Shifting Patterns of Aedes aegypti Fine Scale Spatial Clustering in Iquitos, Peru
Publication Date
August 07, 2014
Journal
PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Authors
Genevieve La Con, Amy C. Morrison, Helvio Astete, Steven T. Stoddard, et al
Volume
8
Issue
8
Pages
e3038
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0003038
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosntds/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pntd.0003038
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25102062
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4125221
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/25102062
Web of Science
000341574700022
Scopus
84929248751
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/shifting-patterns-aedes-aegypti-fine-scale-spatial-clustering-iquitos-peru
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Shifting Patterns of Aedes aegypti Fine Scale Spatial Clustering in Iquitos, Peru", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Genevieve", "last_name"=>"LaCon", "scopus_author_id"=>"57028330900"}, {"first_name"=>"Amy C.", "last_name"=>"Morrison", "scopus_author_id"=>"7402258304"}, {"first_name"=>"Helvio", "last_name"=>"Astete", "scopus_author_id"=>"6507053812"}, {"first_name"=>"Steven T.", "last_name"=>"Stoddard", "scopus_author_id"=>"35146591200"}, {"first_name"=>"Valerie A.", "last_name"=>"Paz-Soldan", "scopus_author_id"=>"6507482563"}, {"first_name"=>"John P.", "last_name"=>"Elder", "scopus_author_id"=>"35232919000"}, {"first_name"=>"Eric S.", "last_name"=>"Halsey", "scopus_author_id"=>"8509774500"}, {"first_name"=>"Thomas W.", "last_name"=>"Scott", "scopus_author_id"=>"7402144111"}, {"first_name"=>"Uriel", "last_name"=>"Kitron", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003784237"}, {"first_name"=>"Gonzalo M.", "last_name"=>"Vazquez-Prokopec", "scopus_author_id"=>"6508232166"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases", "identifiers"=>{"sgr"=>"84929248751", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pntd.0003038", "pui"=>"607916920", "pmid"=>"25102062", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84929248751", "issn"=>"19352735", "isbn"=>"1935-2735 (Electronic)\\r1935-2727 (Linking)"}, "id"=>"b969b47a-94ba-3ea0-85a8-d8497b284267", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: Empiric evidence shows that Aedes aegypti abundance is spatially heterogeneous and that some areas and larval habitats produce more mosquitoes than others. There is a knowledge gap, however, with regards to the temporal persistence of such Ae. aegypti abundance hotspots. In this study, we used a longitudinal entomologic dataset from the city of Iquitos, Peru, to (1) quantify the spatial clustering patterns of adult Ae. aegypti and pupae counts per house, (2) determine overlap between clusters, (3) quantify the temporal stability of clusters over nine entomologic surveys spaced four months apart, and (4) quantify the extent of clustering at the household and neighborhood levels.\\n\\nMETHODOLOGIES/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Data from 13,662 household entomological visits performed in two Iquitos neighborhoods differing in Ae. aegypti abundance and dengue virus transmission was analyzed using global and local spatial statistics. The location and extent of Ae. aegypti pupae and adult hotspots (i.e., small groups of houses with significantly [p<0.05] high mosquito abundance) were calculated for each of the 9 entomologic surveys. The extent of clustering was used to quantify the probability of finding spatially correlated populations. Our analyses indicate that Ae. aegypti distribution was highly focal (most clusters do not extend beyond 30 meters) and that hotspots of high vector abundance were common on every survey date, but they were temporally unstable over the period of study.\\n\\nCONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Our findings have implications for understanding Ae. aegypti distribution and for the design of surveillance and control activities relying on household-level data. In settings like Iquitos, where there is a relatively low percentage of Ae. aegypti in permanent water-holding containers, identifying and targeting key premises will be significantly challenged by shifting hotspots of Ae. aegypti infestation. Focusing efforts in large geographic areas with historically high levels of transmission may be more effective than targeting Ae. aegypti hotspots.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/shifting-patterns-aedes-aegypti-fine-scale-spatial-clustering-iquitos-peru", "reader_count"=>67, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>22, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>15, "Student > Master"=>10, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>7, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>22, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>15, "Student > Master"=>10, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>7, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>25, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>2, "Computer Science"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>2, "Engineering"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>8, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>1, "Mathematics"=>5, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>13, "Social Sciences"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>13}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>2}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>5}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>4}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>8}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>25}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>5, "Brazil"=>2, "Mexico"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>1, "France"=>1, "Peru"=>1, "India"=>1}, "group_count"=>9}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1626383"], "description"=>"<p>*Root Mean square error. Observed data was better explained by a function of the form (see <a href=\"http://www.plosntds.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pntd.0003038#pntd-0003038-g005\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 5</a> for plot of fitted model).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "microbiology", "Medical microbiology", "Microbial pathogens", "Viral pathogens", "flaviviruses", "Dengue virus", "organisms", "viruses", "Infectious diseases", "Viral diseases", "Dengue fever", "Tropical diseases", "neglected tropical diseases", "Mathematical and statistical techniques", "cumulative", "probability", "clustering", "populations"], "article_id"=>1131501, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Genevieve LaCon", "Amy C. Morrison", "Helvio Astete", "Steven T. Stoddard", "Valerie A. Paz-Soldan", "John P. Elder", "Eric S. Halsey", "Thomas W. Scott", "Uriel Kitron", "Gonzalo M. Vazquez-Prokopec"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0003038.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Model_fit_parameters_to_the_cumulative_probability_distribution_of_the_distance_up_to_which_clustering_of_adult_male_and_female_Ae_aegypti_populations_occurred_/1131501", "title"=>"Model fit parameters to the cumulative probability distribution of the distance up to which clustering of adult male and female <i>Ae. aegypti</i> populations occurred.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-08-07 03:14:15"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1626378"], "description"=>"<p>Maps show the number of surveys (out of 9 total surveys) a house was a hot-spot of high adult male and female <i>Ae. aegypti</i> abundance for (A) Maynas and (B) Tupac Amaru neighborhoods. Inset in each panel show the result of weighted k-function analysis performed on the number of times a house was a hot-spot. Global clustering occurs when observed values (solid black line) are higher than the expected 95% CI under a random distribution (red dotted lines).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "microbiology", "Medical microbiology", "Microbial pathogens", "Viral pathogens", "flaviviruses", "Dengue virus", "organisms", "viruses", "Infectious diseases", "Viral diseases", "Dengue fever", "Tropical diseases", "neglected tropical diseases", "Mathematical and statistical techniques", "instability", "aegypti"], "article_id"=>1131496, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Genevieve LaCon", "Amy C. Morrison", "Helvio Astete", "Steven T. Stoddard", "Valerie A. Paz-Soldan", "John P. Elder", "Eric S. Halsey", "Thomas W. Scott", "Uriel Kitron", "Gonzalo M. Vazquez-Prokopec"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0003038.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Temporal_instability_in_Ae_aegypti_clusters_/1131496", "title"=>"Temporal instability in Ae. aegypti clusters.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-08-07 03:14:15"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1626384"], "description"=>"<p>*NS indicates that the observed pattern was not statistically significantly different than random.</p><p>**A distance below 5 meters means that clustering occurred only at the household where collections were performed (average house width in Iquitos is ∼4.6 m).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "microbiology", "Medical microbiology", "Microbial pathogens", "Viral pathogens", "flaviviruses", "Dengue virus", "organisms", "viruses", "Infectious diseases", "Viral diseases", "Dengue fever", "Tropical diseases", "neglected tropical diseases", "Mathematical and statistical techniques", "clustering", "applied", "pupae", "abundance", "maynas", "tupac", "amaru", "neighborhoods"], "article_id"=>1131502, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Genevieve LaCon", "Amy C. Morrison", "Helvio Astete", "Steven T. Stoddard", "Valerie A. Paz-Soldan", "John P. Elder", "Eric S. Halsey", "Thomas W. Scott", "Uriel Kitron", "Gonzalo M. Vazquez-Prokopec"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0003038.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Result_of_global_clustering_tests_applied_to_the_presence_of_pupae_and_adult_Ae_aegypti_k_function_and_to_the_abundance_of_pupae_and_adult_Ae_aegypti_weighted_k_function_in_the_Maynas_and_Tupac_Amaru_neighborhoods_of_Iquitos_Peru_/1131502", "title"=>"Result of global clustering tests applied to the presence of pupae and adult <i>Ae. aegypti</i> (k-function) and to the abundance of pupae and adult <i>Ae. aegypti</i> (weighted k-function) in the Maynas and Tupac Amaru neighborhoods of Iquitos, Peru.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-08-07 03:14:15"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1626385"], "description"=>"<p>Summary results from local hot-spot analyses performed on the household numbers of adult males and female <i>Ae. aegypti</i> (Log-transformed) per entomologic survey in Maynas and Tupac Amaru neighborhoods.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "microbiology", "Medical microbiology", "Microbial pathogens", "Viral pathogens", "flaviviruses", "Dengue virus", "organisms", "viruses", "Infectious diseases", "Viral diseases", "Dengue fever", "Tropical diseases", "neglected tropical diseases", "Mathematical and statistical techniques", "hot-spot", "performed", "numbers", "males", "entomologic", "maynas", "tupac", "amaru"], "article_id"=>1131504, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Genevieve LaCon", "Amy C. Morrison", "Helvio Astete", "Steven T. Stoddard", "Valerie A. Paz-Soldan", "John P. Elder", "Eric S. Halsey", "Thomas W. Scott", "Uriel Kitron", "Gonzalo M. Vazquez-Prokopec"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0003038.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Summary_results_from_local_hot_spot_analyses_performed_on_the_household_numbers_of_adult_males_and_female_Ae_aegypti_Log_transformed_per_entomologic_survey_in_Maynas_and_Tupac_Amaru_neighborhoods_/1131504", "title"=>"Summary results from local hot-spot analyses performed on the household numbers of adult males and female <i>Ae. aegypti</i> (Log-transformed) per entomologic survey in Maynas and Tupac Amaru neighborhoods.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-08-07 03:14:15"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1626345"], "description"=>"<p>Refer to <a href=\"http://www.plosntds.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pntd.0003038#pntd-0003038-t001\" target=\"_blank\">Table 1</a> for information about each entomologic survey.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "microbiology", "Medical microbiology", "Microbial pathogens", "Viral pathogens", "flaviviruses", "Dengue virus", "organisms", "viruses", "Infectious diseases", "Viral diseases", "Dengue fever", "Tropical diseases", "neglected tropical diseases", "Mathematical and statistical techniques", "entomologic", "maynas"], "article_id"=>1131470, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Genevieve LaCon", "Amy C. Morrison", "Helvio Astete", "Steven T. Stoddard", "Valerie A. Paz-Soldan", "John P. Elder", "Eric S. Halsey", "Thomas W. Scott", "Uriel Kitron", "Gonzalo M. Vazquez-Prokopec"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0003038.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Numbers_of_adult_male_and_female_Ae_aegypti_collected_per_house_and_entomologic_survey_in_Maynas_neighborhood_Iquitos_Peru_/1131470", "title"=>"Numbers of adult male and female <i>Ae. aegypti</i> collected per house and entomologic survey in Maynas neighborhood, Iquitos, Peru.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-08-07 03:14:15"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1626381"], "description"=>"<p>Points integrate data from 9 entomologic surveys performed in the Maynas and Tupac Amaru neighborhoods during 2009–2011 and solid line shows exponential fit results together with its 95% confidence interval (dotted line). Refer to <a href=\"http://www.plosntds.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pntd.0003038#pntd-0003038-t004\" target=\"_blank\">Table 4</a> for model fit results.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "microbiology", "Medical microbiology", "Microbial pathogens", "Viral pathogens", "flaviviruses", "Dengue virus", "organisms", "viruses", "Infectious diseases", "Viral diseases", "Dengue fever", "Tropical diseases", "neglected tropical diseases", "Mathematical and statistical techniques", "spatially", "correlated", "populations", "distances"], "article_id"=>1131499, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Genevieve LaCon", "Amy C. Morrison", "Helvio Astete", "Steven T. Stoddard", "Valerie A. Paz-Soldan", "John P. Elder", "Eric S. Halsey", "Thomas W. Scott", "Uriel Kitron", "Gonzalo M. Vazquez-Prokopec"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0003038.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Probability_of_finding_spatially_correlated_adult_male_and_female_Ae_aegypti_populations_at_increasing_distances_from_a_household_/1131499", "title"=>"Probability of finding spatially correlated adult male and female <i>Ae. aegypti</i> populations at increasing distances from a household.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-08-07 03:14:15"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1626357"], "description"=>"<p>Refer to <a href=\"http://www.plosntds.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pntd.0003038#pntd-0003038-t001\" target=\"_blank\">Table 1</a> for information about each entomologic survey.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "microbiology", "Medical microbiology", "Microbial pathogens", "Viral pathogens", "flaviviruses", "Dengue virus", "organisms", "viruses", "Infectious diseases", "Viral diseases", "Dengue fever", "Tropical diseases", "neglected tropical diseases", "Mathematical and statistical techniques", "entomologic", "tupac", "amaru"], "article_id"=>1131481, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Genevieve LaCon", "Amy C. Morrison", "Helvio Astete", "Steven T. Stoddard", "Valerie A. Paz-Soldan", "John P. Elder", "Eric S. Halsey", "Thomas W. Scott", "Uriel Kitron", "Gonzalo M. Vazquez-Prokopec"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0003038.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Numbers_of_adult_male_and_female_Ae_aegypti_collected_per_house_and_entomologic_survey_in_Tupac_Amaru_neighborhood_Iquitos_Peru_/1131481", "title"=>"Numbers of adult male and female <i>Ae. aegypti</i> collected per house and entomologic survey in Tupac Amaru neighborhood, Iquitos, Peru.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-08-07 03:14:15"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1626368"], "description"=>"<p>Results from the bivariate k-function quantifying the scales of spatial association between pupae and adult male and female <i>Ae. aegypti</i> presence during 9 entomologic surveys spanning between 2009 and 2011. Number inside each plot indicates the survey number. Solid lines represent observed values whereas dashed lines the random expectation for an alpha value of 0.05. Analyses were performed to the combined dataset of the Maynas and Tupac Amaru neighborhoods.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "microbiology", "Medical microbiology", "Microbial pathogens", "Viral pathogens", "flaviviruses", "Dengue virus", "organisms", "viruses", "Infectious diseases", "Viral diseases", "Dengue fever", "Tropical diseases", "neglected tropical diseases", "Mathematical and statistical techniques", "pupae"], "article_id"=>1131492, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Genevieve LaCon", "Amy C. Morrison", "Helvio Astete", "Steven T. Stoddard", "Valerie A. Paz-Soldan", "John P. Elder", "Eric S. Halsey", "Thomas W. Scott", "Uriel Kitron", "Gonzalo M. Vazquez-Prokopec"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0003038.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Spatial_correlation_between_pupae_and_adult_presence_/1131492", "title"=>"Spatial correlation between pupae and adult presence.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-08-07 03:14:15"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1626386"], "description"=>"<p>Description of entomologic surveys and aggregate measures of <i>Aedes aegypti</i> infestation within the Maynas and Tupac Amaru neighborhoods of Iquitos, Peru.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "microbiology", "Medical microbiology", "Microbial pathogens", "Viral pathogens", "flaviviruses", "Dengue virus", "organisms", "viruses", "Infectious diseases", "Viral diseases", "Dengue fever", "Tropical diseases", "neglected tropical diseases", "Mathematical and statistical techniques", "entomologic", "surveys", "aggregate", "measures", "infestation", "maynas", "tupac", "amaru", "neighborhoods"], "article_id"=>1131506, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Genevieve LaCon", "Amy C. Morrison", "Helvio Astete", "Steven T. Stoddard", "Valerie A. Paz-Soldan", "John P. Elder", "Eric S. Halsey", "Thomas W. Scott", "Uriel Kitron", "Gonzalo M. Vazquez-Prokopec"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0003038.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>24, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Description_of_entomologic_surveys_and_aggregate_measures_of_Aedes_aegypti_infestation_within_the_Maynas_and_Tupac_Amaru_neighborhoods_of_Iquitos_Peru_/1131506", "title"=>"Description of entomologic surveys and aggregate measures of <i>Aedes aegypti</i> infestation within the Maynas and Tupac Amaru neighborhoods of Iquitos, Peru.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-08-07 03:14:15"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1626392", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1626393", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1626394", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1626396", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1626397"], "description"=>"<div><p>Background</p><p>Empiric evidence shows that <i>Aedes aegypti</i> abundance is spatially heterogeneous and that some areas and larval habitats produce more mosquitoes than others. There is a knowledge gap, however, with regards to the temporal persistence of such <i>Ae. aegypti</i> abundance hotspots. In this study, we used a longitudinal entomologic dataset from the city of Iquitos, Peru, to (1) quantify the spatial clustering patterns of adult <i>Ae. aegypti</i> and pupae counts per house, (2) determine overlap between clusters, (3) quantify the temporal stability of clusters over nine entomologic surveys spaced four months apart, and (4) quantify the extent of clustering at the household and neighborhood levels.</p><p>Methodologies/Principal Findings</p><p>Data from 13,662 household entomological visits performed in two Iquitos neighborhoods differing in <i>Ae. aegypti</i> abundance and dengue virus transmission was analyzed using global and local spatial statistics. The location and extent of <i>Ae. aegypti</i> pupae and adult hotspots (i.e., small groups of houses with significantly [p<0.05] high mosquito abundance) were calculated for each of the 9 entomologic surveys. The extent of clustering was used to quantify the probability of finding spatially correlated populations. Our analyses indicate that <i>Ae. aegypti</i> distribution was highly focal (most clusters do not extend beyond 30 meters) and that hotspots of high vector abundance were common on every survey date, but they were temporally unstable over the period of study.</p><p>Conclusions/Significance</p><p>Our findings have implications for understanding <i>Ae. aegypti</i> distribution and for the design of surveillance and control activities relying on household-level data. In settings like Iquitos, where there is a relatively low percentage of <i>Ae. aegypti</i> in permanent water-holding containers, identifying and targeting key premises will be significantly challenged by shifting hotspots of <i>Ae. aegypti</i> infestation. Focusing efforts in large geographic areas with historically high levels of transmission may be more effective than targeting <i>Ae. aegypti</i> hotspots.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "microbiology", "Medical microbiology", "Microbial pathogens", "Viral pathogens", "flaviviruses", "Dengue virus", "organisms", "viruses", "Infectious diseases", "Viral diseases", "Dengue fever", "Tropical diseases", "neglected tropical diseases", "Mathematical and statistical techniques", "shifting", "patterns", "spatial", "clustering", "peru"], "article_id"=>1131513, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Genevieve LaCon", "Amy C. Morrison", "Helvio Astete", "Steven T. Stoddard", "Valerie A. Paz-Soldan", "John P. Elder", "Eric S. Halsey", "Thomas W. Scott", "Uriel Kitron", "Gonzalo M. Vazquez-Prokopec"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0003038.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0003038.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0003038.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0003038.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0003038.s005"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>9, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Shifting_Patterns_of_Aedes_aegypti_Fine_Scale_Spatial_Clustering_in_Iquitos_Peru/1131513", "title"=>"Shifting Patterns of <i>Aedes aegypti</i> Fine Scale Spatial Clustering in Iquitos, Peru", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2014-08-07 03:14:15"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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