Cholera Vaccination Campaign Contributes to Improved Knowledge Regarding Cholera and Improved Practice Relevant to Waterborne Disease in Rural Haiti
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{"title"=>"Cholera Vaccination Campaign Contributes to Improved Knowledge Regarding Cholera and Improved Practice Relevant to Waterborne Disease in Rural Haiti", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Omowunmi", "last_name"=>"Aibana", "scopus_author_id"=>"55555179800"}, {"first_name"=>"Molly", "last_name"=>"Franke", "scopus_author_id"=>"24448023700"}, {"first_name"=>"Jessica", "last_name"=>"Teng", "scopus_author_id"=>"55894233500"}, {"first_name"=>"Johanne", "last_name"=>"Hilaire", "scopus_author_id"=>"55938292100"}, {"first_name"=>"Max", "last_name"=>"Raymond", "scopus_author_id"=>"55893621100"}, {"first_name"=>"Louise C.", "last_name"=>"Ivers", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602702997"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"370341844", "sgr"=>"84888241266", "pmid"=>"24278498", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84888241266", "isbn"=>"1935-2727", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pntd.0002576", "issn"=>"19352735"}, "id"=>"d6970d12-5b4a-3f5f-b7b3-3b786a5527c7", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND Haiti's cholera epidemic has been devastating partly due to underlying weak infrastructure and limited clean water and sanitation. A comprehensive approach to cholera control is crucial, yet some have argued that oral cholera vaccination (OCV) might result in reduced hygiene practice among recipients. We evaluated the impact of an OCV campaign on knowledge and health practice in rural Haiti. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We administered baseline surveys on knowledge and practice relevant to cholera and waterborne disease to every 10th household during a census in rural Haiti in February 2012 (N = 811). An OCV campaign occurred from May-June 2012 after which we administered identical surveys to 518 households randomly chosen from the same region in September 2012. We compared responses pre- and post-OCV campaign. Post-vaccination, there was improved knowledge with significant increase in percentage of respondents with ≥ 3 correct responses on cholera transmission mechanisms (odds ratio[OR] 1.91; 95% confidence interval[CI] 1.52-2.40), preventive methods (OR 1.83; 95% CI 1.46-2.30), and water treatment modalities (OR 2.75; 95% CI 2.16-3.50). Relative to pre-vaccination, participants were more likely post-OCV to report always treating water (OR 1.62; 95% CI 1.28-2.05). Respondents were also more likely to report hand washing with soap and water >4 times daily post-vaccine (OR 1.30; 95% CI 1.03-1.64). Knowledge of treating water as a cholera prevention measure was associated with practice of always treating water (OR 1.47; 95% CI 1.14-1.89). Post-vaccination, knowledge was associated with frequent hand washing (OR 2.47; 95% CI 1.35-4.51). CONCLUSION An OCV campaign in rural Haiti was associated with significant improvement in cholera knowledge and practices related to waterborne disease. OCV can be part of comprehensive cholera control and reinforce, not detract from, other control efforts in Haiti.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/cholera-vaccination-campaign-contributes-improved-knowledge-regarding-cholera-improved-practice-rele", "reader_count"=>48, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>5, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>5, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>13, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>7, "Lecturer"=>3, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>5, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>5, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>13, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>7, "Lecturer"=>3, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>4, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Chemistry"=>1, "Computer Science"=>1, "Engineering"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>2, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>5, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>25, "Psychology"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>25}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>4}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>2}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>4}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>5}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>1}, "group_count"=>2}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1291861", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1291863"], "description"=>"<div><p>Background</p><p>Haiti's cholera epidemic has been devastating partly due to underlying weak infrastructure and limited clean water and sanitation. A comprehensive approach to cholera control is crucial, yet some have argued that oral cholera vaccination (OCV) might result in reduced hygiene practice among recipients. We evaluated the impact of an OCV campaign on knowledge and health practice in rural Haiti.</p><p>Methodology/Principal Findings</p><p>We administered baseline surveys on knowledge and practice relevant to cholera and waterborne disease to every 10th household during a census in rural Haiti in February 2012 (N = 811). An OCV campaign occurred from May–June 2012 after which we administered identical surveys to 518 households randomly chosen from the same region in September 2012. We compared responses pre- and post-OCV campaign.</p><p>Post-vaccination, there was improved knowledge with significant increase in percentage of respondents with ≥3 correct responses on cholera transmission mechanisms (odds ratio[OR] 1.91; 95% confidence interval[CI] 1.52–2.40), preventive methods (OR 1.83; 95% CI 1.46–2.30), and water treatment modalities (OR 2.75; 95% CI 2.16–3.50). Relative to pre-vaccination, participants were more likely post-OCV to report always treating water (OR 1.62; 95% CI 1.28–2.05). Respondents were also more likely to report hand washing with soap and water >4 times daily post-vaccine (OR 1.30; 95% CI 1.03–1.64). Knowledge of treating water as a cholera prevention measure was associated with practice of always treating water (OR 1.47; 95% CI 1.14–1.89). Post-vaccination, knowledge was associated with frequent hand washing (OR 2.47; 95% CI 1.35–4.51).</p><p>Conclusion</p><p>An OCV campaign in rural Haiti was associated with significant improvement in cholera knowledge and practices related to waterborne disease. OCV can be part of comprehensive cholera control and reinforce, not detract from, other control efforts in Haiti.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["vaccination", "contributes", "cholera", "waterborne"], "article_id"=>859521, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Omowunmi Aibana", "Molly Franke", "Jessica Teng", "Johanne Hilaire", "Max Raymond", "Louise C. Ivers"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002576.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002576.s002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>8, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Cholera_Vaccination_Campaign_Contributes_to_Improved_Knowledge_Regarding_Cholera_and_Improved_Practice_Relevant_to_Waterborne_Disease_in_Rural_Haiti_/859521", "title"=>"Cholera Vaccination Campaign Contributes to Improved Knowledge Regarding Cholera and Improved Practice Relevant to Waterborne Disease in Rural Haiti", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-11-21 03:43:46"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1291847"], "description"=>"<p>Distribution of correct answers for each knowledge question before and after an oral cholera vaccination campaign in rural Haiti, 2012.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["cholera", "pre-", "post-vaccination"], "article_id"=>859507, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Omowunmi Aibana", "Molly Franke", "Jessica Teng", "Johanne Hilaire", "Max Raymond", "Louise C. Ivers"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002576.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Comparison_of_cholera_knowledge_pre_and_post_vaccination_campaign_/859507", "title"=>"Comparison of cholera knowledge pre- and post-vaccination campaign.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-11-21 03:43:46"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1291848"], "description"=>"*<p>Total number of respondents from each Survey with data for the corresponding variable.</p>†<p>Wilcoxon rank-sum p-values provided for continuous variables; Chi-squared p-values provided for binary variables.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["cholera", "practices", "washing", "vaccination"], "article_id"=>859508, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Omowunmi Aibana", "Molly Franke", "Jessica Teng", "Johanne Hilaire", "Max Raymond", "Louise C. Ivers"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002576.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Prevalence_of_cholera_knowledge_and_practices_of_water_treatment_and_hand_washing_before_and_after_an_oral_cholera_vaccination_campaign_in_rural_Haiti_2012_/859508", "title"=>"Prevalence of cholera knowledge and practices of water treatment and hand washing before and after an oral cholera vaccination campaign in rural Haiti, 2012.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-11-21 03:43:46"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1291849"], "description"=>"<p>Multivariable analyses of factors associated with cholera knowledge and practices of water treatment and hand washing before and after an oral cholera vaccination campaign, February 2012 and September 2012, respectively in rural Haiti.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["cholera", "practices", "washing", "vaccination", "february", "2012", "september"], "article_id"=>859509, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Omowunmi Aibana", "Molly Franke", "Jessica Teng", "Johanne Hilaire", "Max Raymond", "Louise C. Ivers"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002576.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Multivariable_analyses_of_factors_associated_with_cholera_knowledge_and_practices_of_water_treatment_and_hand_washing_before_and_after_an_oral_cholera_vaccination_campaign_February_2012_and_September_2012_respectively_in_rural_Haiti_/859509", "title"=>"Multivariable analyses of factors associated with cholera knowledge and practices of water treatment and hand washing before and after an oral cholera vaccination campaign, February 2012 and September 2012, respectively in rural Haiti.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-11-21 03:43:46"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1291850"], "description"=>"*<p>Total number of respondents from each Survey with data for the corresponding variable.</p>†<p>Wilcoxon rank-sum p-values provided for continuous variables; Chi-squared p-values provided for binary variables.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["respondents", "surveys", "cholera", "vaccination"], "article_id"=>859510, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Omowunmi Aibana", "Molly Franke", "Jessica Teng", "Johanne Hilaire", "Max Raymond", "Louise C. Ivers"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002576.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Characteristics_of_respondents_in_household_surveys_before_and_after_an_oral_cholera_vaccination_campaign_in_rural_Haiti_2012_/859510", "title"=>"Characteristics of respondents in household surveys before and after an oral cholera vaccination campaign in rural Haiti, 2012.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-11-21 03:43:46"}

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Relative Metric

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