Water Use Practices Limit the Effectiveness of a Temephos-Based Aedes aegypti Larval Control Program in Northern Argentina
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Water Use Practices Limit the Effectiveness of a Temephos-Based Aedes aegypti Larval Control Program in Northern Argentina", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Fernando M.", "last_name"=>"Garelli"}, {"first_name"=>"Manuel O.", "last_name"=>"Espinosa"}, {"first_name"=>"Diego", "last_name"=>"Weinberg"}, {"first_name"=>"María A.", "last_name"=>"Trinelli"}, {"first_name"=>"Ricardo E.", "last_name"=>"Gürtler"}], "year"=>2011, "source"=>"PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"1935-2735", "pui"=>"560013463", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pntd.0000991", "sgr"=>"84855533435", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84855533435", "isbn"=>"1935-2727", "pmid"=>"21445334"}, "id"=>"7b4e13b2-5b8e-3e1e-9115-f8a6feada997", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: A five-year citywide control program based on regular application of temephos significantly reduced Aedes aegypti larval indices but failed to maintain them below target levels in Clorinda, northern Argentina. Incomplete surveillance coverage and reduced residuality of temephos were held as the main putative causes limiting effectiveness of control actions. METHODOLOGY: The duration of temephos residual effects in household-owned water-holding tanks (the most productive container type and main target for control) was estimated prospectively in two trials. Temephos was applied using spoons or inside perforated small zip-lock bags. Water samples from the study tanks (including positive and negative controls) were collected weekly and subjected to larval mortality bioassays. Water turnover was estimated quantitatively by adding sodium chloride to the study tanks and measuring its dilution 48 hs later. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: The median duration of residual effects of temephos applied using spoons (2.4 weeks) was significantly lower than with zip-lock bags (3.4 weeks), and widely heterogeneous between tanks. Generalized estimating equations models showed that bioassay larval mortality was strongly affected by water type and type of temephos application depending on water type. Water type and water turnover were highly significantly associated. Tanks filled with piped water had high turnover rates and short-lasting residual effects, whereas tanks filled with rain water showed the opposite pattern. On average, larval infestations reappeared nine weeks post-treatment and seven weeks after estimated loss of residuality. CONCLUSIONS: Temephos residuality in the field was much shorter and more variable than expected. The main factor limiting temephos residuality was fast water turnover, caused by householders' practice of refilling tanks overnight to counteract the intermittence of the local water supply. Limited field residuality of temephos accounts in part for the inability of the larval control program to further reduce infestation levels with a treatment cycle period of 3 or 4 months.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/water-practices-limit-effectiveness-temephosbased-aedes-aegypti-larval-control-program-northern-arge", "reader_count"=>30, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Researcher"=>8, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>6, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>5, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Researcher"=>8, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>6, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>5, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Engineering"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>1, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>1, "Mathematics"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>12, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>5, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>4, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>5}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>4}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>12}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1}}, "group_count"=>4}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/395081", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/395108", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/395133", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/395159"], "description"=>"<div><h3>Background</h3><p>A five-year citywide control program based on regular application of temephos significantly reduced <em>Aedes aegypti</em> larval indices but failed to maintain them below target levels in Clorinda, northern Argentina. Incomplete surveillance coverage and reduced residuality of temephos were held as the main putative causes limiting effectiveness of control actions.</p><h3>Methodology</h3><p>The duration of temephos residual effects in household-owned water-holding tanks (the most productive container type and main target for control) was estimated prospectively in two trials. Temephos was applied using spoons or inside perforated small zip-lock bags. Water samples from the study tanks (including positive and negative controls) were collected weekly and subjected to larval mortality bioassays. Water turnover was estimated quantitatively by adding sodium chloride to the study tanks and measuring its dilution 48 hs later.</p><h3>Principal Findings</h3><p>The median duration of residual effects of temephos applied using spoons (2.4 weeks) was significantly lower than with zip-lock bags (3.4 weeks), and widely heterogeneous between tanks. Generalized estimating equations models showed that bioassay larval mortality was strongly affected by water type and type of temephos application depending on water type. Water type and water turnover were highly significantly associated. Tanks filled with piped water had high turnover rates and short-lasting residual effects, whereas tanks filled with rain water showed the opposite pattern. On average, larval infestations reappeared nine weeks post-treatment and seven weeks after estimated loss of residuality.</p><h3>Conclusions</h3><p>Temephos residuality in the field was much shorter and more variable than expected. The main factor limiting temephos residuality was fast water turnover, caused by householders' practice of refilling tanks overnight to counteract the intermittence of the local water supply. Limited field residuality of temephos accounts in part for the inability of the larval control program to further reduce infestation levels with a treatment cycle period of 3 or 4 months.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["practices", "temephos-based", "larval", "argentina"], "article_id"=>138041, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Neuroscience", "Cancer", "Ecology", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Fernando M. Garelli", "Manuel O. Espinosa", "Diego Weinberg", "María A. Trinelli", "Ricardo E. Gürtler"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0000991.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0000991.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0000991.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0000991.s004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Water_Use_Practices_Limit_the_Effectiveness_of_a_Temephos_Based_Aedes_aegypti_Larval_Control_Program_in_Northern_Argentina/138041", "title"=>"Water Use Practices Limit the Effectiveness of a Temephos-Based <em>Aedes aegypti</em> Larval Control Program in Northern Argentina", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2011-03-22 02:14:01"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/788891"], "description"=>"<p>Mean larval mortality over time after bag- or spoon-based application of temephos in the main trial, Clorinda 2008/2009. Error bars indicate 95% bootstrap confidence intervals. Bag- and spoon-based application curves have been displaced over the x axis to improve visualization.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology/population ecology", "infectious diseases/epidemiology and control of infectious diseases", "infectious diseases/neglected tropical diseases", "infectious diseases/viral infections", "public health and epidemiology/epidemiology", "public health and epidemiology/infectious diseases", "public health and epidemiology/social and behavioral determinants of health"], "article_id"=>459252, "categories"=>["Computational Biology", "Neuroscience", "Infectious Diseases", "Ecology", "Cancer", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Fernando M. Garelli", "Manuel O. Espinosa", "Diego Weinberg", "María A. Trinelli", "Ricardo E. Gürtler"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0000991.g001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Larval_mortality_in_the_bioassays_/459252", "title"=>"Larval mortality in the bioassays.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-03-22 02:34:12"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/788989"], "description"=>"<p>Water turnover was calculated as the estimated volume of water removed during the subsequent 48 hs post-addition of sodium chloride divided by the volume of each tank. The numbers indicate the number of tanks within each category. Main trial, Clorinda, 2009.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["turnover"], "article_id"=>459361, "categories"=>["Computational Biology", "Neuroscience", "Infectious Diseases", "Ecology", "Cancer", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Fernando M. Garelli", "Manuel O. Espinosa", "Diego Weinberg", "María A. Trinelli", "Ricardo E. Gürtler"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0000991.g002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Box_and_whiskers_plot_of_estimated_water_turnover_according_to_water_type_/459361", "title"=>"Box-and-whiskers plot of estimated water turnover according to water type.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-03-22 02:36:01"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/789124"], "description"=>"<p>Container index, mean number of pupae per container and mean bioassay larval mortality in the main trial over time after bag- or spoon-based application of temephos. Clorinda, 2008/2009.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology/population ecology", "infectious diseases/epidemiology and control of infectious diseases", "infectious diseases/neglected tropical diseases", "infectious diseases/viral infections", "public health and epidemiology/epidemiology", "public health and epidemiology/infectious diseases", "public health and epidemiology/social and behavioral determinants of health"], "article_id"=>459486, "categories"=>["Computational Biology", "Neuroscience", "Infectious Diseases", "Ecology", "Cancer", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Fernando M. Garelli", "Manuel O. Espinosa", "Diego Weinberg", "María A. Trinelli", "Ricardo E. Gürtler"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0000991.g003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Infestation_during_the_follow_up_/459486", "title"=>"Infestation during the follow-up.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-03-22 02:38:06"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/789270"], "description"=>"<p>Main trial, Clorinda 2008–2009.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["residual", "temephos"], "article_id"=>459642, "categories"=>["Computational Biology", "Neuroscience", "Infectious Diseases", "Ecology", "Cancer", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Fernando M. Garelli", "Manuel O. Espinosa", "Diego Weinberg", "María A. Trinelli", "Ricardo E. Gürtler"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0000991.t002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Duration_of_residual_effects_of_temephos_according_to_water_type_and_temephos_application_type_/459642", "title"=>"Duration of residual effects of temephos according to water type and temephos application type.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2011-03-22 02:40:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/789320"], "description"=>"<p>Main trial, Clorinda 2008–2009.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ratios", "explanatory", "variables", "multivariate", "gee", "bioassay", "larval"], "article_id"=>459679, "categories"=>["Computational Biology", "Neuroscience", "Infectious Diseases", "Ecology", "Cancer", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Fernando M. Garelli", "Manuel O. Espinosa", "Diego Weinberg", "María A. Trinelli", "Ricardo E. Gürtler"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0000991.t001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Odds_ratios_of_the_explanatory_variables_used_in_the_multivariate_GEE_model_of_bioassay_larval_mortality_/459679", "title"=>"Odds ratios of the explanatory variables used in the multivariate GEE model of bioassay larval mortality.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2011-03-22 02:41:19"}

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Relative Metric

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