>1, "Computer Science"=>2, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>4}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>45}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>2}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>9}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>5}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>6}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Senegal"=>1, "United States"=>1, "Finland"=>1, "Brazil"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>2, "Uganda"=>1, "South Africa"=>1, "France"=>1}, "group_count"=>1}

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/421959", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/421992", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/422002"], "description"=>"<div><h3>Background</h3><p>The Government of Senegal has initiated the “Projet de lutte contre les glossines dans les Niayes” to remove the trypanosomosis problem from this area in a sustainable way. Due to past failures to sustainably eradicate <em>Glossina palpalis gambiensis</em> from the Niayes area, controversies remain as to the best strategy implement, i.e. “eradication” versus “suppression.” To inform this debate, we used population genetics to measure genetic differentiation between <em>G. palpalis gambiensis</em> from the Niayes and those from the southern tsetse belt (Missira).</p><h3>Methodology/Principal Findings</h3><p>Three different markers (microsatellite DNA, mitochondrial <em>CO1</em> DNA, and geometric morphometrics of the wings) were used on 153 individuals and revealed that the <em>G. p. gambiensis</em> populations of the Niayes were genetically isolated from the nearest proximate known population of Missira. The genetic differentiation measured between these two areas (θ = 0.12 using microsatellites) was equivalent to a between-taxa differentiation. We also demonstrated that within the Niayes, the population from Dakar – Hann was isolated from the others and had probably experienced a bottleneck.</p><h3>Conclusion/Significance</h3><p>The information presented in this paper leads to the recommendation that an eradication strategy for the Niayes populations is advisable. This kind of study may be repeated in other habitats and for other tsetse species to (i) help decision on appropriate tsetse control strategies and (ii) find other possible discontinuities in tsetse distribution.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["genetics", "tsetse", "suppression", "eradication", "palpalis", "niayes", "senegal"], "article_id"=>143329, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Genetics"], "users"=>["Philippe Solano", "Dramane Kaba", "Sophie Ravel", "Naomi A. Dyer", "Baba Sall", "Marc J. B. Vreysen", "Momar T. Seck", "Heather Darbyshir", "Laëtitia Gardes", "Martin J. Donnelly", "Thierry De Meeûs", "Jérémy Bouyer"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0000692.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0000692.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0000692.s003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>19, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Population_Genetics_as_a_Tool_to_Select_Tsetse_Control_Strategies_Suppression_or_Eradication_of_Glossina_palpalis_gambiensis_in_the_Niayes_of_Senegal/143329", "title"=>"Population Genetics as a Tool to Select Tsetse Control Strategies: Suppression or Eradication of <em>Glossina palpalis gambiensis</em> in the Niayes of Senegal", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2010-05-25 00:55:29"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/848013"], "description"=>"<p>For each locus 95% confidence intervals (CI) were obtained by jacknives over populations. Overall loci (All), CI were obtained by bootstrap over loci. Deviations from panmixia are given as corresponding <i>P</i>-values between brackets.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["loci"], "article_id"=>518465, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Genetics"], "users"=>["Philippe Solano", "Dramane Kaba", "Sophie Ravel", "Naomi A. Dyer", "Baba Sall", "Marc J. B. Vreysen", "Momar T. Seck", "Heather Darbyshir", "Laëtitia Gardes", "Martin J. Donnelly", "Thierry De Meeûs", "Jérémy Bouyer"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0000692.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_F_IS_across_loci_and_overall_loci_/518465", "title"=>"<i>F</i><sub>IS</sub> across loci and overall loci.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-05-25 02:21:05"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/848118"], "description"=>"<p>This tree shows the respective genetic distribution of the five <i>G. palpalis gambiensis</i> tsetse samples from Senegal.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["cavalli-sforza", "chord"], "article_id"=>518568, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Genetics"], "users"=>["Philippe Solano", "Dramane Kaba", "Sophie Ravel", "Naomi A. Dyer", "Baba Sall", "Marc J. B. Vreysen", "Momar T. Seck", "Heather Darbyshir", "Laëtitia Gardes", "Martin J. Donnelly", "Thierry De Meeûs", "Jérémy Bouyer"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0000692.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Unrooted_Cavalli_Sforza_and_Edward_s_chord_distance_based_Neighbour_Joining_Tree_/518568", "title"=>"Unrooted Cavalli-Sforza and Edward's chord distance based Neighbour-Joining-Tree.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-05-25 02:22:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/847927"], "description"=>"<p>The study sites are located on the map, together with putative tsetse-infested area (red cells), according to the baseline entomological data collection of the tsetse eradication campaign in the Niayes of Senegal.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["sites"], "article_id"=>518377, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Genetics"], "users"=>["Philippe Solano", "Dramane Kaba", "Sophie Ravel", "Naomi A. Dyer", "Baba Sall", "Marc J. B. Vreysen", "Momar T. Seck", "Heather Darbyshir", "Laëtitia Gardes", "Martin J. Donnelly", "Thierry De Meeûs", "Jérémy Bouyer"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0000692.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>6, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Geographic_location_of_the_study_sites_in_Senegal_/518377", "title"=>"Geographic location of the study sites in Senegal.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-05-25 02:19:37"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/848213"], "description"=>"<p>Nodes are labelled with the name of one of the individuals having a haplotype at that node. All the Niayes haplotypes are included in the nodes labelled H1 and H2. Node size is proportional to the number of haplotypes at that node. Abbreviations: H: Dakar Hann, M: Missira. The numbers on the branches indicate the position of the nucleotide in the alignment which is mutated.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["trees", "738", "nucleotides", "coi"], "article_id"=>518663, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Genetics"], "users"=>["Philippe Solano", "Dramane Kaba", "Sophie Ravel", "Naomi A. Dyer", "Baba Sall", "Marc J. B. Vreysen", "Momar T. Seck", "Heather Darbyshir", "Laëtitia Gardes", "Martin J. Donnelly", "Thierry De Meeûs", "Jérémy Bouyer"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0000692.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Haplotype_trees_for_738_nucleotides_of_COI_from_G_p_gambiensis_/518663", "title"=>"Haplotype trees for 738 nucleotides of COI from <i>G. p. gambiensis</i>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-05-25 02:24:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/848541"], "description"=>"<p>Bold type indicates significant tests (P<0.001) after sequential Bonferroni correction for multiple testing.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["differentiation", "mitochondrial", "oxidase", "sequences", "sites"], "article_id"=>518990, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Genetics"], "users"=>["Philippe Solano", "Dramane Kaba", "Sophie Ravel", "Naomi A. Dyer", "Baba Sall", "Marc J. B. Vreysen", "Momar T. Seck", "Heather Darbyshir", "Laëtitia Gardes", "Martin J. Donnelly", "Thierry De Meeûs", "Jérémy Bouyer"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0000692.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>14, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Population_differentiation_statistics_for_mitochondrial_cytochrome_oxidase_1_COI_sequences_738_sites_in_alignment_no_gaps_/518990", "title"=>"Population differentiation statistics for mitochondrial <i>cytochrome oxidase 1</i> (<i>COI</i>) sequences (738 sites in alignment, no gaps).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2010-05-25 02:29:50"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/848459"], "description"=>"<p>Geometric morphometrics: reclassification scores of individuals in their population of origin.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["reclassification", "scores", "individuals"], "article_id"=>518904, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Genetics"], "users"=>["Philippe Solano", "Dramane Kaba", "Sophie Ravel", "Naomi A. Dyer", "Baba Sall", "Marc J. B. Vreysen", "Momar T. Seck", "Heather Darbyshir", "Laëtitia Gardes", "Martin J. Donnelly", "Thierry De Meeûs", "Jérémy Bouyer"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0000692.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Geometric_morphometrics_reclassification_scores_of_individuals_in_their_population_of_origin_/518904", "title"=>"Geometric morphometrics: reclassification scores of individuals in their population of origin.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2010-05-25 02:28:24"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/848495"], "description"=>"<p>Diversity statistics for the studied populations based on <i>COI</i> sequences.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["studied", "populations"], "article_id"=>518945, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Genetics"], "users"=>["Philippe Solano", "Dramane Kaba", "Sophie Ravel", "Naomi A. Dyer", "Baba Sall", "Marc J. B. Vreysen", "Momar T. Seck", "Heather Darbyshir", "Laëtitia Gardes", "Martin J. Donnelly", "Thierry De Meeûs", "Jérémy Bouyer"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0000692.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Diversity_statistics_for_the_studied_populations_based_on_COI_sequences_/518945", "title"=>"Diversity statistics for the studied populations based on <i>COI</i> sequences.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2010-05-25 02:29:05"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/848298"], "description"=>"<p>Mantel correlation tests and percentages of variance explained (<i>R</i><sup>2</sup>) between (a) Cavalli-Sforza and Edwards (<i>D<sub>C-S&E</sub></i>) computed from microsatellite data and Kst* computed from COI mitochondrial data, (b) <i>D<sub>C-S&E</sub></i> and Mahalanobis distance (<i>D</i><sub>M</sub>) computed from morphometric data, and (c) Kst* and <i>D</i><sub>M</sub>, for tsetse flies from the five different samples from Senegal (10 distances).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["markers"], "article_id"=>518750, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Genetics"], "users"=>["Philippe Solano", "Dramane Kaba", "Sophie Ravel", "Naomi A. Dyer", "Baba Sall", "Marc J. B. Vreysen", "Momar T. Seck", "Heather Darbyshir", "Laëtitia Gardes", "Martin J. Donnelly", "Thierry De Meeûs", "Jérémy Bouyer"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0000692.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Mantel_correlation_tests_P_values_between_the_different_markers_used_in_this_study_/518750", "title"=>"Mantel correlation tests (<i>P</i>-values) between the different markers used in this study.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-05-25 02:25:50"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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