How Effective Is School-Based Deworming for the Community-Wide Control of Soil-Transmitted Helminths?
Publication Date
February 28, 2013
Journal
PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Authors
Roy M. Anderson, James E. Truscott, Rachel L. Pullan, Simon J. Brooker, et al
Volume
7
Issue
2
Pages
e2027
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002027
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosntds/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pntd.0002027
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23469293
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3585037
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/23469293
Web of Science
000315644900005
Scopus
84874772719
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/effective-schoolbased-deworming-communitywide-control-soiltransmitted-helminths
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"How Effective Is School-Based Deworming for the Community-Wide Control of Soil-Transmitted Helminths?", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Roy M.", "last_name"=>"Anderson", "scopus_author_id"=>"7408244444"}, {"first_name"=>"James E.", "last_name"=>"Truscott", "scopus_author_id"=>"56254185000"}, {"first_name"=>"Rachel L.", "last_name"=>"Pullan", "scopus_author_id"=>"57190211779"}, {"first_name"=>"Simon J.", "last_name"=>"Brooker", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005926568"}, {"first_name"=>"T. Deirdre", "last_name"=>"Hollingsworth", "scopus_author_id"=>"56465635200"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19352735", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84874772719", "sgr"=>"84874772719", "pui"=>"368490603", "isbn"=>"10.1371/journal.pntd.0002027", "pmid"=>"23469293", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pntd.0002027"}, "id"=>"119104ad-4db4-327c-8ab6-773d5dbace89", "abstract"=>"<title>Author Summary</title><p>Large donations of drugs to treat soil-transmitted helminths (STHs, intestinal worms) means that many more school-aged children will be treated, improving their well-being and development. These children will have to be repeatedly treated since reinfection will occur due to contaminated environments in the absence of improvements in hygiene and sanitation. Repeated treatment of school-aged children may have the added benefit of reductions in levels of infection for the whole community. This will in part be determined by the proportion of the total worms harboured or eggs output by school-aged children, a product of how heavily infected school-aged children are and how many school-aged children there are in the community. In one setting school-aged children output as little as 15% of hookworm eggs whereas in another setting they harbour up to 50% of roundworms. Thus, whilst school-based programmes may have important health benefits, the community-level impact on transmission could be limited unless school-aged children over-contribute to infection. We use mathematical models to show that if children contribute more infective stages to the environment which adults are exposed to than adults do, the reductions in transmission resulting from treating children will be larger, but may still be limited.</p>", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/effective-schoolbased-deworming-communitywide-control-soiltransmitted-helminths", "reader_count"=>128, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>7, "Researcher"=>27, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>22, "Student > Postgraduate"=>8, "Student > Master"=>31, "Other"=>5, "Student > Bachelor"=>10, "Lecturer"=>7, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>6}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>7, "Researcher"=>27, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>22, "Student > Postgraduate"=>8, "Student > Master"=>31, "Other"=>5, "Student > Bachelor"=>10, "Lecturer"=>7, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>6}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>9, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>28, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>2, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>3, "Engineering"=>4, "Environmental Science"=>7, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>4, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2, "Mathematics"=>3, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>45, "Neuroscience"=>1, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1, "Psychology"=>4, "Social Sciences"=>9, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>4, "Linguistics"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>45}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>9}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>4}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>3}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>9}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>7}, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>{"Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>4}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>1}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>3}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>4}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>28}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>4}, "Linguistics"=>{"Linguistics"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Bangladesh"=>1, "United States"=>2, "Brazil"=>2, "United Kingdom"=>2, "Spain"=>1}, "group_count"=>14}

CrossRef

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1011219"], "description"=>"<p>Published estimates of the basic reproductive number for various helminths.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["estimates", "reproductive"], "article_id"=>671629, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Biological Sciences", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Roy M. Anderson", "James E. Truscott", "Rachel L. Pullan", "Simon J. Brooker", "T. Déirdre Hollingsworth"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002027.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Published_estimates_of_the_basic_reproductive_number_for_various_helminths_/671629", "title"=>"Published estimates of the basic reproductive number for various helminths.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-28 00:27:09"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/974870"], "description"=>"<p>The number of parasites affected by a school-based deworming programme is never 100%, it is reduced by the efficacy of the drug, the proportion of the population of school age and their intensity of infection, as well as school enrolment and attendance on a deworming day. The impact of such a treatment programme on transmission is less easily quantified and depends on the details of transmission between different age-groups in the population. For further details, see main text.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["school-based", "deworming"], "article_id"=>642782, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Biological Sciences", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Roy M. Anderson", "James E. Truscott", "Rachel L. Pullan", "Simon J. Brooker", "T. Déirdre Hollingsworth"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002027.g009", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Schematic_illustration_of_the_impact_of_school_based_deworming_on_the_transmission_of_parasites_/642782", "title"=>"Schematic illustration of the impact of school-based deworming on the transmission of parasites.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-03-01 15:16:46"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/974858"], "description"=>"<p>The demography of the population, A, gives a proportion of 31.2% of the population aged 5–14 years old <a href=\"http://www.plosntds.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002027#pntd.0002027-UNESCO1\" target=\"_blank\">[45]</a>. Combining this distribution with B the distribution of egg output by age <a href=\"http://www.plosntds.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002027#pntd.0002027-Pullan2\" target=\"_blank\">[36]</a> gives 15.7% of worms in the school-aged group.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["hookworm", "eggs", "deposited", "children", "aged", "calculated"], "article_id"=>642771, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Biological Sciences", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Roy M. Anderson", "James E. Truscott", "Rachel L. Pullan", "Simon J. Brooker", "T. Déirdre Hollingsworth"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002027.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>32, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_proportion_of_hookworm_eggs_deposited_by_children_aged_5_14_calculated_from_equation_5_/642771", "title"=>"The proportion of hookworm eggs deposited by children aged 5–14, calculated from <b>equation 5</b>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-03-01 15:14:07"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/974851"], "description"=>"<p><b>A</b> The relationship between the mean intensity of infection, , the prevalence of infection, , and the negative binomial aggregation parameter, as described by the relationship in <a href=\"http://www.plosntds.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002027#pntd.0002027.e003\" target=\"_blank\">equation 1</a>. <b>B</b> Relationship between the prevalence and intensity of infection as observed in a study of <i>A. lumbricoides </i><a href=\"http://www.plosntds.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002027#pntd.0002027-Thein1\" target=\"_blank\">[28]</a>. The solid line is the predicted relationship between mean prevalence of infection and worm burden described in <a href=\"http://www.plosntds.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002027#pntd.0002027.e003\" target=\"_blank\">equation 1</a> and plotted in A fitted to estimate the aggregation parameter,  = 0.194.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["public health and epidemiology", "Infectious diseases", "Computational biology"], "article_id"=>642764, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Biological Sciences", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Roy M. Anderson", "James E. Truscott", "Rachel L. Pullan", "Simon J. Brooker", "T. Déirdre Hollingsworth"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002027.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>29, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_relationship_between_mean_intensity_and_prevalence_/642764", "title"=>"The relationship between mean intensity and prevalence.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-03-01 15:12:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/974860"], "description"=>"<p>The predicted relationship between the critical fraction of the human population to be treated, , per annum with efficacy, , 0.9, and the basic reproductive number, , and parasite life expectancy, in years (from <a href=\"http://www.plosntds.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002027#pntd.0002027.e064\" target=\"_blank\">equation 11</a> in the main text).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["public health and epidemiology", "Infectious diseases", "Computational biology"], "article_id"=>642773, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Biological Sciences", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Roy M. Anderson", "James E. Truscott", "Rachel L. Pullan", "Simon J. Brooker", "T. Déirdre Hollingsworth"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002027.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>30, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Critical_fraction_of_the_population_to_be_treated_/642773", "title"=>"Critical fraction of the population to be treated.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-03-01 15:14:32"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/974854"], "description"=>"<p>The demography of the population, A, results in a proportion of 18.4% of the population aged 5–14 years old <a href=\"http://www.plosntds.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002027#pntd.0002027-UNESCO1\" target=\"_blank\">[45]</a>. Combining this distribution with B the distribution of worms per person by age <a href=\"http://www.plosntds.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002027#pntd.0002027-Thein2\" target=\"_blank\">[57]</a> gives 49.5% of worms in the school-aged group.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["worms", "children", "aged", "calculated"], "article_id"=>642767, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Biological Sciences", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Roy M. Anderson", "James E. Truscott", "Rachel L. Pullan", "Simon J. Brooker", "T. Déirdre Hollingsworth"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002027.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>27, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_proportion_of_A_lumbricoides_worms_in_children_aged_5_14_calculated_from_equation_3_/642767", "title"=>"The proportion of <i>A. lumbricoides</i> worms in children aged 5–14, calculated from <b>equation 3</b>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-03-01 15:13:45"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/974853"], "description"=>"<p>This figure was generated by data published by UNICEF for 2005–2010 <a href=\"http://www.plosntds.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002027#pntd.0002027-UNICEF1\" target=\"_blank\">[41]</a>.. For each country there is net attendance rate at primary, in urban (open circles) and rural areas (closed circles) and a net attendance rate for secondary schools (filled squares).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["public health and epidemiology", "Infectious diseases", "Computational biology"], "article_id"=>642766, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Biological Sciences", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Roy M. Anderson", "James E. Truscott", "Rachel L. Pullan", "Simon J. Brooker", "T. Déirdre Hollingsworth"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002027.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>27, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_School_attendance_for_a_selection_of_countries_/642766", "title"=>"School attendance for a selection of countries.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-03-01 15:13:29"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/974868"], "description"=>"<p>As in <a href=\"http://www.plosntds.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002027#pntd-0002027-g007\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 7</a>, the columns are A homogeneous model, B heterogeneous population with uniform transmission dynamics and C heterogeneous population with greater contribution from children, as in the text and different treatment intervals (rows). Simulations for basic reproduction number, <i> = 3</i>, and worm lifespan is 2.5 years. Other parameters as in <a href=\"http://www.plosntds.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002027#pntd-0002027-g007\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 7</a>. The two rows represent two-yearly and yearly treatment respectively.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["worm", "hookworm"], "article_id"=>642780, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Biological Sciences", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Roy M. Anderson", "James E. Truscott", "Rachel L. Pullan", "Simon J. Brooker", "T. Déirdre Hollingsworth"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002027.g008", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Effect_of_regular_treatment_on_mean_worm_burden_of_hookworm_for_different_models_/642780", "title"=>"Effect of regular treatment on mean worm burden of hookworm for different models.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-03-01 15:16:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/974864"], "description"=>"<p>A homogeneous population (left column), B heterogeneous population with uniform transmission dynamics (central column) and C heterogeneous population with greater contribution from children (right column) as in the text. The two rows represent annual and half-yearly treatment respectively. For all runs, basic reproduction number is 3 and worm lifespan is 1 year. Other parameters (as defined for <a href=\"http://www.plosntds.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002027#pntd.0002027.e037\" target=\"_blank\">equations 6</a> and <a href=\"http://www.plosntds.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002027#pntd.0002027.e038\" target=\"_blank\">7</a>): <i>μ<sub>2</sub></i> = 5/yr, <i>k</i> = 0.7, <i>z</i> = 0.93.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["worm"], "article_id"=>642777, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Biological Sciences", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Roy M. Anderson", "James E. Truscott", "Rachel L. Pullan", "Simon J. Brooker", "T. Déirdre Hollingsworth"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002027.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Effect_of_regular_treatment_on_mean_A_lumbricoides_worm_burden_for_different_models_/642777", "title"=>"Effect of regular treatment on mean <i>A. lumbricoides</i> worm burden for different models.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-03-01 15:15:36"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1011309"], "description"=>"<p>Published estimates of parasite life expectancy, , in the human host <a href=\"http://www.plosntds.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002027#pntd.0002027-Anderson2\" target=\"_blank\">[18]</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosntds.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002027#pntd.0002027-Anderson3\" target=\"_blank\">[27]</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["estimates", "parasite"], "article_id"=>671722, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Biological Sciences", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Roy M. Anderson", "James E. Truscott", "Rachel L. Pullan", "Simon J. Brooker", "T. Déirdre Hollingsworth"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002027.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Published_estimates_of_parasite_life_expectancy_in_the_human_host_18_27_/671722", "title"=>"Published estimates of parasite life expectancy, , in the human host [18], [27].", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-28 00:28:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1011290"], "description"=>"<p>Fraction of worm population or egg output in 5–14 year olds (<a href=\"http://www.plosntds.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002027#pntd.0002027.e021\" target=\"_blank\">equations 3</a> and <a href=\"http://www.plosntds.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002027#pntd.0002027.e030\" target=\"_blank\">5</a>).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["worm", "olds"], "article_id"=>671703, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Biological Sciences", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Roy M. Anderson", "James E. Truscott", "Rachel L. Pullan", "Simon J. Brooker", "T. Déirdre Hollingsworth"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002027.t005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Fraction_of_worm_population_or_egg_output_in_5_14_year_olds_equations_3_and_5_/671703", "title"=>"Fraction of worm population or egg output in 5–14 year olds (equations 3 and 5).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-28 00:28:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/974861"], "description"=>"<p>The impact of the fraction of the population treated, , on A the mean worm burden , B the prevalence of infection, and C the effective reproductive number , as described in <a href=\"http://www.plosntds.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002027#pntd.0002027.e059\" target=\"_blank\">equation 10</a>. Parameter values are set for <i>A. lumbricoides</i> as follows:  = 0.81,  = 3,  = 1 yr,  = 0.967 and  = 0.95.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["treated", "worm", "prevalence", "reproduction"], "article_id"=>642774, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Biological Sciences", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Roy M. Anderson", "James E. Truscott", "Rachel L. Pullan", "Simon J. Brooker", "T. Déirdre Hollingsworth"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002027.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Impact_of_fraction_treated_on_worm_burden_prevalence_and_effective_reproduction_number_/642774", "title"=>"Impact of fraction treated on worm burden, prevalence and effective reproduction number.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-03-01 15:14:44"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1011255"], "description"=>"<p>\n <b>Small </b><b> indicates higher parasite aggregation.</b></p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["binomial", "parasite", "aggregation"], "article_id"=>671667, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Biological Sciences", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Roy M. Anderson", "James E. Truscott", "Rachel L. Pullan", "Simon J. Brooker", "T. Déirdre Hollingsworth"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002027.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>6, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Estimates_for_the_negative_binomial_parasite_aggregation_parameter_/671667", "title"=>"Estimates for the negative binomial parasite aggregation parameter, .", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-28 00:27:47"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1011274"], "description"=>"<p>Percentage of female children who are enrolled in school <a href=\"http://www.plosntds.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002027#pntd.0002027-UNESCO1\" target=\"_blank\">[45]</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["children", "enrolled"], "article_id"=>671684, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Biological Sciences", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Roy M. Anderson", "James E. Truscott", "Rachel L. Pullan", "Simon J. Brooker", "T. Déirdre Hollingsworth"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002027.t006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Percentage_of_female_children_who_are_enrolled_in_school_45_/671684", "title"=>"Percentage of female children who are enrolled in school [45].", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-28 00:28:04"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1011236"], "description"=>"<p>Percentage of population aged 5 to 14 years in 2011 <a href=\"http://www.plosntds.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002027#pntd.0002027-United1\" target=\"_blank\">[40]</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["aged", "14", "years", "2011"], "article_id"=>671649, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Biological Sciences", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Roy M. Anderson", "James E. Truscott", "Rachel L. Pullan", "Simon J. Brooker", "T. Déirdre Hollingsworth"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002027.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Percentage_of_population_aged_5_to_14_years_in_2011_40_/671649", "title"=>"Percentage of population aged 5 to 14 years in 2011 [40].", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-28 00:27:29"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"25", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"44", "full-text"=>"57", "pdf"=>"17", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"36", "full-text"=>"35", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"28", "full-text"=>"28", "pdf"=>"15", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"29", "full-text"=>"29", "pdf"=>"15", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"9", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"13", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"14", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"29", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"28", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"30", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"27", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"29", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"33", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"57", "pdf"=>"19", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"46", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"35", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
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Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2013-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2013-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences", "average_usage"=>[264, 460, 584, 692, 794, 887, 978, 1067, 1154, 1241, 1328, 1408, 1474]}, {"subject_area"=>"/People and places/Demography", "average_usage"=>[253, 440, 552, 650, 735, 820, 902, 976, 1042, 1112, 1192, 1271, 1337]}, {"subject_area"=>"/People and places/Population groupings", "average_usage"=>[265, 456, 578, 682, 782, 881, 965, 1053, 1133, 1223, 1310, 1391, 1457]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Social sciences/Sociology", "average_usage"=>[310, 523, 656, 780, 900, 1024, 1120, 1219, 1308, 1395, 1468, 1570, 1642]}]}
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