Suppression of E. multilocularis Hydatid Cysts after Ionizing Radiation Exposure
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{"title"=>"Suppression of E. multilocularis Hydatid Cysts after Ionizing Radiation Exposure", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Xin", "last_name"=>"Zhou", "scopus_author_id"=>"56399510200"}, {"first_name"=>"Yumin", "last_name"=>"Zhao", "scopus_author_id"=>"55921193400"}, {"first_name"=>"Rong", "last_name"=>"Zhou", "scopus_author_id"=>"56467621900"}, {"first_name"=>"Hong", "last_name"=>"Zhang", "scopus_author_id"=>"57102182900"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84887293597", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pntd.0002518", "issn"=>"19352735", "pui"=>"370218017", "sgr"=>"84887293597", "isbn"=>"1935-2735 (Electronic)\\r1935-2727 (Linking)", "pmid"=>"24205427"}, "id"=>"8a985bd8-c76d-3a09-9e11-79fc2484a06b", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: Heavy-ion therapy has an advantage over conventional radiotherapy due to its superb biological effectiveness and dose conformity in cancer therapy. It could be a potential alternate approach for hydatid cyst treatment. However, there is no information currently available on the cellular and molecular basis for heavy-ion irradiation induced cell death in cystic echinococcosis.\\n\\nMETHODODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: LD50 was scored by protoscolex death. Cellular and ultrastructural changes within the parasite were studied by light and electron microscopy, mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) damage and copy number were measured by QPCR, and apoptosis was determined by caspase 3 expression and caspase 3 activity. Ionizing radiation induced sparse cytoplasm, disorganized and clumped organelles, large vacuoles and devoid of villi. The initial mtDNA damage caused by ionizing radiation increased in a dose-dependent manner. The kinetic of DNA repair was slower after carbon-ion radiation than that after X-rays radiation. High dose carbon-ion radiation caused irreversible mtDNA degradation. Cysts apoptosis was pronounced after radiation. Carbon-ion radiation was more effective to suppress hydatid cysts than X-rays.\\n\\nCONCLUSIONS: These studies provide a framework to the evaluation of attenuation effect of heavy-ion radiation on cystic echinococcosis in vitro. Carbon-ion radiation is more effective to suppress E. multilocularis than X-rays.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/suppression-e-multilocularis-hydatid-cysts-after-ionizing-radiation-exposure", "reader_count"=>7, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>3, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>3}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}}, "group_count"=>0}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1257186"], "description"=>"<p>Examples of control (A and B), 30 Gy X-rays irradiated (C and D) and 30 Gy carbon-ion irradiated (E and F) parasites are shown. A and B, the majority of the parasites displayed organized internal structures and their organelles were intact and clear. C—F, in irradiated samples, parasites displayed abnormal morphologies that included clumped organelles, abnormally large vacuoles, and generally disorganized structure. 1: germinal layer; 2: laminated layer; 3: border between germinal layer and laminated layer; 4: mitochondria; 5: vacuole; 6: damaged organelle.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["thin-section", "electron", "microscopy", "hydatid", "cysts", "irradiated"], "article_id"=>831793, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Xin Zhou", "Yumin Zhao", "Rong Zhou", "Hong Zhang"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002518.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Representative_thin_section_electron_microscopy_of_E_multilocularis_hydatid_cysts_from_control_and_irradiated_cultures_/831793", "title"=>"Representative thin-section electron microscopy of <i>E. multilocularis</i> hydatid cysts from control and irradiated cultures.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-10-24 03:08:33"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1257188"], "description"=>"<p>Examples of control (A and B), 30 Gy X-rays irradiated(C and D) and 30 Gy carbon-ion irradiated (E and F) parasites are shown. A, The protoscolex, germinal layer and cuticles were intact and clear (×40) in unirradiated samples. B. Protoscolex was visible and intact (×100). C and D, after 30 Gy X-rays irradiation, parasites displayed abnormal morphologies that included protoscolex eversion (1) and detachment of germinal layer from cuticles (2). E, After 30 Gy carbon-ion irradiation, loss of suction cups and scolex hooks, protoscolex contraction (3) were extensive in parasites.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["microscopy", "hydatid", "cysts", "irradiated"], "article_id"=>831795, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Xin Zhou", "Yumin Zhao", "Rong Zhou", "Hong Zhang"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002518.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Representative_light_microscopy_of_E_multilocularis_hydatid_cysts_from_control_and_irradiated_cultures_/831795", "title"=>"Representative light microscopy of <i>E. multilocularis</i> hydatid cysts from control and irradiated cultures.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-10-24 03:08:33"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1257189"], "description"=>"<p>A, Caspase 3 expression in hydatid cysts with and without 30 Gy ionizing radiation. B, Caspase 3 like activity was measured as the difference in <i>p</i>NA production between the samples with and without ionizing radiation. Error bars represent the SD, each done in at least triplicate. *Statistical significant at p<0.01.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["30", "gy", "x-rays", "carbon-ion", "irradiated", "hydatid"], "article_id"=>831796, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Xin Zhou", "Yumin Zhao", "Rong Zhou", "Hong Zhang"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002518.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Apoptosis_in_30_Gy_X_rays_and_carbon_ion_irradiated_E_multilocularis_hydatid_cysts_/831796", "title"=>"Apoptosis in 30 Gy X-rays and carbon-ion irradiated <i>E. multilocularis</i> hydatid cysts.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-10-24 03:08:33"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1257190"], "description"=>"<p>Primers information.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>[], "article_id"=>831797, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Xin Zhou", "Yumin Zhao", "Rong Zhou", "Hong Zhang"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002518.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Primers_information_/831797", "title"=>"Primers information.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-10-24 03:08:33"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1257181"], "description"=>"<p>The data are fitted to a sigmoidal dose response function: <i>y = a+b/(1+exp(-(x(-c)/d))</i>, where <i>y</i> is the percent lethality, <i>x</i> is the dose in Gy, respectively.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["lethality"], "article_id"=>831788, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Xin Zhou", "Yumin Zhao", "Rong Zhou", "Hong Zhang"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002518.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Percent_lethality_versus_radiation_dose_/831788", "title"=>"Percent lethality versus radiation dose.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-10-24 03:08:33"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1257184"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Quantification of mtDNA damage by long-PCR amplification of total DNA isolated from <i>E. multilocularis</i> hydatid cysts after 5–30 Gy X-rays or carbon-ion radiation. MtDNA damage was indicated by reduced PCR amplification. (B) Repair kinetics of mtDNA in <i>E. multilocularis</i> hydatid cysts within 72 hours after 30 Gy X-rays or carbon-ion radiation. (C) Quantification of mtDNA copy number by real-time PCR. Error bars represent the SD, each done in at least triplicate. *Statistical significant at p<0.01.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["mtdna", "irradiated", "hydatid"], "article_id"=>831791, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Xin Zhou", "Yumin Zhao", "Rong Zhou", "Hong Zhang"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002518.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_DNA_damage_repair_and_mtDNA_copy_number_in_irradiated_hydatid_cysts_/831791", "title"=>"DNA damage repair and mtDNA copy number in irradiated hydatid cysts.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-10-24 03:08:33"}

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Relative Metric

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