Field Evaluation of Picaridin Repellents Reveals Differences in Repellent Sensitivity between Southeast Asian Vectors of Malaria and Arboviruses
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{"title"=>"Field Evaluation of Picaridin Repellents Reveals Differences in Repellent Sensitivity between Southeast Asian Vectors of Malaria and Arboviruses", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Karel", "last_name"=>"Van Roey", "scopus_author_id"=>"36678129200"}, {"first_name"=>"Mao", "last_name"=>"Sokny", "scopus_author_id"=>"55123222000"}, {"first_name"=>"Leen", "last_name"=>"Denis", "scopus_author_id"=>"24470008100"}, {"first_name"=>"Nick", "last_name"=>"Van den Broeck", "scopus_author_id"=>"55172510900"}, {"first_name"=>"Somony", "last_name"=>"Heng", "scopus_author_id"=>"55916370400"}, {"first_name"=>"Sovannaroth", "last_name"=>"Siv", "scopus_author_id"=>"53868279200"}, {"first_name"=>"Vincent", "last_name"=>"Sluydts", "scopus_author_id"=>"16640180500"}, {"first_name"=>"Tho", "last_name"=>"Sochantha", "scopus_author_id"=>"6506939269"}, {"first_name"=>"Marc", "last_name"=>"Coosemans", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006869736"}, {"first_name"=>"Lies", "last_name"=>"Durnez", "scopus_author_id"=>"22134372900"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"603940727", "issn"=>"19352735", "isbn"=>"1935-2727", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pntd.0003326", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84928242297", "pmid"=>"25522134", "sgr"=>"84928242297"}, "id"=>"1a3b4c1b-4258-313c-a6c7-be265dfcfd45", "abstract"=>"Scaling up of insecticide treated nets has contributed to a substantial malaria decline. However, some malaria vectors, and most arbovirus vectors, bite outdoors and in the early evening. Therefore, topically applied insect repellents may provide crucial additional protection against mosquito-borne pathogens. Among topical repellents, DEET is the most commonly used, followed by others such as picaridin. The protective efficacy of two formulated picaridin repellents against mosquito bites, including arbovirus and malaria vectors, was evaluated in a field study in Cambodia. Over a period of two years, human landing collections were performed on repellent treated persons, with rotation to account for the effect of collection place, time and individual collector. Based on a total of 4996 mosquitoes collected on negative control persons, the overall five hour protection rate was 97.4% [95%CI: 97.1-97.8%], not decreasing over time. Picaridin 20% performed equally well as DEET 20% and better than picaridin 10%. Repellents performed better against Mansonia and Culex spp. as compared to aedines and anophelines. A lower performance was observed against Aedes albopictus as compared to Aedes aegypti, and against Anopheles barbirostris as compared to several vector species. Parity rates were higher in vectors collected on repellent treated person as compared to control persons. As such, field evaluation shows that repellents can provide additional personal protection against early and outdoor biting malaria and arbovirus vectors, with excellent protection up to five hours after application. The heterogeneity in repellent sensitivity between mosquito genera and vector species could however impact the efficacy of repellents in public health programs. Considering its excellent performance and potential to protect against early and outdoor biting vectors, as well as its higher acceptability as compared to DEET, picaridin is an appropriate product to evaluate the epidemiological impact of large scale use of topical repellents on arthropod borne diseases.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/field-evaluation-picaridin-repellents-reveals-differences-repellent-sensitivity-between-southeast-as", "reader_count"=>42, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Researcher"=>16, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>6, "Student > Postgraduate"=>4, "Student > Master"=>7, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Lecturer"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Researcher"=>16, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. 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Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1847544"], "description"=>"<p>Hourly biting rate calculated as the number of bites per man per hour on negative control persons for the mosquito genera (A) and selected vector species (B).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["hour protection rate", "control persons", "repellent", "deet", "vector species", "ci", "picaridin", "malaria vectors", "arbovirus vectors"], "article_id"=>1274558, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Karel Van Roey", "Mao Sokny", "Leen Denis", "Nick Van den Broeck", "Somony Heng", "Sovannaroth Siv", "Vincent Sluydts", "Tho Sochantha", "Marc Coosemans", "Lies Durnez"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0003326.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>42, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Hourly_biting_rate_calculated_as_the_number_of_bites_per_man_per_hour_on_negative_control_persons_for_the_mosquito_genera_A_and_selected_vector_species_B_/1274558", "title"=>"Hourly biting rate calculated as the number of bites per man per hour on negative control persons for the mosquito genera (A) and selected vector species (B).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-12-18 03:31:30"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1847576", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1847577", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1847578"], "description"=>"<div><p>Scaling up of insecticide treated nets has contributed to a substantial malaria decline. However, some malaria vectors, and most arbovirus vectors, bite outdoors and in the early evening. Therefore, topically applied insect repellents may provide crucial additional protection against mosquito-borne pathogens. Among topical repellents, DEET is the most commonly used, followed by others such as picaridin. The protective efficacy of two formulated picaridin repellents against mosquito bites, including arbovirus and malaria vectors, was evaluated in a field study in Cambodia. Over a period of two years, human landing collections were performed on repellent treated persons, with rotation to account for the effect of collection place, time and individual collector. Based on a total of 4996 mosquitoes collected on negative control persons, the overall five hour protection rate was 97.4% [95%CI: 97.1–97.8%], not decreasing over time. Picaridin 20% performed equally well as DEET 20% and better than picaridin 10%. Repellents performed better against <i>Mansonia</i> and <i>Culex</i> spp. as compared to aedines and anophelines. A lower performance was observed against <i>Aedes albopictus</i> as compared to <i>Aedes aegypti</i>, and against <i>Anopheles barbirostris</i> as compared to several vector species. Parity rates were higher in vectors collected on repellent treated person as compared to control persons. As such, field evaluation shows that repellents can provide additional personal protection against early and outdoor biting malaria and arbovirus vectors, with excellent protection up to five hours after application. The heterogeneity in repellent sensitivity between mosquito genera and vector species could however impact the efficacy of repellents in public health programs. Considering its excellent performance and potential to protect against early and outdoor biting vectors, as well as its higher acceptability as compared to DEET, picaridin is an appropriate product to evaluate the epidemiological impact of large scale use of topical repellents on arthropod borne diseases.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["hour protection rate", "control persons", "repellent", "deet", "vector species", "ci", "picaridin", "malaria vectors", "arbovirus vectors"], "article_id"=>1274572, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Karel Van Roey", "Mao Sokny", "Leen Denis", "Nick Van den Broeck", "Somony Heng", "Sovannaroth Siv", "Vincent Sluydts", "Tho Sochantha", "Marc Coosemans", "Lies Durnez"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0003326.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0003326.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0003326.s003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Field_Evaluation_of_Picaridin_Repellents_Reveals_Differences_in_Repellent_Sensitivity_between_Southeast_Asian_Vectors_of_Malaria_and_Arboviruses_/1274572", "title"=>"Field Evaluation of Picaridin Repellents Reveals Differences in Repellent Sensitivity between Southeast Asian Vectors of Malaria and Arboviruses", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2014-12-18 03:31:30"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1847555"], "description"=>"<p>Odds ratio's (OR) with 95% confidence intervals and p-values are reported.</p><p>* The Odds Ratio (OR) gives the odds of collecting a parous mosquito in Group 1 as compared to the odds of collecting a parous mosquito in Group 2 on persons treated with repellents. If OR<1 less mosquitoes were parous in Group1, if OR>1 more mosquitoes were parous in Group 1.</p><p>**No nulliparous mosquitoes were collected on DEET 20% treated persons, as such influencing the analysis to such an extent that NAs were generated in confidence limits of ORs.</p><p>Logistic regression analysis of the effect of repellent treatment (including Ethanol as negative control) on the parity rate of the vector species.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["hour protection rate", "control persons", "repellent", "deet", "vector species", "ci", "picaridin", "malaria vectors", "arbovirus vectors"], "article_id"=>1274566, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Karel Van Roey", "Mao Sokny", "Leen Denis", "Nick Van den Broeck", "Somony Heng", "Sovannaroth Siv", "Vincent Sluydts", "Tho Sochantha", "Marc Coosemans", "Lies Durnez"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0003326.t005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>82, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Logistic_regression_analysis_of_the_effect_of_repellent_treatment_including_Ethanol_as_negative_control_on_the_parity_rate_of_the_vector_species_/1274566", "title"=>"Logistic regression analysis of the effect of repellent treatment (including Ethanol as negative control) on the parity rate of the vector species.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-12-18 03:31:30"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1847549"], "description"=>"<p>Incidence Rate Ratios with 95% confidence interval and p-values are reported.</p>a<p>The Incidence Rate Ratio (IRR) indicates how much more (if >1) or less (if <1) mosquitoes were collected in Group 1 as compared to Group 2. In the group with the highest number of mosquitoes collected, the protective efficacy of the tested repellents is the lowest.</p><p>Negative binomial mixed effects analysis of the effect of repellent treatment and mosquito genus on the number of mosquitoes collected per man per day.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["hour protection rate", "control persons", "repellent", "deet", "vector species", "ci", "picaridin", "malaria vectors", "arbovirus vectors"], "article_id"=>1274563, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Karel Van Roey", "Mao Sokny", "Leen Denis", "Nick Van den Broeck", "Somony Heng", "Sovannaroth Siv", "Vincent Sluydts", "Tho Sochantha", "Marc Coosemans", "Lies Durnez"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0003326.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Negative_binomial_mixed_effects_analysis_of_the_effect_of_repellent_treatment_and_mosquito_genus_on_the_number_of_mosquitoes_collected_per_man_per_day_/1274563", "title"=>"Negative binomial mixed effects analysis of the effect of repellent treatment and mosquito genus on the number of mosquitoes collected per man per day.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-12-18 03:31:30"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1847551"], "description"=>"<p>Incidence Rate Ratios (IRR) with 95% confidence interval and p-values are reported.</p>a<p>The Incidence Rate Ratio (IRR) indicates for how much more (if >1) or less (if <1) mosquitoes were collected in Group 1 as compared to Group 2. In the group with the highest number of mosquitoes collected, the protective efficacy of the tested repellents is the lowest.</p>b<p>ND: Not Done. As <i>An. maculatus</i> s.s. was only collected on the negative control persons, and the model did not converge due to this event, this species was deleted from the analysis.</p><p>Negative binomial mixed effects analysis of the effect of repellent treatment and vector species on the number of mosquitoes collected per man per day.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["hour protection rate", "control persons", "repellent", "deet", "vector species", "ci", "picaridin", "malaria vectors", "arbovirus vectors"], "article_id"=>1274564, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Karel Van Roey", "Mao Sokny", "Leen Denis", "Nick Van den Broeck", "Somony Heng", "Sovannaroth Siv", "Vincent Sluydts", "Tho Sochantha", "Marc Coosemans", "Lies Durnez"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0003326.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>21, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Negative_binomial_mixed_effects_analysis_of_the_effect_of_repellent_treatment_and_vector_species_on_the_number_of_mosquitoes_collected_per_man_per_day_/1274564", "title"=>"Negative binomial mixed effects analysis of the effect of repellent treatment and vector species on the number of mosquitoes collected per man per day.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-12-18 03:31:30"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1847547"], "description"=>"<p>Percent repellency with 95% confidence interval between square brackets for repellents, mosquito genera and mosquito species separately and for all mosquitoes and all repellents combined.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["hour protection rate", "control persons", "repellent", "deet", "vector species", "ci", "picaridin", "malaria vectors", "arbovirus vectors"], "article_id"=>1274561, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Karel Van Roey", "Mao Sokny", "Leen Denis", "Nick Van den Broeck", "Somony Heng", "Sovannaroth Siv", "Vincent Sluydts", "Tho Sochantha", "Marc Coosemans", "Lies Durnez"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0003326.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>38, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Percent_repellency_with_95_confidence_interval_between_square_brackets_for_repellents_mosquito_genera_and_mosquito_species_separately_and_for_all_mosquitoes_and_all_repellents_combined_/1274561", "title"=>"Percent repellency with 95% confidence interval between square brackets for repellents, mosquito genera and mosquito species separately and for all mosquitoes and all repellents combined.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-12-18 03:31:30"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1847545"], "description"=>"<p>The number of collection evenings is indicated for each village.</p><p>* not identified to species level</p><p>Number of mosquitoes collected on negative control persons in each village and on treated persons per mosquito species based on morphological identification.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["hour protection rate", "control persons", "repellent", "deet", "vector species", "ci", "picaridin", "malaria vectors", "arbovirus vectors"], "article_id"=>1274559, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Karel Van Roey", "Mao Sokny", "Leen Denis", "Nick Van den Broeck", "Somony Heng", "Sovannaroth Siv", "Vincent Sluydts", "Tho Sochantha", "Marc Coosemans", "Lies Durnez"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0003326.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Number_of_mosquitoes_collected_on_negative_control_persons_in_each_village_and_on_treated_persons_per_mosquito_species_based_on_morphological_identification_/1274559", "title"=>"Number of mosquitoes collected on negative control persons in each village and on treated persons per mosquito species based on morphological identification.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-12-18 03:31:30"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2014-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2014-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Anatomy", "average_usage"=>[267]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences", "average_usage"=>[285]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Infectious diseases", "average_usage"=>[319]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Pathology and laboratory medicine", "average_usage"=>[287]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Physical sciences/Mathematics", "average_usage"=>[286]}]}
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