Ciguatera Fish Poisoning in the Pacific Islands (1998 to 2008)
Publication Date
December 13, 2011
Journal
PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Authors
Mark P. Skinner, Tom D. Brewer, Ron Johnstone, Lora E. Fleming, et al
Volume
5
Issue
12
Pages
e1416
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0001416
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosntds/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pntd.0001416
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22180797
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3236724
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/22180797
Web of Science
000298667700022
Scopus
84855306494
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/ciguatera-fish-poisoning-pacific-islands-1998-2008-5
Events
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Ciguatera fish poisoning in the pacific islands (1998 to 2008)", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Mark P.", "last_name"=>"Skinner", "scopus_author_id"=>"54882116600"}, {"first_name"=>"Tom D.", "last_name"=>"Brewer", "scopus_author_id"=>"26431808100"}, {"first_name"=>"Ron", "last_name"=>"Johnstone", "scopus_author_id"=>"7201604347"}, {"first_name"=>"Lora E.", "last_name"=>"Fleming", "scopus_author_id"=>"7103387986"}, {"first_name"=>"Richard J.", "last_name"=>"Lewis", "scopus_author_id"=>"55457251800"}], "year"=>2011, "source"=>"PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19352727", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84855306494", "pui"=>"364025844", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pntd.0001416", "isbn"=>"1935-2727", "sgr"=>"84855306494", "pmid"=>"22180797"}, "id"=>"3b74af27-c020-32b4-83ea-7ac043de38df", "abstract"=>"<title>Author Summary</title> <p>Ciguatera fish poisoning occurs throughout the tropics. After consuming contaminated coral reef fish, people report a range of acute neurologic, gastrointestinal, and cardiac symptoms, with some experiencing chronic neurologic symptoms lasting weeks to months. Ciguatera is largely caused by toxins from benthic microalgae of the genera <italic>Gambierdiscus</italic> that are bioaccumulated in reef fish through the marine food chain. Unfortunately, the true extent of illness and its impact on human communities and ecosystems are still not well understood. Using data gathered from Health and Fisheries Authorities of the Pacific Island Countries and Territories we identified a 60% increase in the annual incidence of ciguatera from 1988–2008 to 1973–1983 and estimate over 500,000 Pacific islanders might have suffered from ciguatera in their lifetime. The incidence of ciguatera is expected to continue to rise in conjunction with continued reef degradation and global warming, with greatest impact likely to be experienced in the developing PICTs and potentially the archipelagoes of southeast Asia. Despite this threat, little funding is available for research that might lead to better management of the problem either locally, regionally or globally.</p>", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/ciguatera-fish-poisoning-pacific-islands-1998-2008-5", "reader_count"=>65, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>11, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>17, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Other"=>6, "Student > Master"=>10, "Student > Bachelor"=>5, "Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>11, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>17, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Other"=>6, "Student > Master"=>10, "Student > Bachelor"=>5, "Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>30, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1, "Chemistry"=>2, "Computer Science"=>1, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>15, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>4, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>2, "Social Sciences"=>1, "Linguistics"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>4}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>4}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>15}, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>{"Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>2}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>2}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>30}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Linguistics"=>{"Linguistics"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>2, "Italy"=>1, "Germany"=>1, "French Polynesia"=>2}, "group_count"=>0}

CrossRef

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/703104"], "description"=>"<p>Cyclones, coral bleaching and reef conditions reported by participating PICT: 1998–2008.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["coral", "bleaching", "reef", "conditions", "reported", "participating"], "article_id"=>373470, "categories"=>["Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Mark P. Skinner", "Tom D. Brewer", "Ron Johnstone", "Lora E. Fleming", "Richard J. Lewis"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0001416.t005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Cyclones_coral_bleaching_and_reef_conditions_reported_by_participating_PICT_1998_8211_2008_/373470", "title"=>"Cyclones, coral bleaching and reef conditions reported by participating PICT: 1998–2008.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2011-12-13 00:57:50"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/703178"], "description"=>"<p>*omitted from independent-sample t-test comparing annual means across time periods, and rates ratio calculation.</p>†<p>omitted from paired t-test comparing national means across time periods.</p><p>Note: Total incidence is the average annual incidence (per 100,000 people) for all PICTs for the entire 11 year period, controlling for missing values and excluding the state of Hawaii.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["cases", "incidence", "participating"], "article_id"=>373545, "categories"=>["Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Mark P. Skinner", "Tom D. Brewer", "Ron Johnstone", "Lora E. Fleming", "Richard J. Lewis"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0001416.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Ciguatera_cases_and_mean_annual_incidence_rates_100_000_by_participating_PICT_1998_8211_2008_/373545", "title"=>"Ciguatera cases and mean annual incidence rates/100,000 by participating PICT: 1998–2008.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2011-12-13 00:59:05"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/703139"], "description"=>"<p>Relationships between per capita incidence of ciguatera and social consequences of ciguatera.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["capita", "incidence", "ciguatera", "consequences"], "article_id"=>373506, "categories"=>["Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Mark P. Skinner", "Tom D. Brewer", "Ron Johnstone", "Lora E. Fleming", "Richard J. Lewis"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0001416.t006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Relationships_between_per_capita_incidence_of_ciguatera_and_social_consequences_of_ciguatera_/373506", "title"=>"Relationships between per capita incidence of ciguatera and social consequences of ciguatera.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2011-12-13 00:58:26"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/703212"], "description"=>"<p>*The numbers for Malampa were from 1998–2006.</p><p>**Incidence = cases/100,000 people.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["cases", "incidence", "islands", "participating"], "article_id"=>373583, "categories"=>["Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Mark P. Skinner", "Tom D. Brewer", "Ron Johnstone", "Lora E. Fleming", "Richard J. Lewis"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0001416.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Ciguatera_cases_and_incidence_rates_100_000_for_selected_islands_of_the_participating_PICTs_1998_8211_2008_/373583", "title"=>"Ciguatera cases and incidence rates/100,000 for selected islands of the participating PICTs: 1998–2008.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2011-12-13 00:59:43"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/702994"], "description"=>"<p>Mean annual incidence (per 100,000 people) of ciguatera across Pacific Island Countries and Territories (PICT) from 1973–2008 are reported. Hawaii, North Marianas, Marshall Islands and Palau were omitted because comparable data was not available for both time periods.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["incidence", "ciguatera"], "article_id"=>373360, "categories"=>["Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Mark P. Skinner", "Tom D. Brewer", "Ron Johnstone", "Lora E. Fleming", "Richard J. Lewis"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0001416.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Annual_incidence_of_ciguatera_in_the_Pacific_/373360", "title"=>"Annual incidence of ciguatera in the Pacific.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-12-13 00:56:00"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/703242"], "description"=>"<p>1973–1983 data (Lewis 1986); NR = No response.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["rankings", "ciguatera"], "article_id"=>373614, "categories"=>["Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Mark P. Skinner", "Tom D. Brewer", "Ron Johnstone", "Lora E. Fleming", "Richard J. Lewis"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0001416.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_PICT_rankings_by_ciguatera_incidence_100_000_1973_8211_1983_vs_1998_8211_2008_/373614", "title"=>"PICT rankings by ciguatera incidence/100,000: 1973–1983 vs 1998–2008.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2011-12-13 01:00:14"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/356868"], "description"=>"<div><h3>Background</h3><p>Ciguatera is a type of fish poisoning that occurs throughout the tropics, particularly in vulnerable island communities such as the developing Pacific Island Countries and Territories (PICTs). After consuming ciguatoxin-contaminated fish, people report a range of acute neurologic, gastrointestinal, and cardiac symptoms, with some experiencing chronic neurologic symptoms lasting weeks to months. Unfortunately, the true extent of illness and its impact on human communities and ecosystem health are still poorly understood.</p> <h3>Methods</h3><p>A questionnaire was emailed to the Health and Fisheries Authorities of the PICTs to quantify the extent of ciguatera. The data were analyzed using t-test, incidence rate ratios, ranked correlation, and regression analysis.</p> <h3>Results</h3><p>There were 39,677 reported cases from 17 PICTs, with a mean annual incidence of 194 cases per 100,000 people across the region from 1998–2008 compared to the reported annual incidence of 104/100,000 from 1973–1983. There has been a 60% increase in the annual incidence of ciguatera between the two time periods based on PICTs that reported for both time periods. Taking into account under-reporting, in the last 35 years an estimated 500,000 Pacific islanders might have suffered from ciguatera.</p> <h3>Conclusions</h3><p>This level of incidence exceeds prior ciguatera estimates locally and globally, and raises the status of ciguatera to an acute and chronic illness with major public health significance. To address this significant public health problem, which is expected to increase in parallel with environmental change, well-funded multidisciplinary research teams are needed to translate research advances into practical management solutions.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ciguatera", "poisoning", "pacific", "islands"], "article_id"=>130527, "categories"=>["Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Mark P. Skinner", "Tom D. Brewer", "Ron Johnstone", "Lora E. Fleming", "Richard J. Lewis"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0001416", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>23, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Ciguatera_Fish_Poisoning_in_the_Pacific_Islands_1998_to_2008_/130527", "title"=>"Ciguatera Fish Poisoning in the Pacific Islands (1998 to 2008)", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2011-12-13 00:08:47"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

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