Biodiversity Can Help Prevent Malaria Outbreaks in Tropical Forests
Publication Date
March 21, 2013
Journal
PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Authors
Gabriel Zorello Laporta, Paulo Inácio Knegt Lopez De Prado, Roberto André Kraenkel, Renato Mendes Coutinho, et al
Volume
7
Issue
3
Pages
e2139
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002139
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosntds/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pntd.0002139
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23556023
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3605282
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/23556023
Web of Science
000316943800052
Scopus
84876000618
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/biodiversity-help-prevent-malaria-outbreaks-tropical-forests
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Biodiversity Can Help Prevent Malaria Outbreaks in Tropical Forests", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Gabriel Zorello", "last_name"=>"Laporta", "scopus_author_id"=>"13204727100"}, {"first_name"=>"Paulo Inácio Knegt Lopez de", "last_name"=>"Prado", "scopus_author_id"=>"57197334259"}, {"first_name"=>"Roberto André", "last_name"=>"Kraenkel", "scopus_author_id"=>"35612664500"}, {"first_name"=>"Renato Mendes", "last_name"=>"Coutinho", "scopus_author_id"=>"55319446300"}, {"first_name"=>"Maria Anice Mureb", "last_name"=>"Sallum", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004350987"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"368694460", "isbn"=>"1935-2735 (Electronic)\\r1935-2727 (Linking)", "issn"=>"19352735", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pntd.0002139", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84876000618", "pmid"=>"23556023", "sgr"=>"84876000618"}, "id"=>"09144c18-6582-3acc-b083-9ccbe457e4ad", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: Plasmodium vivax is a widely distributed, neglected parasite that can cause malaria and death in tropical areas. It is associated with an estimated 80-300 million cases of malaria worldwide. Brazilian tropical rain forests encompass host- and vector-rich communities, in which two hypothetical mechanisms could play a role in the dynamics of malaria transmission. The first mechanism is the dilution effect caused by presence of wild warm-blooded animals, which can act as dead-end hosts to Plasmodium parasites. The second is diffuse mosquito vector competition, in which vector and non-vector mosquito species compete for blood feeding upon a defensive host. Considering that the World Health Organization Malaria Eradication Research Agenda calls for novel strategies to eliminate malaria transmission locally, we used mathematical modeling to assess those two mechanisms in a pristine tropical rain forest, where the primary vector is present but malaria is absent.\\n\\nMETHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: The Ross-Macdonald model and a biodiversity-oriented model were parameterized using newly collected data and data from the literature. The basic reproduction number ([Formula: see text]) estimated employing Ross-Macdonald model indicated that malaria cases occur in the study location. However, no malaria cases have been reported since 1980. In contrast, the biodiversity-oriented model corroborated the absence of malaria transmission. In addition, the diffuse competition mechanism was negatively correlated with the risk of malaria transmission, which suggests a protective effect provided by the forest ecosystem. There is a non-linear, unimodal correlation between the mechanism of dead-end transmission of parasites and the risk of malaria transmission, suggesting a protective effect only under certain circumstances (e.g., a high abundance of wild warm-blooded animals).\\n\\nCONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: To achieve biological conservation and to eliminate Plasmodium parasites in human populations, the World Health Organization Malaria Eradication Research Agenda should take biodiversity issues into consideration.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/biodiversity-help-prevent-malaria-outbreaks-tropical-forests", "reader_count"=>118, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>7, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>22, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>12, "Student > Ph. D. 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Student"=>19, "Student > Postgraduate"=>5, "Student > Master"=>12, "Other"=>8, "Student > Bachelor"=>14, "Lecturer"=>3, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>10}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>7, "Engineering"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>21, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>5, "Mathematics"=>3, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>62, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>10, "Design"=>1, "Psychology"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>3, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>3, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Design"=>{"Design"=>1}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>10}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>3}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>3}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>62}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>5}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>3}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>7}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>21}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Ecuador"=>1, "United States"=>1, "Brazil"=>5, "Uganda"=>1, "Mexico"=>3, "United Kingdom"=>1}, "group_count"=>6}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/994206", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/994208", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/994209", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/994210", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/994212", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/994213", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/994215", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/994216", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/994219", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/994221", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/994222", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/994224", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/994225", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/994227", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/994229", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/994230", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/994232"], "description"=>"<div><p>Background</p><p><i>Plasmodium vivax</i> is a widely distributed, neglected parasite that can cause malaria and death in tropical areas. It is associated with an estimated 80–300 million cases of malaria worldwide. Brazilian tropical rain forests encompass host- and vector-rich communities, in which two hypothetical mechanisms could play a role in the dynamics of malaria transmission. The first mechanism is the dilution effect caused by presence of wild warm-blooded animals, which can act as dead-end hosts to <i>Plasmodium</i> parasites. The second is diffuse mosquito vector competition, in which vector and non-vector mosquito species compete for blood feeding upon a defensive host. Considering that the World Health Organization Malaria Eradication Research Agenda calls for novel strategies to eliminate malaria transmission locally, we used mathematical modeling to assess those two mechanisms in a pristine tropical rain forest, where the primary vector is present but malaria is absent.</p> <p>Methodology/Principal Findings</p><p>The Ross–Macdonald model and a biodiversity-oriented model were parameterized using newly collected data and data from the literature. The basic reproduction number () estimated employing Ross–Macdonald model indicated that malaria cases occur in the study location. However, no malaria cases have been reported since 1980. In contrast, the biodiversity-oriented model corroborated the absence of malaria transmission. In addition, the diffuse competition mechanism was negatively correlated with the risk of malaria transmission, which suggests a protective effect provided by the forest ecosystem. There is a non-linear, unimodal correlation between the mechanism of dead-end transmission of parasites and the risk of malaria transmission, suggesting a protective effect only under certain circumstances (e.g., a high abundance of wild warm-blooded animals).</p> <p>Conclusions/Significance</p><p>To achieve biological conservation and to eliminate <i>Plasmodium</i> parasites in human populations, the World Health Organization Malaria Eradication Research Agenda should take biodiversity issues into consideration.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["biodiversity", "malaria", "outbreaks", "forests"], "article_id"=>657408, "categories"=>["Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Gabriel Zorello Laporta", "Paulo Inácio Knegt Lopez de Prado", "Roberto André Kraenkel", "Renato Mendes Coutinho", "Maria Anice Mureb Sallum"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002139.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002139.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002139.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002139.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002139.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002139.s006", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002139.s007", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002139.s008", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002139.s009", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002139.s010", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002139.s011", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002139.s012", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002139.s013", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002139.s014", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002139.s015", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002139.s016", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002139.s017"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>76, "page_views"=>17, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Biodiversity_Can_Help_Prevent_Malaria_Outbreaks_in_Tropical_Forests__/657408", "title"=>"Biodiversity Can Help Prevent Malaria Outbreaks in Tropical Forests", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-03-22 06:27:05"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/994201"], "description"=>"<p>Increase in abundance of non-vector mosquito species is linearly correlated with decrease in the risk of malaria-parasite transmission. Reduction in abundance of non-vector mosquito species (red dashed arrow) can exceed the critical threshold level (). The red circle is estimate of our model (0.39; <a href=\"http://www.plosntds.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002139#pntd.0002139.e081\" target=\"_blank\">eq. 13</a>). The black isoline represents malaria transmission threshold (). Color legend shows a range of values from 0.00 to 1.50.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["hypothetical", "scenarios", "diffuse", "mosquito", "vector"], "article_id"=>657406, "categories"=>["Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Gabriel Zorello Laporta", "Paulo Inácio Knegt Lopez de Prado", "Roberto André Kraenkel", "Renato Mendes Coutinho", "Maria Anice Mureb Sallum"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002139.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Predicting_hypothetical_scenarios_II_diffuse_mosquito_vector_competition_in_Maruj_225_/657406", "title"=>"Predicting hypothetical scenarios II: diffuse mosquito vector competition in Marujá.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-03-22 06:25:10"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/994197"], "description"=>"<p>A: South America and Brazilian States; B: The Iguape-Cananéia-Paranaguá estuarine lagoon region, southeastern coast of Brazil; and C: Parque Estadual da Ilha do Cardoso. G, The Guarani Mbya village; and M, Marujá. Source: Bird and mammal observations <a href=\"http://www.plosntds.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002139#pntd.0002139-Bernardo1\" target=\"_blank\">[45]</a>; Altitude and vegetation sampling <a href=\"http://www.plosntds.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002139#pntd.0002139-Bernardi1\" target=\"_blank\">[46]</a> (<a href=\"http://www.plosntds.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002139#pntd.0002139.s009\" target=\"_blank\">Figure S6</a>).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["public health and epidemiology"], "article_id"=>657402, "categories"=>["Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Gabriel Zorello Laporta", "Paulo Inácio Knegt Lopez de Prado", "Roberto André Kraenkel", "Renato Mendes Coutinho", "Maria Anice Mureb Sallum"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002139.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Study_area_/657402", "title"=>"Study area.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-03-22 06:23:38"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/994199"], "description"=>"<p>Increase in abundance of non-vector mosquito species and in abundance of wild warm-blooded animals is correlated with decrease in the risk of malaria-parasite transmission. Reduction in abundance of wild warm-blooded animals (blue dashed arrow) and in abundance of non-vector mosquito species (red dashed arrow) can exceed the critical threshold level (). The red circle is estimate of our model (0.3; <a href=\"http://www.plosntds.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002139#pntd.0002139.e081\" target=\"_blank\">eq. 13</a>). The black isoline represents malaria transmission threshold (). Color legend shows a range of values from 0.00 to 1.40.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["hypothetical", "scenarios", "dilution", "diffuse", "mosquito", "vector", "guarani", "mbya"], "article_id"=>657404, "categories"=>["Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Gabriel Zorello Laporta", "Paulo Inácio Knegt Lopez de Prado", "Roberto André Kraenkel", "Renato Mendes Coutinho", "Maria Anice Mureb Sallum"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002139.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>22, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Predicting_hypothetical_scenarios_I_dilution_effect_and_diffuse_mosquito_vector_competition_in_The_Guarani_Mbya_village_/657404", "title"=>"Predicting hypothetical scenarios I: dilution effect and diffuse mosquito vector competition in The Guarani Mbya village.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-03-22 06:24:28"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/994203"], "description"=>"<p>Increase in abundance of wild warm-blooded animals is non-linearly correlated with decrease in the risk of malaria-parasite transmission. Reduction in abundance of wild warm-blooded animals (red dashed arrow) does not exceed the critical threshold level (). However, increase in human population size (blue dashed arrow) can exceed the critical threshold level (). The red circle is estimate of our model (0.39; <a href=\"http://www.plosntds.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002139#pntd.0002139.e081\" target=\"_blank\">eq. 13</a>). The black isoline represents malaria transmission threshold (). Color legend shows a range of values from 0.00 to 1.40.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["hypothetical", "scenarios", "dilution"], "article_id"=>657407, "categories"=>["Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Gabriel Zorello Laporta", "Paulo Inácio Knegt Lopez de Prado", "Roberto André Kraenkel", "Renato Mendes Coutinho", "Maria Anice Mureb Sallum"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002139.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Predicting_hypothetical_scenarios_III_dilution_effect_in_Maruj_225_/657407", "title"=>"Predicting hypothetical scenarios III: dilution effect in Marujá.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-03-22 06:25:52"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1007859"], "description"=>"a<p>: <i>Aedes serratus</i>, <i>Limatus durhami</i>, <i>Runchomyia reversa</i> and <i>Wyeomyia quasilongirostris</i>.</p>b<p>: <i>Anopheles cruzii</i> is the primary vector of malaria <i>P. vivax</i> and <i>P. malariae</i> parasites <a href=\"http://www.plosntds.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002139#pntd.0002139-Curado1\" target=\"_blank\">[13]</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["estimates", "references", "mathematical", "malaria"], "article_id"=>668479, "categories"=>["Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Gabriel Zorello Laporta", "Paulo Inácio Knegt Lopez de Prado", "Roberto André Kraenkel", "Renato Mendes Coutinho", "Maria Anice Mureb Sallum"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002139.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Parameters_descriptions_estimates_and_references_of_the_mathematical_model_of_malaria_transmission_/668479", "title"=>"Parameters, descriptions, estimates and references of the mathematical model of malaria transmission.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-03-21 02:21:19"}

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Relative Metric

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