Cholera Outbreaks in Nigeria Are Associated with Multidrug Resistant Atypical El Tor and Non-O1/Non-O139 Vibrio cholerae
Publication Date
February 14, 2013
Journal
PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Authors
Michel A. Marin, Cristiane C. Thompson, Fernanda S. Freitas, Erica L. Fonseca, et al
Volume
7
Issue
2
Pages
e2049
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002049
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosntds/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pntd.0002049
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23459673
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3573102
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/23459673
Web of Science
000315644900015
Scopus
84874777511
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/cholera-outbreaks-nigeria-associated-multidrug-resistant-atypical-el-tor-nono1nono139-vibrio-cholera
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Cholera Outbreaks in Nigeria Are Associated with Multidrug Resistant Atypical El Tor and Non-O1/Non-O139 Vibrio cholerae", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Michel A.", "last_name"=>"Marin", "scopus_author_id"=>"50161970000"}, {"first_name"=>"Cristiane C.", "last_name"=>"Thompson", "scopus_author_id"=>"7404238407"}, {"first_name"=>"Fernanda S.", "last_name"=>"Freitas", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005118005"}, {"first_name"=>"Erica L.", "last_name"=>"Fonseca", "scopus_author_id"=>"8413092300"}, {"first_name"=>"A. Oladipo", "last_name"=>"Aboderin", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602720887"}, {"first_name"=>"Sambo B.", "last_name"=>"Zailani", "scopus_author_id"=>"7801646376"}, {"first_name"=>"Naa Kwarley E.", "last_name"=>"Quartey", "scopus_author_id"=>"35362885500"}, {"first_name"=>"Iruka N.", "last_name"=>"Okeke", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603967776"}, {"first_name"=>"Ana Carolina P.", "last_name"=>"Vicente", "scopus_author_id"=>"8977681600"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases", "identifiers"=>{"doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pntd.0002049", "sgr"=>"84874777511", "issn"=>"19352735", "pui"=>"368490634", "isbn"=>"1935-2735", "pmid"=>"23459673", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84874777511"}, "id"=>"e1e85e17-b60b-32c4-a9e1-c78b5b40b135", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: The current millennium has seen a steep rise in the number, size and case-fatalities of cholera outbreaks in many African countries. Over 40,000 cases of cholera were reported from Nigeria in 2010. Variants of Vibrio cholerae O1 El Tor biotype have emerged but very little is known about strains causing cholera outbreaks in West Africa, which is crucial for the implementation of interventions to control epidemic cholera. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: V. cholerae isolates from outbreaks of acute watery diarrhea in Nigeria from December, 2009 to October, 2010 were identified by standard culture methods. Fifteen O1 and five non-O1/non-O139 strains were analyzed; PCR and sequencing targeted regions associated with virulence, resistance and biotype were performed. We also studied genetic interrelatedness among the strains by multilocus sequence analysis and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. The antibiotic susceptibility was tested by the disk diffusion method and E-test. We found that multidrug resistant atypical El Tor strains, with reduced susceptibility to ciprofloxacin and chloramphenicol, characterized by the presence of the SXT element, and gyrA(Ser83Ile)/parC(Ser85Leu) alleles as well CTX phage and TCP cluster characterized by rstR(ElTor), ctxB-7 and tcpA(CIRS) alleles, respectively, were largely responsible for cholera outbreaks in 2009 and 2010. We also identified and characterized a V. cholerae non-O1/non-O139 lineage from cholera-like diarrhea cases in Nigeria. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: The recent Nigeria outbreaks have been determined by multidrug resistant atypical El Tor and non-O1/non-O139 V. cholerae strains, and it seems that the typical El Tor, from the beginning of seventh cholera pandemic, is no longer epidemic/endemic in this country. This scenario is similar to the East Africa, Asia and Caribbean countries. The detection of a highly virulent, antimicrobial resistant lineage in Nigeria is worrisome and points to a need for vaccine-based control of the disease. This study has also revealed the putative importance of non-O1/non-O139 V. cholerae in diarrheal disease in Nigeria.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/cholera-outbreaks-nigeria-associated-multidrug-resistant-atypical-el-tor-nono1nono139-vibrio-cholera", "reader_count"=>93, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>22, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>11, "Student > Postgraduate"=>17, "Student > Master"=>17, "Other"=>5, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer"=>2, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>22, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>11, "Student > Postgraduate"=>17, "Student > Master"=>17, "Other"=>5, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer"=>2, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>6, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>30, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1, "Chemistry"=>2, "Environmental Science"=>4, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>3, "Mathematics"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>35, "Psychology"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>1, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>5}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>35}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>1}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>6}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>4}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>2}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>5}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>30}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>3}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Netherlands"=>1, "United States"=>1, "Brazil"=>2, "South Africa"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>1, "Malaysia"=>1, "Nigeria"=>3}, "group_count"=>6}

CrossRef

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/488036"], "description"=>"<p>The epidemic O1 Nigeria strains are within the El Tor/139 cluster and the Non-O1/Non-O139 strains characterized a distinct cluster. This Minimum Evolution tree was constructed based on Kimura-two-parameter method using the concatenated nucleotide sequences of <i>rec</i>A, <i>pyr</i>H and <i>mdh</i> gene fragments. Two thousand bootstrap replicates were performed; bootstrap values are given at the nodes. <i>Vibrio mimicus</i> MB451strain was used as outgroup.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["relatedness", "nigeria"], "article_id"=>158544, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Genetics", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Michel A. Marin", "Cristiane C. Thompson", "Fernanda S. Freitas", "Erica L. Fonseca", "A. Oladipo Aboderin", "Sambo B. Zailani", "Naa Kwarley E. Quartey", "Iruka N. Okeke", "Ana Carolina P. Vicente"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002049.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Genetic_relatedness_of_Nigeria_V_cholerae_strains_/158544", "title"=>"Genetic relatedness of Nigeria <i>V. cholerae</i> strains.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 15:18:28"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/488296"], "description"=>"<p>CL, classical; ET, El Tor; CIP, ciprofloxacin; CM, Chloramphenicol; ND, not determined;</p>*<p>, <i>ctxB</i> genotype <a href=\"http://www.plosntds.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002049#pntd.0002049-Marin1\" target=\"_blank\">[16]</a>;</p>¥<p>, The genetic characteristics were determined by <i>in silico</i> analysis;</p>§<p>, VC1005 is an environmental isolate.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["phenotypic", "characteristics"], "article_id"=>158809, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Genetics", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Michel A. Marin", "Cristiane C. Thompson", "Fernanda S. Freitas", "Erica L. Fonseca", "A. Oladipo Aboderin", "Sambo B. Zailani", "Naa Kwarley E. Quartey", "Iruka N. Okeke", "Ana Carolina P. Vicente"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002049.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Genetic_and_phenotypic_characteristics_of_V_cholerae_from_Nigeria_/158809", "title"=>"Genetic and phenotypic characteristics of <i>V. cholerae</i> from Nigeria.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 15:19:52"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/488248"], "description"=>"<p>PCR primers used in this study.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["primers"], "article_id"=>158765, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Genetics", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Michel A. Marin", "Cristiane C. Thompson", "Fernanda S. Freitas", "Erica L. Fonseca", "A. Oladipo Aboderin", "Sambo B. Zailani", "Naa Kwarley E. Quartey", "Iruka N. Okeke", "Ana Carolina P. Vicente"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002049.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_PCR_primers_used_in_this_study_/158765", "title"=>"PCR primers used in this study.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 15:19:40"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/488156"], "description"=>"<p>The similarity was determined using the Dice coefficient, and cluster analysis was performed using the UPGMA. The right panel shows the presence (dark box) and absence (light box) of genomic traits. VC04 and VC200 belong to the classical lineage; VC121 is an India strain from the beginning of the 7<sup>th</sup> cholera pandemic.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["pfge", "patterns", "o1"], "article_id"=>158671, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Genetics", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Michel A. Marin", "Cristiane C. Thompson", "Fernanda S. Freitas", "Erica L. Fonseca", "A. Oladipo Aboderin", "Sambo B. Zailani", "Naa Kwarley E. Quartey", "Iruka N. Okeke", "Ana Carolina P. Vicente"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002049.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Dendrogram_of_PFGE_patterns_of_representative_V_cholerae_O1_and_Non_O1_Non_O139_strains_/158671", "title"=>"Dendrogram of PFGE patterns of representative <i>V. cholerae</i> O1 and Non-O1/Non-O139 strains.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 15:19:10"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

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