Molecular Characterization of Echinococcus granulosus Cysts in North Indian Patients: Identification of G1, G3, G5 and G6 Genotypes
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{"title"=>"Molecular Characterization of Echinococcus granulosus Cysts in North Indian Patients: Identification of G1, G3, G5 and G6 Genotypes", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Monika", "last_name"=>"Sharma", "scopus_author_id"=>"56973040900"}, {"first_name"=>"Rakesh", "last_name"=>"Sehgal", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006272629"}, {"first_name"=>"Bashir Ahmad", "last_name"=>"Fomda", "scopus_author_id"=>"12769424500"}, {"first_name"=>"Anil", "last_name"=>"Malhotra", "scopus_author_id"=>"36831420900"}, {"first_name"=>"Nancy", "last_name"=>"Malla", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004159191"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"369208211", "sgr"=>"84879535843", "pmid"=>"23785531", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84879535843", "isbn"=>"1935-2735 (Electronic)\\r1935-2727 (Linking)", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pntd.0002262", "issn"=>"19352735"}, "id"=>"1b6b922a-dc36-3885-ae40-a0a9db3b066a", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: Cystic echinococcosis (CE) caused by the Echinococcus granulosus, is a major public health problem worldwide, including India. The different genotypes of E. granulosus responsible for human hydatidosis have been reported from endemic areas throughout the world. However, the genetic characterization of E. granulosus infecting the human population in India is lacking. The aim of study was to ascertain the genotype(s) of the parasite responsible for human hydatidosis in North India.\\n\\nMETHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: To study the transmission patterns of E. granulosus, genotypic analysis was performed on hydatid cysts obtained from 32 cystic echinococcosis (CE) patients residing in 7 different states of North India. Mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit1 (cox1) sequencing was done for molecular identification of the isolates. Most of the CE patients (30/32) were found to be infected with hydatid cyst of either G3 (53.1%) or G1 (40.62%) genotype and one each of G5 (cattle strain) and G6 (camel strain) genotype.\\n\\nCONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: These findings demonstrate the zoonotic potential of G1 (sheep strain) and G3 (buffalo strain) genotypes of E. granulosus as these emerged as predominant genotypes infecting the humans in India. In addition to this, the present study reports the first human CE case infected with G5 genotype (cattle strain) in an Asian country and presence of G6 genotype (camel strain) in India. The results may have important implications in the planning of control strategies for human hydatidosis.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/molecular-characterization-echinococcus-granulosus-cysts-north-indian-patients-identification-g1-g3", "reader_count"=>27, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>5, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>9, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>5, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>9, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>5, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>8, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>4, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>3, "Computer Science"=>1, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>4}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>3}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>8}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>5}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>3}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Brazil"=>1}, "group_count"=>1}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1085696"], "description"=>"<p>A) Map of India showing the location of three hospitals and geographical origin of cystic echinococcosis patients (in grey) analyzed in this study. B) State wise geographical distribution of 4 different genotypes of <i>Echinococcus granulosus</i> in North India. The number of collected samples for each state is indicated. J& K indicates the Jammu and Kashmir, H.P - Himachal Pradesh, Pb - Punjab, Hry - Haryana, U.K - Uttarakhand, U.P - Uttar Pradesh, Raj-Rajasthan, PGIMER-Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, SKIMS - Sher-i- Kashmir Institute of Medical sciences, IGMC- Indira Gandhi Medical College and Hospital.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["cystic", "echinococcosis"], "article_id"=>718890, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Monika Sharma", "Rakesh Sehgal", "Bashir Ahmad Fomda", "Anil Malhotra", "Nancy Malla"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002262.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Geographical_distribution_of_the_cystic_echinococcosis_patients_/718890", "title"=>"Geographical distribution of the cystic echinococcosis patients.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-06-13 02:28:10"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1085706"], "description"=>"<p>Accession numbers with suffix JX and KC are the representative sequences of G1, G3, G5 and G6 genotypes and their haplotypes found in this study. Accession numbers DQ062857, M84663, M84665 and M84666 are the respective references sequences of G1, G3, G5 and G6 genotypes of <i>E. granulosus</i> retrieved from GenBank for comparison. n indicates the number of isolates detected for each haplotype.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["alignments"], "article_id"=>718892, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Monika Sharma", "Rakesh Sehgal", "Bashir Ahmad Fomda", "Anil Malhotra", "Nancy Malla"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002262.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Multiple_alignments_of_partial_cox1_gene_sequences_/718892", "title"=>"Multiple alignments of partial <i>cox1</i> gene sequences.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-06-13 02:28:12"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1085708"], "description"=>"<p>Clinical characteristics of 32 cystic echinococcosis patients.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["32", "cystic", "echinococcosis"], "article_id"=>718893, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Monika Sharma", "Rakesh Sehgal", "Bashir Ahmad Fomda", "Anil Malhotra", "Nancy Malla"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002262.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Clinical_characteristics_of_32_cystic_echinococcosis_patients_/718893", "title"=>"Clinical characteristics of 32 cystic echinococcosis patients.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-06-13 02:28:13"}

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Relative Metric

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