Ocular Pentastomiasis in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Publication Date
July 24, 2014
Journal
PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Authors
Mihály Sulyok, Lajos Rózsa, Imre Bodó, Dennis Tappe, et al
Volume
8
Issue
7
Pages
e3041
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0003041
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosntds/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pntd.0003041
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25058608
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4109912
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/25058608
Web of Science
000340551500065
Scopus
84905497362
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/ocular-pentastomiasis-democratic-republic-congo
Events
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Mendeley | Further Information

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Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1607431"], "description"=>"<p>Adult <i>Armillifer armillatus</i> (confirmed by 18S rRNA gene PCR) in the lung of a young Ball Python (<i>Python regius</i>) before consumption in Sankuru district, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Sometimes local people do not clean and cook the snake properly just spit out the parasites while eating, so the eggs may accidentally be swallowed. The ova may also contaminate snake meat during butchering. Unless properly cooked, an egg may hatch in the intestine of an accidental human intermediate host. While most larvae migrate to visceral organs, a few will make their way to the eye <a href=\"http://www.plosntds.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pntd.0003041#pntd.0003041-Tappe1\" target=\"_blank\">[1]</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["villagers", "pentastomids", "snakes", "sliced"], "article_id"=>1116448, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Mihály Sulyok", "Lajos Rózsa", "Imre Bodó", "Dennis Tappe", "Richard Hardi"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0003041.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>244, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Local_villagers_often_find_pentastomids_in_snakes_sliced_for_consumption_/1116448", "title"=>"Local villagers often find pentastomids in snakes sliced for consumption.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-07-24 02:48:28"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1607438"], "description"=>"<div><p>Ocular pentastomiasis is a rare infection caused by the larval stage of pentastomids, an unusual group of crustacean-related parasites. Zoonotic pentastomids have a distinct geographical distribution and utilize reptiles or canids as final hosts. Recently, an increasing number of human abdominal infections have been reported in Africa, where pentastomiasis is an emerging, though severely neglected, tropical disease. Here we describe four ocular infections caused by pentastomids from the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Two cases underwent surgery and an <i>Armillifer grandis</i> infection was detected by morphological and molecular approaches. Thus far, 15 other cases of ocular pentastomiasis have been reported worldwide. Twelve cases were caused by <i>Armillifer</i> sp., recorded almost exclusively in Africa, where such infections occur as a consequence of hunting and consuming snakes, their final hosts. Seven further cases were caused by <i>Linguatula serrata</i>, a cosmopolitan pentastomid whose final hosts are usually canids. Intraocular infections caused permanent visual damage in 69% and a total loss of vision in 31% of reported cases. In contrast, ocular adnexal cases had a benign clinical course. Further research is required to estimate the burden, therapeutic options and pathogenesis of this neglected disease.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["pentastomiasis"], "article_id"=>1116455, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Mihály Sulyok", "Lajos Rózsa", "Imre Bodó", "Dennis Tappe", "Richard Hardi"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0003041", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Ocular_Pentastomiasis_in_the_Democratic_Republic_of_the_Congo_/1116455", "title"=>"Ocular Pentastomiasis in the Democratic Republic of the Congo", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>2, "published_date"=>"2014-07-24 02:48:28"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1607433"], "description"=>"<p>DRC, Democratic Republic of the Congo; ND, not described in publication;</p><p>*, year of publication;</p>†<p>formerly Belgian Congo;</p>‡<p>patients originated from that country;</p>§<p>this case has currently been re-analyzed morphologically and by PCR by our group and is identified as <i>A. grandis</i>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["parasitological", "patients", "ocular", "pentastomiasis"], "article_id"=>1116450, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Mihály Sulyok", "Lajos Rózsa", "Imre Bodó", "Dennis Tappe", "Richard Hardi"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0003041.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Epidemiological_and_parasitological_characteristics_of_patients_with_ocular_pentastomiasis_reported_in_the_literature_including_current_cases_/1116450", "title"=>"Epidemiological and parasitological characteristics of patients with ocular pentastomiasis reported in the literature, including current cases.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-07-24 02:48:28"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1607428"], "description"=>"<p>The nymph is still surrounded by its shed translucent cuticle (exuvia), a characteristic feature of pentastomid larvae as they moult in the intermediate hosts' tissues. <i>A. grandis</i> is the smallest of the zoonotic African <i>Armillifer</i> species with the most body annulations (9–15 mm body length and >25 annulations; <i>A. armillatus</i>, the nearest geographical neighbour for comparison: 12–23 mm length and 18–22 annulations (2). <i>A. grandis</i> is the least often encountered zoonotic <i>Armillifer</i> species worldwide. Scale bar = 3 mm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["pentastomid", "nymph", "morphologically", "molecularly"], "article_id"=>1116445, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Mihály Sulyok", "Lajos Rózsa", "Imre Bodó", "Dennis Tappe", "Richard Hardi"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0003041.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>40, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Extracted_pentastomid_nymph_from_Case_1_morphologically_and_molecularly_identified_as_Armillifer_grandis_/1116445", "title"=>"Extracted pentastomid nymph from Case 1, morphologically and molecularly identified as <i>Armillifer grandis</i>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-07-24 02:48:28"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1607427"], "description"=>"<p><b>A</b>, lateral view. The eye shows marked conjunctival injections and the foreign body fills the whole pupil blocking the eyesight completely. <b>B</b>, frontal view. The high number of annulations of the parasite is clearly visible.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["anterior"], "article_id"=>1116444, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Mihály Sulyok", "Lajos Rózsa", "Imre Bodó", "Dennis Tappe", "Richard Hardi"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0003041.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Annulated_foreign_body_in_the_anterior_chamber_of_the_left_eye_from_Case_1_/1116444", "title"=>"Annulated foreign body in the anterior chamber of the left eye from Case 1.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-07-24 02:48:28"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1607432"], "description"=>"<p>ND, not described in publication; AC, anterior chamber; PC, posterior chamber; LC, lacrimal caruncule; SC, subconjunctival;</p><p>*, before surgery steroids and albendazole were administered;</p>†<p>ball hit his eye before symptom onset;</p>‡<p>a fly hit his eye before symptom onset;</p>§<p>also had an eye-splash accident with the body fluids of a snake six months before symptom onset.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["patients", "ocular"], "article_id"=>1116449, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Mihály Sulyok", "Lajos Rózsa", "Imre Bodó", "Dennis Tappe", "Richard Hardi"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0003041.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Clinical_characteristics_of_patients_with_ocular_pentastomiasis_including_the_current_cases_/1116449", "title"=>"Clinical characteristics of patients with ocular pentastomiasis, including the current cases.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-07-24 02:48:28"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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